Moon is a professional psychologist. She is an aspiring writer and seeks to create awareness about mental health.
What a Phobia Actually is
Phobia is particularly notable among the different types of neurosis. The main symptom of this disease is the feeling of extreme and indomitable panic when faced with any special object or situation.Since panic originates from a specific stimulus situation, there is a difference between phobic disorder and anxiety disorder. The disease is relatively more common in girls.
Symptoms of Phobia
The main symptom of this disease is feeling unreasonable panic about any particular object or situation. The kind of thing that causes panic is not harmful at all, nor is it at all dangerous to cause panic, even if it is slightly harmful. Such as: - Leech does some harm by absorbing blood but it is not dangerous or scary for human at all.
But if anyone has such unreasonable fears about the leech, they will be terrified if they encounter the leech. So the phobia patient's panic is unreasonable and unreasonable. The patient himself may perceive the irrationality of his behavior. But still he could not have behaved unnecessarily in the presence of the object of panic and behaved abnormally. Different objects or situations cause panic for different patients. Different types of phobias have been named according to the subject of panic.
Notable Information about Phobia
The external life of phobia patients seems to be normal and their abnormalities remain undetected if they do not come into close association. Their personal and social orientation is generally not so disrupted. However, in certain cases, the symptoms of the disease can seriously disrupt the patient's normal life and cripple his career.
The following are some of the most common phobias:
• Acrophobia : Patients have fears about high places and they refrain from climbing high places like mountain peaks, roofs of buildings, tall buildings etc. Because such a high place creates an extreme panic among them.
• Claustrophobia : Panic occurs when small cells such as toilets, narrow alleys and tunnels enter. Therefore, the patient avoids such confinement completely.
• Agoraphobia : The word agoraphobia means open space panic. But in fact such patients keep their lives confined within a secure fixed boundary. Going out of this confinement creates panic among them.
• Monophobia : Being alone causes panic in the patient's mind. So all the time they desire the presence of others and avoid solitude altogether.
• Nyctophobia : Darkness causes panic in the patient's mind and they avoid darkness in all ways.
• Ocholophobia : The patient panics when he sees the crowd and avoids the crowd altogether.
• Pyrophobia : Panic about fire and they avoid fire completely.
• Hemophobia : They panic when they see a small amount of bleeding and avoid such situations all the time.
• Zoophobia : There may be panic about a particular animal or any type of animal (which is not really harmful) and the patient avoids them altogether. Even trivial animals like cockroaches and lizards can cause extreme panic in a patient.
• Astraphobia : They feel panic when lightning strikes in the sky. Even when the sky lights up, they are terrified.
• Hydrophobia : They are afraid of water, they are afraid of getting into the water, they are afraid of seeing water from rivers, seas and even ponds.
• Social Phobia : They feel anxious about socializing, participating in social activities, establishing personal relationships, etc. Circumstances where some people meet or have to say something at a meeting or have some professional or business conversation with someone else cause panic in him and he avoids such situations. DSM-IV-TR Classification This condition has also been termed as a social concern. The patient may experience chest tightness, excessive sweating, dry throat, tingling, or difficulty speaking. Such a person avoids contact with other people and therefore their social and professional life becomes problematic.
All types of phobia patients mentioned above avoid the cause of their phobia completely and for this they have to accept many sacrifices. This is because when the object or situation of panic is encountered, a full attack of anxiety occurs in the patient.
Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Phobias in a Nutshell
|Phobia Symptoms||Causes of Phobia||Phobia Treatment|
Any particular object that is not so harmful but causes intense panic in the person.
Panic arises from the idea that a symbolic religious object or situation poses an unknown danger.
Phobias can be relieved by using a variety of psychological therapies. Among these behavioral treatment methods are more effective.
The Cause Theory of Phobia
Phobia disorder is a disorder that is affecting more and more people. Analyzing the patient's past history, it can be seen that there is a subtle connection between the object of panic or the situation and the patient's anxious mental state. Panic reactions are often symbolic, the patient is overwhelmed by the presence of symbolic objects or situations that indicate a real danger. But the patient has no idea what the danger is. Because it becomes repressed and stays in the patient's unconscious mind.
Once the panic response has arisen, it is automatically reinforced. This is because the patient's anxiety is alleviated through the performance of the panic response. Relieving the anxiety acts as a reinforcement here and it gradually strengthens the panic response. His unreasonable phobia in this regard never goes away as he cannot face the object or situation of panic because he is afraid and he cannot face such object or situation again because of fear.
Phobia Treatment Method
Phobias can be treated by applying various psychotherapy methods such as psychoanalysis, sedation, patient-centered methods. However, many feel that the disease cannot be cured by insight alone or by intellectual interpretation. In this case, re-learning of emotions is required. For this reason, recent psychologists have placed more emphasis on the application of behavioral therapy.In particular, the disease can be successfully cured by applying systematic differentiation and various informative behavioral treatment methods.
Harmful Effects of Phobias
Physical processes such as increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, palpitations, feeling of suffocation, excessive sweating, etc. are seen in the patient in a state of panic. Mentally, the fear of death overwhelms the patient's whole being and completely destroys his intellect and judgment. Symptoms of phobia include tingling in the head, tingling in the hands and feet, pain in the surface, and disturbances in digestion.
This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.
© 2021 Moon