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Nutritional and Health Benefits of Curry Leaves or Kadi Patta

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Latin Name : Murraya koenigii

In India, curry leaves are called kadi patta or mitha neem (sweet neem). It is also known as Indian bay leaves.

About Curry Tree And Curry Leaves

Curry leaves also called cure leaf and rightly so because of the health benefits they provide.

The curry tree is native to India and Sri Lanka. It is a small tree about 10 to 20 feet tall whose leaves are very aromatic because of the abundance of aromatic oils. Holding the leaves is bound to leave your fingers smelling of its heavenly aroma for a while.

The species was named after the Botanist Johann Konig, who had the genus Konegia named after him, by the father of modern taxonomy, Carl Linnaeus.

Paradoxically, the curry powder that is available in the market does not have curry leaves in it at all.

Curry leaves are also used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine.

Curry leaves are also used to make torans (garlands) and can replace Tulsi (a sacred plant in India) leaves in rituals and worship.

The oil produced by steam distillation of the curry leaves is used in soap production. The wood of the curry tree is durable and is used to make agricultural implements.

The curry tree is propagated by seeds as well as by root suckers, though with little success.

Mature and fresh leaves are used since dry leaves lose almost all of their flavour and aroma. They are used in making curries and various other dishes, and also for flavouring chutneys.

Curry leaves are widely used in daily cooking especially in South Indian cooking. Sambhar is a South Indian dish which uses curry leaves for flavour. Check out its recipe video below.

How To Make Sambhar

Curry Leaves

nutritional-and-health-benefits-of-curry-leaves-or-curry-patta

Curry Leaves Nutrition

The fresh leaves are rich in several essential oils with a predominance of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons in the plant leaves obtained from South India while the monoterpenes abound in the leaves of the plants from North India.

The leaves are rich in Vitamin A, iron and calcium.

The nutrients contained in the leaf are:

  • Water ...........................................................................66.3%
  • Protein ..........................................................................6.1%
  • Fat ................................................................................1%
  • Carbohydrates ..............................................................18.7%
  • Fibre...............................................................................4.2%
  • Calcium ..........................................................................830 mg/100 grams
  • Vitamin A (carotene).......................................................12,600 IU/100 grams
  • Phosphorus ....................................................................57 mg/100 grams
  • Iron .................................................................................7 mg/100 grams
  • Nicotinic acid ..................................................................2.3 mg/100 grams
  • Vitamin C .......................................................................4 mg/100 grams

Health Benefits Of Curry Leaves

Curry leaves have anti-diabetic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti hypercholesterolemic, etc properties.

  • Due to their antioxidant properties, curry leaves significantly benefits in exposure to cadmium whether occupational or environmental.
  • The anti-inflammatory properties benefit in reducing pain whenever and wherever inflammation is present like joint pains for inflammations.
  • Curry leaves reduce total cholesterol and triglyceride levels thereby also helping to prevent obesity.
  • They also prevent oxidative stress and related loss of cholinergic cells in the central nervous system by improving the values of protective antioxidants and reduce lipid peroxidation.
    These result in neuroprotection against neuro diseases like Alzheimer's.
  • Curry leaves also improve cognitive functions as well as they reverse amnesia induced by certain drugs, thus benefiting in dementia as well.
  • They reduce serum urea and creatinine levels and regenerates kidney tissue.
  • Curry leaves exhibit anti-cancer activity.
  • The leaves aid in the management of type 2 diabetes by reducing sugar levels. Chew 8 to 10 leaves every morning on empty stomach for 3 to 4 months.
  • They help to purify the blood and restore degenerated blood cells. It is reported that blood disorders and even leucoderma have been controlled.
  • The leaves have anthelmintic and analgesic action.
  • A decoction of the leaves helps in dropsy.
  • The crushed leaves can be applied to cuts and bruises to aid healing.
  • They tone up the pancreas and spleen, strengthens the liver and helps in the metabolism of fats.
  • Curry leaves improve eyesight and are prevent cataract.
  • Regular consumption of curry leaves delays greying of hair and keeps hair healthy. For premature grey hair, add a handful of leaves to 200 ml of coconut oil and boil for 20 minutes. Use this oil as a hair tonic to massage the scalp.
  • They stimulate the digestive enzymes, improve appetite and aid in digesting food.
  • The leaves relieve nausea, heartburn and indigestion. Mix juice 2 tbsp of the juice of curry leaves with the juice of a lime and consume.
  • Curry leaves control diarrhoea and dysentery, stomachache. chew some leaves for relief.
  • The consumption of the leaves helps to get clear healthy skin.
  • Chewing of some curry leaves daily reduces weight.

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

References

www.kew.org/plant-cultures/plants/curry_leaf_landing.html
http://gernot-katzers-spice-pages.com/engl/Murr_koe.html
http://www.tarladalal.com/glossary-curry-leaves-388i
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4254709?uid=3738256&uid=2134&uid=378688243&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3&uid=378688233&uid=60&sid=21101758105343
http://www.jmnn.org/article.asp?issn=2278-019X;year=2012;volume=1;issue=2;spage=92;epage=97;aulast=Bhandari

Some Of My Other Hubs On Healthy foods

Curry Leaves Chutney (Kadi Patta Chutney) Indian Recipe

Curry Leaf Rice

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

roheena arshad on July 11, 2014:

I also love to kniw about herbs benefits I recently buy a plant of curry leaves and now use it inshallah.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 19, 2013:

Thanks Arun. It is good to learn you use curry patta regularly. Thanks for reading and supporting.

ARUN KANTI CHATTERJEE from KOLKATA on March 18, 2013:

We use the leaves regularly in our kitchen to make a dish flavoursome and tasty.Thanks for the interesting write up.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 16, 2013:

Thanks Au fait. We use this a lot in our cuisine. I do hope you manage to find them.

C E Clark from North Texas on March 16, 2013:

Sounds like fresh curry leaves are something we should all be eating. Lots of good information here as always. Now I must go in search of fresh curry leaves . . . seriously.

Voted up, useful, and will share -- and gave you 5 more stars.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 16, 2013:

No, certainly not, Aurelio! Curry leaf is not meant to make curry. It is a leaf that can be added to any food or dish to increase its flavor and taste. Thanks for the interest.

Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on March 16, 2013:

Is this the primary ingredient in Indian curry because this is the first I've heard of this ingredient? Or can Indian curry just a generic term for sauce and can be made with different spices? Voting this Up and Interesting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 15, 2013:

Thanks for the visit and vote, moonlake. Good to know you liked the curry chicken.

moonlake from America on March 15, 2013:

I like curry, my cousin made a curry chicken recipe and it was so good. Voted up on your hub.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 15, 2013:

Thanks Mycee. Good to know this hub provided some new info to you. Good to see you.

Life Under Construction from Neverland on March 15, 2013:

we don't have this kind of plant Rajan..good to know something new..it looks lovely.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 15, 2013:

@ Thelma - Thanks for the kind words and the visit, vote and sharing.

@ Devika - I can understand how you must feel. Thanks for stopping by.

@ Rasma - I appreciate your visit and sharing. Thanks.

Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on March 15, 2013:

Voted up and interesting. Thanks for sharing this informative hub. Haven't used curry leaves but I do use a lot of curry powder in my cooking. Great videos and passing this on.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on March 15, 2013:

The aroma of the curry leaves is just so breathtaking, and so many helpful benefits, unfortunately I don't have any in Croatia. I miss using curry leaves. Voted up!

Thelma Alberts from Germany and Philippines on March 15, 2013:

Well Rajan, it´s always a pleasure to read your hubs because I learned so much from you. As always, it´s a very informative hub. Well done. Thanks for sharing. Voted up and shared;-)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 14, 2013:

@ Bill - thanks for the read and support, my friend.

@ Carol - you should be able to get it in the Indian or Asian market, I believe. Thanks for the vote and sharing.

@ Shadaan - well, I hope you use it more often since you have it growing at home. Thanks fro coming by.

@ Deergha - glad to provide you some new info. I appreciate your visit, comments and sharing. Thanks.

@ Graham - I have a hub on Beetroot which you may read. Thanks for visiting.

@ anglwu - good to know you use it and like it now. Thanks for stopping by.

@ Patricia - It should be available at the Asian or Indian market. And yes it is different from the curry powder that is available in stores which hardly has any of it. Thanks for stopping by.

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on March 14, 2013:

Well, rajan jolly, as usual I learned so much. I have only used curry powder so was totally unaware of curry leaves. They are so good for us who would not want them in their diet. I do not know if we can find them in our stores.

The curry leaf chicken dish sounds like something I will need to try.

thanks for sharing

Sending Angels to you this afternoon. :) ps

anglnwu on March 14, 2013:

I use curry leaves all the time. It's rather expensive here but whenever, I go to the Asian market, I buy a bunch. I love the aroma and flavor it imparts to the food. Now, that I know it has so many health benefits, I'm doubly happy that I like it. Rated up. Awesome.

Graham Lee from Lancashire. England. on March 14, 2013:

Hi rajan. First class as usual. My wife keeps telling me of the benefits of Beetroot juice. Have you published a hub on it? perhaps I have missed it if you have. What do you think about it? Thank you .

Graham.

deergha from ...... a place beyond now and beyond here !!! on March 14, 2013:

Wow...so many benefits from curry leaves here .....many thanks for sharing such an informative hub here. The benefits about cancer, obesity, diabetes, clear skin was not known earlier. I always admire your health related food hubs here, Rajan. The comprehensive way of presentation is another attraction for sure. Votes all up an shared across. Twitted also. God bless you and keep up the good work.

Shadaan Alam from India on March 14, 2013:

interesting hub, first time got to know that these curry leaves are so much beneficial, i have the plant in my own house and use it occasionally for frying daal.

carol stanley from Arizona on March 14, 2013:

Where does one get curry leaves. We have curry almost everyday. I use it for many dishes and aware of health benefits. This sounds great as always. Thanks for doing all the great research.. voting up and sharing.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on March 14, 2013:

Well, Rajan, I know I like the taste of curry, so I'm very happy that it is so good for us. Thank you once again for a great description of the benefits of this food. Well done!