Adil Saeed, MD is MBBS Student At Russia, St Peters-burg Pavlov State Medical University, Recently becoming a Doctor & Young writer to be.
Overview of Minerals
Minerals are synthetic components needed to help biochemical cycles inside living beings that add to ideal optimal health. Frequently alluded to as dietary minerals, these are components that serve auxiliary and useful functions in the chemical cycles inside the body. Minerals are inorganic mixes that are generally considered as supplements as well.
For human-health and other multi-celled organisms minerals are very beneficial. Apart from the four basic elements of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen, it is stated that there are up to sixteen minerals that are required to support human biochemical processes, including electrolysis. But among sixteen minerals, I'll discuss about five of the minerals and their deficiencies.
A portion of these dietary minerals like sodium, chloride, calcium, magnesium and potassium are delegated as macro-nutrients or macro-minerals. These are known as they are necessary by human beings and other living life forms in huge amounts with the certain quantities that legitimate development and advancement can occur.
The other element are named micro-nutrients or minor elements as these are needed by human beings and other living beings in more modest amounts.
Boron is a trace mineral that's essential to initiating or triggering several bodily functions. Boron has been found to be an enabler of better absorption by calcium, magnesium and phosphorus, thus cementing boron's role in enhancing bone strength.
Boron is often found in fruits, vegetables, water and soil. While it is a mineral that's needed by the body in minuscule amounts, it is vital in the conduct of bodily functions such as the upkeep of healthy cell membranes, and the facilitation of various enzyme reactions in the body.
The following are the health benefits attributed to boron:
- Boron may help prevent arthritis.
- Boron may help fight osteoporosis.
- Boron may help reduce congestive heart failure conditions.
- Boron may help improve brain functions and cognitive functions.
- Boron may help with body building in males.
- Boron may prove useful as a component in the treatment of cancer.
- Boron may help facilitate proper development of the embryo.
- Boron may help in the function of certain membranes.
- Boron may help in the production of estrogen.
A deficiency in boron might lead to the inadequate metabolism of magnesium and calcium that may directly lead to such symptoms as hyperthyroidism, carpal tunnel syndrome, osteoporosis, tooth decay, arthritis, forgetfulness and depression. On the other hand, the symptoms of boron overdose include rash, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and circulatory problems.
In addition to being the key player in bone and teeth health, calcium also plays an important role in cell signaling, which in turn allows the heart, nerves, muscles, and other body systems to work properly.
Calcium is so vital for normal physiological functioning that it is important for calcium levels in the blood and fluid surrounding the cells to be maintained within a very narrow range. If the body senses that there is insufficient calcium levels, it will de-mineralize bones to maintain normal blood calcium levels.
For calcium to be adequately absorbed by the human body, vitamin D, vitamin K, phosphorus and magnesium, among others, are required.
The following are the health benefits attributed to calcium:
- Calcium helps in the prevention of osteoporosis.
- Calcium may help lower blood pressure and hence reduce risks of hypertension.
- Calcium may help in the overall treatment of rickets.
- Calcium may have positive effects against colorectal cancer.
- Calcium may help reduce symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome.
The low intake of calcium amongst growing individuals may hinder the attainment of optimal peak bone mass. Inadequate calcium intake among people having achieved peak bone mass may contribute to accelerated bone loss and ultimately to the development of osteoporosis, which is the skeletal disorder involving compromised bone strength.
Chloride helps to balance the fluid levels inside and outside of cells. Chloride also helps in maintaining proper blood volume, blood pressure, and the alkaline/acid balance of body fluids. Along with Chloride and potassium, chloride is an electrolyte that plays a part in the body's electrical conduction. Chloride also works in tandem with these minerals to perform certain functions. Chloride is the major anion (negatively charged substance) in the blood and in the extracellular fluid. It is formed when the element chlorine picks up an electron and forms the anion. The balance of the chloride ion is closely regulated by the body. Controlled by the kidney, the chloride in the human body is needed for the process of metabolism. Main sources of chloride in the diet are table, salt, celery, kelp, tomatoes, olives asparagus, carrots, pineapple ,orange juice.
The following are the health benefits attributed to chloride:
- Chloride helps maintain the osmotic pressure in tissues.
- Chloride helps in the secretion of glandular hormones.
- Chloride thwarts the excessive accumulation of fat.
- Chloride plays a big part in the maintenance of electrolyte balance.
- Chloride helps in the toxin cleansing process.
- Chloride facilitates in the proper digestion of protein.
A deficiency in chlorine in the body often results in water retention, hair loss and weight loss. An excess of chloride often results manifests as diarrhea and overactive parathyroid glands.
Iron is a trace mineral that is essential for various body functions including hemoglobin formation, brain development, muscle activity and body temperature regulation. Iron is also related to the health of the brain as it utilizes about 20% of the oxygen found in the blood. As iron facilitates oxygen supply to the blood, the mineral thus becomes an important actor in the maintenance and functioning of the brain.
The following are the health benefits attributed to iron:
- Iron facilitates the formation of hemoglobin.
- Iron helps in transporting oxygen to the body's cells.
- Iron helps in the oxygen supply required for muscle contraction.
- Iron regulates the body temperature.
- Iron helps in the synthesis of neurotransmitters that are necessary for brain function.
- Iron helps in the treatment of fatigue.
- Iron helps prop up the immune system.
- Iron enables the process of metabolism where energy is derived and extracted from the food.
- Iron may be helpful in treating insomnia.
- Iron may be helpful in enhancing concentration.
The most common problem associated with lack of iron in the body is called anemia. Anemia refers to the state of decreased red blood cells. Untreated anemia may contribute to hypoxia, which is the lack of oxygen in the cells. Anemia may thus lead to a host of other clinical consequences. Common symptoms of anemia are fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, paleness, palpitations and others.
On the other end of the spectrum, high blood levels of free ferrous iron react may aid in producing free radicals that can damage DNA and other cellular components, and may cause cancer. Iron toxicity can damage cells in the heart, liver and elsewhere, which can cause coma, shock, liver failure, coagulopathy, adult respiratory distress syndrome, long-term organ damage, and even death.
Zinc is an essential mineral that plays an important role in the body's synthesis of protein and helps in regulating the production of cells in the immune system of the human body. Zinc stimulates the activity of about 100 enzymes in the body. Enzymes are substances that promote biochemical reactions in the body. Most of the zinc in the body is found in the muscles while a significant amount is also found in the bones. About 5% of the body's zinc are found in the skin. Males typically require more zinc than females as semen contains about a hundred times more zinc than the blood. The prostate glands also have large concentrations of zinc.
The following are the health benefits attributed to zinc:
- Zinc helps maintain a healthy immune system.
- Zinc contributes to healing of wounds.
- Zinc is required in the ovulation and fertilization process.
- Zinc supports normal growth and development during pregnancy.
- Zinc is vital for maintenance of healthy skin.
- Zinc helps maintain a sense of smell and taste.
- Zinc contributes to the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, energy and lipids.
- Zinc may also contribute to the control of diabetes.
A deficiency in zinc often leads to the following conditions: low blood pressure, retarded growth, loss of appetite, rough skin, loss of sense of smell and taste, diarrhea, hair loss, fatigue, loss of weight, mental lethargy and depression, among others. Meanwhile, taking zinc above 150 to 450 mg per day have been associated with low copper status, altered iron function, reduced immune function, and reduced levels of high-density lipoproteins (the good cholesterol).
It is therefore also important to take up nutritional supplements for the effective and safe means of ensuring that each day the body achieves the standard recommended daily intake levels of the minerals it needs to be able to properly perform the essential operations of the body. Because the balance of nutrients in the body is so important, not only for a normal health but also for a normal, healthy lifestyle, it is also a great idea to engage in a consultation with a licensed nutritionist who will be able to assist you in devising a mineral supplement plan that is best suited to your individual dietary needs and concerns.
© 2020 Adil Saeed