Mental Health during Pandemic
According to a recent report of World Health Organization (WHO) the pandemic triggers 25% increase in prevalence of anxiety and depression worldwide. Wave after wave of COVID-19 has restricted thenormal routine of people. Stress emergence is a common thing when you at once give up your daily normal life and restrain yourself from all social activities. It then leads to arousal in anxiety and depression. These are some majorcauses for the abrupt prevalence of mental health concerns.
. Social isolation
Considering the fact that COVID-19 is infectious and spreads swiftly when an affected and unaffectedperson comes in contact of each other. The initial studies of COVID-19 provided the information that the virus can transmit via breath as well. It unwantedly forced most of the countries to implement lock down or social isolation. It might have declined the intensityof the infection but it definitely has caused an unfathomable impact on the mental health of the individuals. Social isolation enhanced the feeling of loneliness. The fear of infection, suffering and death has an enormous affect on mental stability. The factor of social isolation caused both, the reduction in prevalence of virus and an increase in prevalence of anxiety and depression.
. Financial worries
Market closure means less business and less business means less income. During the pandemic, along with all other departments of life, the most affected were markets and educational institutions. Different countries made different strategies to tackle the challenges of economy collapse during COVID-19. But this fact can’t be denied whatever the policy comes up it includes a strict schedule for market opening. Unwelcomely it put a lot of impact on market values. Less income is definitely a worry itself and when you have a family to feed it fills your brain with a lot of worries. Financial worries lead to stress and depression and are one of the major reasons of their triggered increase during pandemic.
.Exhaustion (for health workers)
COVID-19has emerged as the most critical global crisis in the 21st century. Sudden increase in cases of COVID-19 caused state of emergency around the globe. It caused the health workers to work throughout the day. Different experiments and researches were made during this time which showed diversity of results with one common factor, workload. The extraction of data showed depression prevalence among hospital staff was 26%. A significant relation was found between the rate of depression and variables including age, gender and type of career. Highest and lowest depressive disorder among hospital staff was in Africa 82% and Asia 19%. Another research revealed that female workers who aged from 29 to 35 and were serving in administrative and support staff were at higher risk of developing mental health problems during COVID-19 pandemic.
. Pre-existing health disorders
A number of studies, including latest report of World Health Organization (WHO), have indicated an increase in anxiety, depression and other psychopathologies during COVID-19 pandemic. Likewise all other cases reported, such disturbances have occurred in individuals with previous history of psychological illness or other disorders like asthma, cancer and heart diseases, in particular. People with pre-existing physical health condition are more likely to develop symptoms of mental health disorders especially anxiety and depression. Psychiatric conditions constitute a significant burden on healthcare system. COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to even greater challenges for an already struggling system of mental health care. Moreover, it also has been associated with an increase in mental healthcare helpline. Careless treatment of one physical or psychological condition and fear of being infected with another threatening disease is itself a big load on the mind.
.Under-investment in mental health:
It is necessary to live a life which pleases you to maintain good mental health. Many factors are involved in keeping the brain stress free. That includes daily living routine, maintaining health nutrition and physical condition, access and utilization of community resources, medication management, social connections quality sleep and many more. The COVID-19 pandemic has disturbed all the activities of life. Quarantine and self isolation are the major causes of this disturbance. Quarantine resulted in no social life, no keeping up with physical conditions, less activity and less brain healthy intakes. Following are the best ways to build better mental health.
Meaning and Purpose
The purpose keeps you active and mind focused on aims. Purpose can guide decision, influence behavior, offer sense of direction and create meanings.
The more connected we feel to other people the more enriched our life becomes. Friendship and social groups improve our self worth and confidence and offer a number of mental and physical health benefits.
Daily Living Activities
A daily routine provides structure and framework within which you live. It gives a flow to your day. It helps you create healthy habits and reduce stress. Studies have shown that daily living activities have far-reaching mental health benefits.
Management of Physical Conditions
Physical health problem increase risks of poor mental health. Around 30% of all people with long term physical health condition also have a mental health problem most common of which are anxiety and depression. Participation in regular physical activities can reduce stress and anxiety.
Brain Healthy Diet
Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables and foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids(e.g. salmon) reduce mental health conditions. Dark leafy vegetables are brain protective. Nuts, seeds and legumes like beans are excellent brain healthy foods.
Sleep is important. It is important to our bodies like breathing. It’s vital for maintaining good mental health. Sleeping helps you to recover from mental exertion. Adults generally need between seven to nine hours of good sleep.
The adaptation of these mentions can cause a real decline in depression and stress. The prevalence of this triggered increase can be controlled by adapting mental health skills services. Building better mental health is need of the hour. Stress very often leads to serious steps like suicide attempts. In order to prevent these horrific results adapt the mental health services.