The infection of the thin membrane that protects the brain and spinal cord is known as meningitis. Meningococcal disease is most common in children and young people, and it usually begins with an upper respiratory infection and progresses to a rash, fever, and severe headache. The infection has the potential to cause serious disease and death.
meningococcal meningitis causes;
Any sickness caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis is known as meningococcal disease. Infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) as well as infections of the bloodstream are common and can be fatal. The best way to avoid meningococcal illness is to stay up to date on recommended immunizations.
meningococcal meningitis symptoms
Septicemia is caused by meningococcal bacteria, often known as meningococcemia. Meningococcal septicemia occurs when germs enter the circulation and grow, causing damage to the blood vessel walls. This results in skin and organ hemorrhage.
Among the signs and symptoms are:
- Chills and fever.
- Tiredness (feeling tired).
- Hands and feet are freezing.
- Muscle aches and pains, as well as pains in the joints, chest, and abdomen (belly).
- Heavy Breathing.
- A dark purple rash appears in the latter stages.
The basic symptoms described above may not be present in newborns and babies, or they may be difficult to detect in babies. Instead, newborns may be sluggish, irritable, vomiting, or have a bulging anterior fontanelle (the soft spot of the skull).
meningococcal meningitis contagious
By exchanging respiratory and throat secretions, humans spread the meningococcal germs to others (saliva or spit). These germs are conveyed by close (coughing or kissing) or prolonged contact. They are not as infectious as the bacteria that cause the common cold or the flu, thankfully. People do not get meningococcal illness by casual touch or inhaling the air of someone who has had the disease.
People who have had close or long contact with a patient with meningococcal illness are sometimes infected with the germs.
The following people are at a higher risk of becoming ill:
- Roommates are people who live in the same residence.
- Anyone who comes into direct touch with the patient's saliva, such as a kissing partner.
meningococcal meningitis precautions
N. meningitidis can be avoided by doing the steps listed below.
Droplet Precaution: Patients with N. meningitides, whether suspected or proven, should take precautions with droplets. This should be continued until the antibiotics have been effective for at least 24 hours.
Antimicrobial Prophylaxis (AP) is a word for the prevention of bacterial infections.
Individuals who have spent more than eight hours near a patient or who have been directly exposed to the patient's secretions seven days before the onset of symptoms and until 24 hours after the introduction of antibiotics are deemed to be in close contact.
meningococcal meningitis treatment
When left untreated, meningitis can kill up to 50% of patients, thus it's always a medical emergency. It is mandatory to be admitted to a hospital or a health facility. After 24 hours of therapy, isolation of the patient is not advised.
If you have bacterial meningitis, start antibiotic therapy as soon as possible. Antibiotics can make it more difficult to culture germs from spinal fluid, thus lumbar puncture should be done first if possible. Blood sampling, but identify the reason, and therapy should be started as soon as possible. Penicillin, ampicillin, and ceftriaxone are among the antibiotics that are used to treat meningitis. Ceftriaxone is the medicine of choice during outbreaks of meningococcal and pneumococcal meningitis.
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