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Lychee (Litchi) - Health Benefits And Nutritional Benefits

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Lychee Fruit

Latin name: Litchi chinensis.

About Lychee (Litchi) Fruit & Tree

Lychee is also spelt as Litchi. The lychee tree is native to Southern China, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. Currently, it is widely cultivated in most tropical countries of the world, including India.

The tree grows to a height of between 30 to 90 feet. The lychee fruit has a soft jelly-like, white, translucent pulp which has a mildly sweet flavour and taste. The fruit is covered by a pink to dark red, rough-textured, thin skin that can be easily peeled away. The flesh is white and soft and juices very easily. It contains a single dark, smooth-skinned brown seed.

Lychee (Litchi) Tree

In India, Litchi is cultivated in Muzzafarpur, Bihar, in North India. Muzzafarpur produces 75% of India's total lychee production.

In China, Lychee has been cultivated for over 4000 years. Lychee under cultivation yields about 400 to 800 pounds of fruit per tree which when grown in the backyard produces a mere 50 to 200 pounds per tree.

Lychee is known as the "queen of fruits" because it has nutrients in abundance.

Unripe Lychee Fruits

Litchi Nutritional Information

Litchi is very rich in Vitamin C and contains about 72 mg of vitamin C per 100 grams. About 9 lychees will provide the daily requirement of this vitamin of an adult.

It is also rich in copper, phosphorus, and potassium but is low in sodium. It does not contain cholesterol. Both these factors make lychee a very supportive fruit for those with high blood pressure.

Lychee also provides many B complex vitamins and is a good source of fiber. The polyphenol oligonol has antioxidant and antiviral properties.

Lychee is hot in nature, produces heat in the body which is why it should not be consumed in excess as this may lead to skin rashes or even passing out.

Nutritional Value of Lychee

 Lychee fruit (Litchi chinensis), Fresh 

 

Nutritive value per 100 gms

 

 

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

 

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy

66 kcal

3.30%

Carbohydrates

16.53 g

12.70%

Protein

0.83 g

1.50%

Total Fat

0.44 g

2%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

1.3 g

3.50%

Vitamins

 

 

Folates

14 micro gm

3.50%

Niacin

0.603 mg

3.50%

Choline

7.1 mg

1%

Pyridoxine

0.100 mg

9%

Riboflavin

0.065 mg

5%

Thiamin

0.011 mg

1%

Vitamin A

0 mg

0%

Vitamin C

71.5 mg

119%

Vitamin E

0.07 mg

0.50%

Vitamin K

0.4 micro gm

0.30%

Electrolytes

 

 

Sodium

1 mg

0%

Potassium

171 mg

3.50%

Minerals

 

 

Calcium

5 mg

0.50%

Copper

0.148 mg

16%

Iron

0.31 mg

4%

Magnesium

10 mg

2.50%

Manganese

0.055 mg

2.50%

Phosphorus

31 mg

4.50%

Selenium

0.6 microg

1%

Zinc

0.07 mg

0.50%

Phyto-nutrients

 

 

Carotene-micro gm

0 micro gm

--

Crypto-xanthin- micro gm

0 micro gmg

--

Lutein-zeaxanthin

0 micro gmg

--

Lychee Juice

Lychee (Litchi) Juice & Its Benefits

It is a refreshing drink in the hot summer season. Lychee juice provides all the B complex vitamins and Vitamin C that are needed to ensure optimal functioning of the immune system.

The polyphenol oligonol prevents many degenerative diseases, potassium regulates blood pressure and heart rate, electrolytic balance, removes fatigue and weakness and rehydrates the cells quickly in summer.

Litchi juice aids digestion and relieves bodily pains. It also inhibits the growth of cancer cells.

However, lychee juice should never be used as a treatment or medicine without consultation with one's doctor.

Some Health Benefits Of Lychee

  • Lychee helps to treat anaemia and vitamin C in it counteracts free radicals in the body.
  • It normalizes the heart rate and blood pressure thereby protecting against strokes and coronary heart disease.
  • It reduces weight, improves blood flow and protects from the damaging effects of ultraviolet rays and reduces the risk of developing cancer.
  • It is a natural diuretic and relieves pain due to kidney stone if it is consumed regularly.
  • It enhances energy levels in the body and provides a feeling of well being.
  • Lychee improves digestion as it has a lot of fibre and water ensuring the easy passage of food through the digestive tract.
  • Lychee boost immunity as it has a high amount of vitamin C.
  • Its flavanol component helps to treat inflammations.
  • Lychee has several minerals that help in the absorption of calcium and keep the bones healthy and strong.
  • It contains phytochemical substances such as flavonoids, polyphenols, vitamin C and proanthocyanidins found in lychee which help in neutralizing free radicals which cause several diseases.

Some Specific Uses Of Lychee In Certain Health Conditions

  • Weakness After Disease

Eat 200 grams of lychee for some days, half in the morning and a half in the evening. It gives energy and removes weakness.

  • Improving Digestion

Lychee keeps the digestion strong and maintains a clean stomach, improves appetite and cures heartburn and burning sensation in the stomach.

  • Increased Heart Beat

Drink a glass of litchi juice daily for 8-10 days. It normalizes the heartbeat.

  • Brain Weakness & Weak Memory

Lychee consumption improves memory and removes brain weakness and brain fag.

  • Excessive Thirst

Excessive thirst in summer, wanting to drink water frequently can be controlled by consuming lychees daily in summer.

Uses Of Lychee Fruit

Lychee is a very succulent juicy fruit. The whole fruit can be put in the mouth and sucked to extract the juice and flavour of the fleshy pulp.

Slices of lychee can be added to other fruits, salads, dressings or as a topping on ice creams.

Lychee juice is a very refreshing summer drink. It is also used to make jams, ice creams, sauces, jellies, syrups, etc.

Caution

A combination of skipping meals and consuming lychee on an empty stomach has been found to lead to acute low glucose levels leading to encephalopathy which causes convulsions, coma which can sometimes lead to death as per a study which is more lethal in kids.

Side Effects Of Lychee Juice

Drinking too much lychee juice can cause certain unwanted side effects. Though lychee juice is an excellent source of vitamin C and a good source of fibre, this very combination can result in abdominal pain and diarrhoea if drunk in excessive quantities.

A better way to avoid this is to increase its consumption gradually.

Other side effects noted are chapped lips and inflammatory conditions of the mouth and throat, the probable cause being the acid nature of the fruit.

Sometimes the preparation of the juice is not correct. In this case, some inedible seeds too get crushed and added to the juice. This happens more with the roadside vendors. Such juice may cause severe distress of the gastrointestinal tract. It is best not to use seeds and to see that all seeds are removed before juicing the lychee.

If the twin issues of avoiding excessive intake of the juice and ensuring no seeds are crushed in making the juice are taken care of, then these side effects will not occur.

Storage Of Lychee Fruit

Select only fully ripe, but not overripe fruits, for storage. Avoid those that have dark brown skin. Prefer the ones with a bright pink to red color skins. Avoid those with cuts or showing mold growth.

Lychee fruit can stay fresh longer if some portion of the stem is allowed to remain attached to it. The fruit stays fresh at room temperature for about 4-5 days and in the fridge for about a month. If frozen or dried it can stay good for several months.

Disclaimer

This hub is for information purposes only. Please consult your health provider or medical doctor before using any home remedies or natural remedies.

Some of my other hubs on Healthy Foods

Lychee Martini

Buko Lychee - A Dessert

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

Pushpa negi on June 09, 2017:

Ya I agree with you sir lichy is very juicy fruit it is one of the best fruit of mine and my Daughter also and sure coming baby too.

Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on August 08, 2015:

My pleasure Rajan. I did.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 08, 2015:

Kristen, glad you found the info useful. Thanks for stopping by.

Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on August 02, 2015:

Rajan, I've heard of lychee and would love to try them someday. Thanks for sharing this interesting hub on this fruit. Voted up!

karen on June 06, 2015:

I forgot and left a bag of fresh lychee, attached to the branch, in my car in the hot sun for day? Is it still ok to eat?

mbrs on January 09, 2015:

Hi Rajan Jolly,

Great information. Thanks a lot.

Needed to know one thing. I bought lychees from the market and the next day they started getting mould on the skin. Is it safe to eat the pulp if we clean the skin thoroughly with water?

Regards.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2013:

Hi Paul,

Chilled lychees taste absolutely delicious. Good to know you love the fresh ones as the canned ones are loaded with sugar. Thanks for all the votes and sharing.

Paul Richard Kuehn from Udorn City, Thailand on May 04, 2013:

rajan,

This is another awesome hub on one of my favorite fruits. I started eating lychees when I lived in Taiwan in the 70s and fortunately I still get to eat them in Thailand when they are in season starting in May. They are definitely a very sweet and delcious fruit to peel and eat. The canned lychees aren't that good because they have too much sugar. Thanks for sharing all of the health benefits of this great fruit. Voted up and sharing. Also Pinning and Tweeting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 27, 2013:

Thanks Kevin. I'm glad you like the information.

Kevin Peter from Global Citizen on April 27, 2013:

Though Lychee tastes good, I didn’t know much about its nutritional values. Even the juice made out of it is new to me. I have read a hub of yours about neem. This hub too is informative and attractive.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 19, 2013:

Thanks khmohsin. Now you will enjoy eating Lychees more.

khmohsin on March 19, 2013:

Another great hub Rajan, i love to eat Litchis, i never heard the benefits of it ever before. Amazing hub with fruitful knowledge.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 30, 2012:

We are lucky that we get to eat fresh lychees easily. Glad you liked the hub. Thanks for reading and commenting Qudsia.

QudsiaP1 on June 30, 2012:

I love lychees, they are my favourite fruit. It is almost heart aching to see such a delicious fruit to be so very tiny. :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 25, 2012:

Thanks for appreciating the write up Peggy. Thanks for the read and votes.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 25, 2012:

Peter, I'm sorry i have no information about these aspects. I appreciate your sparing time to read and comment. Thank you.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on June 25, 2012:

I don't think I have ever seen fresh lychee fruits for sale but I have tasted the canned ones. It was interesting reading about all of the health benefits related to the lychee fruit. Thanks! Voted up and interesting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 23, 2012:

snowdrops, the skin color varies from dark brown to dark pink to deep red. The fesh however is white or sometimes have a faint pink tinge to it.

I'm glad you like the fruit..

Thanks for reading and commenting.

snowdrops from The Second Star to the Right on June 23, 2012:

Lychee fruit is very rare here..so it is also expensive. When I went to the market last week, I saw lychee, bought some, and it really delicious. However, our lychees here is brown in color..not red :)

Peter Geekie from Sittingbourne on June 22, 2012:

Thank you rajan jolly

Although I like them as a fruit I have never considered the nutritional value of them before.

I want to look further into this in three ways.

1. As mentioned nutritional uses.

2. Pulverising the nut to produce a renewable fuel source if sufficient quantities are available. (I would guess the nut has an oil content)

3. If the nut oil is extracted what properties does it possess

If you have any info I would be pleased to hear.

kind regards peter

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 20, 2012:

Mahesh, fresh litchi and its juice are a totally different experience. All commercially made fruit juices are loaded with sugar. It is best to have fresh juices to get not only the real taste and flavor but all the health benefits.

Thanks for reading. I'm glad you liked the hub.

maheshpatwal from MUMBAI on June 20, 2012:

jolly sir very nice and informative hub about Lychee. Lychee's season has already started as whole market is full of lychee selling vendors........ during other seasons it is very hard to find lychees except in the form of artificial preservative added fruit drink in supermarket

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 15, 2012:

snigdha, thanks for adding this valuable information. I agree.

Thanks for reading and your input is much appreciated.

Snigdha Shahi from India,mumbai on June 15, 2012:

Great Hub.I will share a trade secret for Lychee.Try to eat Lychee before 10th june. Although this year monsoon has been delayed so 10th june deadline can be ruled out. I hail from Muzaffarpur and we have Lychee orchard. Reason is after rainfall most lychees are found with worms.

In India there are two kinds of Lychees commonly found. One is chinese lychee (tapering end)and the other is Shahi Lychee(round end). Shahi Lychee is common in muzaffarpur. It has fleshy pulp and narrow seed.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 14, 2012:

@ Brett - Lychee is a common fruit in Asia, though expensive. I'm glad you found information that you appreciate.

Thanks for reading, liking and sharing. Appreciate your support.

@ Anamika - Wow, that is a huge quantity to have at one go. Thanks for sharing this fact.

Thanks for coming by to read and support.

Anamika S Jain from Mumbai - Maharashtra, India on June 14, 2012:

I love Lychee and could eat 1kg in a go. In fact, I used to while I was in Kolkatta.

Brett C from Asia on June 14, 2012:

I only became addicted to this fruit after moving to Asia. They are so sweet and kinda fun to eat. However, I am pleased to learn that one of my favorite snacks is sooooo healthy! :-)

Shared, up and useful.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 14, 2012:

The extra cost is worth it, dinkan. It's so healthy. You can definitely try out the recipes now that you have the videos to guide you.

Thanks for the votes and sharing my friend.

dinkan53 from India on June 14, 2012:

Little bit expensive but I see it is worth for that price. It’s absolutely juicy and delicious to eat, but never had an idea of using them in recipes. Thanks for the videos. Voted up and rated as useful. Shared!!!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

ivade, glad you like the info. Thanks for visiting and supporting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

Yes, it is, Rahul. Binge on this juicy fruit. Nice to know you liked the info.

Thanks.

Jessee R from Gurgaon, India on June 13, 2012:

now ain't it thee season for Lychees Sir Rajan.. I am on an eating spree already,,

Wonderful hub... lots of info I never came across

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

wynnestudios, yes it does resemble the raspberry somewhat but that's only the outer skin that does. Thanks for stopping by. I appreciate your comments.

wynnestudios from Phoenix, AZ on June 13, 2012:

I have never heard of this fruit. Looks almost like a raspberry. Thank you for the education.

ivade on June 13, 2012:

Great hub and some useful information. I think I will start taking lychee regularly too. Thank for the info.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

Christy you've always been a wonderful supporter of my health hubs. I'm glad you found this good enough to share. Appreciate all the votes and support.

Christy Birmingham from British Columbia, Canada on June 13, 2012:

A good source of Vitamin C! Great and useful information here. I vote up and useful. I will share too as I'm sure other people will also learn from this hub.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

Vellur, I'm happy to note that you did find some new info in the hub. Its always a pleasure to have such appreciative comments from you. Thank you.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

Hi dmhenderson. I'm happy to note you found this informative enough to leave such wonderful comments. I appreciate your sparing time to read and support.

Dave Henderson from Missouri, USA on June 13, 2012:

This is more information on lychee fruit than I have ever seen in one place. It is my new one-stop source.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on June 13, 2012:

Very informative and useful, I did not know that drinking excess of lychee could cause problems. Thanks for sharing. Voted up.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

Glad you found the info useful. Thanks for reading and voting, Alocsin.

Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on June 13, 2012:

Another one of my favorite fruits has these great benefits. Thanks for pointing them out. Voting this Up and Useful.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

TT, sodas are addictive most have a huge doses of caffeine and sugar in them. Fresh Lychee or any other fruit juice is by far healthy. I'm glad the info made you think of shifting to juice consumption.

I appreciate your stopping by and commenting.

Terrye Toombs from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map. on June 13, 2012:

Good morning, Rajan Jolly! Fascinating hub! I've had lychee before, but had no idea how good it was for me. I'm going to have to start drinking it to replace my Mt. Dew addiction. :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 12, 2012:

Bill, I hope the teacher feels proud of the student's accomplishment. Jokes apart, glad you visited. I value your visit as always.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 12, 2012:

@ Paul - I usually write on health foods and health topics apart from various others all related to health in more ways than one. You can see my profile.

I do have a hub on the health benefits of mango. You are welcome to check it out.

I appreciate your reading the information. Florida has a lot of sunshine I believe. The climate is almost like what we have in Central and North India. So lychee should grow well.

Thanks very much.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 12, 2012:

Harsha, glad you liked the hub. Thanks for voting it up.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on June 12, 2012:

I never knew this existed. You are a fountain of interesting information. Thank you for teaching the teacher.

Paul Kemp on June 12, 2012:

Lychee will grow and fruit in South Florida. Some friend of my family grew some an introduced me to it there. It is as delicious as you say, Rajan.

Thanks for a very informative, well-written and illustrated Hub. I am a fan of natural health and exotic fruit of all kinds. Have you written anything about the nutrition value of the mango? I will follow you to see what else you write in the future!

Harsha Vardhana R from Bangalore on June 12, 2012:

Vote up!

A good brain power enhancer. Thanks for the info!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 12, 2012:

Like your tongue in cheek, errrrrr, comment. Thanks for liking the info, Kevin.

KevinMillican from Stilwell, OK on June 12, 2012:

I'm going to have to look up where to find this in the states. Perhaps build myself a 50 foot tall greenhouse to grow a tree or two...if I can get my hands on a sapling. Thank you for the information!

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