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Novel Coronavirus

Covid-19 is a novel strain, we have to study all the prospects of this virus to formulate an effective vaccine.


Musavir Abbas

Corona Virus

Corona pandemic will not be an easy challenge for this world. Currently, countries need an exit strategy and getting back to a normal routine.

Corona infection is RNA wrapped virus which influenced this world radically because it may be a causative operator of a serious lung infection known as Covid-19 (Covid stands for coronavirus infectious disease and covid-19 as a modern strain grow out in December 2019). It too known as Novel corona infection, novel cruel modern as it’s a modern mutant strain has a place to flu family of infection. Past strains of this infection were less harmful which grow in 2001 in Africa (SARS).Covid-19 emerged in Wuhan, China a few months back in a food market and after that covered the entire world inside few weeks.

How does the new coronavirus spread?

As of presently, analysts know that the modern coronavirus is spread through beads discharged into the discussion when a contaminated individual hacks or wheezes. The beads by and large don't travel more than some feet, and they drop to the ground (or onto surfaces) in many seconds — this can be why physical separating is compelling in avoiding the spread.

How did this spread to humans?

COVID-19 showed up in Wuhan, a city in China, in December 2019. Although health authorities are still following the precise source of this unused coronavirus, early theories though it may be connected to a fish advertise in Wuhan, China. Some people who go by the showcase created viral pneumonia caused by the modern coronavirus. A consider that came out on Jan. 25, 2020, notes that the person with the primary detailed case got to be sick on Dec. 1, 2019, and had no interface to the fish advertise. Examinations are progressing as to how this infection has begun and spread.

Most affected Countries

Most countries of the world including Pakistan announced a lockdown to cope with this disease. It infected nearly 118M people worldwide, from which 66.9M people recovered and about 2.62M died due to infection. Seriously, infected countries include:

i. USA

ii. India

iii. Brazil

iv. Russia

v. the United Kingdom

Common Symptoms

The primary symptoms are:

  • Fiver
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Flu
  • Fatigue

Tests for Coronavirus (COVID-19)

The two fundamental sorts of tests for coronavirus seek either a current disease or a past infection. Tests for Current Infection To check if somebody is infected with coronavirus, wellbeing care suppliers hunt for pieces of the infection in a test of spit (spit) or bodily fluid. These tests can tell on the off chance that the individual is tainted on the day of the test.

Testing Procedure:

Use a long swab (like a Q-tip) to require a test from the interior of the nose (at the beginning of the nostrils, the center of the nose, or the exceptionally back of the nose), the throat, the interior of the cheeks, or along the gums or tongue. Give the individual a holder to spit or hack into. People can get the test in a doctor's office or other testing locales (such as drug stores or pop-up locales). A few regions offer drive-thru testing, which lets individuals remain in their car amid the test. At a few testing destinations, individuals can swab themselves taking after headings from the health care group.

There moreover are special kits that families can arrange to do the test at home. Depending on the sort of test and where it was done, comes about can be prepared that day or take a week or longer in case the test went to a lab. Right now, domestic units continuously go to a lab. Comes about might take longer on the off chance that a community does numerous tests at the same time. A "positive" test implies an individual is tainted with coronavirus, and a "negative" test implies they aren't tainted. But now and then the test comes about aren't exact. A test result can be negative indeed when somebody has the infection. Typically why a few individuals get a moment test. Once in a while, the test may be positive for somebody who doesn't have the virus. The inaccurate test comes about are more likely when somebody is tried exceptionally early or exceptionally late in their contamination. They tend to be more exact when done several days after somebody was around a contaminated individual or side effects started.

Tests for Former Infection

To see in case somebody had coronavirus within the past, health care suppliers seek antibodies, which the body makes after contamination. It can tell if somebody had contamination within the past, at slightest 2–3 weeks sometime recently the test. That's how long it takes the body to create antibodies after contamination. It can't tell in case the person is contaminated at the time of the test, which is why this test isn't utilized to analyze COVID-19. This may be a blood test, with a test taken either from a vein or a fingertip (called a "finger stick"). Comes about can be prepared on the same day, or up to a week afterward. There's no domestic unit for counter-acting agent testing yet. Health specialists aren't beyond any doubt whether antibodies secure an individual from future coronavirus contaminations. And if they do, it's not clear for how long.

Preventive Measures

According to my understanding, there are four possible ways to control Covid-19.

1. Vaccination against coronavirus

2. Herd immunity

3. Permanent change in behavior of people

4. Discovery of drugs of Covid-19

Corona Vaccine

Coronavirus Vaccine On Dec. 11, 2020, the FDA allowed an emergency use authorization (EUA) within the U.S. for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 antibody for individuals 16 a long time of age and more seasoned. Inside a week, that office moreover allowed a EUA to an antibody created by Moderna. Johnson & Johnson's antibody was given endorsement in late February 2021. The British government endorsed and started to deliver the Pfizer immunization on Dec. 8, 2020. Antibodies created in China and Russia are presently moreover being given in a few other nations. These antibodies were created at a phenomenal speed, with testing in people beginning in Walk 2020. The FDA says that no corners were cut to allow for endorsement which these antibodies are secure to require. But there are still unanswered questions around their safety in pregnant ladies and teenagers and trials are as of now underway to reply to those questions. There have been reports of serious unfavorably susceptible responses to a few antibodies. For that reason, individuals with a history of serious sensitivities are exhorted not to urge the immunizations now. Both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines require two dosages, taken several weeks separated. Johnson & Johnson requires a fair one shot. Well-being care laborers and the elderly were given early need in accepting the immunizations. After the beginning rollout, different states started growing needs. It's assessed that it'll be spring or summer sometime recently the common open will have to get to them.


Trials of immunizations of this infection are still in advance and typically the primary time in history after Edward Jenner that these trials are carried out specifically on human creatures rather than creatures, to begin with. Independent of all these endeavors these antibodies like Pfizer, Moderna isn't 100% compelling for previous and mutant strains of the infection. No one can say that we have won the battle against coronavirus, a circumstance may be gotten to be more unfavorable or can be controlled, let’s see.

Scientists are attempting to get more information approximately infections and measuring in viable ways to induce valuable antibodies and other conceivable safeguards to dodge contamination. After the moment wave, there may come, third, fourth with the foremost destructive strains or we are going be able to handle all the circumstances but after this widespread, the outline of the entire world will alter.

Herd Immunity

Herd Immunity is created when individuals are uncovered to disease but it is compelling when 60 percent of the populace gets to be safe from this illness and it'll take about 2 a long time to achieve this target. Rigorous testing, contact tracing, social separating, and segregation are measures to urge freed of this malady but it is troublesome to force in creating nations where individuals are accomplishing their needs on-premise of everyday compensation in case govt. forces lockdown it'll cause a genuine effect on the life of poor’s and will lead to a strong situation.

Drug Discovery

The fourth way is to create drugs for the treatment of Covid-19. It is once more not a simple errand to synthesize pharmaceuticals for an infection particularly an RNA-enveloped infection. In the event that created nations get victory in creating immunizations, they will not be accessible for destitute and creating nations for few months or a year. In this manner, we have to be live with this infection for a handful of years.

Peoples behavior toward Infection

The financial frameworks of the nations will collapse on the off chance that this widespread proceeds for a few of a long time. In Pakistan, 25 percent of its people groups are everyday bet, wheel cart pushers, and natural product and vegetable vendors. Long lockdown will through them within the jaws of hunger. Numerous nations of the world with destitute economies will be got to confront numerous social, political, and financial issues after lifting the lockdown.

Long-lasting Impacts on Community

In my point of see, individuals over the world will endure from the taking after issues.

1. No nation will permit section of the citizen of another nation without test and immunization of covid-19.

2. Individuals will dodge shaking hands with each other.

3. The crevice between destitute and wealthy individuals will increase.

4. People groups enduring from any upper respiratory tract illness like flu, asthma, or pneumonia will be an image of hatred.

5. Peoples of the upper class will take extra precautionary measures while attending funerals and marriage ceremonies of a lower or lower-middle-class which create a sense of inferiority among the lower classes.

6. Housemaids and servants will suffer a lot as they were not allowed to come close to their owners.


World Health Organization (WHO)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.



MUSAVIR ABBAS (author) from Pakistan on March 13, 2021:

I hope, we will overcome this situation at the end of 2021.

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