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Key Information About Pneumonia

Srikanth strongly believes that prevention is better than cure. He is of the opinion that awareness is a key to prevent diseases.

Pneumonia is an acute medical condition characterized by inflammation of the lungs.

It causes tiny air sacs at the end of the breathing tubes in the lungs to fill up with fluid.

Globally, there are more than 1,400 cases of pneumonia per 100,000 children.

Types

Bacterial pneumonia

Viral pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumonia

Other Pneumonia

Causes

Pneumonia may be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, or fungus infections; less frequently by other causes.

Pneumonia-causing germs can settle in the alveoli and multiply after a person breathes them in.

Respiratory viruses are increasingly detected in children with community-acquired pneumonia but prevalence estimates vary substantially.

A mysterious outbreak of pneumonia in central China in January 2020 was pegged to a coronavirus.

“The evidence is highly suggestive that the outbreak is associated with exposures in one seafood market in Wuhan,” the WHO statement said.

Many factors affect how serious pneumonia is, such as the type of germ causing the lung infection, age, and overall health.

While you are more likely to get pneumonia if you are a smoker or have underlying medical conditions like diabetes or heart disease, any person of any age can get pneumonia.

Stages

Consolidation

Red hepatization

Grey hepatization

Resolution

Symptoms

Sweating, loss of appetite, shallow breathing, nausea, fever, cough, chills, chest pain, fatigue, confusion and vomiting are some symptoms of pneumonia.

It may be difficult to notice that you have pneumonia, as the symptoms can be easily mistaken for the flu.

Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons

Complications

Pleural effusion, pneumothorax, respiratory failure, primary lung abscess, chronic kidney disease and sepsis are known complications of pneumonia.

A pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid between the lung and chest wall.

Clinically known as a pneumothorax, a collapsed lung is a rare complication of pneumonia.

In a collapsed lung, air escapes the lung and gets trapped in the pleural cavity, resulting in an increase in pressure that hinders the lung's ability to expand and fill with air when you take a breath.

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Diagnosis

Physical examination, blood test, chest X-ray, pulse oxymetry and sputum test are used to diagnose pneumonia.

Oxygen levels below 90% signal a clinical emergency, according to the WHO.

Pulse Oxymetry Is Used to Diagnose Pneumonia

Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons

Treatment

Although pneumonia is definitely unpleasant and can be deadly in some cases, it usually improves with treatment within a few weeks.

Macrolide antibiotics are used to treat bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics do not work on viruses. So doctors use antiviral medicines in these cases. It is important to consume plenty of fluids and to take rest.

Researchers at Intermountain Healthcare in Utah published a study in March 2022 showing an improved method for treating pneumonia in emergency rooms that the system says has reduced mortality by 38 percent.

The method involves treating patients using a real-time electronic decision support system called an ePNa. This system makes recommendations to bedside clinicians about how to treat patients.

Pneumonia is a very serious infection of the lung.... It can sometimes be caused by bacteria or viruses, but they typically do need to be treated with either antibiotics or observation with a clinician or doctor.

— Dr. Jordan Owens, Christus Trinity Mother Francis.

Prevention

Wash your hands with soap before eating and before cooking. Eat healthy, natural food. Do yoga daily.

Do not use tobacco products. If possible, stay away from people infected by pneumonia. Sleep for at least seven hours during night hours.

Smoking Increases Pneumonia Risk

key-information-about-pneumonia

The principle reason children and the elderly are susceptible to community-acquired pneumonia is because the immune system fails to contain and clear what are normally commensal bacteria.

— Carlos J. Orihuela, author and researcher

Yoga Asanas that Increase Immunity

Tadasana

Vriksasana

Trikonasana

Summary

Pneumonia can be serious. Lobar pneumonia is the most serious type. If you experience symptoms like shortness of breath or confusion after a period of illness, consult your physician. Pneumonia usually progresses through several stages, but medical care is important in all the stages.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Srikanth R

Comments

Srikanth R (author) on January 08, 2020:

Welcome.

Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on January 07, 2020:

Good information. Thanks.

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