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Key Information About Dry Eye Syndrome

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Srikanth strongly believes that prevention is better than cure. He is of the opinion that awareness is a key to prevent diseases.

Dry eye syndrome (DES) is an eye problem that occurs when the eyes either do not produce enough tears, or when the tears evaporate too quickly.

DES is also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). This common condition can impact your quality of life. It can make it a little harder to be productive at work and diminish your time with family and friends.

Causes

Allergies, medicines like antihistamines, exposure to dry air, age, not blinking enough, wearing contacts, and staring at a computer or a cellphone screen for long hours are some causes of dry eye syndrome.

Being older than 50 can increase your chances of experiencing symptoms of this condition. Prolonged use of face masks in air-conditioned locations can cause dry eyes.

Starting at Computer Screen Continuously Can Cause Dry Eye Syndrome

key-information-about-dry-eye-syndrome

Dry eye disease occurs when your tears are unable to provide adequate lubrication, either because there’s insufficient tear production (known as an aqueous deficiency) or poor quality tears (meibomian gland dysfunction or MGD).

— Kambiz Silani, OD, chief clinical director at Beverly Hills Optometry Advanced Dry Eye Center

Symptoms

Blurred vision, burning sensation in the eyes, red eyes and photophobia are known symptoms of this condition.

Complications

If left untreated, severe dry eyes may cause inflammation, abrasion of the corneal surface, corneal ulcer and vision problems. It can even lead to blindness. What may at first seem like just a nuisance can actually turn into a serious health condition.

Treatment

Warm compresses and gentle eye massage work well in cases where eyes make enough tears but have dry eye symptoms.

For people who are not making enough tears ophthalmologists usually recommend artificial tears, ophthalmic cyclosporine or plugs to prevent tear drainage.

On October 27 2020, FDA announced the approval of Kala Pharmaceuticals’ Eysuvis (loteprednol etabonate) for short-term treatment of the symptoms of dry eye syndrome.

Prevention

Use wraparound sunglasses when you are outdoors. Do not smoke tobacco products. You may consider using a humidifier to add moisture to the air in your house. Avoid excessive use of digital devices.

Wraparound Sunglasses Protect Your Eyes From Drying Winds

Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons

Practice yoga asanas (postures) like Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward-Facing Dog). These postures are generally good for the eyes.

Adho Mukha Svanasana Is Good for the Eyes

Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons

It is recommended to take breaks often when working on a computer or reading. Using a humidifier indoors adds moisture to the air which can provide relief. Finally, sunglasses outdoors will protect from sun, wind and dust.

— Dr. Boudreaux of Maison Optique Vision Center in Lafayette, LA

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Srikanth R

Comments

Srikanth R (author) on September 13, 2020:

You're welcome.

blessedp on September 13, 2020:

If I knew then what I know now, then I wouldn't be a victim of dry eye syndrome. I spent too much time on the computer, not knowing I should blink ever so often and take breaks occasionally. Now I fall in that group of people with that syndrome.

Thanks for sharing.