Skip to main content

How to Recognize Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD)



Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD) is a mental health condition characterized by a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a lack of interest in activities that involve other people. People with SPD may prefer to be alone and may find social situations and relationships to be burdensome or uncomfortable. They may also struggle with emotional expression and may seem indifferent or detached from their own feelings and the feelings of others.


Symptoms of SPD

Symptoms of SPD can vary in severity, but may include:

  • A lack of interest in relationships or social activities
  • A preference for being alone
  • An inability to experience pleasure in activities that others find enjoyable
  • Emotional detachment or a lack of emotional expression
  • Difficulty showing empathy towards others
  • A lack of motivation or ambition
  • An absence of close friends or intimate relationships

SPD typically begins in early adulthood and may be diagnosed if an individual exhibits several of these symptoms on a consistent basis. It is estimated to affect about 4% of the general population and is more common in men than in women.

SPD is often comorbid with other mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. It is also associated with a higher risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

Scroll to Continue

The Cause of SPD

The exact cause of SPD is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Some research suggests that SPD may be more common in people who have experienced trauma or abuse in childhood.


Diagnosis for SPD

There is no specific medical test for SPD, and diagnosis is typically made based on a thorough evaluation by a mental health professional. This may include a physical examination, lab tests, and a psychological evaluation. It is important to note that SPD is a distinct disorder from schizophrenia, which is a severe form of psychosis characterized by delusions and hallucinations.


Treatment for SPD

Treatment for SPD typically involves a combination of therapy and medication. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), can help individuals with SPD learn to identify and challenge their distorted thinking patterns and develop healthier ways of interacting with others. Antidepressant medications may also be used to help manage symptoms of anxiety or depression that may be associated with SPD.

It is important for individuals with SPD to seek treatment as soon as possible to address their symptoms and improve their overall functioning. While SPD can be a challenging disorder to treat, with proper treatment and support, people with SPD can learn to better manage their symptoms and improve their relationships and overall quality of life.

If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of SPD, it is important to seek help from a mental health professional. Early intervention and treatment can be beneficial in managing the symptoms of SPD and improving overall functioning. There are also support groups and resources available for individuals with SPD and their loved ones to provide additional support and guidance.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2022 Adis Zecevic

Related Articles