Updated date:

High Blood Pressure, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention Methods


A healthy lifestyle can help people suffering from various disorders and diseases to control them better and have a better quality of life. High blood pressure is one of the diseases that can be best controlled through a healthy lifestyle. In some people, a healthy lifestyle can prevent high blood pressure from developing.

Many of us have heard time and time again about “lose weight and get more exercise” because it will help a person maintain better health. Maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly can help prevent and control high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, high blood pressure, or hypertension is represented by an increase in the value of blood pressure beyond the normal limit, knowing that blood pressure represents the force of blood pushing against the walls of blood vessels, and in general the concept of blood pressure expresses the strength of blood flowing through the arteries of the body; When the heart beats, it pushes blood through the arteries of the body, which represent blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body, and its flow creates pressure on the artery walls, which is called blood pressure,

Causes and types of high blood pressure

There are two types of high blood pressure:

They are * primary and secondary *, and the reasons for each type can be explained as follows

Primary hypertension with essential hypertension:

This type is the most common, and it develops as a result of persistent high blood pressure over several years, and in fact there is no known and specific cause for this type of high blood pressure, but there are risk factors that increase The possibility of developing this condition,

The following is a statement of the most prominent:

1) Getting old.

2) A family history of high blood pressure.

3) Ethnicity, particularly those of Afro-Caribbean or South Asian ancestry.

4) Certain lifestyles; As a high-fat diet, or adding too much salt to food.

5) Obesity.

6) Smoking.

7) Drink alcohol.

8) Lack of exercise.

9) Exposure to psychological stress and tension.

Secondary hypertension

The term secondary hypertension is given to a condition in which high blood pressure is attributed to identifiable health factors, and this type is characterized by that it appears suddenly and causes a rise in blood pressure levels higher than those that occur in cases of primary high blood pressure.

The main causes of secondary hypertension can be explained as follows:

1) Obstructive sleep apnea

2) Kidney problems.

3) Thyroid disorders.

4) Tumors of the adrenal gland.

5) Congenital defects in the blood vessels from birth.

6) Use of certain types of drugs; Such as medicines designed to treat colds, birth control pills, over-the-counter pain relievers, decongestants or the use of certain drugs.

Symptoms of high blood pressure

High blood pressure does not cause any clear symptoms that are specific to it most of the time, but in some rare cases in which the patient suffers from high blood pressure, some symptoms may appear that require a visit to the doctor as soon as possible, and among these symptoms the following:

1) headache

2) regular nosebleeds.

3) Shortness of breath.

4) Blurred vision


Diagnose high blood pressure

Measurement of blood pressure is the only method that can detect the presence of high blood pressure. Because this condition is not accompanied by any symptoms or signs most of the time, and therefore, visiting the doctor is the best way to be able to diagnose high blood pressure,

Diagnosis includes the doctor reviewing the family's medical record, and he will also take several blood pressure readings using a device called a blood pressure meter. The person may be subjected to several routine tests, including listening to the heart and the sound of blood flow through the arteries using a stethoscope, and in some cases it may be required. It is a chest x-ray or an electrocardiogram, and an instrument called an ophthalmoscope may be used to be able to detect changes that may occur to the blood vessels in the eye and to identify whether these vessels have become thicker, narrow, or burst; These things may be a sign of high blood pressure.

When diagnosing a state of high blood pressure, the doctor takes two or three blood pressure readings, so that each reading is at a separate time from the other, and the reason for this is that the blood pressure value varies within one day and may be high during a visit to the doctor in what is known as hypertension White Robe Compression

Blood pressure readings are indicated by two numbers separated by a line; Where the higher number represents the systolic blood pressure: which is the blood pressure in the artery during the contraction of the heart and blood flow to different parts of the body, while the lower number represents the value of the diastolic blood pressure: which refers to the blood pressure in the arteries when the heart is diastole,

The blood pressure readings can be interpreted and determine whether they are normal or not, as follows:

Normal blood pressure: represents a reading that lies between 120/80 mm Hg.

High blood pressure may get worse over time unless proper measures are taken to control it.

Tips and advice for patients with blood pressure: -

Making lifestyle changes to control blood pressure is the first line in treating high blood pressure, in addition to its importance for health in general, as it is the main treatment for people with the first stage of high blood pressure,

The following is a mention of some lifestyle patterns that contribute to relieving high blood pressure:

1) Exercise regularly.
2) Maintain a healthy body weight.
3) Follow a healthy diet;
4) Reducing the amount of salt added to food, and eating foods rich in potassium.
5) Refrain from drinking
6) Quit smoking.
7) Medicinal treatment of high blood pressure


Although studies have not proven whether or not caffeine affects high blood pressure, some studies have shown that people who regularly consume caffeine every day have higher blood pressure compared to people who do not. On the other hand, some studies have shown that people eventually develop a tolerance to caffeine and that it no longer affects their blood pressure. As a precaution, doctors usually advise patients with high blood pressure to limit their caffeine intake.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.


Related Articles