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Nutritional Benefits of Celery, Celery Seeds, Celery Juice and Celery Oil

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Celery

About Celery Plant

The celery plant is a herbaceous type of plant which is of 2 types and called :

  • Celery - when grown for only the stalks that are eaten.
  • Celeriac - when grown only for the roots that are consumed.

Celery is also called smallage.

The celery plant grows to about 1 to 2 feet in height. The leaves are much like coriander leaves but bigger. They have an aromatic flavour. The leaves top the stalks that are attached to a common base. Celery, when chopped, turns brown soon.

Though celery stalks are used widely, the leaves, roots and seeds are quite useful too, both as a food and as medicine. Celery is a biennial plant but is available the year-round. However, the best in terms of taste and quality is the one available in summer.

Celery has been, since ancient times, used both by the Romans & Greeks, first as food and then, as medicine. Eating raw celery became popular in the 18th century.

Celery was introduced in the US in the 19th century. In North America, the Pascal variety is grown.

Nutrients In Celery

  • Celery leaves are very low in calories, just 16 calories in 100 gms of leaves by weight. They also contain good amounts of non- soluble fiber.
  • It is a rich source of flavonoids like zeaxanthin, lutein and beta carotene. These are very good antioxidants.
  • Celery contains good amounts of Vitamin A, C, folic acid, niacin and Vit B2.
  • It is extremely rich in Vitamin K and has good amounts of potassium, sodium, calcium, manganese and magnesium.
  • The leaves and seeds contain many essential volatile oils.

Celery Nutrient Levels

 Celery, (Apium graveolens), Fresh 

 

Nutrient value per 100 g

 

 

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

 

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy

16 Kcal

<1%

Carbohydrates

3 g

5.50%

Protein

3.46 g

6%

Total Fat

1.12 g

4.50%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

2.10 g

5.50%

Vitamins

 

 

Folates

36 mcg

9%

Niacin

0.320 mg

2%

Pantothenic acid

0.246 mg

5%

Pyridoxine

0.074 mg

6%

Riboflavin

0.57 mg

4%

Thiamin

0.021 mg

2%

Vitamin A

449 IU

15%

Vitamin C

3.1 mg

5%

Vitamin K

29.3 mu g

24%

 

 

 

Electrolytes

 

 

Sodium

80 mg

5%

Potassium

260 mg

5.50%

Minerals

 

 

Calcium

40 mg

4%

Copper

0.35 mg

4%

Iron

0.20 mg

2.50%

Magnesium

11 mg

3%

Manganese

0.103 mg

4.50%

Phosphorus

24 mg

3%

Zinc

0.13 mg

1%

Phyto-nutrients

 

 

Beta-Carotene

270 mcg

--

Beta- Cryptoxanthin

0 mcg

--

Lutein-zeaxanthin

283 mcg

--

Health Benefits Of Celery

  • An Anti Inflammatory

Because of this property, it reduces the severity of respiratory infections like colds, arthritis, rheumatism. The high Vitamin C levels prevent free radical damage thus reducing the risk of heart disease, stroke and cancer.

  • Lowers Blood Pressure

The phthalides in celery relax the muscles around the arteries allowing them to dilate for easier blood flow. The phthalides are also good as stress hormone busters. Stress, as is known, can cause constriction of the blood vessels, if unchecked.

The good levels of potassium, calcium and magnesium also help in lowering BP. Celery can be safely consumed even by those on low sodium as 1 cup of celery provides 100 mg sodium, which is available by consuming 2 stalks of celery and is about 4% of the daily requirement of sodium.

  • Lowers Cholesterol

Studies show that consumption of celery by animals bred to have high cholesterol did not result in high cholesterol. Secretion of bile is increased when celery is consumed and that helps in lowering cholesterol.

  • Acts As A Diuretic
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The good potassium and sodium levels stimulate urine production, thus maintaining the body's fluid balance by removing excess fluid.

  • Promotes Health

The coumarins and acetylenes in celery help in reducing inflammation in arthritic and rheumatic diseases and counteract the free radicals thus preventing tumours and cancers.

  • Relieves Constipation

The good amount of insoluble fibre acts as a natural laxative.

  • A Cooling Drink

A glass of celery juice in the hot summers is refreshing and cooling. It can be had 2 to 3 times a day.

  • Benefits The Nervous System

The alkaline minerals in celery, calm the nerves, reduce spasms and also aid in getting good sleep.

  • Toxin Eliminator

Due to ti its diuretic effect, toxins are eliminated from the body. Because of this, the formation of kidney and gall bladder stones, are prevented. It even removes these stones through urine.

  • Immunity Booster

Antioxidants like beta carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, Vitamins A & C, are responsible for boosting immunity levels.

  • Healthy Bones

The excellent levels of vitamin K increase bone density and prevent issues with bone health.

  • Prevents Alzheimer's Disease

The compound, 1-3-w-butylphthalide, prevents the accumulation of Alzheimer causing plaques and tangles in the brain.

Celery Benefits for Men

  • It contains the pheromones - androstenone & androstenol. When a celery stick is chewed these are released through the nose. As it is an olfactory compound, it is supposed to cause the man to appear attractive to women. These pheromones also boost libido.
  • Celery also boosts the sperm count and motility thus improving a man's fertility.
  • It is a low-calorie high fibre food so can be eaten as much without having to worry about putting on weight.

Celery Seeds

Celery Seeds

Celery seeds are tiny and brown in colour but have many medicinal properties. Traditionally, Ayurveda has been using it for thousands of years.

The seeds have been used as a spice and flavouring, used either whole or ground in various dishes, salads, soups, non-vegetarian dishes etc.

The seeds provide a medicinally useful essential volatile oil that is beneficial in all inflammatory conditions like joint pains of arthritis & rheumatism.

Celery seeds repel mosquitoes.

Celery & garlic Juice

Celery Juice

All the benefits are that are available by consuming celery are present in the juice except the fibre content. Drinking of celery juice benefits by one being able to take in a concentrated dose of all the nutrients.

Some benefits that need pointing out are :

  • It is an excellent cooling drink during summers and also helps to regulate body temperature.
  • It is excellent for athletes for replacing lost electrolytes, fast. The sodium content is organic and so beneficial.
  • In Insomnia, a glassful can be taken to get good sleep.
  • Drinking juice can help flush out toxins and prevent renal and gall stones better and quicker.
  • It is also a quick way to ease inflammations of joint pains.
  • It is a natural alkalizing juice having a PH close to that of the human body.

Celery Oil

Celery Oil

Celery seeds are the source of celery oil. It has good anti-inflammatory effects in arthritic and rheumatic conditions.

Celery oil contains oleic, stearic, linoleic, palmitic, palmitoleic,myristic, myristoleic, & petroselinic fatty acids.

The oil is used in perfumes, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

Uses Of Celery

The crisp stalk and top root are mainly used for food as in the making of sauces and soups.

The seeds are used to prepare an essential volatile oil that is used by the perfume and pharmaceutical industry. The seeds are also used as a spice, either ground or whole. When these seeds are ground and mixed with common or sea salt it is called celery salt. This salt is used as an ingredient of Bloody Mary and Caesar cocktails.

The seeds are also used as a seasoning and as medicine. The essential oil from seeds is also medicinal.

Some Precautions and Side Effects with Celery

Celery can cause severe allergic reactions in those allergic to it. Cooking does not destroy the allergen. The seeds have the highest concentration of this allergen followed by the roots and then the stalks. It is best to avoid celery if allergic to it as these reactions can be fatal.

Pregnant women should avoid celery seeds since it causes uterine contractions and can cause miscarriage or uterine bleeding.

Those with active kidney inflammation should avoid celery.

Those allergic to birch pollen may be allergic to celery seeds.

If you are consuming celery use sunblock lotion as some of the chemicals in the stems may cause excessive photosensitivity to the ultraviolet rays of the sun.

Do consult your doctor before consuming celery.

Possible Interactions Of Celery With Some Medicines

Those taking the following medicines should avoid taking celery or consult a doctor before consuming celery.

  • Diuretics
  • Anticoagulants or blood thinners like, aspirin, warfarin, clopidogrel etc.
  • Celery interacts with lithium, thyroid medicines and sedatives.

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

Celery soup

Celery Cucumber Medley

How to Make Cream of Celery Soup

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

Unknown on March 22, 2013:

The US Government Drugs our food and water so we will die slowly from Health issues and the Flu short is very very bad for you it can give you the Flu and it kills you

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 22, 2013:

Celery unfortunately is not available here easily and is expensive, Glad you like the hub. Thanks, Indian Chef.

Indian Chef from New Delhi India on February 22, 2013:

I really like celery. Very good hub. voted up and useful

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 05, 2013:

Thanks Devika. Appreciate the visit.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on February 05, 2013:

Celery is a healthy way to go for all the benefits mentioned it is definitely an option. Eaten raw or cooked still is good.

sanders1 on November 23, 2012:

Maybe this is an interesting article for you:

http://the-health-benefits.com/index.php/vegetable...

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on October 11, 2012:

Rt - This seems a wonderful way to use celery. Thanks for your input. Glad to see you and thanks for coming by.

RTalloni on October 09, 2012:

Interesting and informative--I'm glad to have my memory refreshed and to have new info.

We like to add chopped celery to our chili recipe, and friends say they love it when we serve it to them.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 28, 2012:

Peggy, glad to know use celery in a variety of ways. One appreciates more if one is more aware of the health benefits of the consumed food. Glad you found it informative. Thanks for being here.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on September 27, 2012:

We use celery stalks and also celery root in our cooking and also love eating it raw. I knew that it was low calorie and full of fiber, but learned even more of the health benefits by reading your hub. Up, useful and interesting votes. Well done!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 30, 2012:

@ Audrey - nice to know you like the taste of celery and love this healthy vegetable. Thanks for stopping by.

@Suzie - I' m glad you appreciate the information presented. Thanks for all the compliments. I appreciate your coming by, the votes and sharing.

Suzanne Ridgeway from Dublin, Ireland on August 30, 2012:

Hi rajan,

Left comment earlier that seems to have not taken. Fantastic hub yet again with great attention to detail. One of my favourite vegetables to use I love celery and did not know HOW good it was so thank you!

Excellent photos, videos and writing as always.

Voted up, Useful, Interesting and sharing on! :-)

Suzanne Ridgeway from Dublin, Ireland on August 30, 2012:

Hi rajan,

Another excellent piece written in your usual stylish and informative way!! Loved this one on celery, one of my favourite vegetables to cook with hot and cold.

Your tips on when not to use was enlightening, with certain medications.

Are blood pressure tablets okay, I think they are but you certainly got me thinking! Thanks , voted up, interesting useful and sharing this awesome hub packed with everything you need to know, great attention to detail as ever.

Audrey Howitt from California on August 30, 2012:

I love celery and so I am glad that it has some healthful benefits other than its taste!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 26, 2012:

Thanks for reading and leaving your feedback, pandagirl.

pandagirl754 on August 26, 2012:

Found the side effects and interactions of particular interest. Thank you for posting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 23, 2012:

@ Gypsy - Thanks for reading, appreciating and sharing this info. Glad to see you and appreciate your visit.

@ Lilalollie - thanks for stopping to read. I hope you will try the recipes.

Thank you.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 23, 2012:

@ Christy - celery indeed is healthy, you have the facts here. Thanks for reading and sharing this. Glad to see you.

@ Carol - Wow! Great to know you have been using celery root too. You have quite a bit of knowledge on the benefits of celery.

Yhanks for stopping by. It's a pleasure to see you here.

@ Cathleena - I'm glad you like the healthy food choice. I have many other hubs on healthy foods as well that might interest you.

Thank you for dropping by and leaving your fine comments as well. Nice to see you.

@ Lightshare - I appreciate your visit and comments. Thanks.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 23, 2012:

@ healthylife - I hope your husband now agrees that celery is healthy. Thanks for reading, appreciating & sharing.

@ ignugent - glad you found this hub informational. Thanks for stopping by.

@ bookerboy - Certainly, the two would mix up well. Both cucumber & celery are cooling. Thanks for reading and appreciating.

@ GTF - the soup is healthy too. But you could always mix celery juice with other juices to make it more palatable to you.

Thanks for being here.

lilalollie from The Netherlands on August 23, 2012:

I like this hub, especially the videos. Great information about celery, should eat it more often :-)

Lilalollie

Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on August 23, 2012:

Thanks for this wonderful and informative hub. Knew there was a reason why I loved celery. Passing this on.

Lightshare on August 23, 2012:

I was not aware of these much qualities. Thank u rajan jolly for an informative hub -)

Cathleena Beams from Tennessee on August 22, 2012: