Water, bottled water, flavored water, spring water - we are a society that loves to take something as basic as water and market it as something special, but is it healthy?
Distilled Water is the Best
Distilling water is the only way to eliminate all impurities. Filters can only eliminate a certain fraction of small particles and chemicals found in today's water.
There are three processes used in distilling water, they are:
Distilled water - has virtually all of its impurities removed through distillation. Distillation involves boiling the water and then condensing the steam into a clean container, leaving nearly all of the solid contaminants behind. Distillation produces very pure water but also leaves behind a leftover white or yellowish mineral scale on the distillation apparatus, which requires that the apparatus be frequently cleaned.
Double distilled water - is prepared by double distillation of water. Historically, it was the standard for highly purified laboratory water for biochemistry and trace analysis until combination methods of purification became widespread.
Deionized water - is water that has had its mineral ions removed, such as cations from sodium, calcium, iron, copper and anions such as chloride and bromide. Deionization is a physical process which uses specially-manufactured ion exchange resins which bind to and filter out the mineral salts from water. Because the majority of water impurities are dissolved salts, deionization produces a high purity water that is generally similar to distilled water, and this process is quick and without scale buildup. However, deionization does not significantly remove uncharged organic molecules, viruses or bacteria, except by incidental trapping in the resin. Specially made strong base anion resins can remove Gram-negative bacteria. Deionization can be done continuously and inexpensively using electrodeionization.
Distilled water should ideally be nothing but hydrogen and oxygen molecules, with a pH level of 7 and no additional gases, minerals or contaminants.
The biggest argument against distilled water, which I agree with, is loss of minerals.
Anytime I suggest distilled water to anyone I always advise them to supplement with minerals. .
The other issue we look at is the plastic containers. Studies have shown that toxins and gases leech into the water when the plastic is warm. Glass is preferred but impractical for travel, the following plastics are tested safe:
- Polypropylene, designated "#5 PP"
- High-density polyethylene, designated "#2HDPE"
- Low-density polyethylene, designated "#4 LDPE"
It's impossible to know how many shipping docks the bottled water you buy has been parked on. And how do we know what temperature these pallets of water have sustained.
If there's any question about leeching in the water you buy, you can always double distill it yourself.
Symptoms of Kidney Problems
Your Kidneys have to deal with all the impurities lingering in your system. Over time this burden takes its toll on your kidneys and certain symptoms appear.
Chronic Kidney Disease Symptoms
Kidneys disease may progress without symptoms for a long time until only very minimal kidney function is left. Kidney disease can affect the body in many different ways. Symptoms vary greatly. Notably, most patients have no decrease in urine output even with very advanced chronic kidney disease.
- Fatigue and weakness (from anemia or accumulation of waste products in the body)
- Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting
- Need to urinate frequently, especially at night
- Swelling of the legs and puffiness around the eyes (fluid retention)
- Itching, easy bruising, and pale skin (from anemia)
- Headaches, numbness in the feet or hands (peripheral neuropathy), disturbed sleep, altered mental status (encephalopathy from the accumulation of waste products or uremic poisons), and restless legs syndrome
- High blood pressure, chest pain due to pericarditis (inflammation around the heart)
- Shortness of breath from fluid in lungs
- Bleeding (poor blood clotting)
- Bone pain and fractures
- Decreased sexual interest and erectile dysfunction
Besides the common urine tests the following blood tests are done:
- Creatinine and urea (BUN) in the blood
- Estimated GFR
- Electrolyte levels and acid-base balance
- Blood cell counts
Reducing the Risk of Kidney Cancer
We want to do everything possible so that our kidneys function properly and drinking distilled water is one of them.
Research from Italy has shown that taking vitamin C and vitamin E can reduce kidney cancer risk by over 40%.
Is Bottled Drinking Water Safe?
One question that's coming up more and more is - is bottled drinking water safe?
The answer is, generally no.
Case studies show that most bottled water is just tap water filtered. This doesn't filter out certain chemicals like chlorine. Also, microscopic metallic particles can bypass filter units and end up in the bottled water.
There was a high school project where a student did an analysis of toilet water verses bottled water, you can already guess the results. The toilet water was cleaner.
Bottled Drinking Water Container Safety
Another issue with bottled water is the containers.
Plastics are categorized by number. Any plastic container with a number 7 rating or higher is considered safe for storing water.
Most containers used are the thin, cheap plastic types. As mentioned, plastic can leech toxins and chemicals when exposed to heat. By the time these containers reach your local store shelves, who knows what conditions they had to endure.
If you're buying from a vendor where you know they are concerned about the "leeching" factor, then you are very luck and should thank them.
Can you distill your own water? Yes you can, but it is very time consuming. Distilled water is just water you boil and then capture the vapors (condensation). You can also take the distilled water you buy off the shelf and distill it again.
Taking any precautions to filter or purify your tap water is good. Distilling is better for all the reason mentioned above and remember to replace the minerals distilling removes.
Even chemically treated tap water has minerals in it, and we need minerals in our system to survive.
rb11 (author) from Las Vegas on January 25, 2011:
Yes, that's true. If you use distilled water continuously you have to replenish your minerals with a supplement or through diet.
the best on January 25, 2011:
So which truly IS the best health-wise. I've always heard distilled id the way to go but with all of the minerals gone...I'm not sure.
Royal Jelly on November 03, 2010:
Water is one of the basic needs of our body and drinking clean water is essential to maintain good health though I have not heard of people dying because of contaminated water it does cause serious illness so thank you for the informative Hub great work
tutemaven from Syracuse NY on January 06, 2010:
Good Job Thanks
rb11 (author) from Las Vegas on July 28, 2009:
Thanks for the comments.
smile8400 on July 28, 2009:
Very nice information of water n kidney
rb11 (author) from Las Vegas on July 09, 2009:
Vshining, thanks for the comment. They continue to use the cheapest bleach called chlorine. Studies show over time a 80% increased chance of cancer with this process. Drink distilled water and supplement with a mineral, that's it.
vshining from Ellenwood GA on July 09, 2009:
RB I really enjoyed this hub and I noticed the media and congress is finally noticing the problem with our water. Please check out my hub about Kangen Water and let me no what you think! Thank you so much for sharing.
rb11 (author) from Las Vegas on June 28, 2009:
I've read some studies recently that stated the amount of minerals we get from water is minimal compared to the health benefits from burning out the chemicals and metals. As far as chlorine your right it's like drinking bleach and you make good point about the hot water opening pores and allowing this to enter our tissues. Thanks for the insight..
someonewhoknows from south and west of canada,north of ohio on June 28, 2009:
I distill my water for drinking and cooking purposes ,but I very seldom drink distilled water.I use it to make juice or drinks from frozen concentrated fruit jucies.Of course there are no minerals in plain distilled water,unless you put them there.I use it to rinse out my mouth after brushing my teeth.They sell shower filters to remove chlorine from the water you shower with as breathing in chlorine gas from hot or warm water is harmful to your lungs,and chlorine can be absorbed through the skin,causing not only skin damage,but in can get into your bloodsteam and body tissues as well.
rb77 from Las Vegas on July 23, 2008:
Rodney, when I was ill I had lots of time to discover things nature provided, but nature isn't a big money maker for the pharma co's. Thanks JR..
Rodney Fagan from Johannesberg South Africa, The Gold Mine City on July 23, 2008:
RB, this is a well researched hub, great work! Water is not all what it seems, is it.