Fin lives in California's Central Valley and is interested in social issues.
Why a Social Worker and Why Youth?
One of the basic reasons why people get into social work is because they want to help people. That sounds like a bit of a cliche, but when it comes down to it, that's basically what happens.
I myself, as I write this, am a student in a program and hoping to graduate with my MSW in the Spring of 2020. I have spent most of my previous life as a librarian in the public sector and had experience in an academic setting. One of my more interesting positions was in the law library at a prison.
Which brings me to the importance of the need to focus on working with the youth demographic in the profession. In my public library experience, I have had the chance to see adults who are struggling with employment issues, education, literary, and basic computer skills. Many are trying to find out how and where to apply for financial assistance because they are unable to maintain.
In correctional libraries, I saw how many of the patrons were from marginalized strata and how many inmates had a background that included abuse, foster care, poverty and trauma. Were it not for those social ills that plagued their younger years, they would be leading normal lives.
The Tools We Will Look At
I have chosen five assessment tools used by many who work in the social work profession. Basically these are used to measure a person's cognition, emotional state, ability to function or problems. Assessment tools are useful for providing an overview of the client and a measure for determining what sorts of treatment or interventions to use.
I have chosen five that cover a diverse set of areas. Some of these tools you may be familiar with and a few are possibly going to be new to you. If you work outside of the United States - or even California - you may disagree about the veracity of these tests or even the need to acknowledge them.
Please remember this is not a definitive sample, but rather my sharing some measurements that I have found useful or seen used in the profession.
Each of the listed tools will be briefly described and will be followed by a link to download the measure and a video of the measure being implemented where applicable. (All items are believed to be in the public domain). In many cases videos of the assessments being practiced are not available. In this case, videos on relevant topics were presented.
1. Ansell-Casey Life Skills Assessment (ACLSA)
2.Communication Scale (ages 12 - 18)
3. Problem-Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT)
4. Life Events Checklist
5. Commercial Sexual Exploitation Identification Tool (CSE-IT)
The Person in Environment (PIE) Model
Ansell-Casey Life Skills Assessment (ACLSA)
This is a self-administered test that measures a youth's ability to function socially and practice safe life-skills. Does the youth know how to be polite to others or how to store food so it doesn't go bad? Other concerns such as awareness of drug and alcohol problems are addressed.
It begins with the basic demographics which include gender, ethnicity, age and living situation.
It's useful in determining a young person's cognitive ability as well as to see if there are any areas that could be of focus in areas of education. For example, if someone reports that they never get their work done on time, they may benefit from a time management program. They may also be in need of other remedies.
Ansell-Casey Life Skills Assessment (ACLSA)
A Life Skills Assessment Test - the Milwaukee Evaluation of Daily Living Skills
Casey Family Programs
Erickson's Stages of Development
Communication Scale (Ages 12 - 18)
This is a self-assessment test designed for youth ages 12 - 18 and measures various components of communication. Eye contact, listening skills body-language and such. It's a good tool to be able to measure a youth's understanding of the elements involved in communication.
Other issues that are addressed include more complicated ones like empathy and their adaptability at other skills such as altering one's way of speaking in order to help someone who is angry calm down.
The test is 23 questions long and designed in with a Likert scaling format (Never/Always).
Communication (Ages 12-18)
For More Information: Youth Life Skills Evaluation Project
- Youth Life Skills Evaluation
This evaluation system will help youth development professionals share the value of local youth development programs with legislators, parents, other agencies as well as internal stakeholders. In this time of shrinking resources, youth development pr
Maslow's Hieararchy of Needs
POSIT - Problem-Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers
The POSIT is a 139 question, self-administered test, using a "yes/no" format. It is designed to measure a client's problems and treatment or service needs in ten focus areas that include the following.
- Substance use and abuse
- Physical health
- Mental health
- Family relations
- Peer relations
- Educational status (i.e., learning disabilities/disorders)
- Vocational status
- Social skills
- Aggressive behavior/delinquency
It takes approximately thirty minutes to complete and is designed for adolescents who read at least at a fifth-grade level.
POSIT - For More Information
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA),
National Institutes of Health.
Elizabeth Rahdert, Ph.D.
Division of Clinical and Services Research.
National Institute on Drug Abuse.
National Institutes of Health Room 4229.
6001 Executive Boulevard.
— Designed 1991
Life Events Checklist
This is a self-assessment designed to measure the types of traumatic events a young person may have experienced or witnessed. It's 17 questions long and uses a measure that scales from Happened to Me to Doesn't Apply.
This is a useful tool in determining whether or not any childhood experiences may have contributed to situations including PTSD.
See "For More Information" below to view link to the DMS-5 description.
Life Events Checklist
Screening for ACES
For More Information: National Center for PTSD
- Life Events Checklist for DSM-5 (LEC-5) - PTSD: National Center for PTSD
The Life Events Checklist for DSM-5 (LEC-5) is a self-report measure designed to screen for potentially traumatic events in a respondent's lifetime.
Commercial Sexual Exploitation Identification Tool (CSE-IT)
According to the website:
"WestCoast’s Commercial Sexual Exploitation-Identification Tool (CSE-IT, pronounced “see it”), is designed to improve early identification of children who are commercially sexually exploited. The CSE-IT is appropriate for use by any provider serving youth, including child welfare workers, probation officers, mental health clinicians, and first responders."
This is a biopsychosocial assessment that seems to be more appropriate as an intake measure. It is administered and focuses on the following areas: Housing, Prior Abuse/Trauma, Health, and Appearance, Environment, Relationships, Current Trauma, Coercion, Exploitation.
From the West Coast Children's Clinic
For More Information:
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2020 Fin
Fin (author) from Barstow on November 10, 2020:
Thank you. I hope they are helpful. These are some of the basic ones that I found useful in general assessments. I just obtained my MSW and wish you luck in your pursuit of a noble profession.
I hope to add some more in the coming months.
Shaienna Q. on November 10, 2020:
Thank you for the information. I'm currently an MSW student and have an internship doing therapy and skill-building with foster/adopted youth and their families. I'll definitely be using some of these assessment tools in my session to evaluate my clients and their improvement over the course of our 6 months together.
Mitara N from South Africa on April 19, 2020:
Thank you for providing a very insightful article. By providing reference, many can always refer to your article for guidance.
Thank you for sharing