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Facts About Phosphorus and Calcium

cup of milk, jar of milk and bottle of milk against a blue background

cup of milk, jar of milk and bottle of milk against a blue background

What are Phosphorus and Calcium ?

Phosphorus and Calcium are minerals. Minerals are elements that our bodies needed to be healthy and stay healthy. There are many different jobs for minerals in our bodies that are all important. Minerals help our brain, heart, bones, and muscles function properly as well as making hormones and enzymes. There are two types of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals. We need a lot of macro minerals to stay healthy and we need a small amount to trace minerals to stay healthy.

Phosphorus is a macro mineral that helps keep your bones healthy just like calcium and keep blood vessels and muscle work. Phosphorus helps remove waste in our kidneys, and reduce muscle pain when we work out. Phosphorus helps with growing, maintaining and repairing our cells, and tissues and helps our bodies produce healthy DNA and RNA.

They are found naturally in foods such as meat and poultry ( pork, cod, salmon, tuna), fish, nuts, beans, dairy products ( milk, yogurt), eggnog, and lentils. We can also eat beef, liver, eggs, cottage cheese, ice cream, kidney beans, almonds, cashews, peanut butter, and sunflower seeds. Fruits and vegetables do have phosphorus as well. Phosphorus is also found in processed foods like hot dogs, sausage, chicken nuggets, beer, and energy drinks.

When we don't have enough phosphorus in our bodies, we will experience loss of appetite, anxiety, bone pain, fragile bones, irregular breathing, numbness, weight changes, weakness, stiff joints, and fatigue. In children, they can experience a lack of growth and poor bones and teeth.

Our kidneys help remove excess phosphorus from our blood, which helps keep the levels balanced. Your phosphorus level can get too high when your kidneys aren't working as expected, and also cause your calcium levels to rise.

When we consume too much phosphorus in our bodies, that can cause heart attack and stroke. Too much phosphorus in our systems can also lead to death. These extra amounts in our bodies are usually caused by taking too many phosphorus supplements. Too much phosphorus cause our bodies to pull calcium out of our bodies which we need to have strong bones. It can also lead to a build-up of calcium in our lungs, eyes, heart, and blood vessels. There will able to diarrhea, and hardening of the organs and soft tissues.



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Calcium is a macro mineral that our bodies need to have healthy bones and teeth. Calcium also helps our heart to be healthy and help our nerve to be functioning properly. calcium is very helpful to help our muscles contract and help with our blood clots which stops us from bleeding too much when we have a cut.

Calcium and Vitamin D work together to strengthen our bones. We need vitamin D to absorb calcium. So we need to consume vitamin D as well as calcium to stay healthy.

We need to eat foods that contain calcium for us to be healthy. We need to drink milk, whether it is cow or goat milk. We can also consume sheep, almond, soy and rice milk. We can drink orange juice that has been fortified with calcium. We can also eat yogurt, cheese, soybeans, cooked kale, spinach, bok choy, turnips, and mustard. We can even eat meats to have the calcium that we need. Canned salmon, fish and sardines can help us get the right amount of calcium.

When we do not eat enough calcium, we can develop hypocalcemia which can result in kidney failure. We can experience poor appetite, muscle cramps, weakness, numbness or tingling in the fingers. We can have abnormal heart rate, weak nails, and dental problems. We can get osteopenia, which is when there is a loss of bone mineral density. Bone mineral density identifies how much calcium and other mineral are in our bones. The lower the density, the weaker our bones are. our bones can get weaker and weaker until we get osteoporosis, a disease where our bones can lose their strength and be easily bruised and broken.

It is possible to consume too much calcium, which is not good either. When we have too much calcium in our bodies, we can develop a condition called hypercalcemia. This can leads to kidney stones, prostate cancer, constipation, heart problems, weakness, fatigue, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and irregular heart rate


References

https://www.healthline.com/health/phosphorus-in-diet#food-sources

https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/calcium/#:~:text=Calcium%20is%20a%20mineral%20most,heart%20rhythms%20and%20nerve%20functions.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

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