Dancia is studying to become a Psychologist. She currently works as a health coach and provides basic telecounselling through 7Cups.
What is BPD?
BPD stands for Borderline Personality disorder. It is considered a personality disorder because this disorder creates a rigid and unhealthy method and process of thinking, functioning, and behaving. People with personality disorders have trouble perceiving and relating to various situations and to other people.
Borderline Personality Disorder is part of the "B" cluster of personality disorders, also known as the "dramatic" cluster. Other personality disorders in this cluster include Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD), Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD), and Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD).
The two other clusters are "A" and "C". The "A" cluster of personality disorders are known as the "odd and eccentric" cluster. This group includes Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD), Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD or SzPD), and Schizotypal Personality Disorder (STPD). The "C" cluster of personality disorders are known as the "anxious and fearful" cluster. This group includes Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD), Dependant Personality Disorder (DPD), and Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD).
About 10-13% of the global population suffer from a form of personality disorder. Cluster B has the lowest amounts of sufferers with the following breakdown: 0.7-3.6 with Antisocial Personality Disorder; 0.7-5.9 with Borderline Personality Disorder; 2.0 with Histrionic Personality Disorder; and 0.8-6.2 with Narcissistic Personality Disorder. According to the Canadian Mental Health Association, 1-2% of the global population has Borderline Personality Disorder. It is typically diagnosed in late adolescent years.
Borderline Personality Disorder is further broken down into four subtypes. These subtypes can be misleading as this disorder is extremely individualistic, meaning various people experience it in various ways. Often times, people do not fit these specific subtypes and are a combination of the various subtypes. These categories include Discouraged Borderline, Impulsive Borderline, Petulant Borderline, and Self-Destructive Borderline.
Borderline Personality Disorder got its name because it was originally believed that the people who suffer from this mental illness were bordering "neurosis" and "psychosis."
Neurosis is considered as a mild mental health issue that is not caused by an organic disease. It includes symptoms of stress without descending to a loss of touch with reality. It causes a sense of distress and deficit in functioning. Some common illnesses include hypochondria, obsessive behaviour, and depression.
Psychosis is considered as a severe mental health disorder that alters the way the brain functions. It changes the way people perceive reality, causing people to see, hear, or believe things that are not real. It is a symptom rather than an illness. People with extreme depression, for instance, may experience psychosis. A well-known illness with extreme psychosis is Schizophrenia.
The first medically reported citing of Borderline Personality Disorder symptoms was 3000 years ago but it was not an official psychiatric diagnosis until 1980, appearing in the third version of the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual (DSM-III). The DSM is created by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). It is sometimes referred to as Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder and Emotional Regulation Disorder for a couple of reasons. The diagnostic manual created by the World Health Organization (WHO), called the International Classification of Disease (ICD), refers to this illness as Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder. Some people are campaigning to change the name to Emotional Regulation Disorder not only to decrease stigma, but also because it more accurately describes the condition.
"Emotion Regulation Disorder" Movement
Being diagnosed with a personality disorder can be distressing and further complicate the way that they view themselves. The idea of their personality being a disorder can create stigma against them and change the way they view themselves, leading to further difficulties in life. It invalidates their feelings of worth and makes them feel that this diagnosis is their fault. In addition, people with Borderline Personality Disorder typically have had a traumatic upbringing. The Borderline Personality Disorder appears to develop in result to the chronic trauma they endured. Some people have gone on to state that Borderline Personality Disorder is a more extreme version of Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD).
By changing the name to Emotion Regulation Disorder, it can give more hope to those who are diagnosed with it. They would feel more able to change their habits and manage their thoughts and feelings. It can also reduce the stigma that people with this disorder are manipulative or attention-seeking as the name is more relatable. Everyone has emotions to regulate; some people just need more help.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2020 Dancia Susilo