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How To Deal With Multiple Sclerosis


Advice For People With Multiple Sclerosis

How can you know if the symptoms you have, are actually Multiple Sclerosis or if your symptoms point to something else entirely?

Hopefully this article will answer that and other questions you may have about this insidious disease.

The advice I give to anyone who asks "how do you deal with this devastating illness" is ... Focus on what you can do and not on what you can't do. When you accomplish something, be proud of yourself.

My second piece of advice is "Use it before you lose it."

Multiple Sclerosis can eventually rob us of the things we used to be able to do (fun things, everyday functions, etc.). If we don't keep active doing the things we can do, when we take a break and want to resume those activities, we find that we don't have the energy for it, or we have lost strength and mobility.

The 411

Technical Jargon

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, chronic, degenerative disorder which affects the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. Myelin is a fatty substance that insulates or cushions the nerves and it helps in the conduction of nerve impulses. This is where the destruction happens in Multiple Sclerosis.

The word "sclerosis" means scarring and hardening which is caused by damage to the myelin (called demyelination).

Sclerosis slows down the nerve impulses, makes you weak, causes numbness in various places, pain in lots of places, and vision problems.

Layman Terms

You may notice that your motor coordination changes every single day - some days it's good, some days not so good. There are days when your legs are good to go, other days, you might not feel safe enough to leave the house or you may need the assistance of a cane, walker or wheelchair. There are days when your vision will change so that you keep several strengths of dollar store glasses handy. If you are past age 40, you might keep ten or more pairs in the house because some days your vision will start out bad and get better as the day goes on, then gets worse after dinner or vice versa where you start out the day great and it gets worse as the day goes on.

There is no way to know when you wake up in the morning, how you are going to be for the day because things change as the day goes on. MS'ers adapt and just take it one day at a time. Those who live with MS'ers either are patient or learn patience. Planned outings can be delayed or canceled altogether depending on how your MS is that day.

Not everyone who gets MS also gets Optic Neuritis. I have never had Optic Neuritis. I do have some blurry vision, floaters (little floating spots), and sometimes flashes of light to the left and right of my head - not directly in my line of vision. The more fatigued I am, the more prominent the flashes of light.

Because different nerves are affected at different times, MS symptoms often develop in certain areas of the body. Some people will see all their MS symptoms only in their legs. Or only in their brain. Or only in their arms. There are patterns with RRMS (Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis) - it worsens (exacerbates), then improves, takes a hiatus, then returns, worsens, improves and takes another hiatus. As MS gets worse, the length of time for each period will change.

Early symptoms for classic Multiple Sclerosis usually include vision changes (like blurred vision), numbness in random parts of the body, dizziness, and muscle weakness. I get what I call the "leans" -I feel like my body is leaning to the right or the left. Some days I am too dangerous to leave the house. It is an imbalance that doctors don't know how to treat except with Antivert (generic Meclizine) which has a sedative effect. I am so little in size and weight that the low dose of 25mg hits me like a Mack truck, making me so drowsy that I can be wasted for up to 8 hours.

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

I have had Restless Leg Syndrome since I was four years old but back then, doctors didn't have a name for it. It's a horrible jumpy feeling that attacks me mostly when I am in bed, often waking me up during the night. If I am sitting at the computer or watching TV for a few hours, it creeps up on me. Whether I am active or inactive, I still get it by the end of the day. Exercise helps tame RLS, but it doesn't get rid of it. Medication is the only thing that works, but back when I was little, there wasn't any medication.

Both my grandmother and my mother suffered with it but they didn't have Multiple Sclerosis. They both had what was called "hardening of the arteries" which doctors now know is caused by high cholesterol and diabetes. Many diabetics have Restless Leg Syndrome.

Question #1

Neil Cavuto - Diagnosed in 1997

Neil Cavuto – Fox news anchor and TV host was diagnosed in 1997. You can read an interview here

Neil Cavuto – Fox news anchor and TV host was diagnosed in 1997. You can read an interview here

Annette Funicello, Richard Pryor and Teri Garr

Annette Funicello - (1942-2017) wasan American singer and actress. She was diagnosed in 1987.

Annette Funicello - (1942-2017) wasan American singer and actress. She was diagnosed in 1987.

Richard Pryor, Actor, Comedian - (December 1, 1940 - December 10, 2005) In 1991, Pryor announced that he had been suffering from multiple sclerosis since 1986.

Richard Pryor, Actor, Comedian - (December 1, 1940 - December 10, 2005) In 1991, Pryor announced that he had been suffering from multiple sclerosis since 1986.

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Teri Garr (born December 11, 1947) is an American film and television actress. In October 2002, she publicly confirmed that she was battling multiple sclerosis.

Teri Garr (born December 11, 1947) is an American film and television actress. In October 2002, she publicly confirmed that she was battling multiple sclerosis.

Fast Facts About Multiple Sclerosis


Am I Going To Die of MS?

I can say with certainty that Multiple Sclerosis, by itself, will not kill you.

It is all the medical problems that come with Multiple Sclerosis that will be listed as the first and second causes of death. No one will ever have Multiple Sclerosis listed on the first line of the death certificate as the cause of death because Multiple Sclerosis is not recognized as a cause of death (as of this writing). What I have seen some doctors write on the second or third line is "Complications from Multiple Sclerosis".

While there is no cure for MS, some patients feel the treatment (therapy) is worse than the disease. There are many patients who do well with no therapy at all but choose to treat the symptoms as they come up. Some patients opt not to take any injectable or biologic medications because they come with serious side effects. With nearly every injectable, the warnings mention that the patient could contract progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a serious brain disease. That alone was enough to scare me away.

I am one of the MS patients who choose to treat MS symptoms as they happen. When the symptoms calm down, I taper down or if safe enough, I stop taking the medications altogether because I feel that taking them long term carries bigger risks.

Because MS affects each of us differently, some MS'er's may have motor, speech, breathing or swallowing problems, while others may have memory, cognition or vision problems. It's rare to find all of the symptoms in one MS patient at the same time.

Autoimmune Disease Attract One Another

Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease. If you have one, you may get another one during your lifetime. I have three autoimmune diseases: I started with Crohn's Disease, then came Multiple Sclerosis, and at age 35, I got Rheumatoid Arthritis. All three are treated with steroids for flare-ups.

Most MS'ers live a normal lifespan. It is the quality of life that is different for each one and that depends on which course of treatment you choose to treat your MS.

I chose to get back to basics and only treat symptoms as they came along. My periods of remission could last as long as ten years when I was having children because MS goes dormant while pregnant. But when MS came back, it came back with a vengeance. At one point, I was taking a different medication for every symptom and more medications to treat the side effects of medications. I had over a dozen bottles lined up on the kitchen counter. To say I felt like a toxic waste dump is putting it mildly. I couldn't function as a writer, a wife, or in my job. I changed my path. I tapered down and then off the worst of the medications, kept Requip and ibuprofen on board, then I went back to basics - daily exercise, a good diet, vitamins and other supplements, rest and mental activity.

In later years, I learned my chosen path was not unique, that many MS'ers go through the same back and forth with treatment plans and medications as I did.

Question #2

DR KATZ, Professional Therapist

DR KATZ, Professional Therapist

JONATHAN KATZ (on left), born 1 December 1947 and diagnosed in 1996 while working on a TV show. He hid his MS until it was just too hard to keep it a secret. Now gets around with a motorized scooter

JONATHAN KATZ (on left), born 1 December 1947 and diagnosed in 1996 while working on a TV show. He hid his MS until it was just too hard to keep it a secret. Now gets around with a motorized scooter

Clay Walker -American country music singer, born 19 August 1969. Diagnosed in 1996.

Clay Walker -American country music singer, born 19 August 1969. Diagnosed in 1996.

Know Your MS Type To Get The Right Treatment

It is important to know which type of Multiple Sclerosis you have so that you get the appropriate treatment. Some drugs treat one type but are not good for another type.

After you know which type you have, choose an appropriate treatment. I can't say no treatment is a good choice, because sometimes the symptoms are unbearable. I will say that you should "try" different treatments to see which one is the most comfortable for you.

Multiple sclerosis is rated according to frequency, the severity of neurological symptoms, how much damage has been done, and how well the body recovers from an episode.

1. Primary progressive MS (PPMS) - steadily worsens with time.

2. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS) -the episodes happen more frequently, but go into remission with long periods of low or no symptoms between episodes. This is the remitting part of RRMS.

3. Secondary progressive MS (SPMS) - something like RRMS, except episodes are more frequent with few or no breaks between episodes.

4. Relapsing-Progressive MS (RPMS) - continues to amass damage during flare-ups and remissions.

During the early stages of the disease, symptoms of MS come and go which means they often occur, disappear completely for a time, and then return again.

The treatment plan depends on the type of Multiple Sclerosis that you have and the severity of your symptoms. Treatment plans include medications, alternative (complementary), psychological and chiropractic treatments.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Your symptoms may be brief and relatively mild, or they can be very debilitating. The first serious attack can be quick and over with in a week, or it can last a few months.

Common early symptoms include:

  • tingling,
  • numbness,
  • itching,
  • tightness,
  • burning,
  • shooting pain in the back or between your shoulders and limbs (called Lhermitte's sign),
  • difficulty walking,
  • eye pain, and
  • vision loss.

Restless Leg Syndrome often accompanies Multiple Sclerosis, as does depression.

Symptoms of the disease vary from patient to patient, depending on where the most damage has occurred in the body.

As MS gets worse, you may have pain or not, because not everyone has pain. Most MS'ers will experience tremors and have a feeling of stiffness when moving or walking.

You may have problems with controlling urination (I wrote the linked hub on how to help with this), swallowing, and thinking clearly.

Many MS'ers are sensitive to heat, so hot weather, a fever, a hot shower, or too much exercise can make their symptoms worse until they cool down. Once they cool down, they are fine again.

MS'ers who have difficulty maintaining comfortable body temperatures find it helpful to wear cooling vests or to place ice packs in strategic places on the body (in bra between breasts, behind knees, and keeping cool cloths on wrists and ankles.

MS is very unpredictable.

Your symptoms may suddenly get worse with no warning, or you may go for years without any problems.

A lot of women who get pregnant find that their symptoms have calmed down or even disappeared during most of their pregnancy and return shortly after giving birth.

That is what happened with me. I have been pregnant 9 times in 12 years and each time, my MS laid low, until either I miscarried or gave birth and then it came back with a vengeance. (PS I gave birth to two sons, both now in their 30's).

SymptomExamplesAsk Yourself

Balance and equilibrium abnormalities

dizziness, vertigo, uncoordinated movements, tremor

Does part of you go one way & another part wants to go in a different direction?

Bladder and bowel dysfunction

urgency, incontinence, nocturia, constipation. (See my hub on how to completely empty your bladder)

Do you urinate & have to go again in 10 mins?

Behavioral changes

mood swings, depression

Is it out of the ordinary for you?

Cognitive dysfunction

impaired memory, reasoning, concentration

Do you have exaggerated Alzheimer's moments

Facial numbness

Can come and go

Always report as it can be sign of stroke, etc.

Motor abnormalities

muscle weakness, spasticity, spasm

Do you have Restless Leg Syndrome? Or Restless Arms?

Sexual dysfunction

erectile dysfunction, sexual inactivity

Changes in patterns, painful intercourse

Vision abnormalities

eye pain, vision loss in one eye, double vision [diplopia], involuntary eye movement [nystagmus]

Sometimes MS'ers report eyeball pain, one eye twitches, blurred or hazy vision, double vision

Muscle weakness can involve the extremities

arms and legs on one side of the body,both legs, or all four extremities

Muscles in the affected area may tighten (spasticity) and contract spontaneously (spasm


need to rest and/or sleep during the day in order to continue their activities

Do you cat nap?

An increase in body temperature

can be caused by hot weather, hot bath & showers, or fever; can worsen symptoms or produce new ones

Do you pass this off as hot flashes? Do you get warm for a few mins and then it passes?

Muscle problems

You may feel weak and stiff, and your limbs may feel heavy

Do you drag your leg when you walk or have trouble lifting your foot (foot drop)?

Sensory problems

Some MS'ers report a band of tightness around your trunk or limbs, or a feeling of electricity moving down your back and limbs. Pins-and-needles sensation or numbness.

Do you feel like someone is hugging you really hard? MS Hug

Balance problems

You may feel lightheaded or dizzy or feel like you're spinning

Do you ever feel off balance and you are standing perfectly still? Or do you feel like you are leaning to one side? I call it "The Leans"

Jumpy or itchy legs or arms

Your legs (and sometimes arms) have a mind of their own and can't get comfortable in one place

When you get in bed at night, do you find that your legs are more jumpy ? Do you ever have an itchy or crawly sensation?

Question #3

Before Your Doctor Appointment

The checklist below has some questions to ask your doctor (e.g., neurologist) about your Multiple Sclerosis. You might think of some more while he is giving his answers.

Before you print out the checklist, pick out the questions you want him/her to answer. Now get busy looking up the answers so that when your doctor gives you an answer, you will know if he is being truthful and so you will be prepared to ask follow-up questions. You are never going to know if the answers he gives you are correct if you don't do your homework.

The more you know about Multiple Sclerosis, the easier it will be to make important informed decisions about your treatment, medications, and future medical care.

If your doctor does not have answers to at least half of your questions, then you need to shop around for a Neurologist who also specializes in Multiple Sclerosis who has convenient locations and office hours. You want someone who can provide you with knowledge, appropriate treatment "choices" (because treatments are always YOUR choice), and someone who is accessible to you when you need him/her.

If he/she gives you an answer that is different from your research, ask for references, written material, even a "go to" person/place for you to verify.

No doctor will know the answers to all of these questions. Some of these questions, quite frankly, cannot be answered because they just do not know.

An honest doctor will tell you "I don't know" to at least 3 of these questions. That is a good thing.

If he tells you "I don't know" to more than 10 questions, you might want to start interviewing new neurologists who are more informed and up to date.

It also helps to have a doctor who is willing to answer your questions. You want someone who will listen to you when you speak, and not be reading paperwork or worrying about what your next question will be.

ALWAYS take someone with you on doctor appointments, physical therapy treatments, and testings. Never go alone.

What you don't see or hear, your companion will and vice versa.

Keep a little notebook to jot down notes or questions and take it with you to all your doctor appointments.

Take printouts of your most current lab work with you because even though medical records are electronic now so they are accessible online, not every doctor has access or is in the same network as your referring doctor or past doctors.

Take DVD's of your MRI's and CT scans and any other tests you have had done. It helps to track progression.

When you get home, you will always remember something you wanted to ask so don't be so hard on yourself for forgetting.

DON'T FORGET to ask your doctor to sign for a handicap placard hangtag or license plate. Even if you don't use it each time, it is good to have for those days when you will "need" it. Multiple Sclerosis is very unpredictable.

DON'T FORGET to ask your doctor to sign for a handicap placard hangtag or license plate. Even if you don't use it each time, it is good to have for those days when you will "need" it. Multiple Sclerosis is very unpredictable.

Questions for Your Neurologist (In No Particular Order)

  1. What other conditions can cause symptoms that are similar to Multiple Sclerosis? (Many other diseases mimic MS).
  2. Why do you suspect that I have Multiple Sclerosis? (Ask what the biggest clues were).
  3. How will my condition be diagnosed? What types of examinations and tests will be performed?
  4. What is involved in the procedures and tests you will do? (Know the step by step so you are not wondering or worrying)
  5. How should I prepare for these exams and tests? (Most have little or no prep).
  6. Are there any risks associated with these tests? (The more invasive, the more risk. Ask if he is considering performing a lumbar puncture)
  7. Once Multiple Sclerosis has been diagnosed, what types of tests might I need to have on a regular basis?
  8. What type of MS do I have? (Ask how your type was determined).
  9. How severe is my current condition? (Especially important if you are presently having an MS flare)
  10. What is the usual prognosis for people who have this type of MS?
  11. How do you expect my condition to progress?
  12. How might MS affect my daily life? Can I continue to work, with or without accommodations? What types of accommodations are available to help me stay employed in my job?
  13. What type of treatment do you recommend? (Physical therapy, diet, oral or injection medication?)
  14. Why do you recommend this particular course of treatment? (Remember it is a RECOMMENDATION, and it is always your choice in the end.)
  15. Should I seek a second opinion? Why or why not? (NOTE: You should always get a 2nd opinion, or a 3rd, 4th, or 5th opinion because NO doctor is infallible. What he misses, another might see, especially if your MS isn't a firm diagnosis yet.)
  16. Can lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, help slow or stop the progression of my Multiple Sclerosis? If so, what changes can you recommend?
  17. What support resources are available to help me change my lifestyle?
  18. Is it possible to reverse the effects of MS? (Make sure you've done some homework here so you can determine the validity of his answer.)
  19. Will experimental medication(s) be used to treat my condition? (Get info on each)
  20. What are the risks and side effects of injectable medications? (Get handouts on each. When you get home, research them)
  21. If I experience serious side effects, do you have an emergency telephone number I can call?
  22. About how long might it take for my MS treatments/therapy/medications to begin working? (Many docs suggest trials from 6 weeks to as long as 6 months. If the treatment plan is not working, you are in charge -- insist on trying something else.)
  23. How will my condition be monitored? Are there any warning signs I should look for?
  24. What should I do if my symptoms worsen or these warning signs develop? (Remember to get his emergency telephone number so you can call before you go to the ER)
  25. Can physical and/or occupational therapy help me to manage my MS symptoms? Why or why not? (This question is letting you know if he has Physical/Occupational Therapist names, addresses & Telephone number to offer to his patients. You can go to facilities, look around, interview patients, ask if they think it is a good place and if they are getting good care. Ask how often they come, how long they have to wait while there, how often they see the actual physical therapist (not the assistant).
  26. What should I do if I have trouble performing daily tasks and normal activities? (You are looking for him to offer you an exercise program to do at home, for example: walking in place, short neighborhood walks, etc.)
  27. What alternative therapies might help me to manage my MS symptoms? (Always know what else is available to see if the doc mentions them to you.)
  28. Are there any local support groups for people with MS? (Many larger hospitals, universities, local churches, and community centers have support groups. Go with someone (friend, relative, etc) - go several times and to different groups, to see which one is a good fit.)
  29. Are there any support groups for family members and caregivers here at this facility?
  30. Can you recommend resources for more information about MS? (You will probably get handouts that he was given from drug company representatives and the MS Society. Take them.)

TIP: Go to your DMV and ask for an application for a Handicap Placard and take it with you to your appointment. Before you leave his office, don't forget to ask him to sign the application.

You may not need to use it full time, but you will need it at some time. It will make your life easier in shopping centers where you have to park far from the door. Yes, exercise is good for you and you may feel good when you are walking into the store. But after you have spent an hour walking around the store, ten more minutes in the checkout, then trudging your way to your parking spot that is far away, you are going to wish you had parked closer to the door in a handicap spot.

You can always choose to put the placard in the glove compartment until you need to use it. Don't worry if you get dirty looks to those who have handicap hangtags or license plates. Those people don't know your problems and you don't know theirs.

Do what you have to do for yourself. Make things easier so you can keep on keeping on.

This is a 2010 MRI with Multiple Sclerosis brain lesions.  The doctors stopped counting after 23 lesions.

This is a 2010 MRI with Multiple Sclerosis brain lesions. The doctors stopped counting after 23 lesions.

Getting Your Diagnosis

Diagnosing MS is not always easy if the symptoms aren't obvious. Many Multiple Sclerosis symptoms can be caused by problems other than MS.

Try not to be frustrated if months or even years go by before your illness is definitely identified as Multiple Sclerosis.

Some doctors won't diagnose Multiple Sclerosis until they are that the patient had at least two documented attacks. I had symptoms for 5 years before I found a doctor who could definitely say I had Multiple Sclerosis. It is hard for patients to have patience!

The doctor will examine you, ask you questions about your symptoms, and do some tests. An MRI is often used to confirm the diagnosis because the patches (lesions) caused by MS attacks can best be seen with this test.

ALWAYS get paper copies of your tests and DVD's of your MRI's as well as the written reports to keep with your records. Ask for copies before you leave the MRI center if it is not offered. They are free of charge in the United States and England.

I wish you the best in finding a doctor who is a good fit and in choosing a treatment plan that you feel is appropriate for you.

Published on HubPages January 11, 2012

Updated May 2019

DONNA FARGO-  Born November 10, 1945

DONNA FARGO- Born November 10, 1945

ALAN OSMOND-  Born June 22, 1949, has 8 sons, one of which also has MS (David)

ALAN OSMOND- Born June 22, 1949, has 8 sons, one of which also has MS (David)

DAVID OSMOND -  Son of Alan, David was on American Idol in Season 8

DAVID OSMOND - Son of Alan, David was on American Idol in Season 8

More Famous People Who Have MS

This is not a complete list because sometimes famous people who have MS prefer to keep it to themselves so that they can remain employable. The people on this list have made it public that they have Multiple Sclerosis.

**Donna Fargo, Country Western Singer - (born on November 10, 1945) - Diagnosed with MS in 1979, Donna Fargo vowed to fight it and continue on with her career. Her MS appears to be in remission.

**Alan Osmond - (born June 22, 1949) As a member of the 1970s music group The Osmonds, Alan kept the Osmond Brothers together for almost 40 years. He married in 1974 and was diagnosed in 1979. He treats his MS with vitamins and supplements.

**David Osmond - son of Alan Osmond, David was diagnosed with MS in 2005. He was forced to put his career on hold due to a bout with West Nile Virus which doctors think triggered Multiple Sclerosis. As a contestant on Season 8 of American Idol, David had an attack of laryngitis which prevented him from going to Hollywood.

Famous People With MS



MARGARET LEIGHTON- Last wife of Michael Wilding (Elizabeth Taylor was his 2nd wife). This photo is from 1971 movie "The Go-Between"

MARGARET LEIGHTON- Last wife of Michael Wilding (Elizabeth Taylor was his 2nd wife). This photo is from 1971 movie "The Go-Between"

JIMMY HUEGA, Olympic ski team Bronze medal winner. Diagnosed in 1970 at age 26. Founded CAN DO MS

JIMMY HUEGA, Olympic ski team Bronze medal winner. Diagnosed in 1970 at age 26. Founded CAN DO MS

DAVID L LANDER (Squiggy from Laverne & Shirley) - shown on left. Diagnosed 1984 and was told it was hopeless.

DAVID L LANDER (Squiggy from Laverne & Shirley) - shown on left. Diagnosed 1984 and was told it was hopeless.

Sister of Barbara Mandrell.

Sister of Barbara Mandrell.

More Famous MS'ers With Short Biography

**William Hartnell - (8 January 1908 - 23 April 1975) -English actor and the first to play the lead role of Doctor Who from 1963 to 1966 which made Hartnell a star all over again. Multiple Sclerosis forced him to give up the role to Patrick Troughton in 1966. In early 1975, he suffered a series of strokes brought on by cerebrovascular disease and died peacefully in his sleep of heart failure on 23 April 1975 at the age of 67.

**Margaret Leighton –(26 February 1922 - 13 January 1976) British stage actress, 4th and last wife of Michael Wilding (Elizabeth Taylor was 2nd wife).She was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis in 1971 but continued to work until 1975. She became well known to younger audiences as Miss Havisham in the 1974 TV movie Great Expectations

**Jimmy Heuga – (22 September 1943 - 8 February 2010) -American Alpine ski racer who was the first man on his team to win an Olympic bronze medal for skiing as a sport. In 1970 at age 27, his ski career was over when he was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis because doctors told him exercise would exacerbate his symptoms and bring on flares. He founded the Huega Center for Multiple Sclerosis (Can Do MS) and challenged medical advice by developing a program to help MS'ers to maintain physical conditioning and well being with physical therapy, swimming, and a healthy diet. Researchers have since learned that this plan slows the progression of the disease.

**David Lander - (22 June 1947 - present), best known as Squiggy, from Laverne & Shirley TV show. He was diagnosed with MS in 1984 and was given no hope because there were very few medications available at that time. He hid his MS for over 15 years so he could continue to stay employed as an actor. As of this writing, he is an advocate and spokesperson for MS and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

**Maureen Manley – American Olympic cyclist

**Melanie Lawson - Anchorwoman, Channel 13 Houston

**Adam Riedy – American speed skater

** Roman Gabriel - American football player (Los Angeles Rams 1962-72)

**Richard Cohen - journalist (married to Meridith Viera)

** Marianne Gingrich - ex-wife of former House Speaker Newt Gingrich

**Madeline Rhue - Actress

**Louise Arters - Actress (one of the Sparkle Twins)

**Clive Burr - (born March 8, 1957) As a drummer in the British heavy metal band Iron Maiden, Clive Burr was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis in early 1990. The treatment left him deeply in debt. Iron Maiden staged a series of charity concerts and were involved in the founding of the Clive Burr MS Trust Fund.

** Jonathan Katz - (born December 1, 1946) - an American comedian, actor, and voice actor who is best known for his starring role in the animated sitcom Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist. In 1996, Katz was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis. The initial symptoms began in 1996 which he hid to be able to keep acting and when it became too much of a burden, Katz eventually disclosed it. He now speaks publicly as part of a tour sponsored by a manufacturer of medications used to treat MS.

**Barbara Jordan - (February 21, 1936 - January 17, 1996) was an American politician from Texas serving as a Congresswoman in the US House of Representatives from 1973 to 1979. In 1973, Jordan began to suffer from Multiple Sclerosis, having difficulty climbing stairs. She started using a cane and eventually used a wheelchair. She kept the state of her health out of the press so well that President Bill Clinton wanted to nominate her for US Supreme Court but her health problems prevented him from nominating her. i

**Montel Williams - (born July 3, 1956) - an American celebrity and former television talk show host. Williams had symptoms for 20 years before being diagnosed in 1990. He maintains an active lifestyle and treats his MS with medical marijuana.

**Paul Wellstone - (July 21, 1944 - October 25, 2002) Wellstone was a two-term U.S. Senator from Minnesota. He was diagnosed with Primary Progressive MS in January 2002, and died 10 months later.

**David Humm - (April 2, 1952-March 27, 2018) - a former professional American football quarterback in the NFL for the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders, Buffalo Bills, and the Baltimore Colts. He was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis at age 49 in 1988, lost the use of his legs in 1997 and was confined to a wheelchair until his death in 2018.

** Frank DuBois - New Mexico Secretary of Agriculture 1989-, champion team roper.

**Fraser Robinson - Michelle Obama's father

**Anne Romney - former first lady of Massachusetts, married to Mitt Romney. Diagnosed in 1998.

**J.K.Rowling's mother (of Harry Potter books)

**Stone Phillips' wife (Host Dateline NBC)

**Richard Queen - Iran Hostage

**Gloria Estefan's father

**Dustin Hoffman's mother


I know there is a lot of information in this article, and it may be too much to absorb in one sitting. The list of symptoms is long because I wanted to provide a good comprehensive list. Don't read the list thinking you need all of them to be diagnosed with MS.

Most MS'ers will have about 50% to 75% of the symptoms on the list. My MS is not like your MS and your MS is not like anyone else's MS. It is a disease that is unique to each patient. The same goes for treatments: what works for you might not work for everyone else.

Multiple Sclerosis

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2012 awordlover


Yvonne Decelis from Boston, Massachusetts on October 29, 2013:

Thank you for this - very informative (I am writing a book about MS and Fibro (both of which I have))! I am voting this up and useful (and interesting)!

MySwanSong on September 19, 2013:

One of my granddaughters was recently diagnosed with MS and until I read your hub, I had no idea how involved the symptoms were. Thank you for being so detailed in this hub. To anyone searching or recently diagnosed, your hub is a gold mine. I noticed this says the hub was updated by awordlover's team. I hope to see more hubs from you or your team soon.

Rachael Bull on April 12, 2013:

In 2001 I had serious pain in my eyes. Turning them from side to side to see objects was very painful. I was a full time teacher at the time, which s an extremely stressfull occupation. I put my problems down to tiredness. During August 2001 I continued with planning for he following September. Two weeks later, over a period of five days I went totally pitch black blind. This is actually a dreadfully frightening experience because no one actually believes you. The doctor and the NHS were brilliant, together with my husband. On New Year Eve, following a bariety of tests I was diagnosed ith MS. I was really frightened. We I goung to di really soon. Lack of knowledge and complete fear old m hat I was.

Dragonfly61 on March 28, 2013:

Thank you so much for breaking the symptoms down into a table. I copy and pasted into an Excel spreadsheet and then created a column to recount my symptoms. At the risk of my family thinking I am a hypochondriac, I am quite sure I have experienced at least 75% of these symptoms. Much like others stories, I have not put a lot of stock in anyone flare up, but looking at the last 10 years especially I have lots of episodes. Luckily my husband and I just naturally adjusted to my chronic fatigue. I worked a desk job, but did nothing else. He cooked and shopped and we paid someone to clean the house, often coming home so exhausted I went right to bed. In 2010 I moved to Alaska and recently been diagnosed with Vocal Cord Paralysis by an ENT. I am scheduled for a CT scan soon. Regardless of the results I will be asking for a referral to a Neurologist to obtain an MRI. I will be taking my spreadsheet with me!

lindsey on December 02, 2012:

I have just about 80% or more symptoms if not more of MS... I JUST WANT ANSWERS I THINK I HAVE IT

awordlover (author) on November 06, 2012:

Marie, many diseases mimic MS - the disease looks like MS, acts like MS, shows up on tests to be MS but can be any of the other Autoimmune or Neurological diseases. I don't know where you live, if this is available to you or not, but if you can get a Neurologist with a Sub-Specialty in Multiple Sclerosis, that would help to rule it out because he/she can zero in on your symptoms and how you look to him (walking, talking, mannerisms, interviewing you). A Rheumatologist will rule out all the diseases that are NOT Multiple Sclerosis. I know it is frustrating, but hang in there. It is a very long process to get to diagnosis and it is not easy. Just remember to treat your symptoms with medications, diet and exercise and don't commit to any long term medication regimen that specifically treats any one disease UNTIL THEY ARE SURE you actually have THAT disease. Starting medications that have to be injected or taken orally that target a disease that later down the line you find out that you don't have can do serious damage to your organs and actually mask the very symptoms that the docs need to see to determine what disease you have. So treat the nuisance symptoms - the ones that inhibit your quality of life, the ones that make it so you can't function - but don't give in to any doctor that says "we need to get you started on a "disease modification drug" (DMD). Why? Because it "modifies" the disease, so that it becomes less prominent in your life symptom-wise and that is good for you healthwise, but IF YOU ARE STILL in diagnosis stage (without an actual name for what you have - definitive diagnosis), then you don't want to "MODIFY" anything because then the symptoms for whatever disease you have will also be MODIFIED so that it makes it 100x harder for a doc to determine what you have. I hope that makes sense. Treat the depression, anxiety, restless leg syndrome (if you have it), numbness (neuropathy), burning, stabbing sensations - all these can be treated with medications that won't mask another disease while you are still looking for a diagnosis.

Good Luck to you, and please check back often.



Marie g on November 06, 2012:

I see my doctor for the result of blood test for lupus . the test come back positive . but what I don't understand , the symptoms I have it's not the one from lupus but the one from MS . my doctor will send me to see a rheumatologist and I have to see a neurologist to . do you thing . can those to disease be similar at one point or not . thank you so much to answer my question , it's so hard sometime to deal with this .

awordlover (author) on November 04, 2012:

Marie, getting a diagnosis is the hardest part and the longest part. It is not easy; it is downright difficult and stressful, almost as stressful as having the actual disease.

Hang in there with the docs until you find a doc you are comfortable with and whom you feel treats you like a person and not a disease. Bedside manner classes are not high priority in medical school. LOL

As for your question "Do I have it or not?" Many times MS doesn't show up on MRI. The diagnosis is made by documenting frequency of episodes, physical observance of your symptoms by a medical professional and by RULING OUT all other diseases.

MS mimics so many other diseases that it makes it one of the hardest diseases to diagnose because it could be any of over 500 other autoimmune diseases.

If you have just started out on the path of getting a diagnosis, try to get as much information as you can from internet, libraries, doctor handouts and consultations about how it affects different people differently, so that you are well educated as to what the disease involves.

YOU will know BEFORE the docs TELL YOU that you have MS or not because you are more in tune with your body. With all your research and knowledge, you will be able to make informed decisions when the time comes that you are presented with MRI and/or other testing results.

Read my other hubs on MS and you can get a sense of what the symptoms are because they ARE different for everyone.

Read other hubbers who write about MS and you will be well on the road to enlightenment about the disease.

I can't tell you IF you have it or not, but I can tell you that the more educating yourself that you do and the more information, you will be better equipped to deal with answers that finally do come your way and you will be able to tell the difference between good medical advice and bad medical advice.

Because there are docs out there who do give bad medical advice, get people started on MS drugs very quickly - almost as soon as they tell you that you do have MS (usually because they get some financial consideration from the drug companies for getting patients on their drugs).

There are docs who make one diagnosis (of MS or any other autoimmune like Lupus or Fibromyalgia, etc.) and then STOP and do not investigate any further.

Ten years down the line - you've been taking injections for MS, dealing with all the daily side effects, doing untolled damage to your organs, totally turn your life upside down, and then you find out you didn't have MS at all but it was something else like Sjogrern's Disease or Wegner's.

So as long as tedious as the road to diagnosis is, it is the most important part because you need to be SURE. Being SURE takes a long time.

If the first doc you went to said it was MS, and you stopped with him without getting second or third opinions, you would not be doing yourself justice. So just because the first few docs didn't say YES YOU HAVE MS, consider it a blessing that they want to be sure before they commit you to a lifelong disease with or without medications and a total lifestyle change for the future.

Good luck in your journey to diagnosis. Please stop back and comment how you are doing.

Anne (awordlover)

marie on November 04, 2012:

I have all symptoms of MS , my MRI was negative but nerve conduction study show nerves damage, so do I have it or not ? I feel like I'm crazy sometime , how long that take to get a answer? I have to see a second neurologist in 2 months.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on September 23, 2012:

An interesting Hub with lots of information on the topic and of others too voted up!!

awordlover (author) on August 20, 2012:

Hi perky1913 - did you have a lumbar spinal tap (lumbar puncture) in the last year? Did your blood work rule out the top autoimmune diseases (along with neuro and rheumatological)? If your RA factor is in normal range, ask for the Lyme Titre blood test as well as C-ANCA. After this information is studied, your neuro should be able to look in different directions so that he can zero in on a list of diagnosis to investigate. MS mimics so many other diseases, that you may not even have MS at all. There are no lesions on your MRI, but did the report mention small foci white matter? If it did, you may simply have 'white matter disease" - the lesser of all the big names and it is treated with physical and occupational therapy which is ongoing to keep symptoms at bay and keep functionality uppermost. Remember, it can take years to get a neuro diagnosis because so many are similar to each other. Let the docs take their time - you don't want to start treatment for one disease only for later tests to prove you don't have that disease at all because the later test results show it to be something else entirely. It is a long arduous process and not for people who don't want to stick it out for the long haul. But be persistent at each visit. Get on the internet and read up on tests and new developments - make sure you have at least half of the symptoms on the list. Then, TELL (don't ask) your doc that you want a particular test done bec you have over half the symptoms and to make sure all your bases are covered. I wish you good luck in getting your diagnosis.

perky1913 on August 18, 2012:

I have had MRI's not leasions to be seen. Yet I have all the othe symptoms. See doctor after doctor. I am 60 years old and now have a young nephew with MS. Where do I go from here?

awordlover (author) on August 04, 2012:

Hi Becky,

The first thing you need to do for yourself is to find a Neurologist who specializes in Multiple Sclerosis. Call your local teaching hospital (or the hospital who takes your health care plan) and find out who the head of Neurology is and then locate someone in his practice (usually they have 5 or more docs) whose interest is Multiple Sclerosis.

This is the doc who will be the most up to date and will have the MS mindset while he is examining a patient for MS - that is what he will be looking for uppermost.

Before making an appointment, interview his staff telling them that you are looking for a new neurologist who has that specialty and ask if he is taking new patients and if he takes your insurance.

After that, you should be in good hands and if at any time you feel you are not getting answers, or if you are remaining in the same place (medically speaking) as you were when you started with him, then change doctors again.

As an aside, I went to 32 fertility doctors before I found one who could be as persistent as I was in achieving my goal of having a 'live' baby even though the odds were against me.

Getting a diagnosis for MS and treating it is no different.

I often advise patients to change doctors if they do not feel they are getting up to date treatment or if a doc insists that ONE type of treatment is the ONLY treatment for you, because it is not.

There are many ways to treat MS and because each of us deals with MS different, the treatments work differently on each of us. What works for one person may not work for another.

Good luck in your quest and please check back and leave a note on your progress.


Becky on August 03, 2012:

Hi. Thank you for writing this. It has helped me a lot. I think I may have MS. Not sure yet. I have had signs over the years and they've either been unexplained or gone away. What has brought it back to focus is that I have passed out for no apparent reason twice in 3 months and had a bad fall at work during that time as well.

When I was 3 - I hit my head 3 different times - one resulting in a bursted blood vessel. Docs told Mom that I would be fine. Since then I have suffered from often debilitating headaches. I am considered legally blind - but it is corrected with glasses. But I sometimes have blurry vision or see a dark floaty spot in my eye - which I was told was nothing to worry about. I often lose my balance - my dad called me Grace (short for graceful) - but it seems to happen more often. I often drop things - like my keys for no apparent reason. A few years ago I developed tingling - needley feelings in my arms-hands and fingers - I was told this was carpel tunnel. I have always had low blood pressure - but have had periods where it is extremely low. That is what they are thinking is causing my falls.

I guess I am telling you all of this - but I guess I am wondering if you could tell me if I am imagining things or if what I fear could be true. Any help is muchly appreciated. Hugs!

Dana Rock from Pacific Northwest on June 15, 2012:

Great informative and down to earth hub on MS - I'm dealing with a possible diagnosis of this right now and hubs like this are helping me deal. Thank you!

Tams R from Missouri on February 16, 2012:

Anne, I surely will contact you as soon as I know something. Hopefully they won't drag it out forever. I'm sorry you have to live with this.

awordlover (author) on February 16, 2012:

Tams, I have almost no voice left. Hoarseness and word fishing are part of my every day life. Sometimes I trip over words so that it looks like they are in a hurry to be said, only to come out as garbage. Lesions near my speech center in brain is cause. If you want to chat after your results come in, email me and I can better answer you that way. Click CONTACT awordlover on profile page and it takes you to an email form. :-)

Tams R from Missouri on February 16, 2012:

Thank you for your advice. I'm seeing the doctor again in 3 weeks and I will mention these to her along with a request for referral to a neurologist. You mentioned speech which interests me as I will go through spells of my words getting all tangled up and I sound unintelligible also hoarseness and stuttering. Suddenly they will clear up sometimes completely.

awordlover (author) on February 16, 2012:

Lesions occur over time, usually when in episode. It is important to have a baseline MRI, so that future MRI's can be compared against it. Yours from 15 years ago was a completely different machine than the MRI's of today. I'd advise getting an updated MRI, with and without contrast, preferably while in flare up or showing symptoms. MRI should be first on list of tests, lumbar puncture should be the last item on list. I started out with 9 brain lesions which increased to 16 lesions over a 12 year period. I now have over 30 lesions, some are less pronounced than others, which means that the area they appear in is where I am affected with symptoms. For me, that is speech, memory, sensory (heat/cold) and motor coordination. For me, the symptoms get better with using steroids, and subsequent MRI's show some lesions fade a bit. Mine have never gone away all together, they just fade. Because of how old your MRI is, I would hazard a guess that a new updated MRI will give you more precise answers. Get that appointment and get started! Good Luck to you.

Tams R from Missouri on February 16, 2012:

Anne, I am curious. I had an MRI about 15 years ago for migraines. Nothing showed up other than a brain bruise from an auto accident.

Do the lesions from MS show up over time or would they have been there?

awordlover (author) on February 16, 2012:

Tams, you need to go to a neurologist who specializes in Multiple Sclerosis. I see you live in Missouri. Go to the biggest city near your home, and then to the largest TEACHING hospital there. Get an appointment to their Neurology service, asking who specializes in the treatment of MS. You will get a full workup and a very thorough exam including tests, which should include lumbar puncture, MRI, Evoked Potential, and some blood work. Check back or email me if you want to share results and if I can help interpret them better for you. TYVM for your comments on my hubs and keep in touch.


Tams R from Missouri on February 16, 2012:

I've cycled through these symptoms for over 10 years now. It seems I have long bouts of doing well with only a couple and then I seem to have trouble with them all or almost all. I've asked Dr.'s about MS specifically and heard all kinds of things. The last doc a couple weeks ago told me she thought I had inflammation and put me on 500mg of Naproxen. I'm so frustrated. Hot showers or baths seem to be solid triggers, but lately it doesn't even take that.

awordlover (author) on January 31, 2012:

There have been over 50 views in two weeks. Thank you to everyone who has stopped by to read this hub.

awordlover (author) on January 12, 2012:

TYVM dinkan53 for your comment and ratings. Lab work hub is a WIP (work in progress) and diet hub is still a glimmer in my eye. :-) But I'm working on it. TYVM

dinkan53 from India on January 12, 2012:

Lot of information is already here about MS and the blood test and diet will make it perfect. I appreciate the list of famous people who have MS. thanks for sharing. rated up and useful.

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