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Depression: Signs, Causes, and Possible Treatments

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Depression: Signs, Causes, and Possible Treatments

The symptoms of depression include both mental and physical manifestations. The most prominent symptom is often a low mood or a sense of sadness. Some parts of the brain are less active than others in these symptoms. Depression is a medical condition that has a negative impact on your mood and ability to carry out daily tasks. Clinical and bipolar depression, dysthymia, seasonal affective disorder, and others are all forms of depression. Counseling, medication, brain stimulation, and complementary therapies are all options for treatment.

How many different kinds of depression are there?

The symptoms and root causes of depression are used by medical professionals to categorize different types of depression. Most of the time, there is no clear reason for these episodes. They can hang around for a significantly longer period of time in certain people compared to others for no discernible reason.

Depression symptoms:

  • Depression symptoms include:
  • Sadness
  • Lack of interest in once enjoyable activities.
  • Pessimism.
  • Feel guilty without reason.
  • Inferiority.
  • Irritability.
  • Slow thinking
  • Slow sensory processing.
  • Slow digestion or other internal processes, and symptoms caused by them, such as bloated stomach, constipation, or urination problems.
  1. 1. Major depressive disorder (MDD):

Clinical depression, or major depression, has symptoms that are very strong or overwhelming and last for more than two weeks. These symptoms make it hard to go about daily life.

  1. 2. Bipolar depression:

People with bipolar disorder have times when they are sad and times when they have a lot of energy (called "manic"). During the low time, they might feel sad, hopeless, or tired, which are all signs of depression.

  1. 3. Depression that occurs both during pregnancy and after delivery

is referred to as "perinatal" depression. The term "postpartum depression" is used by a lot of people to refer to this kind of depression. It is possible to experience perinatal depression prior to, during, or even up to a year after giving birth. The feelings of mild sadness, worry, or stress that is associated with "the baby blues" are not the only symptoms that are present. Persistent depressive disorder,

Also called dysthymia, is another name for PDD. Major depression symptoms are worse than PDD symptoms. PDD symptoms last two years.

  1. 4. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

is a severe form of the premenstrual disorder (PMS). It occurs in the days or weeks leading up to a woman's menstrual cycle.

  1. 5. Psychotic depression:

People with psychotic depression have very bad signs of depression and hallucinations or delusions. Delusions are false beliefs about things, while hallucinations involve seeing, hearing, or touching things that aren't really there.

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  1. 6. Seasonal affective disorder

or SAD, is a type of depression that usually starts in late fall or early winter. In the spring and summer, it usually goes away.


Anti-depressants are often used to treat serious or long-lasting depression. Most medicines for depression work by either increasing the number of neurotransmitters like serotonin in the central nervous system or by acting as neurotransmitters.

Most of the drugs used today raise serotonin levels by making it harder for serotonin to leave the space around nerve cells. Fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), paroxetine (Paxil), escitalopram (Lexapro, Celexa), and sertraline are all examples of this type of drug (Zoloft).

Heavy tranquilizers (neuroleptics) are used to stop the manic symptoms of bipolar disorder. Lithium salts are sometimes given to people with bipolar disorder to help stabilize the condition and stop new episodes of depression or mania.

People with depression sometimes get psychotherapy, which is usually used along with medication.

Electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes used to treat people with severe depression by giving them electric shocks through the head. The shock makes the brain send out nerve signals that cause seizures, which cause cramps all over the body. Before giving the electroshock, anesthesia is used to stop or stop the cramps. This kind of treatment is controversial because it can make people forget things and is thought to hurt the brain. Most psychiatrists, though, say that brain damage is not possible.

Light therapy could be helpful for people with seasonal depression.

If you have depression or depressive symptoms, you should always think about changing your way of life. Sometimes, changing the way you live is enough to get rid of the signs of depression before it gets worse. Changes in lifestyle can be:

To slow down a busy life that is too busy or stressful.

– Enough time to sleep and rest.

– A healthy diet with enough of the nutrients you need.

– A little bit of exercise.

– Sitting still.

Vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, lecithin, amino acids, and essential fatty acids are added as a supplement.

– In small amounts, stimulants like coffee or tea may help with depression. But if you use these stimulants a lot, you should cut down on how much you take.

There are nutritional products on the market that can help with the symptoms of depression. Some of the ingredients in these, like amino acids and lecithin, are used by the

brain to make neurotransmitters. They also have a lot of vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin B6, that the brain needs to make neurotransmitters.

Some supplements may also have herbal extracts that, like antidepressants, increase brain activity but may have fewer side effects.


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