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Dental, Gum and Teeth Disease - Causes, Prevention and Natural Home Remedies

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Causes Of Dental Disease

Oral health plays a significant role in our life. Healthy teeth and gums not only give us a beautiful smile they also perform a very important task, that of chewing food properly so that it is easily and well digested. Proper mastication of food is the first and the most important step in the process of digestion. When we start neglecting oral hygiene, a lot of dental problems set in.

Improper dental hygiene includes incorrect brushing ways, irregular brushing, excessive consumption of sweet and sour food and beverages, overconsumption of processed foods, excessive smoking etc. Sweetened drinks and excessive consumption of sugar habitually, is the major cause of dental disease as bacteria revel in sugar.

Types Of Dental Diseases

Oral diseases are split into 3 categories

  • Diseases of the teeth like cavities and tooth decay.

The causative factor in this is plaque. Plaque forms as a thin film on the teeth surface. It contains bacteria which thrive on the sugar which we consume in our food and drinks. They produce acid which corrodes the enamel causing cavities, which if untreated, leads to tooth decay.

  • Diseases of the gums

Gingivitis is the first stage in gum disease. The acid by the bacteria is the cause. Symptoms exhibited are swollen, inflamed bleeding gums and bad breath.
When gingivitis progresses further due to non-treatment it leads to periodontal disease. Receding gums, weakening and loosening of the teeth and loss of teeth constitute periodontal disease.
While gingivitis is reversible with proper oral hygiene and visits to the dentist, periodontal disease is not.

  • Oral diseases like cancer

Various areas and parts of the mouth and throat can get affected by cancer. Symptoms like non-healing sores, bleeding from gums, sore throat, lumps, red or white patches, etc which do not respond to normal treatment and last for more than 2 weeks should be got thoroughly investigated.

One of the major factors that lead to oral cancer is smoking and chewing tobacco. Excess alcohol consumption has also been identified as a cause.

Some Tips For Preventing Dental Disease

Teeth are designed to last a lifetime. However, 80-90% of the population suffers from some level of dental disease.

  • Proper brushing of teeth and regular flossing,
  • Ayurveda recommends daily cleaning of the tongue to keep the oral cavity and teeth in perfect health. Cleaning the tongue reduces bad breath and also prevents plaque formation.
  • Proper rinsing of the mouth after eating and brushing teeth twice a day, once after each major meal, is imperative in preventing dental disease and maintaining a healthy oral cavity.

Along with these precautions, a visit to the dentist every 6 months should be made a routine practice by all of us.

Oil pulling is a very effective way to improve dental health. Not only this, but it also relieves a lot of other health conditions too. I have written a hub on oil pulling whose link is given below.

  • Oil Pulling And Its Health Benefits
    Oil Pulling, also known as oil swishing, is an ancient Indian Ayurvedic practice which has amazing health benefits. To know more about this simple, cheap and wonderful old world health practice, read on...

Dental Disease & Heart Disease

For long, the link between dental disease & heart disease has been debated. Though there has been no conclusive evidence pointing to their connection some similarities exist between both diseases, such as,

  • Inflammation
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The build-up of plaque and hardening of the arteries is, in fact, an inflammatory process very much like gingivitis, which is the inflammatory stage of gums.

Also, the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in gum disease rise in people having moderate to extreme gum disease. Higher CRP levels are associated with a higher risk for heart attack.

  • Bacteria

Similar bacteria are found in gum disease and the arteries that are affected by the deposition of plaque.

A report published in the Journal of Periodontology and the American Journal of Cardiology simultaneously, after a review of 120 published medical studies, papers and other data, indicates a possible heart and dental health link. This review was done by experts in the field of periodontology and cardiology. The report states

  • There exists a higher risk of heart disease in those suffering from gum disease.
  • Those suffering from gum disease are more at risk of strokes or diseases of blood vessels and arteries that supply blood to the brain.
  • Some research indicates that those with gum disease had a higher incidence of blocked arteries.

Natural Home Remedies To Keep Teeth Healthy


Dry lemon peels in the sun and grind when dry. Use this to brush your teeth clean. and cure bad breath.
A mixture of salt, mustard oil and lemon juice can also be used to brush the teeth. It not only makes teeth stronger but relieves many dental diseases.
To make teeth sparkle one can rub lemon halves left after squeezing the juice from them.


Drink 100 ml of carrot juice daily. This prevents dental diseases and makes gums stronger.


  • For pyorrhea, swollen and painful gums, bad breath, mix 1 tsp honey in 20 drops of garlic juice and consume.
  • Make an oil to brush teeth with as follows.
    Add 4 to 5 garlic cloves to 60 grams mustard oil. Heat this oil till the garlic turns black. Strain and add 30 grams of powdered and roasted carom seeds and 15 grams rock salt.
    Brush teeth with this to relieve normal dental problems.
    Using this for 2 to 3 months even relieves pyorrhea.
    Use garlic for dental health.


Apple keeps the teeth and gums strong and in good health. To prevent and get relief in cavities, swollen gums and tooth decay, eat an apple after every meal regularly.


  • Chewing on guava leaves relieves painful teeth.
  • Pain in gums, swelling and painful teeth respond well to rinsing of the mouth with water, in which guava leaves have been boiled and then cooled.


Eat raw turnip. Chewing it well will relieve many dental conditions as well as make the teeth clean.


To relieve pain in the teeth the following is beneficial.

  • Grind 5 cloves. Squeeze some lemon juice on them. Rub the teeth with this mixture.
  • Boil 5 cloves in 200 ml of water. Swish this water around in the mouth for a few minutes.


  • Brush teeth with a mixture of turmeric, salt and mustard oil. It helps in making the teeth strong.
  • Burn a piece of turmeric. Grind it. Rub this on the painful teeth for relief. It kills bacteria too.
  • Make a pill by adding some water to ground asafoetida and turmeric powder. Keep this under the painful tooth for relief.


Applying a few drops of Homeopathic asafoetida mother tincture to the decaying and painful tooth stops pain.


  • Mix 1 part of rock salt with 4 parts of mustard oil. Brush teeth daily with this. It eliminates pyorrhea as well as many dental issues like sensitive teeth.
  • One can also apply finely ground rock salt on the painful teeth and gums for relief.


  • Dry the leaves and the twigs bearing these leaves in the shade. Burn them. grind the ash so formed and add peppermint, cloves and a little salt to this. Brushing the teeth with this relieves pyorrhea and makes the teeth strong.
  • One can also brush the teeth with a fresh twig of the neem tree.
  • Immature neem leaves can be boiled in water to make water to be used as a gargle. This stops pain.


Grind some gallnuts and brush the teeth with this powder. It gives relief in sensitive teeth, loose teeth, bleeding gums and teeth.


A piece of raw onion kept at the place of pain or painful teeth relives pain.


  • For cavities and painful teeth, keep a small piece of alum wrapped in a little cotton inside the cavity. Keep spitting out the saliva so formed.
  • In pyorrhea, painful, swollen and bleeding gums, rub a powdered mixture of 1 part of salt and 2 parts of alum on the gums 3 times a day. then rinse the mouth well with warm water in which 5 grams alum has been added. It strengthens the gums and teeth, stops bleeding and pus formation.


Take equal quantities of roasted cumin seeds and rock salt. Grind fine.. sieve and massage the gums with this. Spit out the saliva formed.
It relieves in swelling and painful gums.


  • For swollen gums swallow 3 grams of ginger powder with water, once a day. It relieves pain too.
  • For pain in the teeth due to cold, sprinkle some salt on a piece of ginger and keep below the affected tooth.


A very interesting and effective remedy for painful teeth.

  • Start with tolerably warm water. Keep in the mouth for 2 minutes. Then spit it out and keep very cold water in the mouth for 2 minutes. Repeat this 4 times.
    Always start with hot water and end with cold water. Continue for 3 days after the pain is relieved.

If gums are swollen gargle with warm water.


For painful and infected teeth, apply amla juice to which a little camphor has been added, to the teeth. It relieves pain.


Take 75 grams of bottle gourd and 20 grams garlic. Grind both together. Add a liter water to this mixture. Keep to boil and remove from heat when 500 ml of water remains.
Use this water to gargle. Gives relief from pain.


Grind tulsi leaves and black peppercorns to make a paste. Make pills from this. Keep one pill below the painful tooth for relief.
Chewing some tulsi leaves strengthens the teeth and controls bad breath.

  • Dental Cavities- Causes, Prevention, and Filling Cavities
    Dental cavities, or caries, are holes in the outer two layers of a tooth (the enamel and dentin). The enamel is the outermost layer, that is a white hard surface, and the dentin is the yellow layer just beneath the enamel; both layers protect the...

Homemade Mouthwashes Recipes by SuzieHQ

  • Best Homemade Mouthwash Recipes
    Mouthwash is easily homemade and the best option to choose. Here are 7 homemade mouthwash recipes using everyday ingredients that are more beneficial to your oral hygiene and health than store bought.


The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements or embarking on a new health regime.

Some of my other hubs on Health Conditions

5 Easy Tips for Healthy Gums

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly


Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 22, 2016:

Try to save them for as long as possible. These remedies work. All the best Tanya.

Tanya on March 22, 2016:

I am 34 and I have several loose teeth due to gum disease. I've always had a phobia with dentist since young young age. Will try home remedies. Don't want to lose my teeths!

Jayalakshmi on July 17, 2014:

Sir, since 5 yrs my only one teeth is turned into yelloe colour.when I wokeup from my bed andthen look the mirror a layer is formed on that teeth.whether it'll make white gum is red actually my gum colour is black and often I have bad smell from my to get sparking white teeth please give a solution

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 21, 2013:

@Peggy-you are right! Dental health is linked to the overall health of our body. Thanks for all the sharing and votes.

@Rose-thanks for the visit and comments. I just wanted the image to be an attraction so pulled it in.

rose-the planner from Toronto, Ontario-Canada on July 21, 2013:

This was a very informative and worthwhile article Rajan! Taking care of your teeth is so important and I think that sometimes it is taken for granted. I really thought your home remedies were amazing. Some of them I already knew about but many are new to me. That first image you put up by the way is pretty scary looking but no doubt may have been the way of the past, lol. Thank you for sharing. (Voted Up) -Rose

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on July 21, 2013:

I have heard of some of these remedies but not all of them. Good dental care is so important for our overall health and this hub is most informative. UUI votes and will be sharing, tweeting and pinning this hub as well.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 11, 2013:

Thanks for reading, voting and sharing, Indian Chef.

Indian Chef from New Delhi India on July 10, 2013:

Very well written and I found both pictures very funny. I am going to share it on not only here but also on twitter. Voting it up and awesome and interesting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 25, 2013:

moronkee, thanks.

Moronke Oluwatoyin on May 25, 2013:

When I look at my teeth, I feel sad because I have lost some of my molars.

Sweets and yummy yummy biscuits and cakes are the cause.

The dentists never prescribe your natural methods of solving gum disease.

Thanks for the info.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 14, 2013:

You are right, harry. Thanks for stopping by.

harry lloyd on May 14, 2013:

Very nice way to inform or communication. It is the actual learning that we all had need of. It`s true that we do not bother for such activities that become a serious cause of dental disease. We should brush our teeth twice in a day and should not practice such a thing that has been discussed in the cartoon of actual post. It is very effective way to communicate and learn to people that what mistakes we commonly do in daily life routine.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 15, 2013:

Thanks narnia.

narnia on March 15, 2013:

floride make gum healthy

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 04, 2013:

peachpurple, garlic does help with gum and teeth problems. Thanks for this bit of news.

peachy from Home Sweet Home on March 03, 2013:

great hub. I have gum disease and my teeth are falling apart. I tried using garlic, mashed them and add hot water, drink it up. Awful smell and spicy but did relieve my tooth ache. Thanks for the hub. Voted useful

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 19, 2012:

Aurelio, glad that you found at least one of the foods to your liking. Thanks for giving the hub a read and comment.Appreciate the votes.

Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on April 19, 2012:

I'm guilty of not brushing my teeth as often as needed. Got to eat more of the garlic you recommend, which is fine, since it's one of my favorite foods. Voting this Up and Useful.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 18, 2012:

@ Dex - I totally agree. Thanks for reading and appreciating.

@ YogaKat - thanks for sharing your views. Thanks for sparing time to read and appreciate.

YogaKat from Oahu Hawaii on April 18, 2012:

Great hub Rajan Jolly. I am currently using Neem toothpaste and Neem mouth wash for my gum disease and so far I have been able to avoid surgery. Perhaps I will try oil pulling next. You present all kinds of great ideas here. I will try them all to avoid surgery.

Dexter Yarbrough from United States on April 18, 2012:

Great hub, Rajan! Here in the US, dental visits for some treatments can be quite expensive. Taking care of dental hygiene makes sense health wise as well as monetarily. Thanks for sharing!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 18, 2012:

hawaiianodysseus - Aloha! Nature has indeed blessed us with bounties we had forgotten but thankfully have started to remember again.

Thank you so much for sparing time to read, vote and leave such uplifting comments.

Hawaiian Odysseus from Southeast Washington state on April 18, 2012:

I am on board for all things natural, and I also believe God blessed us with wonderful minds to research, read, and assimilate healthy habits into our daily activities.

YOur article is well-written, focused, and very informative. Kudos to you for sharing these fantastic health tips with us.

Voted up, useful, awesome, beautiful, and interesting!


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