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Combination Meals: Brunch, Linner, Dunch, and Lupper

Margaret Minnicks has been an online writer for many years. She writes articles that are interesting to her readers.

People eating

People eating

People eat throughout the day, and the three main meals are called breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Sometimes people miss eating those meals at times usually designated for them. Is it still breakfast if you get out of bed at 7 a.m. and you don't eat anything until around 11 a.m.? Is it still lunch if you eat long after the middle of the day? Is it still supper if you earlier than 6 p.m.?

Often the three main meals are combined with the meal that follows it. Do you know what those combination meals are called?

Breakfast foods

Breakfast foods


Breakfast is made up of two words: break and fast. You fast during the night while you sleep. You break the fast when you eat in the morning after you get up.

Breakfast is the first meal of the day no matter what time it is eaten. However, breakfast is usually thought to mean the morning meal. A typical breakfast menu might include bacon, sausage, ham, eggs, grits, oatmeal, pancakes, waffles, juice, tea, and coffee. Some restaurants serve breakfast foods all day long no matter what time you want to order it.

Doctors, nutritionists, and other medical professionals say breakfast is the most important meal of the day and should not be skipped.

What is it called when your first meal of the day is not your morning meal?

Serve-yourself brunch buffet

Serve-yourself brunch buffet


Brunch is a combination of two words: breakfast and lunch. It is usually eaten as a late breakfast combined with an early lunch. Brunches are usually eaten anytime before 2 p.m. Brunches started in England in the late 19th century, but they did not become popular in the United States until the 1930s.

Most restaurants and hotels serve brunches. You can choose foods from the serve-yourself buffet or from a menu. The meal usually includes standard breakfast foods such as eggs, sausages, bacon, ham, fruits, pastries, pancakes, waffles, hot and cold cereals. The lunch foods include soups, salads, sandwiches, and light side dishes. Along with a breakfast juice, an alcoholic beverage might also be on the menu.

Food for lunch

Food for lunch


Lunch is actually the abbreviation for luncheon. However, the word luncheon is usually reserved for a formal meal. Lunch is the second meal of the day. It is eaten around midday. Some employees stagger their lunchtime so everyone does not leave their workplace at the same time. Most lunch periods start at 11 a.m. and could go to 1 or 2 p.m.

Workers and school children are away from home during lunchtime. Therefore, lunch foods could be just sandwiches, fruit, and cold foods that don't have to be warmed up. For those who don't take their lunch to work or school, cafeterias are there with hot lunches. Besides, employees have time to go out to a nearby restaurant for lunch.

Light lunches are served in schools and workplaces because people have to go back to work or to classes after the lunch period is over. Some people make their lunch with leftovers from the previous night's dinner. Therefore, the food doesn't go to waste.

What is the meal called when you don't get around to eating lunch and you want to eat something before dinner time?

Linner or Dunch

I grew up in the South where we ate only two meals on Sundays. The first meal was breakfast. Then we went to church. After the church services were over, the family sat down to a big meal that was prepared the day before. We called it dinner, but when I took my grandchildren to church and served them dinner around 2 p.m., they insisted they were entitled to another meal before the day was over. Therefore, they taught me a word I had never heard before, and I am an English teacher.

They explained to me that the meal after church on Sundays is called "linner" because 2 p.m. is too late for lunch and too early for dinner. I checked it out, and they were right. Linner is a combination of lunch and dinner. Dunch is also a combination of lunch and dinner. That is not hard to comprehend when you know that brunch is a combination of breakfast and lunch.

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So, what does one eat for linner or dunch? Whether it is called linner or dunch, the meal is much smaller than dinner. It could be a quick sandwich, fruits, a salad, cookies, and tea to tide the family over until dinner.

Dinner Food

Dinner Food


Dinner is the third main meal of the day not counting those combination meals like brunch, linner or dunch. For most families, dinner is the largest meal and is eaten in the evening. The word "dinner" is used on special occasions like Thanksgiving dinner and Christmas dinner that could be eaten earlier. In that case, the meal is bigger because people are invited to share the meal that is usually served in the afternoon rather than in the evening.

A dinner meal usually consists of a meat, a vegetable, a starch, bread, a dessert, and tea. On formal occasions, there might be more than one meat, more than one vegetable, more than one starchy side dish and more than one dessert.

Supper or Lupper

Today in the United States and in Canada, there is no distinction between what is eaten for dinner or supper. Both words designate the last meal of the day that is eaten in the evening.

Supper is an older term that used to mean the meal eaten after 6 p.m. That's because farmers worked in the fields until the sun went down. When they got home, they had to wash up because they were dirty from working with farm animals. Supper can be eaten as late as 10 p.m.

The menu for dinner and supper is the same. If there is a light meal between lunch and supper, it is called lupper.

How well do you know your meals?

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. What is the first meal of the day?
    • breakfast
    • lunch
    • dinner
  2. What does "breakfast" mean?
    • break
    • fast
    • both of the above
  3. What is the second meal of the day called?
    • breakfast
    • lunch
    • dinner
  4. What is the third meal of the day called?
    • breakfast
    • luch
    • dinner
  5. In the South, what do farmers call their last meal of the day?
    • brunch
    • dinner
    • supper
  6. What meal is eaten between breakfast and lunch?
    • brunch
    • linner
    • dunch
  7. What meal is eaten between lunch and dinner?
    • brunch
    • linner
    • linner or dunch
    • lupper

Answer Key

  1. breakfast
  2. both of the above
  3. lunch
  4. dinner
  5. supper
  6. brunch
  7. linner or dunch


Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on January 24, 2020:

Thanks, Brenda, for reading and commenting on my article. I am glad you learned something from it. I enjoy sharing information with people who don't know those tidbits. Most of my articles are very informative. Feel free to check out some of the others.

BRENDA ARLEDGE from Washington Court House on January 23, 2020:


Lots of new information for me. I have not heard of linner or dunch.

I even have never thought of breakfast being broken down as per your description of fasting at night. This is a new take on breakfast.

Many people don't have this kind of schedule due to this lovely swing shift and various times for people to work or sleep.

I tend to eat at all different times of the day, so if it's too late for breakfast I guess its my lunch.

Your article is written very well and very informative.

Thanks for sharing.

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