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COVID-19 Pandemic: Psychological Effects And Solutions

Corona virus has left the world’s population in a state of uncertainty,as the flood of news has made them constantly anxious and afraid.

Corona virus began to spread at the end of 2019 It is considered a fast spreading Corona virus and is transmitted through contact or droplets resulting from coughing.

And there is no talk now other than talking about the “COVID-19” that dominated all the atmosphere and fields, until it was said that it occupied the roads and inhabited the roofs and walls of buildings, and surrounded the man who stood before this epidemic terrified and helpless especially those who already suffer from anxiety and obsessive-compulsive states.

The Negative Psychological Effects Of COVID-19

There is no doubt that the Corona pandemic and the measures taken to confront it have left and still have various psychological effects on many groups of people, albeit to varying degrees. The roots of psychological effects come from two basic and interrelated factors.

The rapid and massive spread of the Corona virus leads to psychological stress, the most important of which are anxiety and depression. People live in a state of stress about things around them, and it leads to a state of uncertainty about the future. Concern about the possibility of contracting the disease or injuring family members and loved ones around them leads to a state of permanent tension and anxiety and may lead to great psychological pressures related to the behavior to be followed in these cases.

The psychological effects are exacerbated by the rapid and intense spread of the virus with no specific treatment for it or a rapid vaccine for the disease, which leads to cases of depression ranging in severity from mild to chronic.

The accompanying measures that countries take to confront the disease are no less important than the health aspect associated with the disease. Measures such as the long-term ban and stopping normal activities, especially economic ones, exacerbate the psychological effects and even become a new source of anxiety, tension, fear and depression. The economic effects of the closure and embargo and the high rate of unemployment and entering into a state of financial insolvency lead to very great pressures on the heads of families to meet the basic needs of them and their families, which is likely to expand the circle of psychological effects for all family members, and make a fertile field for more family problems such as domestic violence, for example. Certainly, some groups are more vulnerable than others to the negative psychological effects of the pandemic and its consequences according to their circumstances and financial and banking capabilities, and therefore there is a disparity in the ability of individuals to adapt to these pressures, which affects the severity of these effects on them. In addition to the pandemic and the procedures followed to confront it, the method of communicating with citizens and the media discourse about the pandemic or the accompanying measures, whether economic or health, may increase or relieve anxiety and tension.

Exaggeration, exaggeration, contradiction and inaccuracy in the statements of some officials and experts exacerbate negative psychological effects such as anxiety, uncertainty and fear of the future. The statements made in the past weeks about the lack of readiness of the health sector, such as the lack of beds, health cadres, or medical devices, had negative effects on citizens' perceptions of the ability of this sector to address this pandemic. Transparency and frankness from the competent authorities are required and increase citizens' confidence in the government and help everyone overcome this pandemic. The official discourse in dealing with the pandemic must certainly be transparent, but at the same time it must reassure the citizens and give them hope that we are able to overcome this pandemic as a society and a state, and in the weakest belief that official statements take into account the psychological dimensions of this information, news and statements in order to mitigate the negative effects on them.

The effects of the pandemic and the measures taken to confront it have significant economic, social and psychological impacts on people.


As this situation continues without knowing a specific date or time for a return to what life was like before Corona, the pressures are increasing, and many suffer from the inability to adapt to the current conditions. What health professionals and officials are asking of us about the necessity of “social distancing” is not easy. Contrary to human nature, “Man is a social being by nature.”

Most Affected People:

There is a huge variety in people's ability to deal with social isolation and stress, explains Chris Sea-green, a behavioral scientist at the University of Arizona in the US, stressing that someone who already has problems with social anxiety, depression, loneliness, substance abuse, or other problems health, it will be more likely to be affected negatively by social distancing measures.

"People of all ages are vulnerable to the ill effects of social isolation and loneliness," says Holt-Lunstad. But some studies have highlighted some of the reasons why “the elderly are the most vulnerable group to be affected by the crisis”, such as loss of family atmosphere, lack of friends, chronic diseases and sensory disabilities that may hinder interaction with others, such as hearing or vision loss.

Some Methods Used To Overcome Stress And Anxiety During COVID-19:

Do Exercises

Like jogging, cycling or dancing, get 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise per week.

Practice Relaxation Techniques

Practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation or yoga can help manage stress.

Communicate with your loved ones

When you feel stressed, connecting with your friends and family can help you.

Studies have found that people who have little social support are more susceptible to stress and tension.


When it comes to stress, laughter really is one of the best medicines

Laughter actually causes instant changes in your body that can help you deal with anxiety and stress. When you laugh, you breathe in more oxygen-rich air that stimulates your heart, lungs, and muscles and helps relax your muscles, which are often tense when you're stressed or anxious. Simple and easy solution Laugh and think optimistically.

prevention is better than cure.

— Desiderius Erasmus

The Role Of Masks In Preventing COVID-19

The infected person must wear masks when approaching other people, and before entering health care places, and if he is unable to wear the mask (for example, due to difficulty breathing), the patient must do his best to cover coughing and sneezing, and people who live with the infected person must wear a mask. when approaching him.

Stay Home , Stay Safe!

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2021 Rawan Osama


Rawan Osama (author) from Egypt on June 06, 2021:

Hi Amara!

Amin! , may allah accept all your prayers.

Thanks for reading

Amara from Pakistan on June 06, 2021:

Covid has affected us all one way or another.. I pray to Allah, may this pandemic come to an end soon enough. Thanks for sharing some useful tips..

Rawan Osama (author) from Egypt on June 06, 2021:

Hey dear pamela!

I totally agree with you :))

Thank you for reading and your kind comment

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on June 06, 2021:

This is an excellent article that really covers the psychological effects of the Covid pandemic. I like your suggestions for overcoming the stress, Rawan.

I am also concerned about children that have not been able to go to school, as they also learn proper social behavior for a group in addition to their regular lessons.

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