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Flame of the Forest - Butea Monosperma - Palash Tree - Some Uses and Health Benefits

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Who hasn't been overawed by the beauty of the Flame of the forest tree? With flowers a bright orange, this tree is a sight to watch come spring and the whole area glows as if it is on fire when it is at its zenith of glory.

Flame of the forest can refer to 3 trees from different families, genera, species :

  • Butea monosperma, called Palash in India.
  • Delonix regia, called Gulmohar in India.
  • Spathodea campanulata, called Picchkari or Nandi flame in India.

This article is on the Palash tree - Butea monosperma.

Latin Name : Butea monosperma.

In India flame of the forest is called Palash, Dhak or Tesu.

Palash Tree Flower

Palash - Flame Of The Forest Tree

Some other common names are Parrot tree, Bastard teak, Bengal kino, Bingo kino.

The tree is native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is a slow-growing tree that reaches a height of 40 to 50 feet. It has a crooked trunk and irregular branches. The leaves are 3-foliate and the flowers a bright orange-red colour. One can see the tree flowering in spring and in full bloom, hardly any flowers are visible on the branches. From afar a cluster of trees gives the impression of fire in the forest and hence the name.

The tree is a host for the Lac insect which produces natural lacquer.

In India, this tree is associated with spring and various legends and myths are associated with this tree. The tree is held sacred in South India and its wood is used in Hindu fire rituals called yagna.

The flowers of this tree do not open straight and even the unopened flowers are curved like a parrot's beak.

Uses Of Flame Of The Palash Tree

The tree provides wood, resin, fodder, medicine, gum and dye.

The wood is soft but durable even in eater and is used to make well curbs and water scoops. Charcoal of good quality is made from its wood.

The wood pulp is used for newsprint manufacturing.

The leaves are joined together to make a leaf plate to serve food and even bowls are prepared from the leaves.

The flowers yield a colour that is used to dye fabric and is also used as colour during Holi, the traditional Indian festival of colours.

The tree provides a gum that contains tannins that are used in the leather industry as well as in drugs. The gum is also used in some food preparations.

The flowers act as a bait to attract mosquitoes to lay their eggs. They die when they enter the flower as they are not able to come out as they get caught in the fluid contained in the flower. The eggs that these mosquitoes lay in the fluid do not hatch as well.

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The bark fibres are used to make cordage.

Chemical Compounds Found In The Palash Tree

The gum contains gallic and tannic acids.

The seeds contain a yellow oil called kino tree oil, some quantity of resin and a good quantity of water-soluble albuminoids.
Fresh seeds contain proteolytic and lipolytic enzymes.

The flowers contain glycosides as well as the fatty acids found in the oil.

The bark contains kino tannic acid, gallic acid, pyrocatechin and glycosides.

Health Benefits Of Palash

As per Ayurveda, the tree balances Vata and Pitta. It has been used extensively in Ayurvedic, Unani and Homeopathic medicine.

The extracts of various parts of the tree, as well as the whole parts, possess anti-microbial, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, tonic, aphrodisiac and diuretic properties.

  • Leaves

The leaves have astringent, carminative, anthelmintic, aphrodisiacal, tonic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, wound healing properties.

A hot poultice of leaves relieves boils, pimples, skin ulcers, swelling and bleeding piles. The juice of leaves can be used as an enema.

A decoction of the leaves treats leucorrhea and diabetes. They can be put into a douche to treat leucorrhea.

The leaves are good for eye diseases.

  • Flowers

The flowers have astringent, antidiarrheal, anti-cancer, hepatoprotective, antioxidative, expectorant, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti gonorrheal, tonic, aphrodisiacal and emmenagogue properties.

They are also depurative, remove swelling and promote menstrual flow, prevent pus formation in the urogenital tract of males.

Extracts of flowers have free radical scavenging activity. They also have a strong chemoprotective effect.

  • Seeds

The seeds have anthelmintic activity.

The seeds treat diarrhoea, When ground and mixed with lemon juice, and applied, they can relieve the itching of ringworm and eczema.

The crushed seeds have the potency to kill maggots in wounds and sores.

The fruit and seeds are useful in piles, eye diseases, inflammation. They cure skin diseases, abdominal troubles and tumours.

  • Bark

The bark is acrid and bitter and has appetizing, aphrodisiacal, laxative, anthelmintic, properties.

It is useful in bone fractures, piles, hydrocele, liver disorders, gonorrhoea, dysmenorrhea, biliousness and purifies the blood. It cures diarrhoea, dysentery, sore throat, ulcers, tumours and neutralizes snake-bite poison.

A paste of the stem bark relieves body swelling. Stem juice benefits if applied on goitre.

  • Roots

The roots possess anti-fertility, aphrodisiacal and analgesic properties.

They are useful in night blindness, filariasis, helminthiasis, piles, ulcers and tumours. They cure night blindness and other eye defects.

  • Gum

The gum is astringent to the bowels. It relieves stomatitis, cough, excessive perspiration and corneal opacity.

The gum is used for treating diarrhoea and dysentery. A decoction or infusion of the gum is used as an enema.

Some Specific Ayurvedic Remedies With Palash

  • Swellings

Warm-up some fresh flowers by hot water steam by placing them on a wire rack placed over boiling water. When the flowers are warm enough tie them over any swelling on the body. It is so effective that it removes swelling of arthritis, injury, sprains or due to any other reason, in a day. Dry flowers can also be used if fresh flowers are unavailable.

  • Detoxification

The flowers also reduce the number of toxins in the body. It detoxifies the liver and treats liver disorders as well.

Powder the dry flowers and consume 1 to 2 grams of powder per day. The powder is bitter but is a wonderful detoxifier and will also improve strength.

  • Sexual disorders Like Impotency, etc

Powder the dry flowers. Add candy sugar or mishri to the powder and take twice a day about 3 grams of this mixture with milk, morning and evening. It cures impotency.

Heat root pieces. 2 to 3 tsp of the extract from these roots are to be taken every night for a month for a cure.

The seeds are more beneficial than the flowers for this purpose.

  • Infections Of The Stomach/Intestine, Wounds, Ulcers etc

Consuming the powdered flowers also benefits in these conditions.

  • Diabetes & Leucorrhea

Take a mixture of 1.5 grams each of powdered flowers and candy sugar every morning. Those with diabetes should not add sugar.

  • To Reduce Body Heat & Chronic Fever

Crush flowers in milk, add sugar and drink 3 to 4 spoons per day for a month.

  • Leucorrhea

Make an infusion of the flowers by soaking them in water overnight. Drink 1 cup every morning. Continue till cured.

  • Intestinal Worms

The seeds remove roundworms and threadworms.

  • Urinary Complaints And Urinary Stones

Crush seeds in milk and take 2 tsp of this mixture orally. It relieves these problems.

  • Diabetes

2 tsp of leaf powder mixed with 1 cup of water taken daily for a month cures.

  • Sore Throat

Gargle with leaf extract to get relief.

  • Irregular Bleeding During Menses

Drink 3 to 4 tsp of leaf extract at night for 2 to 3 months.

  • Cracks In Feet

Apply gum on the cracks for relief.

  • Snake Bite

1 tsp of root powder mixed with water when drunk acts as an antidote.


The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.


There are innumerable studies done on the medicinal uses of Butea monosperma. The following is a small list:,Issue2/IJPCR,Vol2,Issue2,Article9.pdf;jsessionid=58A3776FD2E4982D7AD30F2709E3B87B?gitCommit=4.13.20-5-ga6ad01a

Some Of My Other Hubs On Healthy Foods

Palash Tree - Flame of Forest

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly


Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 07, 2019:

You are right, Peggy. It is a treat to watch these trees in bloom. Appreciate your stopping by.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on August 11, 2019:

What an amazing tree that must be to view when it is in bloom! Thanks for writing about it and the reported health benefits. I have never seen one growing in the U.S.

subhash baisoya. on January 07, 2014:

I only heard about the benefits of the

palash tree but you provide the information in detail ,thanx.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 12, 2013:

Thanks, Subhash.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 12, 2013:

Thanks, Subhash.

Subhash Gayke on September 12, 2013:

in my farm there is lot of this palash trees , but i don't know benefit of this trees before reading thise

really very usfull

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 05, 2013:

Thanks, Indian Chef. Palash is a beautiful tree to look at as well.

Indian Chef from New Delhi India on September 04, 2013:

Again very imformative hub from You Rajan. Sharing , voting up, awesome and interesting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 25, 2013:

Thanks. I appreciate your stopping by.

Claudia Porter on March 25, 2013:

These are gorgeous trees. I can imagine seeing one of them in bloom. Thanks for another interesting hub.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 19, 2013:

@ Devika - thanks for appreciating. I'm glad you like this.

@ Rasma - Glad you like this info. It is a fantastic tree with a wealth of health benefits. appreciate the sharing.

Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on March 19, 2013:

Thanks for this informative and fascinating hub. What a lovely tree! Really like flames. Passing this on.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on March 19, 2013:

Amazing results here and you know exactly what to write about thanks for this interesting hub.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 19, 2013:

@ Carol - you are right. Staying as close to nature as possible will help us avoid many a disease. Glad you like these hubs. Thanks for sharing as well.

@ Bill - I'd hoped this tree would have been growing there. Thanks for reading and appreciating though.

@ Bake Like a Pro - thanks for appreciating. Thanks for pinning it too.

@ Jo - you are right! The african tulip tree is spathodea, the 3 rs one I have mentioned as also being called flame of the forest. Nature is indeed beautiful and bountiful. Appreciate your visit and comments.

@ Eddy - thanks for coming by and leaving your comments.

@ Kathryn - good to know you appreciate such new info. Thanks.

@ wetnosedogs - good to know you like the info. Thank you.

@ Ruchira - Thanks for stopping by. Appreciate it.

@ moonlake - thanks for the read and vote. Much appreciated.

moonlake from America on March 18, 2013:

Beautiful tree I have never heard of them before your hub, great information. Voted up.

Ruchira from United States on March 18, 2013:

Wow...nature sure is bountiful.

Thank you so much for this informative hub, rajan.

wetnosedogs from Alabama on March 18, 2013:

That is a beautiful tree. I love the fact that the mosquitoes can't escape it.

This is a very new fact to me and I'm delighted that you wrote about this splendid tree.

Kathryn from Windsor, Connecticut on March 18, 2013:

This is particularly interesting to me because I have never seen these trees! They look beautiful! It must be a sight to behold.

Thanks for sharing this with us. I like discovering plants and trees that I haven't known about.

Eiddwen from Wales on March 18, 2013:

What a beautiful bloom and an interesting share as always. Thanks for another great share.


Jo Alexis-Hagues from Lincolnshire, U.K on March 18, 2013:

Rajan, Isn't nature wonderful? It provides what we need, if we just stop to look around us. The flame tree reminds me of a large African tulip tree in the back yard where we once lived in the Caribbean. Another very impressive hub.


Bake Like a Pro on March 18, 2013:

I love the name and the flowers of this beautiful tree. I am always fascinated by all these colors and flowers in nature. I enjoyed this article very much. Thank you for sharing it. Voted up and pining :).

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on March 18, 2013:

I am quite certain we do not have these trees here, and I am also certain I have never heard of this at all. Thanks for the information, which is always useful and well-researched.

carol stanley from Arizona on March 18, 2013:

There is such a world of cures out in nature. This is absolutely fascinating to me. I cannot wait for your next installment...Thanks for providing all of this valuable information. Voting++++sharing.

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