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The Health Benefits Of Strawberries

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Origin And General Information

Latin Name : Fragaria ananassa

Strawberries were grown in ancient Rome as far back as 200 BC. In recent history, France is the first to have cultivated strawberries around 1750 AD. Present-day strawberry is the garden variety, a hybrid of a natural cross between the French and the North American variety.

The strawberry plant is a runner and spreads horizontally on the ground. It produces red, sweet, delicately fragrant, conical, fleshy fruits. Though the plants live for 5 to 6 years, a new plantation is done every year as the fruit production reduces rapidly every year.

Strawberry fruit is termed an aggregate accessory fruit as the flesh is produced from the receptacle that contains the ovaries rather than the ovaries themselves. Each seed that is apparent on the outside of the fruit is, in fact, an ovary, with a seed inside.

Today, strawberry is cultivated in many temperate regions of the world. In the US, 75% of the crop is grown in California.

Strawberry Plants

Strawberry Flower

Nutrients In Strawberry

Strawberry has been ranked 27th best amongst all US foods and the 4th best amongst all fruits, in terms of its antioxidant capacity. It is amongst the top 50 antioxidant sources.

Strawberries contain an array of phytonutrients which include, anthocyanins, ellagitannins, flavonols, terpenoids and phenolic acids

It has excellent levels of vitamin C, is rich in manganese and dietary fibre, has very good amounts of folate, iodine and potassium and appreciable levels of magnesium, vitamin K and omega 3 fatty acids, while at the same time is low in calories and has zero cholesterol.


Strawberry Sorbet

Nutritional Levels In Strawberries

 

ORAC Value 4,188,

 

 

Nutrition Value per 100 g.

 

 

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

 

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy

32 Kcal

1.50%

Carbohydrates

7.7 g

6%

Protein

0.67 g

0.10%

Total Fat

0.30 g

1%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

2.0 g

5%

Vitamins

 

 

Folates

24 mcg

6%

Niacin

0.386 mg

2.50%

Pantothenic acid

0.125 mg

2.50%

Pyridoxine

0.047 mg

3.50%

Riboflavin

0.022 mg

2%

Vitamin A

12 IU

0.50%

Vitamin C

58.8 mg

98%

Vitamin E

0.29 mg

2%

Vitamin K

2.2 mcg

2%

Electrolytes

 

 

Sodium

1 mg

0%

Potassium

153 mg

3%

Minerals

 

 

Calcium

16 mg

1.60%

Iron

0.41 mg

5%

Magnesium

13 mg

3%

Manganese

0.386 mg

17%

Zinc

0.14 mg

1%

Phyto-nutrients

 

 

Carotene-ß

7 mcg

--

Lutein-zeaxanthin

26 mcg

--

 

 

 

Strawberry Juice Benefits

It is beneficial in treating liver disorders like hepatitis and cirrhosis. It is better to consume it on an empty stomach, about 2 to 3 cups daily. The juice renews the liver cells and tissues thereby improving the liver function.

Taking strawberry juice for about 2 weeks days benefits in diabetes, gout, high cholesterol levels and atherosclerosis.

Skin diseases like acne, psoriasis and dermatoses are relieved. It also detoxifies the body.

The juice, if consumed in summer, prevents heat prostration as it is cooling. It eliminates fatigue and also benefits the nervous system.


Strawberry Leaves

Benefits Of Strawberry Leaves

Strawberry leaves can be brewed to make a variety of teas. Nutrients can also be extracted and mixed with other nutrients to form tablets useful for digestive problems and health.

The leaves contain compounds that exert a diuretic effect on the body and remove water from around the arthritic affected joints, thus helping in reducing inflammation and pain associated with arthritis and rheumatism.

The leaves contain iron, calcium and high levels of vitamin C which are beneficial to health.


Strawberry Pie

Health Benefits Of Strawberries

  • The major benefit of strawberry is the massive heath benefit it exerts on the cardiovascular system because of the exceptionally high levels of phytonutrients and antioxidants.
  • Because of the rich and diverse phytonutrient contents and high vitamin content, strawberries decrease fat oxidation, decrease the level of circulating fats including LDL and total cholesterol, decrease the activity of ACE, an enzyme which when overactive raises blood pressure and thereby lower blood pressure. They also reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
  • Strawberries are an excellent anti-inflammatory and thus benefit in ulcerative colitis, arthritis and eye diseases, prevent cataract.
  • Regular intake of strawberries has been found to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. More importantly, a relation has been documented by researchers, in that, when strawberries are consumed along with sugar, the blood sugar levels are lower than when sugar is consumed alone. This shows that strawberries are able to decrease blood sugar levels. The polyphenols are believed to be the reason for this.
  • Reduce the risk of cancer and tumours, again due to the excellent phytonutrient and antioxidant spectrum of nutrients.
  • Increase the cognitive function in ageing persons.
  • The acids in the fruit remove stains from the teeth, strengthen the teeth and gums.
  • Improve immunity, maintain skin younger, promote prenatal health.
  • Are diuretic due to the high potassium content and detoxify the body.

Strawberry Allergy

Though strawberries are full of health-giving benefits yet some people show allergic reactions to consuming them. This is especially the case with the red variety of strawberries.

This allergy is due a type of protein in the red strawberries and is called OAS or the oral allergy symptoms. The main lesions are exhibited in the lips, mouth and throat of the oral cavity and include itching and swelling, runny nose, sneezing. Some may exhibit symptoms in the eyes like itching, redness and lacrimation.

Others may develop more severe symptoms like asthma, rhinitis and breathing difficulties, nausea and vomiting, cramps and diarrhoea.

If you develop these allergic symptoms, get medical help immediately and do not consume strawberries.

Note

  • Cooking strawberries does not destroy or remove the allergen or allergy-causing protein. So it is best to avoid strawberries in any form.
  • However, a white variety of strawberry, called Sofar, does not contain the type of protein or allergen that is in the red variety of strawberries and therefore does not cause this allergy in persons allergic to red strawberries.
    This was found by the Biochemists doing research on different kinds of protein in strawberries, at Lund University, Sweden.

Selection And Storage

Strawberries are extremely perishable and stay fresh for a few days only. Choose firm, mould-free, plump berries with shiny red colour and green caps.

Strawberries do not ripen after picking, hence, select only the ripe ones which are bright in appearance.

A fully ripe berry will have optimum levels of Vitamin C and phytonutrients.

Studies indicate that strawberry stored for 2 days does not show any major loss of vitamin C and the polyphenols. They can be kept in the fridge for 2 days.

Frozen strawberries keep well for about a year. Add some lemon juice to preserve their colour.

For maximum storage levels of vitamin C, freeze whole berries.

Some Interesting Strawberry Links

  • Chilled Strawberry Soup
    Chilled Strawberry Soup is a fantastic dessert for kids and adults alike and during summer a great refreshment.
  • Strawberry Bread Recipe
    Strawberry bread is a fantastic breakfast treat: eat it alone or with strawberry jam!


Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements.




Some of my other hubs on Healthy Hubs

Strawberry Shortcake Recipe

Strawberry Jam Recipe

New York cheesecake Recipe

Infused Chocolate Covered Strawberries Recipe

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 24, 2013:

@heidi-thanks for stopping by.

@MSGolden-glad you like the info. Thanks.

@condominium-thanks for reading.

Jeffrey Dela Costa from Philippines on September 23, 2013:

Looks like I am dropping by the supermarket to get strawberries today. Too bad though the freshest strawberries in my country have to be grown on the mountainside

MSGolden51 on September 23, 2013:

Hello, Rajan Jolly excellent information and great video about making chocolate covered strawberries, and as always you write great full informative Hubs, Thanks a million times.

Heidi Thorne from Chicago Area on September 23, 2013:

We (especially hubby) love strawberries. Only downside is that they are soooo perishable sometimes. We'll have to learn to freeze them. But it's hard to beat fresh ones. In our area, we've got to wait 'til next year to enjoy them again. :( Oh well... thanks for showcasing strawberries!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 13, 2012:

Cyndi, it feels good inside when one's work is appreciated as much. Including my hub links into your dessert recipe dessert recipe is a great honor. Thank you.

I have included a link to your video hub on chocolate in my hub chocolate hub.

I love your video hub on chocolate legend. Are you making a video hub of this too? I'll be anxiously awaiting this hub.

Thanks for stopping by.

Cynthia Calhoun from Western NC on June 13, 2012:

This hub looks good enough to eat! I'm making a dessert recipe and I'm going to have to link back to this and your raspberry hub, too. Yum, yum! The pictures are beautiful, I love how you go into detail about the benefits of strawberries. Thanks for sharing this.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 29, 2012:

omergin, thanks for reading and liking. I'll be checking your link.

Thanks.

omerjin from Karachi Pakistan on May 29, 2012:

Nice information in your post.this is my post check this comment how its benefits.

https://hubpages.com/health/Lung-Cancer-in-human...

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 25, 2012:

pandula, nice to know you found it informative. Thanks for visiting and I appreciate your comments very much.

Dr Pandula from Norway on May 24, 2012:

A very well written and an informative hub! Thanks for sharing. It is interesting to note that taking sugar with strawberries could reduce the blood sugar rise in comparison to taking sugar alone. Great news!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 23, 2012:

rneufeld, thanks for stopping by and leaving your kind comments.

rneufeld from Virginia on May 23, 2012:

Good information and worth knowing! My wife and I just went strawberry picking! Thanks for the article!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 23, 2012:

Dana, glad you liked the hub and information. Yes, I think its time to go picking strawberries. Enjoy!

Thanks for stopping by and I appreciate your input.

Dana Strang from Ohio on May 23, 2012:

So much good information! I learned a few years back that strawberries are surprisingly low in calories, but I did not know about all of the great nutrients. And I did not know that you can consume the leaves. I have difficulty getting enough iron and am very pleased to see that they have some.

I really enjoy that you put in alittle history and general information too. I love learning where things come from and interesting facts about them.

June is peak strawberry season here in New York. I think a strawberry picking trip is in order! :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 23, 2012:

KDuBarry, delighted since you are already eating all the healthy berries including strawberries. I hope you must be feeling good too knowing about the health benefits.

Thanks for your uplifting feedback for which I am thankful, as well as, for sparing time to read and leave comments.

KDuBarry03 on May 22, 2012:

Very useful. I have recently gotten myself on eating more berries. I eat strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, and drink fruit and berry smoothies. Strawberries are delicious and healthy for you; I just didn't know they were this healthy! I usually use strawberries, with raspberries and cranberries, for fruit smoothies to start off my day. Thank you for sharing!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 20, 2012:

Thanks for reading and liking. I appreciate it.

ovidiucb on May 20, 2012:

Very interesting and informative article. I love strawberries, although I have a minor allergic reaction to them.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 18, 2012:

hyden, glad to know you find this hub informative and you appreciate the health benefits of this fruit. I am thankful for your feedback and appreciation.

hydenz123 from UK on May 18, 2012:

Strawberries has so much nutritious values I was not knowing..Now I will start eating strawberries more.......Thanks for sharing this,,,

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 17, 2012:

reagu, I hope you like the strawberry tea too. Thanks for sharing your ideas. Your visit is much appreciated.

reagu from Los Angeles on May 17, 2012:

I love strawberries. I always get them at the local farmer's market when I can. I'm also a tea fan and thanks for letting me know that strawberry leaves can be made into tea.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 16, 2012:

CZCZCZ, feels nice to have your feedback regarding a healthy fruit. Thanks for reading and sharing your views.

CZCZCZ from Oregon on May 16, 2012:

I am a big strawberry lover. Was interesting to read this article and see details concerning the benefits. We usually have a few strawberry's on our plate in the morning for breakfast and are one of the things I grab when I am looking for a quick snack that is healthy, tastes good, and gives me the boost of energy I need in the afternoon.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 16, 2012:

Thanks, endless sea.

Akhand Pratap SIngh from Lucknow(U.P.) India on May 16, 2012:

All my pleasure.. Good things are always appreciated :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 16, 2012:

endless sea, thanks for showering so much love and appreciation on the write up. I appreciate your stopping by.

Akhand Pratap SIngh from Lucknow(U.P.) India on May 16, 2012:

Loved it!! As much as they are are beautiful in looking they are quite healthy as well...very interesting. The recipes made my mouth water... now I am hungry..hehe nice loved and enjoyed.. voted up and interesting

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 15, 2012:

jasmith - Thanks for stopping by and appreciating. Glad you liked.

Homechef - Nice to know you found it informative. I appreciate your sparing time to read and comment.

Laura - I'm happy the hub provided you with the info you wanted. Thanks for stopping by and appreciating.

LauraGT from MA on May 15, 2012:

Great hub with tons of interesting information. I never knew that you could brew strawberries leaves for tea. Another reason to plant some this spring!

Homechef on May 15, 2012:

A great hub, I never thought strawberries have so many great qualities, beside their delicious taste of course (:

Jen Smith from UK on May 15, 2012:

Beautiful pictures - reading this made me hungry! Thanks for the in depth info.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 11, 2012:

STEVEW, I'm sure with a little more practice the strawberries are just going to be fine. I'm glad you tried! Thanks for giving this hub a thumbs up. Much appreciated.

Steve Wright from Norwich, England on May 11, 2012:

Rajan, you certainly know your stuff about strawberries, this was a very interesting read. I have to admit my own attempts at making chocolate covered strawberries were not quite as successful as that in the video! Thanks for sharing and voted up :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 10, 2012:

Katherine, Hi! Thanks for reading and sharing your views. And a lot more thanks for sharing a link to a strawberry smoothie for the benefit of readers.

I appreciate your feedback.

Katherine Natalia on May 10, 2012:

Thank you for this great hub. I didn't realise strawberry leaves were so big. It's a shame we can't get access to those too. I also live in Scotland and there are a few strawberry farms near by so I'm going to take my baby strawberry picking when she's old enough. She loves strawberries. Some organic farms too so hopefully we can avoid some of the nasties. There's nothing better than fresh strawberries. I love adding them to smoothies as they sweeten it and hide the taste of my green smoothies. Here is a healthy smoothie to get in more strawberry goodness: http://www.greenthickies.com/easy-strawberry-short...

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 08, 2012:

Thelma, thanks for reading and sharing. Much appreciated.

Thelma Alberts from Germany and Philippines on April 08, 2012:

Voted up and useful. Thanks for SHARING.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 06, 2012:

Nicole, I do hope you freeze strawberries this time around to enjoy their benefits for a longer time.

I really appreciate your visit and am thankful for your input.

Nicole S Hanson from Minnesota on April 06, 2012:

Yum, these strawberries made me hungry! We tried to grow strawberries in our garden last year but we weren't very successful. I've had more success buying them at the store, but forget to freeze them to last longer. I will try to keep that in mind now!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 22, 2012:

Jools, I don't believe I couldn't get tired of eating fruits too many, LOL.

Jools Hogg from North-East UK on February 22, 2012:

Rajan, good idea but I would then be drinking too many milkshakes! I couldn't trust myself to just each the fruit on its own, LOL.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 22, 2012:

Jools, you could try freezing or buy frozen berries to continue taking advantage of the health benefits of strawberries during the off season.

Thanks for the read, vote and your appreciative comments.

Jools Hogg from North-East UK on February 22, 2012:

Loved this hub. Strawberries are my absolute favourite fruit and when we have them in season here in the UK (only about 6 weeks over June and July to get them at their best) I eat them almost every day with sugar and cream...heavenly! Voted up, very interesting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 17, 2012:

@ Jhangora. Thank you for stopping by to read and leave tour inputs. A hub on raspberries is in the pipeline.

Thanks for your kind comments.

@ Mala. I appreciate your visit & comments. Thanks for the vote up.

Mala Srivastava from India on February 17, 2012:

very interesting and useful hub. Voted up.

Dinesh Mohan Raturi from Dehradun on February 17, 2012:

Thanx a lot for such an informative Hub on the benefits of Strawberries Rajan. I'd love you to create a similar Hub on the benefits of Raspberries as well. I am sure you'll do a great job.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 16, 2012:

starsteam, thanks for stopping by and I'm glad to note you found it informative. It feels nice to be complimented.

Thanks for the vote.

Dreamer at heart from Northern California on February 16, 2012:

Strawberries are one of my favorite foods. Your article is a helpful one and I learned some things about the berries which I didn't know. I voted it up!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 16, 2012:

@ barbergirl28. I hope with the added info on strawberries you will be inclined to try them more often. Many thanks for stopping by and leaving your appreciation.

@ rob. Thanks for the read and the sharing. It heartens me to know that I could make a difference

Thanks for the vote up. I appreciate all the comments.

rob_allen from MNL, PH on February 16, 2012:

I never knew that there can be an allergy due to strawberries. BTW, your hub about strawberries is really loaded with great and useful info.I think this is worth the Vote Up button and sharing on twitter and fb! :)

Stacy Harris from Hemet, Ca on February 16, 2012:

I am a big fan of strawberries... however, I rarely eat them because I am so picky about them. When they are in season, I love to make jam with them as well, but I only pick them up when I find the perfect package. Otherwise they end up going to waste too fast. Thanks for sharing all this wonderful information about strawberries. I assumed they were good for you, but I didn't realize how many benefits they had!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 13, 2012:

Jeannieinabottle, thanks for the read, comments and vote.

Jeannie Marie from Baltimore, MD on February 13, 2012:

This hub has so much information on strawberries I never knew! I never realized strawberry leaves could be used for tea. Thanks for sharing this info! Voted up!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 30, 2012:

@ Lady_E - thanks for reading and leaving such appreciative comments. It is always a pleasure to see you here.

@ Hawkstryker - I hope you enjoyed those strawberries! Thanks for the read and I hope you benefit from it. Many thanks for your kind words.

Matt Dawes from England on January 30, 2012:

Nice hub Rajan! Very informative. Right, I'll go get some strawberries now then!

Elena from London, UK on January 30, 2012:

This was lovely to read. If only Hubs were edible....

I love strawberries and I learnt a lot about the benefits and qualities in this Hub. Thanks for the Recipes too.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 30, 2012:

Melovy, I didn't know they could be grown in Scotland. thanks for this info. I agree pesticide residue in food is a big concern these days and organic is always safer.

Thanks for being here and am glad to see you here.

Yvonne Spence from UK on January 30, 2012:

Lovely hub. I’m feeling hungry looking at all those photos. I love strawberries and we can even grow them in Scotland in the summer. I didn’t realise they are so high in antioxidants. Did you know however, that non-organic strawberries contain more pesticide residue than any other fruit or veg, so buy organic or at least unsprayed if you can!

VU & U

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 30, 2012:

Yes, I agree Daisy. You have easy access to this wonderful health giving fruit. Thanks for your input and appreciation. I appreciate your stopping by.

Daisy Mariposa from Orange County (Southern California) on January 30, 2012:

Rajan,

Thanks for publishing this very well-written, well-researched Hub. I'm fortunate in that I live in Southern California. We have no problems finding this healthy, delicious fruit in the local market at very reasonable prices.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 30, 2012:

Hi Tams R, thanks for the info. Glad you appreciate. Thanks for your visit.

Tams R from Missouri on January 30, 2012:

What a coincidence. I was just talking about strawberries and asked what they provided health-wise. Now I know. Thanks!

Ov Overo from Oklahoma on January 29, 2012:

Useful...

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 29, 2012:

Thanks for stopping by, Kimberly. I appreciate your comments and sharing.

Kimberly Lake from California on January 29, 2012:

Very thorough, interesting. Information. Socially. Shared.

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