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Benefits of Coriander, Ground Coriander and Its Seeds for Health

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Origin And Distribution

Latin Name: Coriandrum sativum

Coriander leaves are known as cilantro and the seeds of the cilantro plant are called coriander in the United States. It is also known as Chinese Parsley. In India, cilantro leaves and the seeds, both, are called coriander or dhania.

For understanding purposes, I will use the term cilantro, for the coriander leaves and coriander, for the coriander seeds.

Cilantro plant is native to Asia, Southern Europe, and the Middle East. It is a widely used herb. The leaves have a strong pungent smell with a strong flavour. Cilantro and coriander are much used in Indian, Asian, Middle Eastern, American and Spanish cooking. It improves the taste and flavour of food.

Cilantro Rice Recipe

How Coriander & Cilantro is Used in Food

Coriander seeds and cilantro, the green leaves are both used in Indian cooking. Ground coriander seeds/coriander powder is used as a spice mixture along with other spices in daily cooking of Indian curries and veggies.

A chutney made of cilantro and mint with onions and garlic is very popular in India. Also, split coriander seeds, roasted to make chewable and called dhania ki dal is also a very popular mouth freshener.

Coriander and cilantro are used in pickles, chutneys, curries, marinates besides being used in garnishing food. Always crush the coriander seeds just before adding to foods as they lose their flavour quickly.

Cilantro should be added to food dishes after they are cooked as adding it to food while cooking destroys its nutritive constituents.

In India, since ancient times coriander has been used both as food as well as medicine.

Lemon-Cilantro Soup

Cilantro Leaves And Seeds Nutrition Facts

Cilantro contains many compounds which have antioxidant properties. The flavour of coriander and cilantro is due to the fatty acids and volatile oils in it. Coriander is rich in dietary fibre providing as much as 42 gms fibre in 100 gms of coriander. This fibre helps in lowering the LDL cholesterol as it binds to the bile salts.

Coriander contains very good amounts of minerals like iron, copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, magnesium and zinc. It also has high levels of vitamin C. Coriander is also a storehouse of the B complex vitamins, esp thiamine, niacin, and riboflavin.

Coriander oil is extracted from the seeds and contains antibacterial properties and is rich in phytonutrients, flavonoids, and active phenolic compounds.

Coriander Essential Oil

Coriander Oil and its Use

Coriander oil is a sweet and spicy, warm oil with almost colourless to pale yellow coloured and of watery consistency. It is extracted from the seeds of the cilantro plant, by steam distillation.

Uses

It helps in reducing brain fag, tension, migraine, and nervous weakness. Also relieves gas and stomachache, controls rheumatic and arthritic pains, muscle spasms, benefits in colds and flu. It removes toxins and wastes.
One can use it in hot water used for taking steam and the vapours of this oil or put it in bathwater or massage it for pain relief.
It is also used in creams and lotions for benefit in such cases.

Nutritional Levels

 

Coriander seeds (Coriander sativum)

 

 

Nutritional value per 100 g

 

 

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

 

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy

298 Kcal

15%

Carbohydrates

54.99 g

42%

Protein

12.37 g

22%

Total Fat

17.77 g

60%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

41.9 g

110%

Vitamins

 

 

Folates

1 µg

<1%

Niacin

2.130 mg

13%

Riboflavin

0.290 mg

22%

Thiamin

0.239 mg

20%

Vitamin A

0 IU

0%

Vitamin C

21 mg

35%

Electrolytes

 

 

Sodium

35 mg

2%

Potassium

1267 mg

27%

Minerals

 

 

Calcium

709 mg

71%

Copper

0.975 mg

108%

Iron

16.32 mg

204%

Magnesium

330 mg

83%

Manganese

1.900 mg

82%

Phosphorus

409 mg

39%

Zinc

4.70 mg

43%

 

 

 

Health Facts

Cilantro is a digestive and appetite stimulant.

Helps in the secretion of gastric juices, relieves gas, indigestion, and stomach ache.

Controls fever and diarrhoea.

Relieves colds and removes phlegm.

Relieves insomnia, brings on urine, controls blood sugar and cholesterol, checks free radical damage.

Being antibacterial it controls salmonella infection.

Uses Of Cilantro Leaves And Cilantro Seeds For Health

In Pox

To remove body heat, soak coriander and caraway seeds in water. Strain the water in the morning. Add sugar to this water before drinking. It cools the body.

In Thyroid Problems

In an overactive or underactive thyroid function, take 5 tsp coriander. Soak in 200 ml water and boil. Strain and drink when cool, half quantity in morning and the other half in the evening.

As A Breath Freshener

Chewing cilantro keeps the mouth and breath fresh. Chewing coriander after eating onions or garlic masks their smell.

For Blood In Stools

Grind 15 gm coriander. Add 12 gms candy sugar. mix and drink for relief.

In Loose motions After Having Food

If you have bowel movements after every meal take this. Add black salt to coriander and take 1 spoon of this after meals to get rid of this problem.

In Warts & Moles

Grind the coriander and make a paste with water. Apply on them.

In Stomachache of children, Mucus and Indigestion

Boil a mixture of coriander and dry ginger in 200 ml of water. When 100 ml of water remains, remove from heat. Strain, cool and drink this for relief.

In Excessive Sneezing

Inhale the aroma of fresh coriander leaves for relief.

In Vomiting

Grind fresh cilantro, take out the juice. take 5 tsp of this juice a few times to stop vomiting. Even pregnant women can take this to get relief.

To Prevent Heat Stroke

Drink sugar mixed coriander water.

In Summer Diseases

Soak 5 tsp coriander in 2 glasses of water at night. In the morning add candy sugar to taste and drink. It relieves the burning sensation during urination and stoppage of urine. It also relieves giddiness and nausea due to heat and also stops nose bleed due to hot weather.

For immediate relief of hot weather giddiness, vomiting, and heart palpitations.

Crush 100 gms coriander. Soak in 500 ml water. Keep for 1 hour. Then take out half a cup of this water, strain and add 5 Batasas, stir well till it mixes in the water. Drink this water every 3 hours for benefit.

In Throat Pain & Burning Sensation In The Throat

Chew 2 tsp coriander and suck the juice so formed every 3 hours. It benefits all types of throat pains. If you wish, add candy sugar to this.

For Burning Sensation In The Body

Soak 4 tsp coriander in the water at night. Heat this water in the morning. Strain and drink. Add candy sugar to this if you wish to.

For Burning Sensation In Hands & Feet

Grind coriander and candy sugar. Take equal quantities of both. Take 2 tsp of this mixture with cold water 4 times a day. This gives relief in burning micturition, heat in the body and stops bleeding in piles.

For Burning Sensation During Urination & Blood In Urine

Soak 15 gm coriander in the water at night. In the morning whisk this up in a mixer. Strain and mix candy sugar. This helps in normalising increased heartbeat too.

In Stoppage Of Urine & Blood In Urine

To 500 ml of boiling water add 30 gms coarsely crushed coriander at night. In the morning mix this well and strain. Add 30 gms Batasas ( Batashas are Candied Sugar Drops. Video on making Batashas is given here.)to this. Drink this water 5 times a day in equal quantities.

In Asthma & Asthmatic Cough

Grind coriander and candy sugar. Drink this with rice water for benefit.

In Insomnia

A. Grind cilantro. Add water and sugar. Drink this for relieving insomnia and headaches.

B. Eat cilantro chutney for relief.

For Excessive Bleeding In Menses

A. Add 20 gms coriander to 20 ml water and boil till 50 ml water remains. Strain and add candy sugar. Cool and drink.

B. Mix ground coriander, brown sugar, and ghee. Eating this too helps in giving relief.

In Brain Weakness

Grind 125 gm coriander. Boil in 500 ml water till 125 ml water remains. Strain and add 125 gms candy sugar. Heat this again till it thickens. remove from heat. Lick 2 tsp of this every day. It relieves darkness before eyes due to weakness due to brain weakness and colds too.

In Nosebleed

A. Inhaling vapours of cilantro juice and applying crushed cilantro on the head helps in stopping the bleeding.

B. Soak coriander in the water at night. In the morning mix candy sugar in this and drink.

C. Soak 10 raisins, 2 tsp coriander, and 2 tsp candy sugar in 200 ml water at night. Grind all these in the morning. Strain and drink.

In Gas

Put 2 tsp coriander in 200 ml water. Boil and strain. Make 3 parts of this and drink 3 times a day.

In Baldness

Applying juice of cilantro on the bald spots helps in the growth of new hair.

In Loss Of Appetite

Drink 30 ml cilantro juice every day.

In Indigestion

Take 60 gms coriander, 25 gms black peppercorns, and 25 gms salt. Grind these and take 1/2 tsp after every meal with water.

In Malaria

Take 1/2 tsp each of ground coriander and ground dried ginger with water. It relieves all fevers which come on with a chill.

In Stomachache

Drink coriander sherbet or take 2 tsp coriander heated in a cupful of water.

In Bleeding Piles

Boil 4 tsp coriander in 250 ml of milk. Strain and add candy sugar. Drink this for benefit.

In Improving Vision

Eating coriander alone or with amla improves vision.

In Mouth Ulcers

Fine churan of coriander mixed in borax or soda which is used for eating, if applied on the ulcers benefits. Applying cilantro juice or ground coriander helps.
Boil whole coriander seeds in water and gargle with this water after cooling the water. This helps too.

In Loose Motions & Constipation

Fresh cilantro, black salt, black peppercorns to be ground together and made into a chutney. Eat this chutney for relief.
In Vomiting, eating this chutney with candy sugar benefits.
Taking 1 tsp of roasted crushed coriander with water helps to stop loose motions.

CAUTION

Persons suffering from sexual weakness should not consume coriander.

Medicinal properties Of Cilantro

  • Health Benefits of Eating Cilantro
    Cilantro not only tastes good, but is good for you. The cilantro is the green part of the plant and the seeds that are picked from the plant are coriander. Cilantro is used in both Asian and South American foods.

Some of my Other Hubs on Healthy Foods

  • Health Benefits Of Salmon Fish
    Salmon is a fish that has immense benefits to health because of the numerous and some very necessary nutrients it has. To learn about the various health benefits of salmon, read on...
  • The Health Benefits Of Dates
    Dates are one of the sweetest and most nourishing of fruits. They act not only as a quick energy fix but also as a source of high medicinal and nutritional value. To know more about the health benefits of dates, read on...
  • Brussels Sprouts Health Benefits
    Brussels Sprouts have the highest concentration of glucosinolates, among all cruciferous vegetables, which reduce risk to developing a variety of cancers. To know many more health benefits of Brussels Sprouts, read on...
  • Health Benefits Of Ajwain Or Carom Seeds
    Ajwain or carom seed is a hot and bitter tasting pungent spice with a wide range of health benefits. Want to know more? Keep reading.....

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements.

Cilantro Dressing

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2011 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 14, 2016:

joseph, can I ask you the reason for chewing coriander seeds?

joseph on July 11, 2016:

Can I just be chewing whole seeds. How many grames should I consume per day. what are the benefits of chewing the whole seeds

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 17, 2016:

Nikita for what purpose do you wish to take coriander water?

Nikita on June 17, 2016:

How many days i should take this coriander water..?. Please tell

Sweety on May 01, 2015:

Are roasted coriander seeds safe during pregnancy

I have such a craving for them

H kaur on January 15, 2015:

Hi....how long should I take coriander water for thyroid....I mean for a month or two or longer then that..thanks

Rabia on September 23, 2014:

Can I take coriander and coriander seeds and also cumin seeds during first trimester of my pregnancy??

L badman on August 17, 2014:

Remember coriander has its own toxins so it's not all good news don't know what to believe anymore

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 07, 2014:

Charu what I mean is do not take it after eating food. You can give it an hour after breakfast and evening tea.

For your son start with half the dose that is 2.5 tsp coriander in 200 ml water.

Charu on June 29, 2014:

Please tell me on under active thyroid issue,u hv mentioned that boiled cilantro seeds water to be taken morning n evening,has it to be taken empty stomach ( it's for my 9yr old son) ?? Please tell me the way to take it ??

da on June 02, 2014:

Tank you man, appreciate

blessda on June 02, 2014:

Wow great ! Tanks for sharing informative and interested phenomenon. God bless you!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 21, 2013:

Thanks for reading Hajira. God bless!

Hajira Sabadia on December 09, 2013:

Thanks for the health benfits of coriander leaves and seeds. I have thyroid problem (under active ) I will for sure start the coriander treatment. Thanks again, God Bless you all.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 15, 2012:

Thanks for reading rita.

rita on December 14, 2012:

i like coriander

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 19, 2011:

ActiviaUK, thanks for stopping by and appreciating.

ActiviaUK on December 18, 2011:

wow...who knew so much goodness could be in one little set of leaves! I love coriander so am delighted to read your hub! Here's a recipe for you - http://bit.ly/rNZB84

Enjoy!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 11, 2011:

Hi Ruchi, We have been using coriander leaves and seeds in our cooking since ages without probably knowing the multiple benefits of the herb apart from the taste and flavor it imparts to the food.

Thanks for reading and commenting.

Ruchi Urvashi from Singapore on December 11, 2011:

i like to add coriander in any dish I can. Great work. It is really good and it makes the food lively and healthy.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 11, 2011:

Thanks for stopping by and leaving your comment, Maren Morgan M-T.

Maren Elizabeth Morgan from Pennsylvania on December 11, 2011:

Nice article.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 11, 2011:

@ Melovy, Lady_E, jenubouka & Barbara Kay, thanks for reading and appreciating. Barbara thanks for putting a link in your hub.

Barbara Badder from USA on December 10, 2011:

rajan, I added this to my hub about cilantro. They go together well. You did a good job on this. It should get hub of the day, one of these days.

jenubouka on December 10, 2011:

Just filled with great information I love this herb now even more knowing its great health benefits.

Elena from London, UK on December 10, 2011:

Very useful Hub - Very beneficial Herb.

I love it sprinkled on Garlic Bread or Namaan.

Yvonne Spence from UK on December 10, 2011:

I love coriander, especially the fresh leaves, though I use the seeds too. I didn’t know it had so many beneficial uses and as I have a friend with thyroid problems I will pass this information on to her. Thanks for this hub.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 10, 2011:

You are right keith. If only we tap into the wealth of health benefits our natural foods offer we would be far less dependent on medicines that treat one thing and give rise to some other side effects. It is a vicious cycle.

Thanks for reading and leaving your appreciative comments.

Keith Schroeder from Wisconsin on December 10, 2011:

There is a whole pharmacy in our spice cabinet. Not only are herbs tasty, they are an important part of good health. I had no idea coriander could do so much.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 10, 2011:

@ InTuneWithCooking, thanks for stopping by and appreciating.

@ GClark, nice to have a new reader. Thanks for the read and voting up. Glad you found it helpful.

@ awordlover, nice to have you here too. thanks for the vote up and bookmarking and all the good comments. I appreciate it.

awordlover on December 10, 2011:

Excellent information. I've bookmarked it for future use. TYVM. Voted up, useful and interesting!

GClark from United States on December 10, 2011:

Great informative and interesting hub! Voted Up. Hard to believe that there are so many ailments this can be used for. Thanks for sharing. GClark

InTuneWithCooking from Australia on December 10, 2011:

I love coriander! It has to be one of my favourite herbs. It always reminds me of summer, it's so fresh tasting. Great hub.