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Health Benefits of Black Pepper and Pepper Corns

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Origin And General Information

Latin Name: Piper nigrum

Also called "King Of Spices" black pepper is native to India and it spread to Europe, the Middle East and North Africa from here. It has a history of at least 4000 years of use.

The plant is cultivated for its fruit which is used as a spice after drying. The fruit is called peppercorn when dried and is normally black to dark red. Green pepper is the unripe form of black pepper.

Peppercorns and ground pepper are also used as medicine. Black pepper is the world's most traded spice.

Black peppers were once used as a currency.

The compound piperine in pepper causes sneezing as it irritates the nostrils.

Unripe Peppercorns

Varieties Of Peppercorns

The following varieties are available:

Black Pepper

It is produced from green unripe peppercorns by heating them in water for some time. During this heating, the cell walls rupture releasing enzymes that make the peppercorns dark while they undergo drying. The peppercorns are dried in the sun or in a machine. The seed shrinks and darkens to a shrivelled and wrinkled form.

Pepper oil and Pepper spirit are extracted from these dried peppercorns.

Pepper oil is used for massage and some herbal therapies.
Pepper spirit is used in medicinal and cosmetic preparations and also in the coke we drink.

White Pepper

When the dark coloured skin of the peppercorn is removed we get white pepper.
White pepper is used in Chinese cooking and in light coloured sauces, salads and mashed potatoes. White pepper has a somewhat different flavour than the black pepper due to the absence of certain compounds which are in the removed skin.

Green Pepper

This is also made from unripe green peppercorns by treating them either sulphur dioxide or freeze-drying, canning or pickling them in vinegar or brine. Fresh green peppers are used in some Asian cuisines.

Orange & Red Pepper

True red peppercorns are very rare. They are the fully ripe fruit which is left on the vine till they turn yellow with a red blush. The ripe red peppercorns are either preserved in vinegar or brine. They are dried as done for green peppers.

Black pepper is the most pungent of all the varieties.

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Different Colored Peppercorns

Black Pepper Nutrition Facts

Black peppercorns contain essential oil, piperine, an alkaloid which increases the absorption of selenium, B complex vitamins and beta carotene from food.

They also contain good amounts of potassium, calcium, zinc, manganese, iron, magnesium and vitamins B complex, C, and A and flavonoids like carotene, cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin and lycopene.

Black Pepper Nutrition


Black peppers (Piper nigrum)



Nutritional value per 100 g.



(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)



Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA


255 Kcal



64.81 g



10.95 g


Total Fat

3.26 g



0 mg


Dietary Fiber

26.5 g






11.3 mg


Folic acid

10 mcg



1.142 mg



0.340 mg



0.240 mg



0.109 mg


Vitamin A

299 IU


Vitamin C

21 mg


Vitamin E-?

4.56 mg


Vitamin K

163.7 mcg






44 mg



1259 mg






437 mg



1.127 mg



28.86 mg



194 mg



5.625 mg



173 mg



1.42 mg






156 mcg



0 mcg



48 mcg



205 mcg



6 mcg





Crushed Black Pepper

Health Benefits Of Black Pepper

Black pepper relieves a variety of health problems like constipation & diarrhoea, heat diseases, earache, hernia, gangrene, hoarseness, insect bites, insomnia, joint pains, liver and lung problems, abscesses, dental diseases, loss of appetite.

It is used in traditional Indian medicine for relief in throat problems and respiratory afflictions. It induces urination in weak kidney function.

Health Benefits Of Black Pepper In Specific Health Conditions

n Migraine

Chew 12 gms black pepper and drink 30 ml pure ghee after this.

In Fever

A. If there is body pain, weakness, chilliness, crush 20 black peppercorns and boil in 200 ml of water till 50 ml of water remains. Drink this as hot as you can. Take this morning and evening.

B. Crush 5 black peppercorns, 5 Tulsi leaves, 1 clove, little ginger and 1 cardamon and add to the water used to prepare tea. Drink this thrice a day to reduce fever.

In Cough & Phlegm In Throat

Crush 30 black peppercorns and boil in 2 cups of water till 1/4 th water remains. Strain and add 1 tsp of honey. Drink in morning and evening for benefit.

In Phlegm

Crush 10 black peppercorns & 15 tulsi leaves. Add 1 tsp of honey. Lick this 3 times a day. It helps to remove the collected phlegm and clears the throat.

In Gas

Swallow 10 crushed black peppercorns with hot water in which lemon juice has been added, 2 times a day. It helps to stop gas formation.

In Intestinal Worms

Crush 1 gm black peppercorns and take with buttermilk to eliminate worms.

In Dysentery

Take 10 crushed peppercorns with water for relief.

In Dandruff And Head Lice

Take 6 black peppercorns and 12 seeds of custard apple. Grind them with some water. Add ghee to this and apply on the scalp at night. Wash in the morning. It helps to remove lice and dandruff and increases hair growth.


Do not allow this mixture to get into the eyes. Keep eyes shut while washing hair and wash hair thoroughly with a lot of water.

In Cough- Dry & Wet

A. Keep a black peppercorn and mishri (Candy Sugar) in the mouth and suck on this. It clears the throat too.

B. Take equal quantities of black peppercorns & mishri. Grind them. Add just enough ghee to make pea-sized pills from this mixture. Suck on these pills for relief.

C. Take 10 crushed peppercorns. Add honey and lick this 2 times a day. At night add crushed peppercorns to hot milk and drink.

D. Add hot ghee 1 tsp to 10 crushed peppercorns and lick this for relief.

E. Take 5 peppercorns and 1/4 th tsp crushed dry ginger. add 1 tsp of honey. Lick this twice a day.

F. Add 1 tsp ground black pepper to 60 gms jaggery and make pea-sized pills. Suck 1 pill morning and evening. It benefits in all types of cough.

In Cough & Gas

Boil 10 black peppercorns in a glass of water & drink.

To Improve Semen Quality

Boil 10 peppercorns in 250 gms milk. Cool and strain. Eat the peppercorns first and then drink the milk.

To Increase Memory

In 30 gms butter add 8 black peppercorns and sugar. Licking this will help in improving memory and relieving brain weakness.

In Vertigo

Crush 12 black peppercorns and fry in ghee. Strain the ghee. Add wheat flour to the ghee. Cook till it turns brown. Add sugar or jaggery to make a mixture. Add the fried peppercorns. Eat this before taking meals once in the morning & once in the evening for some time. It relieves vertigo.

In Mouth Ulcers

Take 15 peppercorns & 30 raisins. Chew together for relief.

In Ringworm & Itching

Grind 5 gm black peppercorns with 1/2 tsp cow's ghee.

In Boils

Applying black pepper crushed in hot water on the boils suppresses boil formation.

In Hiccups & Headaches

Prick a pin in a black peppercorn and burn the pepper. Inhale the smoke released. It stops hiccups & headaches due to wind in the body.

In Facial Pimples

Grind 20 black peppercorns in rose water. Apply on the pimples at night. Wash in the morning with hot water. This removes pimples, wrinkles and clears the face.

In Indigestion

Take equal parts of black pepper, caraway seeds, black salt, dry ginger and seeds of the Fig tree. Grind all together. Take 1/2 tsp after meals in the afternoon and night. It helps in digesting food.

The above are some of the health benefits of black pepper.

Black Pepper Oil

It is made from the unripe red peppercorns. It is a strong and spicy smelling, light amber to yellow-green oil, of watery consistency. The oil is made in India, Singapore and Malaysia.

Black pepper oil is mainly used in relieving pain due to arthritis and rheumatism, aches, to increase circulation, in cold and flu, as a nerve tonic and in fevers. It also helps in digestion.


Black pepper should be freshly ground and added at the very end of cooking to reduce the loss of beneficial essential oils.


The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements.

Recipes With Black Pepper

  • Black Pepper Muffins
    Black pepper is my favorite spice. I got inspired one day to add it to the muffins I was making and ended up with a burst of taste and a bit of heat that I love! Here's more about what I did.
  • Cooking With Black Pepper
    Black pepper is possibly the most commonly used spice in our kitchens. We use it on just about everything; most frequently adding this ancient spice to our meals after they are cooked and ready to serve. There are a few dishes such as black pepper...

Some of my other hubs on healthy foods

  • The Many Health Benefits Of Honey
    Honey is a natural, sweet and healthy food that is made by bees from the nectar in flowers. It is a natural antibacterial. Read on to learn about the many health benefits of honey...
  • Health Benefits Of Oregano Oil
    Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is a Mediterranean herb. Read about the amazing health benefits of oregano oil that is obtained from the leaves and flowers of this herb...
  • Honey & Health - Manuka Honey
    Honey is a natural food made by the honey bees. Of all the honeys available, manuka honey stands out as the one most beneficial to health. To find out whick manuka honey is the best and why, read on...
  • Health Benefits Of Olives And Olive Oil
    Olives and Olive Oil are very beneficial to health. Olive Oil is the most healthy of all the cooking oils and has a number of health uses. To know more about the various health benefits of olives and olive oil, read on....
  • Health Benefits Of Avocado
    Avocado provides the body with almost 20 essential nutrients. It also boosts the body's capacity to absorb more fat soluble nutrients from foods eaten with it. Plus it has various health benefits. To find out the amazing benefits of avocado, read on.

Homemade Barbecue Sauce Recipe

Black Pepper Steak

Black Pepper Chicken

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2011 Rajan Singh Jolly


elaine on August 18, 2014:

an hear i have been eating pepper all my life............ i never new thank you for letting me know...............

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 22, 2012:

Thanks Ali for being here. Yes, natural foods have a lot of power in treating different conditions. I appreciate your finding this write up interesting. Thanks for leaving your fine comments as also visiting.

Ali on September 22, 2012:

Hi, just discovered your website and I think it's amazing. A lady from India approached me to tell me how I can use black peppers for horrible spots on my face. after only 2 days it looked almost healed. I will try the other remedies you suggest too. Many thanks!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 05, 2012:

allyn cap'z, thanks for adding this information. Much appreciated.

allyn cap'z on September 05, 2012:

im now studying black pepper added to commercial feed as feed for animals..

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 23, 2012:

This is a big compliment, idigwebsites. I'm happy you like the write up. Thanks for stopping by.

idigwebsites from United States on August 23, 2012:

Pepper becomes a magic word and ingredient for me after reading your hub. great stuff you've written. keep it up!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2012:

Thanks for reading Nithya. Glad you liked the recipes also.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on June 18, 2012:

Pepper is very good for health and you have provided a lot of useful information. The recipes are great.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2012:

I'm glad you found it so useful. Thanks for stopping by and leaving your comments too.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2012:

I'm glad you found it so useful. Thanks for stopping by and leaving your comments too.

chamilj from Sri Lanka on June 18, 2012:

Useful and informative. Learned usefulness of Black Pepper. Thanks for sharing.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2012:

Linda, so glad to see you here. I appreciate your comments and visit. Nice to know you like the peppercorn sauce video.

Thank you.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2012:

Hi Audrey. Thank you for reading, appreciating, sharing and all the wonderful support you are as always. I'm sure the black pepper remedy will benefit singers, in fact, anyone who speaks and sings a lot.

Thank you again and I am so glad to see you again.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2012:

Tammy, that comment is indeed flattering! Thank you for reading the hub and sharing it with your Dad. I'm sure he will find it of benefit. BTW, white sugar plays a very vital role in increasing arthritic issues. I have a hub on gouty arthritis/ gout which might interest your dad.

Thanks for reading, appreciating and sharing this hub. You are a big supporter of my hubs. Glad to see you here.

Linda Bilyeu from Orlando, FL on June 18, 2012:

Yum! Peppercorn and Black Pepper are both delicious and my favorite spice next to salt. I like the Peppercorn Sauce and intend to make it. Thanks Rajan!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2012:

Hi hotwebideas. I'm glad you like this hub and the videos. Thanks for reading,voting and supporting.

Tammy from North Carolina on June 18, 2012:

I know who I am coming to if I need advice. Well done once again. I am going to share this information with my Dad. He is always looking for natural cures for gout and arthritis. Sharing!

Bruce Chamoff from New York on June 18, 2012:

Hey Rajan, great hub and love black pepper and put it on everything. I have peppercorns on steak.

Thanks for including the youtube videos for certain black pepper dishes. I should make a few.

Voted up!

Audrey Hunt from Pahrump NV on June 18, 2012:

Rajan - I totally enjoyed and appreciate this hub on black pepper. And as a vocal coach I often teach singers who have phlegm and ask what can be done about it?

Now I know and will add this cure to my hubs on singing. Voted up and across except for funny. Wonderful and thanks!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 28, 2011:

JCielo, since black pepper oil is warming, stimulating and improves the blood circulation, it is useful in arthritic and rheumatic pains and will most possibly benefit in gout, a form of atrthritis. Apart from massage with black pepper oil, a pinch of freshly crushed ground black pepper with a teaspoon of honey should benefit more.

I personally would use it crushed orally and the oil topically.

Thanks for stopping by and leaving useful insights.

JCielo from England on December 27, 2011:

Rajan, wonderful Hub once again. I always look forward to your contributions...

I'm very interested in black pepper oil for arthritis. Could this also then be useful for gout, since it is one of the many forms of arthritis? And how would you use it; orally or topically, or both?

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 27, 2011:

Hi Ruchira, welcome again and thanks for leaving nice comments. It is a pleasure to have you here.

Thank you.

Ruchira from United States on December 26, 2011:

Rajan, you always make me thank mother nature for bestowing such bountiful products on us which are so useful.

Thank you for sharing this informative hub.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 26, 2011:

hi Vinaya, thanks for reading and leaving your comments.

Vinaya Ghimire from Nepal on December 26, 2011:

Useful and informative. Thanks for sharing.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 26, 2011:

tobusiness, nice to have a new reader. Thanks for visiting and finding the hub informative and appreciating.

Jo Alexis-Hagues from Lincolnshire, U.K on December 26, 2011:

Wow, and I thought black pepper just made my dinner taste better. Thank your for the information I will most certainly make use of it.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 26, 2011:

Hi jeyaramd. Nice to see you here again. Hope you enjoyed Christmas and with the new peppermill you can have fresh ground pepper at will for all the good benefits it offers.

Thanks for all the appreciation. Thank you for stopping by and leaving your comments.

jeyaramd from Mississauga, Ontario on December 25, 2011:

Thank you for sharing this hub. We just received a pepper mill for Christmas. Now, we can take advantage of the benefits of freshly grinded pepper. Pepper is a great ingredient for almost any recipe from fried eggs to pasta dishes. Its perfect. I can't imagine not having pepper in my food. Thank you Rajan Jolly. You don't seize to amaze me with your natural remedies. Keep up the great work.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 25, 2011:

InTuneWithCooking, thanks for stopping by and leaving your comments. I hope this one on vertigo helps your wife. Please leave your feedback.

Thanks once again for voting up the hub

InTuneWithCooking from Australia on December 25, 2011:

Great hub once again Rajan! I will suggest your remedy for vertigo to my wife who suffers this. Voted up.

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