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Is the Greek God Apollo a Narcissist?

apollo-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder

Diagnosis of Greek God Apollo

As Depicted in Star Trek the Original Series


Apollo is a Greek God. He was depicted in an episode of the original Star Trek series as a sentient being from another planet, an alien life form, who visited Earth five thousand years before the Enterprise began its five year mission. Apollo took advantage of his extraordinary powers in order to reunite himself with Earthlings who he believed came through space in order to worship and love him as humans had in ancient Greece.


Background Information on Apollo


Apollo was one of many from his home world who visited planets across the universe (Apollo, 2011). He and his cohorts came across a primitive culture on Earth’s country of Greece 5000 years prior (Apollo, 2011). He and his friend were treated as though they were gods because of the way they were able to change size, shoot bolts of lightning from their fingers, and other feats of extraordinary ability and technological advances that impressed the Earthlings.


Through the years these aliens were given gifts from the Grecians. They were worshiped and adored. Ultimately the aliens left Earth and went back to their planet in another solar system.


Although most of Apollo’s friends chose to move forward and transform into an ethereal plane, Apollo held out hope that the people of Earth would begin to look to him again. He was in need of their worship, respect, and even love. The crew of the starship Enterprise encountered his planet and were held hostage by the hand of Apollo (Apollo, 2011). The crew did not appreciate this, and communicated to Apollo that they wished to be released. Apollo instead invited several members of the crew (not Commander Spock; he reminded Apollo of Pan) to come to the planet to talk with him. Once the crewmembers reached the planet, however, all communications to the ship were severed, and Apollo forced his will upon the Captain and crewmembers. Apollo felt vindicated for his actions by having the female away-crew member fall in love with him (Apollo, 2011). He misconstrued the affection of this one woman as complete acceptance and insisted that the rest of the crew be transported to the planet so they could worship and love him.


Data Collection


Apollo was assessed using the SWAP-200 personal assessment inventory (Westen, & Muderrisoglu, 2006). The SWAP-200 measures 200 different survey questions on a 7-score Likert scale, where 0 indicates no association to the personality trait, and 7 being a strong association to the personality trait. All the scores are arranged and displayed in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. SWAP scales provide the therapist with insight that they may not have been able to determine by their own observations as well as reportable data (Westen, & Muderrisoglu, 2006). When the SWAP-200 was administered on Apollo, he scored very high (7) on the Narcissistic, Histrionic and Anti-social personality disorder scales. Charts showing the scoring of the personality inventory are included in Appendix 1.


Five-Axis Diagnosis


The DSM-IV-TR Multi-Axial evaluation is offered in Appendix 2 at the end of this assessment of Apollo. Explanation of each axis entry is included herein.


Axis I. Apollo does not present any Axis I symptoms. His disorders are personality disorders which fall under Axis II.


Axis II. Apollo presents with specific symptoms that indicate three separate diagnoses. The first diagnosis is DSM-IV-TR 301.81, Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) (APA, 2000). Apollo shows dominant traits of NPD, and this is the primary diagnosis. Apollo also presents with DSM-IV-TR diagnoses of Antisocial Personality Disorder (301.7) and Histrionic Personality Disorder (301.5), but these are less dominant and are therefore secondary diagnoses (APA, 2000).


Of the personality traits that indicate narcissistic personality Apollo scored very high, with a score of 7, on a tendency to be arrogant, fantasizing about finding perfect love, being critical of others, and controlling behavior. Apollo also scored high (7) on anti-social traits of tending to be angry or hostile, and arrogance. He also scored moderately high, 5 – 6, on seven other narcissistic traits and three additional anti-social personality traits.


Apollo also falls into a third category per the SWAP-200 personal assessment inventory. This third category of Axis II personality disorders is histrionic personality. In this third scale, he scored high (7) on fantasizing about perfect love and moderately high (5 – 6) on four other indicators including seeking to be the center of attention and looking for approval of his own brilliance and importance.


Axis III. Apollo is a very healthy individual, presenting no physiological or physical problems.


Axis IV. Apollo suffers from problems that come from environmental influences. He originally felt the pleasure of being loved and worshiped and wishes to maintain that relationship. He has alienated his friends in the meantime by wishing to continue on that path of worship instead of moving onward to the new ethereal plane of existence with his friends.


Axis V. Apollo scores relatively high on the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) with a score around 19. This score is selected because of his violent tendencies and his inability to communicate properly or show good judgment. He is likely to harm someone when he is not given what he wants. He would score lower except that it was observed that he could show restraint when pleaded with.


Related Psychosocial and Familial Issues


It seems that Apollo has been treated like a god in his past and has determined that this past treatment indicates his superiority. This is an environmental learned behavior that can likely be modified by therapy. He originally had the support of his friends and family who would travel to other worlds together and influence and inspire the primitive species and in return be given the benefit of being worshiped by those same primitives.


Apollo’s friends and family have all moved on and have no desire to be worshiped by those in less civilized worlds but Apollo refused to move on and chose to hold out in the hopes that those he was worshiped by would someday find him again and he would then feel the love and reverence of those who loved him in ancient past.


Vocational and Career Issues


Apollo’s fixation on being loved by others is keeping him from furthering his own personal growth. Even his choice of clothing indicates a severe need to hold onto the past, he wears garb specific to pre mono-theistic human civilizations. He is unable to advance beyond his expectations of being adored by the people who he found were affectionate toward him several millennia before. If he moves to the next plane of existence with his friends he would likely be able to perform the functions expected of him but he has chosen to stay behind, where there is no future for him.


Treatment and Interventions for Apollo


Apollo would benefit from Gestalt therapy (Butcher, et al., 2010; Corey, 2009). He is not suffering from physiological problems, but only an inability to acknowledge that humans have changed and grown and that they are no longer submissive primitives that are willing to worship him. If Apollo is given proper therapy in Gestalt, he will have the opportunity to see reality as opposed to his perceptions. Gestalt interventions include helping the client, in this case Apollo, to resolve inconsistencies in the way that he thinks (Corey, 2009). This method would help Apollo to begin to acknowledge that humans had grown to a level that they no longer worshiped that which they did not understand, but rather they study and research the unusual to understand on a higher level.


With Gestalt therapy, I would attempt to integrate reality therapy as well (Corey, 2009). Reality therapy works hand-in-hand with Gestalt therapy in that it will help Apollo to see the reality of his own situation in conjunction with realization of the advancements in human culture as well (Corey, 2009). By using reality therapy, Apollo can be guided toward positive thought processes instead of his current belief that he should be worshiped (Corey, 2009). With the integration of Gestalt and reality therapy, it is my hope that he will begin to properly associate himself with others and no longer feel the need to use his powers to force others to worship and adore him (Butcher, 2010; Corey, 2009).


Continuing Assessment


Because Apollo does have god-like powers, it is important to follow up after consistent therapeutic treatment has ended. I think that a six-month follow-up would be adequate to assure all humans and Apollo that he has accepted the advancements in humanity and that he no longer wishes to maintain a power struggle with them. If Apollo shows definite improvement and sincere desire to assimilate rather than rule over the humans then I will be confident that he will continue to pursue his own desires without the need to force others to worship him. However, if Apollo does show the potential to back-slide during the follow-up meeting, at this time I would suggest a few more sessions to help keep him on track.


Ethical and Legal Issues


There are definite concerns over the well-being of the human race. Apollo is a strong and powerful entity and he is capable of dangerous and deadly reactions to confrontations from others. Because he is unable to control his temper the beginning stages of treatment may need to be conducted separate from others until he is able to handle his frustration in a positive and productive manner. If he is not able to control his emotions or his violent propensities then the entirety of the human race could be in jeopardy.


Legal issues can arise from Apollo harming humans. There could be law suits against Apollo or even me as the therapist if the treatment causes Apollo to become overly anxious and upset. As Apollo begins to feel less in control of others as he has been for millennia, he may lash out as a child because he does not know how to control his temper. If humans are harmed, they or their family members would have the opportunity to bring lawsuits.


Crisis intervention should also be addressed when discussing this higher power. Before Apollo is able to accept that he is not considered a god anymore by mankind, there should be precautions put in place to ensure that he does not harm others. By paying attention to the signs of violent behavior like bizarre beliefs, his past history of violence, his impulsiveness, and hypersensitivity, I can better confront Apollo before he gets to the level of lashing out (James, & Gilliland, 2005). Being able to talk to Apollo and keep him from lashing out against humans through appropriate conversation will hopefully help all parties concerned from lawsuits.


References


Apollo (2011). Star trek: Who mourns for Adonais? Hulu.com, retrieved from http://www.startrek.com/watch_episode/5vmufPlG3NMgjmcSBZsx7afOdHdXQkMl.

Butcher, J. N., Mineka, S., & Hooley, J. M. (2010). Abnormal psychology (14th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Corey, G. (2009). Theories and techniques of counseling (8th ed.). Belmont, Ca: Brooks/Cole.

James, R. K., & Gilliland, B. E. (2005). Crisis intervention strategies (5th ed). Belmont, Ca: Thompson, Brooks/Cole.

Westen, D., & Muderrisoglu, S. (2006). Clinical assessment of pathological personality traits. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 1285 – 1287, doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.163.7.1285


apollo-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder
apollo-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder

Comments

Rosalinda on February 16, 2015:

I don't know who you wrote this for but you helped a brhoter out.

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