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What Is Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
What Is The Disorder?
The indication of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) or simply anxiety is exaggerated and excessive worry and anxiety regarding the daily events, the reason being none whatsoever. Those who exhibit generalized anxiety disorder symptoms are inclined to foresee disaster and therefore tend to worry regarding school, work, family, money, or health.
Each one of us experiences anxiety from time to time and for valid reasons. However, people affected by GAD, tend to unrealistically worry frequently more than the situation demands, although the situation may not be as dire as perhaps perceived by one affected by GAD. Day-to-day living tends to be a combination of several conditions, including dread, fear, and worry.
Ultimately, extreme cases of anxiety may dominate the thought process of a person to the point that it's stifling for them to execute routine tasks at school or work, even in their relations and socially. However, treatments are available for easing anxiety so that it does not run your very life.
The very thought process of a person can be affected by GAD, resulting in symptoms physically. Professionals of mental health diagnose GAD by using benchmark criteria set. The cause of those symptoms isn’t a medical issue or any other illness and may endure for six months. The criteria are:
- Muscle tension or muscle aches and soreness
- Trouble sleeping
- Increased crankiness or irritability
- Being fatigued or Tiring easily
- Trouble concentrating
- Restlessness or a feeling of being "edgy"
- Unrealistic view of problems
- Excessive, ongoing worry and tension
People affected by GAD frequently have other types of anxiety disorders, including problems with drug or alcohol abuse, clinical depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, or panic disorder.
A specialist is even clueless regarding the root causes of GAD. Multiple factors, including environmental stresses, genetics, and brain chemistry, seemingly are responsible for the development of GAD.
- Environmental factors. Stressful events and trauma, including changing jobs or schools, divorce, the death of a loved one, and abuse may be responsible for GAD. The illness may deteriorate in instances of extremely stressful situations. Both using and retracting from addictions including nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol can potentially deteriorate GAD.
- Brain chemistry. GAD is complexly linked to issues with specific pathways for nerve cells connecting certain regions of the brain causing emotion and thinking. These connections between nerve cells rely on neurotransmitters which are chemicals transmitting data from nerve cells to nerve cells.
If in case the pathways connecting certain regions of the brain don’t function well, then it may result in anxiety or mood issues. Psychotherapies, Medicines, or other therapies perceived as effective on the neurotransmitters may enhance the signaling among circuits and thereby help enhance depression or anxiety symptoms.
- Genetics. Family history, according to research is crucial in increasing the likelihood of GAD affecting a person and not only his generation but forthcoming generations as well. Therefore, generations after generations may be affected by GAD. However, there has not been any identification of anxiety genes, therefore the tendency may be passed down through environment and lifestyle.
If there isn’t any preexisting illness detected, you could be advised to consult a psychologist or psychiatrist. They are professionals of mental health who have undergone training in the diagnosis and treatment of, among other conditions GAD. GAD treatment often is inclusive of cognitive-behavioral treatment and medication combined as well as your habits day in and day out can be effective.
- Medications. Any prescribed medications aren’t necessarily a remedy, however, they can alleviate symptoms. Your medical practitioner may advise taking drugs known as benzodiazepines, frequently used for the treatment of GAD in the short term. These categories of drugs are seldom prescribed in recent times compared to previously as they could be sedating or addictive and may intervene with attention and memory.
They curb the outward anxiety symptoms including restlessness and muscle tension. Commonly available benzodiazepines include chlordiazepoxide, Hcl (Librium), lorazepam, diazepam, and alprazolam. These categories of drugs are potent sedatives as a concoction with other medicines. They can be lethal if alcohol is mixed. Antidepressants of a certain type, including venlafaxine, sertraline, paroxetine (Paxil), fluoxetine, escitalopram oxalate, and duloxetine are used as well for the treatment of GAD for protracted periods. These medications are effective within a couple of weeks, however, they are more appropriate and safe for protracted GAD treatment.
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy. GAD patients frequently participate in cognitive-behavioral therapy, which educates participants to identify and alter behaviors leading to anxiety. Owing to Cognitive-behavioral therapy distortions in the thought process is minimal or curbed by viewing worries rationally.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Animation
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 Avik Chakravorty