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Anxiety Disorders Symptoms Types of Anxiety Treatment of Anxiety

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Anxiety Disorders Symptoms Treatment of Anxiety

Anxiety Disorders

Many years before health experts have the opinion that anxiety issues and disorders have very low impact and rare problems in early childhood. In the 1990s, the research conducted by the experts found that anxiety in childhood is high. Uneasiness of the mind which causes fear is anxiety. Anxiety has a natural response to fear. When a child first-time go to the school, a person first interview for the job, but when the anxiety lasts for six months then it’s the disorder. It has been realized that anxiety disorders in the child as well as in cost essence are raised. This issue also affects the mental development of the child. It will be tried to know the causes, symptoms, and treatment of the said issue. Several studies have been conducted that children’s disorders that occur in childhood go to the middle age. (Breton, 1999; Essau et al. 2000; Ford et al. 2003; Shaffer et al. 1996; Canino. 2003; Costello. 2003; Lewinsohn. 1993, 1997). Studies revealed that almost 3% to 5% of children and adolescents were indulged in the anxiety disorder. (Breton. 1999; Costello.2003; Ford. 2003; Lewinsohn. 1993, 1997).

A large number of phobias in prematurely to mid-adolescence, compulsive issues, and disorders in mid to delayed adolescence and panic disturbances and disorders in early maturity/adulthood. (Kessler. 2005; Ost. 1987). Data on the beginning of normal and generalized anxiety issues tend to be limited consistent. (Rapee. 1991; Kessler. 2005). During adolescence, the prevalence of anxiety is often due to panic disorder and obsessive-compulsive (Fort. 2003). Few proofs have shown decreases in the prevalence of separation anxiety issues from early prematurity to adolescence. (Breton. 1999; Kashani and Orvaschel, 1990). Most proofs have shown also the mid to strong homotypic continuity in anxious and worried children. (Bittner. 2007; Costello. 2003; Keller. 1992; Last. 1996; Pine. 1998).

v Symptoms

The symptoms of generalized anxiety are as under:

  • Uncontrollable feelings and emotions of worriness.
  • Restlessness.
  • Difficulties in concentration.
  • Sleeping difficulties.
  • Irritability increased.

Sometimes anxiety disrupts daily life routine. Longitudinal research shows that the anxiety symptoms in early childhood indicate later symptoms of depression. (Cole. 1998). Some proof indicates that anxious children are at high risk for substance use disorders. (Bittner. 2007; Costello. 2003; Last. 1996). Anxiety disorders indicate an increased overgrowth. (Roza. 2003).

v Types of Anxiety

There are different types of anxiety disorders, most common are as under:

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder

When a person appears in the exam, faces the community, or appear in a conference, he feels anxiety. This type of anxiety makes you feel more focused. This thing helps you to do your work efficiently in a specific time frame. This fact should be in mind that a person who feels depression in minor things, this thing leads to uneasiness of mind. If a person in severe depression, feelings of worriness, sometimes headache these symptoms lead to GAD.

  • Social Phobia

It is quite obvious that if a person goes in gathering, sometimes he feels himself under pressure. These issues create nervousness and anxiety. Social phobia is also known as social anxiety or disorder. Performing in front of pubic cause drastic results for those who are anxiety disorder cases. Those people who have experienced humiliation in front of others, some people feel anxiety when they eat meals in restaurants.

  • Specific Disorders

Fear about specific activities, situations, object or animals. Different people have fear from height, sitting in an airplane, some people fear from the snake. However, some people exaggerate the threats. Such people feel the danger more of its actual situation. When these people see such stuff on television, that material is enough for their anxiety. This type of excessive anxiety indicates the specific disorder/phobia.

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  • Panic Disorders

Panic disorder is used to elaborate when panic attacks are recurrent. Panic issues can be characterized by:

  • The existence of recurring and unexpected panic outbreak.
  • Almost feel worry about a month having panic attacks.
  • Concerned about the results and consequences of the panic attacks.
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Our behavior can influence by the anxious thoughts. If thoughts become obsessive then it become unhealthy that can cause problem in daily routine. People with specific disorder feel severe shame to complete their duties. The feelings of shame create problems to diagnose and treatment of the disorder. Such children also suffer when they go to school. OCD leads to social disability.

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post traumatic stress disorder is a specific set of response. This disorder originates in those who have witnessed the flood situation, who have seen oppression those who have been attacked and are under severe stress. If a person had gone through a serious accident, he too would have suffered from said disorder.

v Treatment of Anxiety

Serious untreated anxiety becomes worse over time. Anxiety issues are among the prevalent conditions in childhood. (Kessler RC. 2012). When children grownup to a young age, their suicide attempts increase. (Foley DL, Goldston DB. 2008). Longitudinal research tells that when this anxiety moves from childhood to young age in a person then possibilities of having more different types of anxiety in the said person.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy is established on the notion that how a person feels, think consider and proceed both affect how a person feel.

CBT has many main components: caregiver regarding the anxiety's nature, psycho education of the little one. Way-out and techniques to manage physical reaction including breathing and relaxation training. (Velting ON. 2004). Research have been assessed the efficiency of CBT either sole or the combination of psychopharmacologic therapy for childhood anxiety issues. (Beidel DC. Tumer SM. 2007). It is suggested that many youngsters with anxiety issues need intensive and extended care to maintain deep medication gains. (Ginsburg GS; Becker EM; Keeton CP. 2014).

  • Psychotherapies Based on Mindfulness

Mindfulness, the deliberate focus of person's attention on the feelings, thinking, emotions and sensations occurring in the current time has been availed as the foundation for several therapies over past years to promote health facilities in little children and adults with anxiety issues. There are two important ways to increase psychological health, first is mindfulness-based stress reduction, which is also called (MBSR) & mindfulness-based cognitive behavioral treatment, means (MBCT). (Burke CA. 2010).

  • Psychopharmacologic Intervening

The assessment of serotonergic antidepressant in young age with severe anxiety issues is evident that such medication reduces fear response in anxiety. It is evident that in anxiety cases these ways are useful and not only in anxiety but related cases too. Below mentioned medication are effective in anxiety.

  • Fluoxetine
  • Sertraline
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Paroxetine
  • Venlafaxine
  • Tricyclic
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Duloxetine

In the previous years, several assessments and screening gears have been introduced to help the clinicians to identify anxiety signs and creating/developing anxiety issues uncover and diagnoses. Psychopharmacologic data in children along with the non OCD anxiety issues advice that SSNRI & SSRIs are effective and well endurable. Furthermore, it should be appreciated that public, demographic and medical parameters may assume proper medical conclusion including patient history, psychopathology and initial anxiety intensity.


1. Bittner, A., Egger, H. L., Erkanli, A., Jane Costello, E., Foley, D. L., & Angold, A. (2007). What do childhood anxiety disorders predict?. Journal of Child Psychology and psychiatry, 48(12), 1174-1183

2.Essau, C. A. (2005). Frequency and patterns of mental health services utilization among adolescents with anxiety and depressive disorders. Depression and anxiety, 22(3), 130-137.

3.Egger, H. L., Costello, J. E., & Angold, A. (2003). School refusal and psychiatric disorders: A community study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(7), 797-807.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Raja Zahid Raja


Zaara on October 17, 2020:

Totally agree with you.. Ive had the similar symptoms of anxiety and depression and it was chronic

Raja Zahid Raja (author) from Islamabad on July 21, 2020:

Many thanks to those who appreciated my creative abilities.

Raees Malik on July 21, 2020:

Raja! Read your second article . It’s focused and reflection of good researcher .

Raja Zahid Raja (author) from Islamabad on July 21, 2020:

thx Jadoon bhai. Stay blessed

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