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Why You Should Eat Dark or Bitter Chocolate? Know the Health Benefits!

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

About Chocolate

Chocolate is made from the cocoa beans which are found in the pod-like fruits of the cocoa tree, Theobroma cacao.

The cocoa tree is native to Mexico and tropical Americas. Chocolate has been known to humans for about 4000 years. It started out as a beverage which the Olmecs consumed by crushing the cocoa beans, adding water and some spices. It was a bitter drink then and was called xocolate.

The flavour of chocolate depends on the kind of cocoa beans used as they not only vary from country to country but from location to location within a given area of a country. This hub will focus on the benefits of chocolate on health, especially the benefits of dark chocolate.

Chocolate And Pets

Dogs and other animals cannot digest Theobromine. It damages their central nervous and circulatory systems leading to convulsions and death.
Hence, keep pets and other animals away from chocolates.

Production Of Cocoa And Chocolate

The entire process of cocoa farming is very labour dependent. All processes like harvesting to fermentation are done manually.

The cocoa seeds being very bitter need to be fermented to develop the chocolate flavour. The process of fermentation changes the sugar in the pulp to acids thus chemically altering the composition of the beans. This generates a high temperature whereby the enzymes are activated leading to the formation of flavour precursors.
Fermentation takes between 2 to 8 days. The lesser the fermentation the healthier the chocolate produced.
After fermentation, the seeds are dried mostly in the sun and then sent to factories for further processing into cocoa and chocolate.

At the factory, the dried beans are first roasted either at low heat for a longer duration to develop a subtle flavour or at high heat for a short while to develop a stronger flavour. After this, the outer shells are removed by passing the beans through a machine. This leaves a broken mass of beans minus the outer shells. These are called nibs.

The nibs are then ground and form a thick paste-like liquid called chocolate liquor which actually is the cocoa solids floating in the cocoa butter. Though it is called a liquor it has no alcohol.

This chocolate liquor acts as a base to form cocoa, cocoa butter and chocolates by processing the basic ingredient- the chocolate liquor- differently.

  • When the chocolate liquor paste is pressed hard by a hydraulic press it removes the fat, which is cocoa butter.
  • The solid mass that is left behind after the extraction of cocoa butter is ground to form cocoa.
  • Cocoa butter is used in the making of chocolates and is also used in cosmetics and medicines.
  • Some batches of chocolate liquor are used directly to make chocolates. To improve the texture, cocoa butter, milk and flavour are added. The entire mixture is then put in a chocolate making machine which mixes and aerates the chocolate.
    This process lasts from a few hours to several days. The chocolate is then tempered by repeated stirring, heating and cooling several times to produce the glossy, creamy, smooth look and taste.


Cacao Tree Varieties Used For Chocolate Production

Of the 20 known varieties of the cacao tree, the beans of only 3 trees are used to make chocolate. These 3 varieties are grown worldwide and the flavour varies from place to place within the same varieties.

The 3 varieties are :

  • Forastero

The beans of this variety form the major part, about 80-90%, of the total beans used to make chocolate. This African variety bean has low acidity but is used as it is a hardy variety and is much resistant to pests and diseases. Generally, cacao trees thrive with difficulty with 1/3rd of the world's yearly crop being destroyed by pests and disease. Using this hardy variety as a bulk base product ensures the regular availability of cacao beans to the chocolate manufacturers.

  • Criollo

This variety is grown in Latin America especially Venezuela. It has a rich fruity flavour but is very susceptible to disease and low production is another factor that makes farmers shift to a hardier variety.
It forms about 5-10% of the total beans used for making chocolate.

  • Trinitario

It is a hybrid of the above 2 varieties and has a good mix of Criollo's flavour and Forastero's hardiness. It forms about 10-15% of the total beans used and is grown in the Antilles islands of the Caribbean especially Jamaica. It derives its name from Trinidad where it was first grown.

Types Of Chocolates

Basically chocolates contain the following ingredients in varying amounts. Based on their amounts and their presence or absence, they are classified into different types.

These ingredients are :

Chocolate liquor, cocoa butter, cocoa powder, milk, milk powder or cream, sugar, lecithin, flavours like vanilla.

  • Bitter or Unsweetened Chocolate

It is also called baking chocolate or pure chocolate. It is pure chocolate liquor that has been cooled and hardened to form the chocolate. Almost always used in baking, other chocolates are made from it.

  • Bittersweet Chocolate

It is also called dark or semisweet chocolate. It has a minimum of 35% chocolate liquor content. Cocoa butter and sugar are also present in different amounts.

  • Sweet Chocolate

It has a minimum of 15% chocolate liquor and cocoa butter and sugar in varying amounts.

  • Milk Chocolate

This type of chocolate has a minimum of 10% chocolate liquor content again with different quantities of cocoa and sugar. It also contains a minimum of 12% milk, milk powder or cream.

  • White Chocolate

It is not true chocolate as it contains the same ingredients as the milk chocolate minus the non-fat cocoa solids. It has a minimum of 20% cocoa butter, 14% milk and sugar.

Contents Of A Good Chocolate

First and foremost it has to have a cacao and cocoa content of 65% and above.

Then:

  • A cacao paste content of over 50%.
  • Cocoa butter - more makes it creamier and less bitter.
  • Sugar - lesser the better.
  • Vanilla - this is added probably because most consumers of chocolate and candy identify with this flavour.
  • Soy lecithin - it acts as an emulsifier making the chocolate creamier.

Benefits Of Dark Chocolate For Health

Dark chocolate contains much more, in fact, the highest cocoa content amongst all the varieties of chocolate. Consequently, it contains the highest amounts of antioxidant flavonoids, especially epicatechin, amongst all the different types of chocolates.

These antioxidants scavenge the free radicals and hence dark chocolate prevents hardening of arteries due to plaque formation and thus heart disease and also lowers blood pressure.

It also does not contain any added dairy products like milk solids and milk fat, which interfere with the absorption of antioxidants present in the chocolate.

Chocolates contain :

  • 1/3 rd Oleic acid - a monosaturated fat that does not raise LDL cholesterol.
  • 1/3 rd Stearic acid - a saturated fat that does not raise LDL cholesterol.
  • 1/3 rd Palmitic acid - a saturated fat that raises the risk of heart disease.

As the 2/3 rd of the fat is a beneficial fat which does not raise the LDL cholesterol, the fats in chocolate are not harmful.

In view of the above facts, you can understand the benefits of chocolate on health, especially the benefits of dark chocolate.

Homemade Simple Eggless Chocolate Cookies Recipe

Other Beneficial Factors In Chocolate

All chocolates contain theobromine, minute quantities of caffeine, a number of amines of which phenylethylamine is predominant and serotonin.

  • Theobromine is a stimulant and strengthens the heart.
  • Caffeine is a stimulant that removes tiredness and improves concentration.
  • Phenylethylamine is a brain stimulant.
  • Serotonin lifts up the mood and prevents depression.

These factors too add to the benefits of chocolate on health, especially the benefits of dark or bitter chocolate.

Nutritional Levels In Various Types Of Chocolate

 

Milk

White

Dark

Serving Size

1oz.-28.6g

1oz.-28.6g

1oz.-28.6g

Calories

157

162

150

Protein

1.7g

2g

1.7g

Total Fat

10g

10.58g

10g

Saturated Fat

6g

6.57g

6g

Cholesterol

5g

8.58g

0.28g

Fiber

0.57g

0

3.14g

Carbohydrate

15.44g

14.87g

13.15g

Sugars

15.15g

14.87g

12.58g

Sodium

26.8mg

31mg

29.5mg

Potassium

98mg

97mg

153mg

Calcium

52mg

78mg

9.1mg

Vitamin E

128mg

147mg

102.49mg

Riboflavin

84mg

118mg

32.3mg

ORAC Values Of Foods (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity)

TOP ANTIOXIDANT FOODS

ORAC* Units

Per 100 Grams

Dark Chocolate

13,120

Milk Chocolate

6,740

Prunes

5,770

Raisins

2,830

Blueberries

2,400

Blackberries

2,036

Kale

1,770

Strawberries

1,540

Spinach

1,260

Raspberries

1,220

Brussel Sprouts

980

Plums

949

Alfalfa Sprouts

980

Broccoli Florets

890

Oranges

750

Grapes, Red

739

Red Bell Pepper

710

Cherries

670

Onion

450

Corn

400

Eggplant

390

 

Chocolate Chip Ice Cream Recipe

Other Hubs On Chocolate

  • How to make chocolate fudge from scratch
    As a confection, chocolate fudge is a relative newcomer, dating back to the 19th century. Making it is relatively simple, but watch out you don't tinker too much with the ingredients or the cooking, lest you burn the sugar or make it too greasy or do
  • Organic Chocolate VS. Regular Chocolate
    Organic Chocolate is more expensive than regular, Big Name chocolate. It is also healthier, better for the environment, and tastes blissfully delicious. Now that I know what organic really means, I can never go back. Read on to learn whether you’re e

Some More Hubs on Healthy Foods

  • Phalsa Or Falsa Fruit And Its Benefits In Health
    Phalsa or Falsa, is a fruit produced by the tree Grewia asiatica which is native to India and the South Asia. Phalsa has a cooling effect in summer and other health benefits as well. To know more, read on...
  • Health Benefits Of Coconut, Coconut Oil, Coconut Milk And Coconut Water
    Coconut is called a wonder food since it is almost a perfect meal. In the Vedas it has been called 'Kalpa Vriksha' meaning the tree which provides all necessities of life. It is used in many rituals and ceremonies apart from its use as food in a vari
  • Honey & Health - Manuka Honey
    Honey is a natural food made by the honey bees. Of all the honeys available, manuka honey stands out as the one most beneficial to health. To find out whick manuka honey is the best and why, read on...
  • 6 Benefits Of Fish Liver Oil
    Cod liver oil, has been traditionally used for its many benefits to health. To know more about the health benefits of cod liver oil, which has been rightly called a superfood, read on...

How To Make Chocolate

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

Fox Music on June 11, 2015:

Thanks for sharing this delicious HubPage "Benefits Of Dark Chocolate Or Bitter Chocolate"

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 25, 2014:

Thanks jacobmis.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 08, 2013:

@catmalone-yes it the dark chocolate that is the healthiest and in moderation too. Thanks for stopping by.

@Sueswan-glad you like information on your favorite chocolate. Thanks.

@Paul-glad you find the info on dark chocolate useful. I appreciate your visit and all the votes and sharing.

@condominium-you are correct. Thanks.

Jeffrey Dela Costa from Philippines on September 08, 2013:

Cholesterol

5g

8.58g

0.28g Dark Chocolate

I noticed the really low cholesterol content of dark chocolate, which is good because dark chocolate is my favorite kind! Others with lower cocoa content just taste like sugary paste.

Paul Richard Kuehn from Udorn City, Thailand on September 08, 2013:

rajan,

This is an awesome hub well researched with great photos. I love chocolate, but most of what I have eaten has been milk chocolate. One of the readings for my fifth grade students is about chocolate so I was already familiar with some of our information. I learned a lot, however, and thank you for sharing it. Voted up and sharing with followers and on Facebook. Also Pinning and Tweeting.

Sueswan on September 07, 2013:

Hi Rajan,

Thank you for this very informative hub on my favourite food, chocolate!

Voted up+++

catmalone on September 07, 2013:

Very well put together hub with lots of useful information. I love chocolate, especially dark chocolate due to the health benefits it has. Thanks for the reminder to eat more of it in moderation.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 07, 2013:

Thanks, Indian Chef. Dark chocolate with a cocoa content of at least 70% is the healthiest.

Indian Chef from New Delhi India on September 06, 2013:

Rajan Again a very well researched hub. I love eating chocolates but do not eat much but after reading your hub, I plan to eat more. Shared, voting up and awesome.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 28, 2013:

Thanks, moonlake. Regularity is as important as the quantity, appreciate the vote and sharing.

moonlake from America on April 28, 2013:

Enjoyed your chocolate article. I try to eat at least one piece of dark chocolate a day. Voted up, pinned and shared.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 30, 2013:

@ Au fait - thanks for linking my hub to one of yours. I appreciate all the kind comments and sharing.

@ Margaret - good to know you consume dark chocolate everyday for its continued health benefits. Glad you find the info useful. Thanks for sharing.

@ Boulism - Absolutely! Thanks for stopping by.

Boulism from Short Beach, CT on January 30, 2013:

I agree with rajan, it's the sugar that kills us (esp. corn syrup), so the higher cocoa you can go the better! Yum!

Margaret Perrottet from San Antonio, FL on January 30, 2013:

I eat two pieces of dark chocolate every night, so it's great to know about the health benefits. Excellent, well researched hub, full of interesting facts. Voted up and shared!

C E Clark from North Texas on January 30, 2013:

Such an interesting hub! So nice to learn how something we love is actually good for us for a change! I have put a link for this hub in my own hub "What Do Carrots and Chocolate Have In Common? Chocolate Lovers Rejoice!" Hope it will bring you more readers for this excellent hub! Voted up and useful. Will share!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 21, 2012:

Dark chocolate without added sugar gives the highest health benefits. Since chocolates are high in fat, the need is to go easy on the quantity consumed every day while eating it regularly. About 1.6 ounces a day has been found to be best for benefiting the heart as also giving the benefits of the flavonoids in it.

Thanks for visiting, healthylife.

healthylife2 on September 20, 2012:

As always a very comprehensive discussion and I didn't know that chocolate is also beneficial to the heart. I haven't managed to completely give up chocolate but will try to make sure it is dark chocolate so there is some benefit. People love to read about and eat chocolate so am voting up and sharing this because I guarantee there is information in this hub that most people are not aware of.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 26, 2012:

Audrey, thanks for such wonderful comments. You made my day. Appreciate your visit, votes and sharing the hub. Always a pleasure to see you.Thank you.

Audrey Hunt from Idyllwild Ca. on August 26, 2012:

I love dark chocolate! I just need to watch my portion control:) This is an educational hub on chocolate and you have included it all.

Your hubs are a must read my friend. And that is why I share them all with others. Thanks for all the hard work you go the extra mile for. It sure pays off! Votes across!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 23, 2012:

Thanks for such a big compliment, bridalletter. It pleases me to know my work is so much appreciated. Many thanks for visiting.

Brenda Kyle from Blue Springs, Missouri, USA on August 22, 2012:

You put so much work and details into your hubs. We are all gaining some education here. The chocolate looks so good, I will have some today.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 22, 2012:

Thank you, Ishwaryaa. I'm happy you learned things you were not aware of. Thanks for all the compliments, and the votes and sharing of the hub.

Ishwaryaa Dhandapani from Chennai, India on August 22, 2012:

An informative & engaging hub on the one of the world's favorites - chocolates. I am a big fan of chocolates. I preferred milk chocolates and recently ate dark ones for its health benefits. Your nutritional information is detailed and well-presented. I also learnt more about production process, cacao tree varieties and types of chocolates from this well-written hub of yours. Well-done!

Thanks for SHARING. Useful & Interesting. Voted up & Socially Shared

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 23, 2012:

@ natures47friend - thanks for appreciating and sharing the hub. I appreciate your stopping by and your feedback as well.

@ Harsha - thanks for your useful input. Much appreciated.

Harsha Vardhana R from Bangalore on May 23, 2012:

Just found out a very important side-benefit!

It seems modern day foods are becoming more and more deficient in magnesium which is necessary for more than 300 enzymes. If a person is not getting well in spite of multiple treatments, it is highly possible that he/she is deficient in magnesium.

AND chocolate is one of the best sources of magnesium!!

http://magnesiumforlife.com/medical-application/ch...

One important angle is that dark chocolate is better as a source of magnesium

natures47friend from Sunny Art Deco Napier, New Zealand. on May 23, 2012:

Wow...you really know how to win people over!

I am a fan of chocolate. Thanks for such an informative hub! I had not realised the bromothymine was good for the heart. I an often telling people why dogs should not eat it, and they look at me and tell me the dog is fine. Oh well.....one day I might have to tell them "I told you!"

I know dark is best, but find that it makes by mouth sore...an allergy perhaps?

I have voted you up, shared on Facebook and Twitter because you and your hub deserve it! You are an amazing writer with a talent of making us feel OK about eating chocolate....it has more benefits than I thought!

Well done and keep up the good work. Have you tried dark choccy with chilli?

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 23, 2012:

iamaudraleigh, glad you learned a couple of things here. I so appreciate your read and comments.

iamaudraleigh on May 23, 2012:

I found your hub very interesting and informative! I learned about Phenyl ethylamine...that it is a brain stimulant and that Serotinin lifts up the mood and prevents depression...I did not know either of those things. Great hub my friend :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 23, 2012:

CookwareBliss, glad you found the hub informative. Thanks for reading and appreciating it in so many words.

CookwareBliss from Winneconne, WI on May 23, 2012:

Very interesting hub, I'm a big chocolate lover so it was nice to learn some cool information:)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 18, 2012:

Thanks for reading and liking it. Your link has beautiful pictures that show how it is made traditionally.

Thanks for sharing.

Cynthia Nelson on May 17, 2012:

Rajan, I learn so much from you. Thanks for all your continued hard work.

I thought that you might like this post by a very good friend of mine. It is how we make natural dark chocolate.

http://www.simplytrinicooking.com/2011/04/cocoa-st...

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 15, 2012:

Laura, glad to know you liked the process of making of chocolate. It feels nice to know a bit of additional info.

Yes, there are reports that the antioxidant epicatechin in the dark chocolate increases the rate at which the body fat is burned plus it also lessens hunger pangs. Thus it helps to lose weight but only if taken in moderation.

Thanks for visiting and appreciating.

LauraGT from MA on May 15, 2012:

Great hub. I love your description of how chocolate is grown and processed. I recently read an article about how those who eat chocolate tend to be thinner. Bring on the chocolate chips! :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 12, 2012:

Yes! Moderation is the key, Ruchira. Glad you liked it and thanks for your visit.

Ruchira from United States on May 12, 2012:

minus the calories...this is such a self motivating hub about indulging in this.

i love chocolate however, in moderation is good. but, your useful and informational hub says it all.

voted up as useful and interesting

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 10, 2012:

Danareva, thanks for reading and pointing out the inadvertent lapse. Actually I wanted to incorporate a chocolate and cocoa frappe. I will be adding it. Thanks.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 10, 2012:

Nell, thanks for the read and feedback. Your input is much appreciated.

Dana De Greff from Miami on May 10, 2012:

This is definitely a well researched hub close to my heart! The break down of the nutritional info is fascinating... I was a little surprised that you put in a recipe for a McDonald's chocolate drink... Doesn't seem like the healthiest ( or even real) choc choice! These days I take my chocolate dark, organic and fair trade. Thanks and thanks for sharing my hub on organic chocolate above! Voted up!

Nell Rose from England on May 10, 2012:

Hi, I never realised that dark chocolate had more antioxidants in it, and its my favorite chocolate so I don't have to feel guilty eating quite so much now! lol! seriously, this was a very detailed hub about my favorite subject! thanks nell

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 10, 2012:

Australiaseo, thanks for the information. Much appreciated.

australiaseo from Melbourne, Australia on May 10, 2012:

Pure Cocoa butter is amazing.. for making lipsticks.. using it as a body butter.

australiaseo from Melbourne, Australia on May 10, 2012:

Pure Cocoa butter is amazing.. for making lipsticks.. using it as a body butter.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 09, 2012:

Thanks for reading and commenting. I'm sure you will give yourself a chocolate treat now!

Elena from London, UK on May 09, 2012:

Thanks for this. Now I can have chocolate without feeling guilty. It was also interesting to see photos of the cocoa pods.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 07, 2012:

Diana, thanks for leaving your feedback. Appreciated.

Diana on May 07, 2012:

When processed properly, dark chocolate has more antioxidants than any food known on the planet.  So it really doesn't matter what the cocoa content is if the beans are not processed property. Commercial processing destroys most of the fragile antioxidants. The only way you can be sure you are getting the health benefits is to choose a chocolate that has been certified for the amount of antioxidants as well as the amount of flavonoids.  Also, choose a chocolate that has no processed sugars (even organic processed sugars!), no bad fats nor caffeine.  There is a great article on the difference between "good" chocolate and "bad" chocolate at cocoa101.com.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 07, 2012:

@ Sheila, nice to know you prefer the dark chocolate and consume it in moderation. Thanks for the read, feedback and appreciation. I appreciate it.

@ livingpah, thanks for stopping by.

@ Olde Cashmere, great to get your feedback. Thanks for sparing time to read, comment and vote. Much appreciated.

Olde Cashmere on May 07, 2012:

Extraordinary hub rajan jolly on one of my favorite foods. I love learning about chocolate and how beneficial it is for us. Voted up, useful, and awesome :)

livingpah2004 on May 07, 2012:

Great written Hub. Love dark chocolate and good to know the health benefit of it. Voted up!

sheilanewton from North Shields, UK on May 07, 2012:

Aweme hub. you sure do put your heart and soul into your hubs. Simply gorgeous. I like dark chocolate the best. I'm glad it's a healthy option! Although I don't eat heaps of chocolate anyway - not a chocoholic!!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 07, 2012:

Great! That is good. Thanks for your feedback and reading the hub.

ashley359 on May 07, 2012:

That's why i do like to have dark one

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2012:

Aurelio, you can always snack on the dark variety for benefit, no need to forego the pleasure of the white one though. Your comments always make your visit inspiring.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2012:

Rahul, thank you for reading, sharing, voting and commenting.

Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on May 05, 2012:

Glad to hear that one of the foods has some nutritional properties. But alas, my favorite variety, the white chocolate, isn't really chocolate and not as healthy as the dark one. I'll just have to eat both kinds! Voting this Up and Interesting.

Jessee R from Gurgaon, India on May 05, 2012:

Another great hub..... Well I cannot call you Sir now... can I ... for me.. you are more than that.. a nutritionist.. a writer... a philosopher... so DOC

Another great hub Doc! I did not know chocolates have been dwelling among humans for so long... Drinks first then edibles... Interesting!

The depth you have here on the production, creation, consumption, nutritional and digestive details is remarkable and unquestionable as usual :)

All in all... Another flawless hub!

Up and shared all across :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2012:

Hi Rebecca, well I'm glad you see the research to your liking. Really appreciate your read and comment and I hope you enjoy your daily dose of dark chocolate without any fear!

Thank you so much.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2012:

Harsha, this should be a problem with humans as it is related to the animal's and not man's difficulty in digesting theobromine. However I'm not aware of any specific studies on humans.

Thanks for reading.

Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on May 05, 2012:

What a great Hub, rajan! Packed with interesting facts about chocolate. I am so glad food research indicates all the benefits of chocolate today. When I was growing up chocolate was considered bad for you!

Harsha Vardhana R from Bangalore on May 05, 2012:

Thank you, Rajan, for the informative page.

You have mentioned about dogs and other pets having convulsions as they cannot digest Theobromine. I am curious if humans with seizure history too are affected to a small degree? Is there any medical study on this aspect?

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2012:

Thanks for reading and commenting, Vellur. Much appreciated.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on May 05, 2012:

A great lot of information on chocolate. Loved the videos. Useful and a yummy hub. Voted up.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

MelChi, thanks for reading and appreciating, voting and sharing. Thanks for stopping by.

Melanie Chisnall from Cape Town, South Africa on May 04, 2012:

I never knew that much about chocolate - thank you for sharing! This was a great hub, very informative and very interesting :) Voted up and sharing!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Barbara, I surely hope you try making chocolate at home. It's been explained very simply. Thank you for such lovely comments and I am glad you liked the hub.

You and your family too have a good weekend.

Rajan.

Barbara Purvis Hunter from Florida on May 04, 2012:

Hi Friend,

I have to say this hub was amazing, and I thought I knew all about Chocolate, well I do now.

Making chocolate at home is something new to me, and I will try it.

As always I enjoy everything you write.

You and yours have a happy weekend.

Your Hub Friend,

Bobbi

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Linda - thanks for reading. Much appreciated.

taw - glad this hub provided you with useful information. Now consuming chocolates will be all the more beneficial. Appreciate your visit.

Tammy - so nice to hear this. Welcome to the read and I'm so glad you visited.

Thanks.

Tammy from North Carolina on May 04, 2012:

This is excellent information. It doesn't take much encouragement for me to eat some. :)

taw2012 from India on May 04, 2012:

Wow!!! Yummy hub, chocolaty hub !!!!

Rajan, i love chocolates and so do this hub about those.....

This hub is informative...till now i was just eating chocolates, now i even have knowledge about them. That's because of you ........Nice work.

Linda Bilyeu from Orlando, FL on May 04, 2012:

I always appreciate a tribute to chocolate:) Well done Rajan!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Debbie, I wish I can go to Hershey Pa right now. I find chocolate so ethereal whenever I make chocolate at home. Thanks for liking and voting the hub. It's always nice to see you here.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Cyndi, thanks for so many kind words. I am thankful you stopped by. It is always a pleasure to see you here.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Mary, I am glad you liked the information. It is always a pleasure to see you here.

Thanks for all the shares, votes and appreciation. Your visit is always looked forward to!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Molly, wow, that 75% cocoa one is surely the best! Am sure glad that we all have so many options in this healthy food for each one of us in these times.

Thanks so much for the read and comments.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

jasmith, nice to know you have already opted for the healthier chocolate. Regular consumption in moderation is the key to sustained health benefits. I'm glad you know the health benefits of this as well.

Thanks for visiting and commenting.

Deborah Brooks Langford from Brownsville,TX on May 04, 2012:

If you ever get to go to Hersey Pa. please do.. that town smells so good you instantly want chocolate and mmmmm it's good love your hub

voted up

Debbie

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Vinaya, glad you found this hub informational. Thanks my friend.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

ksinll, yes moderation is the key word here. Thanks for sparing time to read and leave your appreciation.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Made, you are big chocolate lover and nice to know you go for the healthiest option, the dark one. I bet we can never really get over our chocolate cravings so its best we eat the best type.

Thanks so much for giving the hub a read and leaving your feedback. Much appreciated.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

suzzano, nice to know that you've decided to eat more of the darker variety. I appreciate your stopping by.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

zanaworld, glad to know that you like chocolates as well. I don't many of us can resist this healthy sweet temptation.

Thanks for the read and comments.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Christy, chocolate in moderation is good but the dark variety is the leader by far. It would definitely be healthier to consume just a wee bit of the dark variety daily.

Both your comments showed up Christy, thanks. It's just the time difference. I had just called it a day and now when I came back I saw your other comment.

Thanks for reading and I appreciate and value the time you spared to read and comment.

Cynthia Calhoun from Western NC on May 04, 2012:

MMmm, now you've done it. I have a chocolate craving. I must get some chocolate - NOW! :) This is a comprehensive, informative hub, Rajan. Your statistics and data are incredible. Bravo!

Mary Hyatt from Florida on May 04, 2012:

You have come to be known as a Hubber who gives us good information, well researched . I look forward to reading your work. This Hub is outstanding! I will vote it up, and I will share with my chocolate loving Facebook friends and Hubbers alike. Great Work. I voted it UP, etc.etc.

Mary Strain from The Shire on May 04, 2012:

Rajan, thanks for giving me additional excuses to eat dark chocolate...my fave! Mmmm.....75% cocoa!

I also remember going to an exhibit once on the history of chocolate. It was once a delicacy for the rich only. I'm glad I live in a day and time when I can enjoy it, too! Interesting hub!

Jen Smith from UK on May 04, 2012:

We have some dark chocolate in the fridge for this weekend... I've only recently been converted to dark chocolate but it's definitely my favourite now and its always nice to know there are good health benefits as well as great taste! :) thanks for another informative hub.

Vinaya Ghimire from Nepal on May 04, 2012:

I knew the process of making chocolate but not nutritious value.

Thanks for sharing your expertise.

ksinll on May 04, 2012:

What a great topic. The nutritive value of chocolate needs to be praised and people should recognize the benefits of consuming in moderation.

Christy Birmingham from British Columbia, Canada on May 04, 2012:

Oh dear, I wrote a comment but I suppose it did not show up...! Technical difficulties.. I do like milk chocolate the best. I will try to eat more dark chocolate though given the health benefits you explain. I vote up!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

RTalloni, Glad you liked the write up. Thanks for reading and commenting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Victoria, dark chocolate heads the list way ahead of other foods in orac values. This was something I too never expected. The only reason being that it is packed with antioxidants.

Thanks for the votes and comments. Glad you stopped by.

Madeleine Salin from Finland on May 04, 2012:

I have always loved chocolate. I always keep some chocolate hidden somewhere from the rest of the family. :) Nowadays I mostly eat dark chocolate. I really learned a lot by reading this hub. Thank you for sharing this interesting information rajan jolly. Hubs with the word "chocolate" in the title always get my attention. Voted up!

tesslyn suzanne from kerala, India on May 04, 2012:

great hub....thanks to you that I'm gonna love dark chocolate more.....:)

SA Shameel from Bangalore on May 04, 2012:

JollyJi... so much on chocolates in one hub... great bhaji...

Love chocolates. And the hub...

Christy Birmingham from British Columbia, Canada on May 04, 2012:

What a useful hub here Rajan. I vote up! I prefer milk chocolate however given the health benefits of dark chocolate I may just have to give it a bigger portion of my chocolate time :)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 04, 2012:

Georgie, I love chocolates so much that I've been known to finish an entire box at one go. I'm glad you liked the hub. Thanks for the feedback.

GH Price from North Florida on May 04, 2012:

I could eat chocolate all day, every day if I could get away with it! Your hub is very interesting and has a lot of information I did not know!

RTalloni on May 04, 2012:

An interesting look at chocolate in a well-done hub! Thanks for a great post on the health benefits of dark chocolate.

Victoria Lynn from Arkansas, USA on May 04, 2012:

I love the photos of chocolate--makes me want some. Great research and photos. The nutritional tables are interesting--amazing that chocolate has more anti-oxidants than other foods. I love dark chocolate. Yummy. I think I'll get some right now. Well done, rajan! many votes and shared!

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