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A Variety of Skin Disorders

After 22 years as an RN, I now write about medical issues and new medical advances. Diet, exercise, treatment, and lifestyle are important.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis

Overview of Skin Disorders

There are multiple, common skin issues that can occur, such as simple acne and skin that is too dry or too oily. There are also several skin carcinomas, which will not be reviewed in this article. Several common skin disorders will be reviewed.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is not contagious, but it is a long lasting autoimmune disease that is characterized by raised areas of abnormal skin. These areas of skin tend to be red or purple on people with darker skin. The skin tends to dry, become scaly and itchy. The severity may vary from one person to another, but it can cover the entire body.

There are five types of psoriasis, known as:

  1. Plaque (plaque vulgaris) - This type makes up about 90% of the cases.
  2. Guttate - drop-shaped lesions
  3. Inverse - forms red patches in skin folds
  4. Pustular - small, noninfectious, pus-filled blisters
  5. Erythrodermic - occurs when the rash in widespread and can develop from other types of psoriasis

The symptoms of psoriasis tend to get worse in the winter, and some medications, like beta blockers or NSAIDs, also increase symptoms. Diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms.

Psoriasis Treatment

Acne

Acne

Acne

Acne typically begins during the teen years but can affect people of all ages. It is a condition that occurs when the hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. While there are many effective treatments acne can be very persistent. When acne is severe it may cause emotional distress and it can cause some scarring.

Washing your face regularly and using a cleansing agent for the best result. Medications for acne kill bacteria, removing excess oil from the skin, and there are ones that speed up the growth of new skin cells while removing dead skin cells. Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, alpha hydroxy acids and sulfur are medications prescribed by Mayo Clinic for treatment of acne.

Vilitigo

Vilitigo

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a long-term skin condition, Your skin loses the pigment, so white patches appear that typically have sharp margins. Any hair on that area of skin may also become while. Vitiligo can also affect the nose or inside of the mouth. It is believed to have a genetic susceptibility that is triggered by an autoimmune disease, as the cause is unknown.

There is no real cure either. Treatments include steroid creams, hydroquinone or phototherapy to darken the lighter patches. Surgery is used in some cases.

Shingles

Shingles has been recognized since ancient times.This vIral infection (varicella-zoster virus) results in a painful rash that may occur anywhere on the body, but it is typically a single stripe of blisters wrapping around one side of the torso. This is the same virus that causes chickenpox, which lies inactive in the nerve tissue near the spinal cord and brain. Many years later this virus can regenerate in the form of shingles. There is a vaccine (Shingrix) to help prevent this disease and is recommended for people over the age of 50 as it is over 90% protective.

This condition is not life threatening but it can be very painful, which is the first symptom.

The signs and symptoms include:

  • Buring, pain, numbness and tingling
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • A few days after the pain begins a red rash appears
  • Fluid-filled blisters that break open and crust over
  • Itching

Other symptoms include: headache, fever, fatigue and sensitivity to light.

How To Treat Shingles

Hives

Hives (urticaria) has itchy, raised welts, which occurs following an exposure to an allergen. The welts are mildly painful to the touch. Avoid foods or medications that cause hives. Some people have chronic hives and the cause is difficult to determine. Thyroid disease, hepatitis, infections of cancers may be the culprit.

Rosea

Rosea

Pityriasis Rosea

Pityriasis rosea is a rash, called a herald patch. It usually begins with an oval or circular spot on your chest, back or abdomen and it can be up to 4” (10 centimeters) across. While it can affect any age group but the most common ages are between 10 and 35 years of age. This rash typically goes away without treatment, but it may cause itching.

This rash may be preceded by a headache, fatigue, fever, sore throat and a scaly spot that resemble a pine-tree pattern. There are several over-the-counter for the itching.

Warts

A wart is caused by different types of a human papilloma virus (HPV) that may be found on the skin or on mucous membranes. Warts may grow singly or in a group. They are contagious. A physician will scrape off the top layer to look for signs of dark, pinpoint dots (clotted blood vessels) and then remove a small section to be analyzed in the laboratory.

Warts typically go away without any treatment, although it may take a year or two. Warts can be treated with salicylic acid or it may be frozen with liquid nitrogen for removal.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis will appear hours to days following a contact with an allergen. There is a rash with visible borders where your skin touched the allergan. The skin will be red, scaly, itchy and raw. You may have weeping blisters that become crusty.

One treatment is steroid creams or an ointment. The physician may also prescribe oral steroids to reduce the swelling, antihistamines to relieve the itching and antibiotics to fight any bacterial infection. Applying cool, wet compresses may help relieve the discomfort. Avoid scratching. Wash and dry your hands gently, then use a moisturizer.

Eczema

Eczema

Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)

Atopic dermatitis causes your skin to be red and itchy. While it is common in children, it can occur at any age. Eczema tends to be a chronic condition and it will flare periodically. There is no cure, so corticosteroid cream or ointment are used to treat this condition. Other medications used are calcineurin inhibitors, such as: tacrolimus (Protopic) and pimecrolimus (Elidel) that may be used on a child older than 2 years of age.

In Conclusion

There are numerous conditions that can affect the skin. Some are chronic disorders and others are acute and easily treated. Being gentle when washing your hands and dying them sometimes helps, along with using a moisturizer. If you get a new skin condition it will probably be helpful to see a dermatologist.

References


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Pamela Oglesby

Comments

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 26, 2020:

Hi Alyssa,

I am glad this article was helpful. I hope your skin problems clear up. Thank you for commenting.

Alyssa from Ohio on October 26, 2020:

What an intriguing article, Pamela! As I've gotten older, my skin has become more sensitive and thanks to my birth control, hormonal acne has sank its claws into me. haha! Luckily, I've been seeing a dermatologist for the past five years and she is wonderful! That was the best decision I ever made!

The weather really doesn't help my case, though. No matter what I do, my skin is so dry. I recently developed a skin tag completely out of nowhere. Luckily after two weeks, it dried up and fell off. Let me say, that whole thing was just weird.

Thank you for sharing this information! It's so important to take care of the skin and seek treatment for problems that may arise. Having knowledge of what could be wrong goes a long way in treating the symptoms, clearing up the skin, and preventing future issues.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 26, 2020:

Hi Maria,

I am glad you liked this article and that you commented. Have a good week!

Love and hug.

Maria Jordan from Jeffersonville PA on October 25, 2020:

Interesting and informative, dear Pamela - a great blend of description and treatment options.

The videos are well-chosen. It's great to have the option of telemedicine when it comes to things like skin checkups.

Love and thanks, Maria

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 23, 2020:

Hi Sara,

I am glad this article was informative for you. Thank you for your comments.

SARA from Islamabad on October 23, 2020:

Thankyou for sharing this interesting and informative article. Your style of writing helps me to understand and gives the insight of every skin disorder.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 17, 2020:

Hi Rajan,

I agree. I think as soon as you get a rash you should treat it and see a physician if necessary. Thank you for reading and commenting on this article.

Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on October 17, 2020:

A very informative article on various skin affections. Getting them properly treated and taking proper precautions certainly help to reduce the effects of those that are not curable. Thanks for sharing.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 14, 2020:

Hi Nell Rose,

I hope you have replaced that doctor. There whould be an adequate treatment for you. I appreciate your comments and hope you are doing better.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 14, 2020:

Hi MG,

Thd pictures were necessary in this article so you would know how a particular rash would appear. I am glad you found this article informative. Thank you for reading and commenting.

Nell Rose from England on October 14, 2020:

That was really interesting. I have always suffered with eczema, well at least over the last few years. My Doctor gave me cream for psoriasis! It burned my stomach and leg! I believe she was sacked. Thank goodness!

MG Singh emge from Singapore on October 14, 2020:

This is a Your pictures elucidated a lot of what you have written. Great information.A very informative article.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 14, 2020:

Hi Abby,

I thought the pictures were important in this case to know what to look for different types of skin problems. Thanks for your comments.

Abby Slutsky from America on October 14, 2020:

Thank you for sharing. This was an informative article with terrific pictures.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 14, 2020:

Hi Adrienne,

You must be allergic to tomatoes. Sometimes eating small amounts is well tolerated but you wouldn't want to eat too much as you might have a worse realtion. Thanks so much for commenting. Have a great day!

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 14, 2020:

Hi Devika,

I am glad this article provided new information for you. I appreciate your comments. Have a great day!

Adrienne Farricelli on October 14, 2020:

Hi Pam, I am happy to see an article that talks about, not only a variety of skin disorders, but that has pictures of them too. A picture is worth 1,000 words in my opinion, although in the dermatological world I am sure there are many look-alikes. Among all of these, I am particularly familiar with hives (I get them every now and then after eating tomatoes).

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on October 14, 2020:

Pamela this is useful and well-researched about the skin disorders. I understand your easily explained hub and know more about such skin issues.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 14, 2020:

Thank you very much for your comment, Robert.

Robert Sacchi on October 13, 2020:

Thank you for providing another useful medical article.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 13, 2020:

Hi Ms. Dora,

You were right and it is gone now. I was rearranging the skin problems and pictures, so I must not have done a last check. I always write my articles somewhere else, then copy and paste. Usually that means less errors. LOL

I appreciate your comments and always appreciate a heads up. Stay safe and healthy.

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on October 13, 2020:

Pam, great and useful information, as usual. It seems that you included the Pityriasis Rosea section twice. Just a friendly heads up.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 13, 2020:

Hi Shauna,

I think the oily skin might be good for you as you may have less wrinkles as you age. I have tried several products for age spots and nothing has worked. I do think a dermatologist may use some type of laser treatment for age spots, but I am not sure. It would be expensive. Thank you for your comments. Stay safe and healthy.

Shauna L Bowling from Central Florida on October 13, 2020:

Gee, Pamela, this article made me itchy simply by looking at the photos! Fortunately, the only skin problem I have is oily facial skin.

What about age spots? I have them on my hands, arms, and legs. They started appearing, oh I'd say after I hit my mid-fifties. What causes them and is there anything I can do to make them go away?

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 12, 2020:

Hi Chitrangada,

I think you are probably right about more women getting skin diseases. And, you may be right about hormonal changes as a cause, although I have not seen that in the research, but they really don't know the cause and there are no cures.

Thanks so much for your very nice comments and they are always appreciated. Have a good week.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 12, 2020:

Hi Doris,

Thank you for sharing your personal experience. I can't imagine the agony of purpura for your son. I thought that was more of a disease of the blood vessels than the skin even though is looks bad on the skin. Like you said, the rash was only a symptom of that horrible disease. I don't think it is related to eczema but I would need to do some research to be sure about that.

It seems that your family really has some awful autoimmune conditions and there is not cure for them. I know how frustraiting it was for me with systemic lupus and sjorgren's disease as all they could ever do is try to treat the symptoms. I am sorry for the loss of your son and I appreciate you sharing your personal experience. Have a good week, Doris.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 12, 2020:

Hi Audey,

That is such a heartbreaking story. I know how difficult that must have been for you also, Audrey. I have seen people with shingles and it is miserable. I appreciate your comments. Stay safe and healthy.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 12, 2020:

Hi Flourish,

I got the vaccin before there were 2 of them and had no side effects. It is a very painful disease but now I don't know if I want a second one. Thank you for sharing your experience and for your comments.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on October 12, 2020:

An important and informative article about skin diseases.

You have provided some valuable information for those, who may be facing such issues, or some of their close ones may be affected.

I believe that women are more affected than men, by skin issues. I may be wrong, but that’s what I have seen. May be because of the frequent hormonal changes, at different stages of their lives. And of course, women are more conscious of their looks. In any case, these pictures are informative, as well as scary.

The skin disorders take a long time to go away, and sometimes, they keep coming back. Consultation with a dermatologist is necessary.

Thanks for sharing another wonderful and well researched health article.

Doris James MizBejabbers from Beautiful South on October 11, 2020:

Very helpful article, Pamela. Autoimmune skin conditions run in my father's family, and although various, I believe they are related. They are eczema and purpura. Purpura is an autoimmune disease that causes a skin rash and affects the kidneys and digestive tract and can be fatal. My youngest son died of purpura. It raged through his body like cancer. The rash is only a symptom of the real disease, and I wonder if it is related to eczema at all since it appears in close relatives (siblings to those who have purpura) also. That is why I mentioned it.

Audrey Hunt from Idyllwild Ca. on October 11, 2020:

I feel so blessed to have never suffered from these skin disorders. My son contracted shingles just before cancer took his life. He was miserable.

Thank you for the information and photos about these skin disorders.

FlourishAnyway from USA on October 11, 2020:

Recently I received the shingles vaccine because I sure don’t want the actual condition. My husband’s grandmother had shingles and it was very painful for her. The vaccine I took was among the worst as far as side effects — three days of feeling rough, including two real tough days with fever and chills. But it still beats the alternative. And there’s a second dose but I’m still in. I do encourage people 50+ to get the shingles vaccine and to learn about shingles.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 11, 2020:

Hi Linda,

I agree that skin diseases can be unpleasant in many ways. I appreciate your comments. Have a wonderful Sunday.

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on October 10, 2020:

Skin conditions can sometimes be unpleasant, especially when they can't be hidden. Thank you for sharing the information about the disorders and their possible treatments, Pamela.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Kalpana,

I know skin conditions are very mentally distressing and you are alone. I appreciate your comments. I hope you are enjoying your weekend.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Peggy,

My mother was terribly sensitive to poison ivy also. It can be miserable. I had the earlier version of the shingles vaccine also. I have not decided whether to get the new one.

Thanks so much for your comments. I hope you have having a nice weekend.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Linda,

You are blessed with good skin. I had just a little bit of acne in my teens but very little. I agree that you should see a physician if you have a skin condition.

I appreciate your comments. I hope you are having a nice weekend. I have started researching your request.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Olusegun,

Thank you for reading and commenting.

Kalpana Iyer from India on October 10, 2020:

As someone who has had skin issues before, this is very informative. It can be mentally distressing to go through skin disorders.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on October 10, 2020:

Lucky indeed are the people who have never suffered any type of skin disorder. Through the years, I have had many bouts of battling poison ivy which is a contact dermatitis condition.

My husband and I did take an earlier version of a shingles injection. The one offered now is more effective and longer-lasting. Our doctor is encouraging us to take the new one which we have yet to do.

Linda Lum from Washington State, USA on October 10, 2020:

Pamela, another fine article. I was aware of most if not all of these, and like Bill I feel very blessed in that I have not been bothered by any of these. I even escaped the acne route in my teens.

If think it's important to see a physician when something arises because so much damage can be done (physically and emotionally) without proper treatment.

OLUSEGUN from NIGERIA on October 10, 2020:

This is educative. Thanks for sharing.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Bill,

I am glad that you are so healthy and enjoying life. Thanks so much for commenting. Hav a good weekend.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Ankita,

I am glad you found this information clealy explained. I appreciate your comments. Have a lovely weekend.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on October 10, 2020:

Every single one of your articles reminds me of how lucky and blessed I am, so for that I thank you!

Have a fantastic weekend, my friend!

Ankita B on October 10, 2020:

This was an interesting read. You have clearly described all the skin disorders along with their photos in an easily understandable way. Thank you for sharing this helpful article.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Raymond,

The doctor visit is important as you want to make sure you do not have a skin cancer. I could easily write a whole article on that. Thanks for your comments. Enjoy your weekend.

Raymond Philippe from The Netherlands on October 10, 2020:

Psoriasis, warts and acne. My knowledge does not reach any further than these three. I fully understand that a visit to your doctor or dermatologist is necessary should you suffer from any of these skin conditions.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Lorna,

I agree that getting a diaggnosis is very important and if you have a skin problem on your face you can certainly become very self conscious. I rememer as a teen if I got one pimple before a date it was a big deal and that seldom happened for me, so someone with a more serious problem can impact their mental health. I appreciate your comments as always. Have a wonderful weekend.

Lorna Lamon on October 10, 2020:

Having a severe skin condition can also affect your confidence and impact on your mental health. Your article highlights a variety of skin conditions which can be quite painful. Getting the proper diagnosis is also important. Thank you for sharing this informative article Pamela, along with their treatments.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Liz,

I'm glad this article was informative for you. There are so many disorders that can happen to our skin that I wanted to cover some of the most common ones.

I appreciate your comments. Have a lovely weekend, Liz.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Rosina,

Sin screen is a good idea for anyone as it protects your skin. I have one randson who had a lot of acne as a teen and it completely cleared as he got older. I think he used sun screen too.

Thanks so much for your comments. Have a wonderful weekend.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Linda,

Thank you for your comments. Have a good weekend.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 10, 2020:

Hi Eric,

I think I understand your point - too much is not good either in most any situation you encounter. I appreciate you reading and commnting, Eric. I hope you have a good weekend.

Liz Westwood from UK on October 09, 2020:

This is a very useful guide to skin ailments. It gives helpful information in an easily understandable format. I have learnt a lot from reading it.

Rosina S Khan on October 09, 2020:

In this article, you shed light upon a variety of skin orders. I had acne since my teenage years until later into my adult life. But it left my face and cleared after I started using sunscreen.

Thank you, Pamela, for a very helpful and informative article indeed.

Linda Chechar from Arizona on October 09, 2020:

Your articles have written the several subject paragraphs about skin disorders and the photos.

Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on October 09, 2020:

Sorry this is one area that makes me too squeamish. So I forced my self to read it. Really interesting and I kind of got over it. I just can't be real clear in my little head if sometimes too much washing kind of hurts the situation - kind of like too many anti-biotics. Let the body deal when it can? Just a thought.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 09, 2020:

Hi Cheryl,

I think that skin disorderation tends to lighten the skin more than darken it but the body does strange things that are not always easy to figure out. I wish Michael Jackson were still alive as he was so talented. Thanks you so much for your comments. I hope you have a wonderful weekend.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on October 09, 2020:

Hi John,

I would think even a moisturizer used every night would help thoe area of dry skin. It is hard to firgure out what the body is doing sometimes. I hope you have a wondeful weekend.

Cheryl E Preston from Roanoke on October 09, 2020:

Again you have given us a very informative article. I had no idea you could darken the skin if you had viitillago. I wonder if Michael Jackson had known would he have darkened his skin instead of making it lighter.

John Hansen from Queensland Australia on October 09, 2020:

An interesting and helpful article, Pamela. I sometimes suffer from dry flaky skin on my face and a small patch on my lower leg that I was told is a form of dermatitis. I have been prescribed hydrocortisone cream which helps a little.