What are Hormones?
Hormones are are the body's chemical messengers, sending signals into the bloodstream and tissues. Hormones are produced from the endocrine glands in the body.
Hormones work slowly, over time, and affect many different processes. They travel in your bloodstream to tissues or organs. They work slowly, over time, and affect many different processes, including:
- Growth and development
- Metabolism - how your body gets energy from the foods you eat
- Sexual function
Some major endocrine glands in the body are as follows:
- Pituitary gland
- Pineal gland
- Adrenal glands
Cells typically communicate using chemical signals. These chemical signals, which are proteins or other molecules produced by a sending cell, are often secreted from the cell and released into the extracellular space. Signaling impacts can be characterized into the accompanying:
- Synaptic Signaling: The hormone is produced in the cell and acts intracellularly means inside the cell.
- Paracrine Signaling: This Hormones allows cells to locally coordinate activities with their neighbors.
- Autocrine Signaling: The hormone act on the cell that secreted it.
- Endocrine Signaling: A cells target a distant cell through the bloodstream
These are about introduction/overview of what are hormones? how it works? & chemical signals to hormones produces bloodstream cells.
Hormonal Imbalance: Signs & Symptoms
A hormonal imbalance happens when you have too much or too little of one or more hormones. Hormone imbalance symptoms that affect your metabolism.
These will depend on which hormones or glands aren’t working the right way. Several common hormonal conditions could cause any of the following symptoms:
- Slow heartbeat or rapid heartbeat
- Fatigue & Constipation
- Diarrhea or more frequent bowel movements
- Numbness and tingling in your hands
- Higher than normal blood cholesterol levels
- Depression or anxiety
- Unexpected Weight gain & Weight loss
- Dry skin, coarse hair & Moist skin
- Decreased sex drive
- Darkened skin in your armpit or the back and sides of your neck
- Increased thirst and frequent urination
- Increased sensitivity to cold or heat
- Blurred vision
Types of Hormones
Communication between neighboring cells, and between cells and tissues in distant parts of the body, occurs through the release of chemicals called hormones. Hormones are released into body fluids (usually blood) that carry these chemicals to their target cells.
Although there are many different hormones in the human body, they can be divided into three classes based on their chemical structure:
- Lipid-soluble Hormones: This hormones easily diffuse through the cell membrane. Steroid hormones are the most common circulating lipid-soluble hormones. Steroid hormones include: testosterone, estrogens, progesterone, aldosterone and cortisol. Water-soluble hormones bind to a receptor protein on the plasma membrane of the cell.
- Amino Acid-Derived Hormones: The hormones derived from amino acids include catecholamines, serotonin, melatonin, and the thyroid hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Amino acid-derived hormones include epinephrine and norepinephrine, which are synthesized in the medulla of the adrenal glands, and thyroxine, which is produced by the thyroid gland. The pineal gland in the brain makes and secretes melatonin which regulates sleep cycles.
- Peptide Hormones: This hormones are composed of amino acids and are soluble in water. Peptide hormones are unable to pass through the cell membrane as it contains a phospholipid bilayer that stops any fat-insoluble molecules from diffusing into the cell. Insulin is an important peptide hormone produced by the pancreas.
6 Ways to Balance Your Hormone Naturally
For many people, small and simple lifestyle changes can help restore proper levels of hormones in the body. A well-balanced diet and healthy habits may improve your hormonal health and allow you to feel your best.
- #1 Consume Enough Protein @ Every Meal: The daily value 50 grams per day, A high protein intake offers several potential health benefits and could help increase weight loss, enhance muscle growth, and improve your overall health. Experts recommend eating a minimum of 20 - 30 grams of protein per meal.
- #2 Eat the right fat: Short, medium and long-chain essential fats are vital for hormone production. Eating a variety may keep inflammation low, boost metabolism and keep your weight in check. Include coconut oil, olive oil and avocados as well as oily fish (salmon, mackerel, trout), flaxseeds and oil, or take a daily omega-3 supplement.
- #3 Get your Vitamin-B2, B-6, B-12: These vitamins are key players in one-carbon metabolism as enzymatic cofactors, and deficiency of these nutrients may influence reproductive outcomes possibly through affecting reproductive hormones. The essential B vitamin for hormone balancing. It's a water-soluble vitamin found in foods such as poultry, meat, fish, dairy, and fortified food products, as well as in supplement form. The B vitamins are super important for helping to maintain balanced hormones.
- #4 Desire your Gut: When gut health isn't optimal, hormones become imbalanced. For example, there is new research showing that the microbiome plays a big role in estrogen regulation. Take adequate probiotics for your gut because probiotics improves digestion, depression and anxiety, probiotics can help balance female hormones including the thyroid and fertility.
- #5 Regular Workout Routine: Working out regularly is critical for endocrine health, as it can help balance hormones like cortisol, insulin, thyroid hormones, and your sex hormones. Exercise that helps boost hormone levels, workout routine involves high-intensity-interval-training like push-ups, pull-ups, squats, Russian twist, run/jog and more. The more intense a workout, the more these hormones are released.
- #6 Get High Quality Sleep: Growth hormone levels are increased during sleep and peak immediately subsequent to sleep onset. Sleep regulates the level of cortisol, a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal glands. Cortisol helps regulate other hormones in the body. Melatonin, released by the pineal gland , controls your sleep patterns. Levels increase at night time, making you feel sleepy. While you're sleeping, your pituitary gland releases growth hormone, which helps your body to grow and repair itself.
Getting adequate nutrition food, considering inflammatory diet foods to routine, engaging in exercise, getting enough sleep (8-9hrs of sleep) may go long way toward improving your hormonal health. Be discipline to your healthy lifestyle and being happy with your health inside and out.
Self-discipline can help you protect your health in many ways.
© 2022 Kishan