An online was survey conducted on over 3,000 post menopausal women, to assess their knowledge of vaginal atrophy. Of these women, 45% reported symptoms but only 4% could associate them with vaginal complications, according to an article published in the National Library of Medicine.
Most vaginal infections are caused by the buildup of parasites, bacteria, fungi and viruses. These are followed by unpleasant odor, burning or dryness in the genitals. Although they are not life-threatening, it is crucial to address these infections on time. So, here’s a look at the most common infections and how to treat them.
This is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. It can lead to uncomfortable intercourse, high volumes of vaginal discharge and painful passage of urine. It is caused by Neisseria Gonorrhea, which mainly contaminates the genital tract. Bacteria residing in the moist body parts, like the anus, penis and vagina, can spread the infection through contact. The best gynaecologist in South Delhi recommends treating the condition with injections or oral tablets. Both sexual partners must undergo tests and treatment to wipe out the infection completely.
2. Bacterial Vaginosis
Lactobacillus is a friendly bacterium, present in the vagina, that maintains the pH levels. When the balance of these bacteria is altered, it gives rise to vaginosis. Most women do not experience the symptoms. Others associate it white or grey fishy smelling vaginal discharge. The main causes are multiple sexual partners, perfumed vaginal products and use of birth control devices like IUDs. Over 20 million women worldwide face bacterial vaginosis annually. It can be treated with antibiotics. Pregnant women, however, are recommended to use vaginal creams. This infection can be cured in a few days with medication.
Trichomonas vaginalis is a tiny single-celled parasite, which causes trichomoniasis. Frothy greenish vaginal discharge is the most common symptom. Other symptoms include redness, swelling and irritation in the genital area. Soreness and pain are also experienced while urinating.
Both the male and female partner need to get treated and an antibiotic course is suggested for 5-7 days to eliminate the infection, says the best gynaecologist in South Delhi.
About 75% women carry the infection without showing any symptoms. However those who do, complain of vaginal inflammation, along with severe burning and fluid discharge. When either of the partners is infected, it might get transferred to the other during sex. If left untreated, it can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes and pelvic pain due to PID. Chlamydia can be effectively treated with oral medicines. You need to complete a week-long course of medication. A test will be conducted after 3-6 months to check if the infection is still present. Get it treated as soon as symptoms show up, to avoid infertility or preterm babies later on.
5. Genital Warts
These are mild growths on the anus, vagina, cervix or vulva. It is caused by the human papillomavirus. Although small, they can lead to major discomfort, like bleeding and itching. Women involved in oral, anal and vaginal sex are at risk. This is because it rapidly spreads through contact with an infected person. Creams and ointments are prescribed to reduce the growths. Cryotherapy, topical treatments and surgery are other effective methods.
Instead of relying on over-the-counter medication, visit your doctor. This will ensure the right diagnosis and treatment, with minimum side effects.