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Become an Expert with the 10000 Hour Rule


Practice Makes Perfect with the 10000 Hour Rule

Here's the good news. If you want to become an expert in your field, be that art, sport or business - you can. Contrary to popular belief, it's not always innate genius or talent that will make you a success, it's the hours that you put in, which means that ANYONE can do it.

I first came across the 10000 hour rule or ten year rule a few years ago when I read Learning from Wonderful Lives by Nick Baylis and immediately it made sense. I just wish that I had discovered this when I was younger!

I've put this lens together to act as a comprehensive reference tool for anyone interested in the 10000 Hour Rule. Hopefully it will help you to fulfill your dreams.

What Is the 10000 Hour Rule?

The 10000 Hour Rule is just that. This is the idea that it takes approximately 10000 hours of deliberate practice to master a skill.

For instance, it would take 10 years of practicing 3 hours a day to become a master in your subject. It would take approximately 5 years of full-time employment to become proficient in your field. Simply work out how many hours you have already achieved and calculate how many more you need to clock up before you reach 10000.

  • Expert Performance and Deliberate Practice
    An updated excerpt from Ericsson (2000). Some notes on the original research.
  • Secrets of Greatness - CNN
    What makes Tiger Woods great? What made Berkshire Hathaway Chairman Warren Buffett the world's premier investor? We think we know: Each was a natural who came into the world with a gift for doing exactly what he ended up doing. As Buffett told Fortun
  • Outstanding Performers: Created, Not Born?
    NEW RESULTS ON NATURE VS. NURTURE BY DAVID R. SHANKS from Science Spectra, 1999, Number 18.Outstanding levels of performance in areas such as memory, chess,sports or music are commonly ascribed to innate talent. Dr. David Shanks of University College
  • The Guardian Newspaper - Outliers
    In an extract from Outliers: The Story Of Success, Malcolm Gladwell questions the idea of natural genius
    Link to the Outliers excerpt on

The 10000 Hour Rule - where do I find out more?

Squidoo Hour Poll

Bill Gates on Expertise: 10,000 Hours and a Lifetime of Fanaticism

Bill Gates talks about Gladwell's theories in this video clip and relates the 10000 hour rule to his own success. It's about being committed, perhaps even fanatical and never quitting. He also mentions luck, but he says that if you practice for long enough, luck will eventually come your way.

Is the 10000 Hour Rule Working for you? Let us know!

divramis on July 19, 2013:

it works for me definitely and l am a supporter of this theory, persistence is the magic word

ConvenientCalendar on May 27, 2013:

Wow that is 5 years of full time 40 hour work weeks!

renatrader on March 09, 2013:

Yes folks, go for it! Invest those 10,000 hours in the project of your life and you will not regret you did. It worked perfectly for me, today I enjoy the results of all the effort from all those years of hard work. Make sure you learn what you need to learn from the right source so that you don't waste your time. Best of luck!

Peter Messerschmidt from Port Townsend, WA, USA on February 10, 2013:

I believe it's one of those "it depends" situations. And it DEPENDS on what your objectives are. Can you become an expert in your field in 10,000 hours? Absolutely! If you have sincerely passion for what you're pursuing, you can probably do it in less... I've heard it said that you can become an expert in your chosen field in five years.

However, we must not overlook what that MEANS. Or doesn't mean. I'm a bona fide expert in at least four "microniches." None of that makes me a "commercial success" however... mostly because I lack the work ethic. But I definitely AM an "expert." My point being that being "an expert" and being "a success" are two quite different things... had I chosen to become an expert on motherboard design, I'd probably be singing a different song.

Cool lens, however!

proxynull101 on November 01, 2012:

10,000 hours is not a rule. The more you work at something, the better you will become at it, no sh*t. 10k hours doesn't guarantee success. Its more like a requirement if you want to hope to be successful.

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In other words, you won't be successful without putting a minimum of 10k hours. But you can still fail miserably even if you put in 10k hours. Don't foolishly believe you will be successful by working hard. Everyone works hard. Only a few succeed. Those are the outliers.

practicemastery1 on October 29, 2012:

Yep, investing 10 000 makes you a master practitioner in any field.

psychotactics on August 23, 2012:

True, but also be aware that the 10,000 hour rule is also flawed. As you'll see it's pointless to take 10,000 hours to learn cartoons. And the 10,000 hour rule is also people working (mostly alone) and making a ton of mistakes (which they have to fix, mostly alone). Plus the fact that they then become experts of a degree that most of us may never want to achieve.

In short, it's possible to become exceedingly good in about 600 hours, or even less, depending on your group, your teacher and your system. A good group, a good teacher and a good system means you learn exponentially without having to figure out a ton of mistakes yourself (and then having to fix them).

And daily practice.

Weekly or monthly practice is slower. And certainly not as useful for the brain as daily practice. A person can, in about a year, have tremendous mastery over a language. Blind people, for instance, working between 2-4 hours a day, master braille in about 9 months. Sighted people are too impatient to master too much and look for shortcuts.

There are usually few

The best shortcut I know is to find the right group, the right teacher and the right system. And practice. Daily practice.

PhilMeyers on August 02, 2012:

There is one way to short-cut the 10,000 hour rule. That is to work with a system that actually gives you 8000 hours worth of hands on experience in one week. The system has to be designed intentionally to accomplish that.

One of my clients has that kind of system. You can become an expert in a weeks training time and a master with one years practical experience.

John Tannahill from Somewhere in England on July 06, 2012:

1% inspiration 99% perspiration. Get the 1% wrong and you're wasting your time though. In answer to the question, it makes sense that if you devote 10,000 hours to something you'll be an authority.

AlyssaEquus on June 04, 2012:

'Practice Makes Perfect with the 10000 Hour Rule'....


only perfect practice makes perfect!

wdhart777 on February 15, 2012:

I think this rule is fairly accurate, I first read it in Malcolm Gladwells book Outliers. I didn't realize it is discussed in so many other books, thanks for the info! Now I must read more...

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kathysart on January 20, 2012:

Love the idea! So become obsessive until you learn it. Yes to that. Angel blessed lens.

Tolovaj Publishing House from Ljubljana on December 28, 2011:

Haven' heard about that rule but I noticed many many talents who came 'from nowhere' and after a while only found out they put a lot of work to succeed. The rule of 10 years was obvious and it stands for actors, singers, sportsmen... I guess they need a little bit of luck too to be in the right time in the right place, without injuries, with proper connections...

Informative and inspirational lens, thumbs up!

ChironMentor on October 31, 2011:

Years ago I heard or read James K. Kilpatrick state that it took seven years to become a good writer. In thirty-five years of teaching and leading a fiction writing workshop I have witnessed that "rule" many times. I've even had a hopeless writer who passionately wanted to write stick with it for that seven years and come out as a very passable writer. Seven years or seven books has invariable held true. I also ban my fiction proteges from using first-person narrators for seven years because of the difficulty of using first-person in fiction.

Formosangirl LM on September 24, 2011:

I can personally vouch for the 10,000 hour rule. I have over 16 years in my field, and I definitely feel comfortable at it, even if the information changes daily, thanks to the 9th Circuit.

Linda Pogue from Missouri on August 28, 2011:

This is a good rule to know. Thank you!

sharad4 on August 04, 2011:

@JoshK47: ya

mulkurnia lm on July 23, 2011:

I first came across this rule a few years back through reading Malcolm Gladwell's book. In terms of full-time employment, if we need to put in 5 years to gain expertise, then the number makes sense.

JoshK47 on July 22, 2011:

Very interesting - never heard of this before. It makes sense, though, gotta put in a lot of time to get a skill down pat.

darkk93 on April 30, 2011:

Yes it works for me.

pinkrenegade lm on April 29, 2011:

Practice makes you better. There's always a room for improvement. You should also love what you're doing for you to become the best.

tssfacts on April 01, 2011:

This does seem like a lot of time. But when you look at college and other job training school maybe it make sense. Very informative. Blessed by a SquidAngel.

Othercatt on February 07, 2011:

10,000 hours seems like a lot, but if that's what it takes to become an expert.....

anonymous on January 05, 2011:

As a man eats, so he works. - German Proverb

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anonymous on January 04, 2011:

@anonymous: The stitch is lost unless the thread be knotted. - Italian Proverb

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anonymous on January 01, 2011:

I have never heard it quite put this way but I have to agree with your topic. Excellent job and a good read.

WritingforYourW on November 07, 2010:

I first heard about this in one of Malcom Gladwell's books. I'm hoping to get there someday with my writing. :)

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on October 20, 2010:

I could see that squidoo is addicting because the lowest and highest levels got the most votes in your polls...once they start, they just keep going as there are many at the top...there must be some who fell off the cliff. Great lens.

thesuccess2 on October 16, 2010:

When you learn to program in a particular language is takes that time before it becomes "natural" no effort to program where you are just concerned with implementing the project.

anonymous on October 08, 2010:

I have to try it! Thumbs Up!

ChaosAndCritters on October 04, 2010:

This makes TOTAL sense to me. As a nurse, I find that it takes the first year of full time employment just to become baseline proficient... and another 2 to 3 years to really get good in a specific area. It's nice to see a number placed on it... I think it would help newbie nurses feel better about not feeling so confident!!!

Spook LM on September 28, 2010:

I never tried your poll because I do not know but far too many to still be an amateur. Blessed by an Angel.

seegreen on September 18, 2010:

I'd never heard of this role either. Wish it took less time!

Jeanette from Australia on September 13, 2010:

What an interesting read. I had never heard about this rule. Now. Let me think. Where do I want to spend my 10000 hours?

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