Concluding with this series of tutorials, we will see now How To Solve A 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube.
The main purpose of the series, is that you learn in a much more effective way how to solve the Rubik's cubes.
We have seen that the resolution of the Junior Cube it's a subset of the steps for the resolution of Standard Cube.
We will see now that in the case of 4x4 Rubik's Cube (and bigger cubes), the method of resolution of the Standard Cube is the base of resolution of more complex cubes.
A way to solve more complex Rubik's Cubes is accomplished through using what is commonly called the 3x3x3 reduction method.
In this method it is necessary that you know how to solve the Standard Cube. If you need to learn how to solve the Standard Cube, please read 'How To Solve A 3x3x3 Rubiks Cube'.
For simplicity this tutorial is divided in four pages, in this first page terms are defined and the method is described.
Table Of Contents
• How to solve a 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube • Pieces and Faces • Aditional Faces • Turn Of An Internal Face • Description Of The Algorithm • Step 1, Solving The Centres • Step 2, Pairing up the Edges • Step 3, Finishing the Cube • The Color Scheme • Swapping Two Opposite Centres • Solve A 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube • Step 1, Solving The Centres • I] First White Row • II] First Yellow Centre • III] Finishing the White Centre • IV] Concluding The Centres • Step 2, Pairing up the Edges • Pairing, Case A • Pairing, Case B • Step 3, Finishing the Cube • Last Layer Edges Parity Error • Incomplete Line • Incomplete Cross • Top Layer Edges Parity Error • Opposite Dedges • Adjacent Dedges • Top Layer Corners Parity Error • Corners In Line • Corners In Diagonal
How To Solve A 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube
In order to understand How To Solve A 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube, you need to be familiar with the notation. If you don't know it, please read 'How to solve a Rubiks Cube' before continuing.
For the purposes of the following tutorial, a series of colors will be chosen for the faces, you can choose others.
Pieces and Faces
- Corner ..- a physical corner piece. A corner piece has three sides. There are eight corners.
- Edge .....- a physical edge piece. An edge piece has two sides. There are twenty four edges.
- Centre ...- a physical centre piece. A centre piece has one side. There are twenty four centres.
- Face .....- a side of the cube. There are six external faces and six internal faces.
A 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube has internal faces, they are named with a lowercase letter.
- Internal Upper Face - u
- Internal Down Face - d
- Internal Left Face - l
- Internal Right Face - r
- Internal Front Face - f
- Internal Back Face - b
Turn Of An Internal Face
In a 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube, the internal faces can turn.
To facilitate the turn (and the notation) of an internal face, this is rotated together with the outer face.
See the difference in the following examples of a clockwise turn of the External and the Internal Upper Face (also note the double arrow, which denotes to turn two faces).
How To Solve A 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube - Description Of The Algorithm
The algorithm is divided in three steps.
Step 1, Solving The Centres
The first step in the solution is to solve the 4 Centre Pieces on each face of the cube.
Step 2, Pairing up the Edges
The next step is to Pair up the 24 Edges into 12 distinct Double Edge Pairs (Dedges)
Step 3, Finishing the Cube
When you have solved the Centres and Paired up the Edges, you should see your 4x4x4 Rubik Cube like a 3x3x3 Rubik Cube.
You can finish off the cube in the same way as a 3x3x3.
The Color Scheme
The 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube is an even cube and has no fixed Centre pieces to refer to.
There is no quick way to determine which color goes where in relation to the others. It is helpful to have a color scheme memorised:
Standard Color Scheme
- Yellow opposite White
- Blue opposite Green
- Red opposite Orange
If your cube is scrambled (or it doesn't have the standard color scheme), there is an easy way to determine the scheme.
Simply solve the corners of your 4x4x4 (assuming that you can solve the Corners of a 3x3x3).
Once you've figured out your colour scheme, memorize it or write it down.
Swapping Two Opposite Centres
At some point in your 4x4x4 Rubik Cube solving it is possible that you make a mistake with your Centres, such as transposing two Opposite Centres.
There is an easy way to fix it.
How To Solve A 4x4x4 Rubiks Cube - Algorithm
Now that you understood the method, it is time to put in practice.
Begin with the first step: Solving The Centres.
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StefanMDP (author) on October 25, 2014:
This is the first page of a four page tutorial, follow the links in the table of contents to find the resolution method (You can start here: https://discover.hubpages.com/games-hobbies/rubiks... ).
Please keep in mind that this is a method for beginners, is not a tutorial for speedcubing.
haseem on October 24, 2014:
Hello respected sir/madam
I am able to solve 3x3x3 in three min.
But now I want to learn 4x4x4 rubik cube. ..
Pl tell me steps to solve this
StefanMDP (author) on May 23, 2014:
The movements shown are a well known algorithm to swap three corners. I can only think that you are making a mistake. Keep in mind that You have to put your not oriented corner at the Front-Right.
For more details, please follow this link and read the Note, You will find a detailed picture.
stan on May 22, 2014:
Same problem as billy and tom. What you're suggesting is just bringin me to the same point... Any ideas why?
StefanMDP (author) on February 19, 2014:
Kaila Shanmukh Raj on February 19, 2014:
I have done the 3x3x3 rubiks cube and i am stuck at the pairing of the edges of 4x4x4 rubiks cube . I NEED SOME HELP IN THAT.
Free Gamers on September 02, 2013:
I never knew it would be so complicated. Nice tutorial and hub!
StefanMDP (author) on August 04, 2012:
You are facing a problem called Parity Error. For solutions, go here, I hope this helps:
(Please read the Warning at the top of the page, is important.)
Cae on August 03, 2012:
i forgot to say that also sometimes, instead of the problem arising from the cornes it comes from the edges. Again in the last layer i can't solve it. The "cross" seems to be impossible to form. only three or one edge remains facing up. How can i solve it?
ps: I used to use the algorithm B, L, U, L', U', B'
cae on August 03, 2012:
it has happened to me a few times. At the end of solving the cube i have two corners in the wrong position and the algorithm i know from the 3x3 only works if there are 3 or more corners in the wrong place. Do you know any algorithm that may help me?
ps: the algorithm i was trying was R' , U , L , U' , R , U , L' , U'
and yes i all the colors are in their right order.
StefanMDP (author) on March 29, 2012:
Only to make things easier.
Sam on March 28, 2012:
why in case of Internal face turn,external face is also rotated. Is there any specific reason for that.I have seen some algo in which only internal faces are rotated.
StefanMDP (author) on March 03, 2012:
I am more than happy if this tutorial has helped you to solve your cube. Thanks for stopping by.
Alexander Blum on March 02, 2012:
since I own the 2x2x2, the 3x3x3 and the 4x4x4 I thank you very much for uploading all the solutions, even though I only made use of your 4x4x4 solution.
Keep up the good work, maybe you can add a 5x5x5 solution some day. Thumbs up!
Frank W Choate Jr from FEDERAL WAY, WA on May 29, 2011:
Anonymous any time you see a 2 as in 2B 2b or B2 b2 it is a half turn of that face Stefan uses B as the outer face and b as the back half
StefanMDP (author) on April 20, 2011:
Hi Skoyntoyflis, You are welcome.
Skoyntoyflis on April 20, 2011:
Very nice ... thank you !!!
StefanMDP (author) on February 21, 2011:
Where you have seen such notacion? (put a link)
Anonymous on February 20, 2011:
Does anyone know what the "2" means in something such as 2b? Answer as quickly as possible. I am starting to become hopeless.
StefanMDP (author) on February 16, 2011:
Just to be sure, have you read the warning on that page?
Meh Bleh on February 16, 2011:
Hi, thanks for the tutorial and stuf it's really good ;)
but i have a problem, being the following: i only need to solve the top-layer, and i have the incomplete cross... but each time when i use the algoritm https://discover.hubpages.com/games-hobbies/rubiks... i mess up my cube :/ any help please?
StefanMDP (author) on February 13, 2011:
In this very page, you can find a "Rubik's Revenge Cube 4 X 4" link to the product's Amazon Store at a very good price.
lanakhabbaz on February 13, 2011:
i want to buy one ,,, i dont know where to find ,, can you7 help me
StefanMDP (author) on February 08, 2011:
If you've managed to solve the centers, the corners and the dedges, then you have half of the way done
From here you have to see your 4x4 as an unresolved 3x3.
The corners are not resolved together, the layers are solved from the bottom up.
Please see my tutorial on the 3x3: https://discover.hubpages.com/games-hobbies/Solve_
I hope this helps
Brandon 375 on February 08, 2011:
i can solve my entire cube but the corners. when i have done all of the centers and the corners, i understand to solve it like a 3x3, but when i do so, all of the corners are left unsolved and the 3x3 method does not work to change the corners, ive been looking at videos for a long time and not 1 has shown me this or what is wrong, is it my cube, plz help
StefanMDP (author) on January 04, 2011:
This is the first page of the tutorial, follow the links.
If you don't understand the notacion, first go here:
iamxxx on January 04, 2011:
i cant understand about the code, how to use this solve?
StefanMDP (author) on August 27, 2010:
A face can be turned clockwise or counter-clockwise, the apostrophe represents a counter-clockwise.
Please see the notation here:
jen on August 27, 2010:
Sorry, just the second question.
jen on August 27, 2010:
What do the apostrophes in the notation mean?
jen on August 27, 2010:
What are the commas in the notation for?
StefanMDP (author) on August 11, 2010:
If I understand correctly your problem, the solution is this:
Hope this helps.
Chase on August 11, 2010:
My problem is when trying to finish off the edges of the yellow tips, I have two colors that need to be swapped, but they are adjacent, not opposite. Is there an algorithm to switch the two adjacent colors and then go on to putting the corners in the right spot?
StefanMDP (author) on August 02, 2010:
I will assume that you refer to these movements:
The only thing you have to be careful about is that the r,l,u,d,f,b movements rotates two layers (the internal and the external) and the R,L,U,D,F,B movements rotates one layer (the external).
Hawkempire on August 01, 2010:
All I need to complete the 4X4 is to be able to swap 2 corners and diagonal corners. Your instructions don't work sorry. I've tried it several times even with a completed cube just to see the two corners swap but they don't. The instruction look great and are otherwise awesome. Please help.
StefanMDP (author) on July 10, 2010:
Hi Billie, don't give up !!!
billie joe on July 10, 2010:
4x4x4 cubes are verry hard waaaaa
StefanMDP (author) on June 18, 2010:
If You mean two Adjacent Edges in position but flipped, try this:
Placing the wrong Adjacent Edges at the Front
r2 R2 B2 U2 l L' U2 r' R U2 r R' U2 F2 r R' F2 l' L B2 r2 R2
Anna on June 18, 2010:
Hi i have 2 edges wrong just wrong... i mean i can do what i want to but i doensnt help, maybe thers an algorithm for it, plz i need help...
faisal94 on June 15, 2010:
i have my own formula...
but i think just i will understand that formula...
StefanMDP (author) on February 20, 2010:
Thanks for stopping by and left your comment.
Arif Febriyanto on February 20, 2010:
great, thank you very much ^_^
nRgd on February 19, 2010:
this is so hard. Cant it be any easier?? D:
StefanMDP (author) on January 28, 2010:
If you have only one corner piece not well oriented, executing the specified movements the four corner pieces should be not well oriented, does it happen to you?
I repeat the steps: (placing the wrong Corner Piece at the Front-Right) U R U' L' U R' U' L
Once the four corner pieces are not well oriented, they are corrected following the movements of the Step 6 (Orient the Top Layer Corners).
Every time that you correct a corner and look for the next one, remember to not rotate the cube, only the Top Layer.
Tom on January 28, 2010:
i have the same problem that bobby had and i did what was said but it still had one corner in the wrong way. any help or do i have to re build my cube
StefanMDP (author) on January 19, 2010:
That's great. Happy of having been of help.
gorafun on January 19, 2010:
Thanks. Finally able to solve.
StefanMDP (author) on January 01, 2010:
Nobody said that it is "so easy..." ;)
LJS on December 31, 2009:
Lai on December 30, 2009:
Thanks man,i finally solve it!!!
StefanMDP (author) on December 01, 2009:
It is good to hear that. Thanks for the feedback.
Arcel on December 01, 2009:
Thanks for the tips... i got it... it took me an hour to figure it out... now i can solve it less than 10 minutes.. AWESOME.. im looking for 5x5x5 now!!
StefanMDP (author) on August 28, 2009:
I'm more than happy to be of help.
Valerie on August 28, 2009:
Hey, thanks for the help. I could never figure out how to solve a rubiks cube because i got too frustrated.
StefanMDP (author) on August 19, 2009:
The feedback is really appreciated.
alanis on August 19, 2009:
it's simple enuf adi........
i spent less than 1 hr to master it
thx to stefan
StefanMDP (author) on July 11, 2009:
Here, in this page, there are not instructions.
This is only a preliminary introduction.
Follow the links to find the instructions.
This Is Crazy. on July 10, 2009:
This Is Crazy. I Can Quickly Solve A 3x3x3 Cube, Well, fast for someone my age, and 2x2x2 is not a challenge at all. But the instructions here are absolutly unreadable! PLZ HELP!
hanif on July 06, 2009:
i want to know how to solve 6x6x6 rubik cube..please help me..
StefanMDP (author) on March 03, 2009:
Hi Bobby, sorry for the delay.
The Corner Pieces which need to be oriented should be corrected in step 6 (Orient the Top Layer Corners). My suggestion is that you carry out the following movements (placing the wrong Corner Piece at the Front-Right) :
U R U' L' U R' U' L
This way the four Corner Pieces will need to be oriented, and you will be able to continue with the steps 6 and 7.
Hope this helps.
keailoveu on February 24, 2009:
thanks to the pattern that you post...... i get an idea to solve it
bobby on February 23, 2009:
hey i followed this guide and still got an error. i hav got everything solved except one last corner piece. it is in the right place but its the only one where the colors are not on their respective faces. if i do the move just like the 3x3x3 cube it'll mess the entire cube up because i cant do the move nd screw up all the other top layer corner pieces.
what do i do?
p.s. -- i'm very sure that no one messed with the stickers on the cube so that is not the problem
StefanMDP (author) on February 17, 2009:
I agree that the 4x cube it's more difficult and requires a little more work and attention.
This tutorial is divided in four pages for a better understanding. Anyway it's a whole together with the other pages (introduction, resolution of the 2x cube, resolution of the 3x cube), and it will be easier of understanding if they are read in that order (as it's implicit in the introductions).
If you think that some part deserves a detailed explanation, please send me a PM (via the contact link at the top of the page) and tell me where you find difficulties.
Liza on February 17, 2009:
It's more complicated than ever! How can I imagine it as a 3x3 if I can't even do the center part. You should expand the solutions more. 2x2 and 3x3 are much more the same. I've done it! ;)
rbix champ on January 08, 2009:
it looks easy enough
StefanMDP (author) on December 26, 2008:
No, sorry. Simpler than this it's difficult.
Don't give up, try it again and good luck!!
May on December 26, 2008:
I can solve both the 2x2x2 and 3x3x3 but this 4x4x4 is really hard!Can you have a simpler instructions instead of these unreadable instructions!PLEASE!
Refster on November 13, 2008:
Cool. I can't figure out the Rubik's cube from start to finish exactly. I've always been a fan of the Rubik's series. I can do the Rubik's Pyramid everytime in less than a minute. Did it in 6 seconds once.
Time to get to work on the cube.
StefanMDP (author) on November 09, 2008:
This is the first page of a four page tutorial.
Follow the links and you will find the "how to do the steps" :)
sara on November 09, 2008:
it just tells you what step to do not how to do the step.