It has been a couple of weeks ago since I last touched on the topic of flight simulator. In an article that I have published in early October, I have taught Infinite Flight newbies how to the take off from Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport (Airport Code: EHAM) with a Boeing 737-700. Today, with the same aircraft model, we are going to learn how to perform a full flight, from taking off from an origin airport (we are still taking off from EHAM) to landing at Buchel Airport (ETSB). Buckle up and be seated for take off!
General information of the two airports
EHAM (Schiphol International Airport)
Elevation:-11ft below sea level
Runway: Runway 04
Runway Length: 6620ft
Runway Heading: 41°
ETSB (Buchel Airport)
Note: Buchel Airport is in fact located in Germany, in Infinite Flight, however, this airport was listed under Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Elevation: 1568ft above sea level
Runway: Runway 21
Buchel Airport is in the Southeast direction of Schiphol Int'l Airport.
Runway Length: 8232 ft
Runway Heading: 208°
"Waypoints" in aviation refers to navigational points in the airspace for the reference of pilots to identify an aircraft's location and to determine its flight path. The selection of waypoints by pilots when doing flight planning is normally based upon weather conditions, airspace congestions and several other factors.
Stage 1: Flight Planning
In order to do a flight planning we need to decide which waypoints (see "complementary knowledge" section) do we want to fly to. On Infinite Flight, the flight planning panel can be accessed via tapping the "Page" button on bottom left of the simulator. As soon as you enter the interface you will see a map with a number of airports and a massive amount of waypoints.
Now let us pick a few waypoints to form our route:
1. EH059: If you zoom in close enough you will see your aircraft on the side of the runway marked “04”. Our first wapoint, EH059, is right ahead of the runway. Tap on EH059 to select, you will see the waypoint turn pink as you tap on it. After selecting the runway, tap on the “Add To FPL” on the bottom right of the interface. Now tap “Map”, on the pop-up side bar, you will see EH059 added to your flight plan (refer to Screen 1). tap on the arrow button right below the “Add To FPL” button, your aircraft is now directed to the first runway. The bearing of the waypoint is 41 DEGREE and it is 3.7 nautical miles (nm) from your aircraft’s current position.
2. EH071: Because our destination airport, ETSB, is to the North Eastern direction by aligning to waypoints, we will gradually turn our aircraft’s heading to the correct bearing. EH071 is on the North Eastern direction of our previous waypoint (see Screen 2). Select and tap “Add To FPL” (same applies to all other waypoints that follow). You will see a line joining EH059 and EH071.
3. SSB53: SSB53 is located on the South East of EH071, you will find it close to EHSB airport.
4. DLN 21: Again to the South East of SSB53 lies DLN21. Zooming in should give you a better look.
5. DL504: This waypoint is close to EDKL airport, still on the South Eastern direction of our previous waypoint.
6. DK607: You will find this waypoint between EDRA and EDRW airport, still on your South East.
7. BUE10: BUE10 is on the South West of DK607. The purpose of choosing this waypoint is so that we are aligning to Runway 21 of ETSB, our destination airport.
8. BUE01: South West of BUE10, closely aligned to Runway 21 of ETSB. Zoom in for a better look.
9. ETSB: In the case of a beginner, we will see ETSB as a waypoint. This is for better alignment to the runway when we are landing. Tap on ETSB and add it to your flight plan. Our flight planning is now done. Zoom out to have an overall look at your route.
Stage 2: Taking off
I have covered extensively the take-off procedure in my previous article, you are most welcome to check it out by clicking on the link below.
- Infinite Flight App Guide for Beginners: Take off Procedure
Are you an aviation enthusiast who had just downloaded Infinite Flight app on your device but have no idea how to take-off? No previous experience with flight simulator?This hub has the answers!
There is no specific rule regarding to when seat belt signs should be switched-off, but as long as the weather is reported clear (eg. no turbulence) and the pilot thinks that it is safe for passengares to walk around in the cabin, the sign will be estinguished. Most pilots usually turn off seatbelt signs as soon as the aircraft climbs over approximately 10,000 ft above sea level, this seemed to have became an aviation norm.
Stage 3: Cruising
Now that you are in the air, all you have to do is to keep an eye on the message board and adjust your headings accordingly. Since this is a short haul flight, it is strongly advised that you maintain your speed at a maximum of 350kts (This can be done by tapping and swiping the SPD button on your right hand side panel.) and set your altitude to a height of 25000-26000ft (can be adjusted via the ALT button on the right hand side panel.)
Seat belt sign can be switched off once you think your aircraft has stabilized.
Stage 4: Descending
You should begin descending at the rate of -2,000ft/min when you are halfway in between waypoints DLN21 and DL504. Before the descend, turn your spoilers to “Flight” status. Spoilers on "Flight" status will help the aircraft to descend without picking up speed. Please note that you MUST NOT descend beyond 2,000ft above sea level because you will encounter some very unfriendly terrains upon approaching. I used to run my aircraft into a hill at the altitude of 1,700ft.
Stage 5: Approaching
Once you are at the altitude of 2,000ft, adjust your spoilers to "ARMED" position. This will allow the spoilers to be activated automatically for decceleration once your main gear touches the runway. Now, your speed to approximately 130-135kts once you arrive at waypoint BUE10. Cutting speed is a normal peocedure prior to landing. You will also need to set your flaps to either 30° or 40° (according to your preference). As soon as the runway comes into sight, put down your landing gears and disengage "VS" and "ALT" by tapping both button. Autopilot for heading (HDG) and speed (SPD) will remain engaged for now.
Due to the fact that you will not see fuel being used up during the flight hence the weight of your plane will not reduce throughout the flight (a problem that the developer needs to address), you will have to manually adjust the weight of your plane to <MLW (less than Maximum Landing Weight) on the menu interface prior to touching down on the runway.
Note: If you are confused about abbreviations like MLW and MTOW, you are most welcome to check the article that i have mentioned above, where these abbreviations have been explained in detail.
Stage 6: Landing and Braking
There are several aspects that you need to take note of when performing a landing. One of the most important aspects is of course to make sure are landing on a runway and not on the ocean. You must also ensure that the main gears have to touch the ground before your nose gear. When you are approaching the runway, dactivate "VS" and "ALT", now that the yoke is under your manual control for the landing. Lift your nose a little when descending to the runway, this will help you have your main gear touch down before the nose gear.
As soon as your main gears touch the ground, deactivate "SPD", pull throttle to negative 100% and hold it (doing this will activate the airbrake and your plane will now start slowing down), Airbrake will only slow your plane down to 25kts at most; in order to completely stop the plane, tap on the "BRAKE" button on your right to bring the gears to a complete stop.
Congratulations Cap'n for completing your maiden flight (i am assuming this is the first time you carry out a complete flight as a beginner)! Should you have any suggestion regarding to better ways to carry out a flight, remember to note them down in the comment section; afterall, like you, i am also a beginner.
You may now try to use different aircraft models to carry out flights on this same route, or use the same model of aircraft to perform flights in other regions available for selection. All the rules that apply here will pretty much apply to any other flight in any other region. Piece of cake now heh? =D
The following section contains a short video clip on how a JetBlue aircraft landed in Los Angeles with its nose gear malfunctioned and got stuck in a very abnormal yet dangerous position.
Complementary Video: Jetblue's A320 landed with malfunctioned nose gear
© 2014 Thomas Chan
Abdelhady from united arab emarat on December 09, 2016:
thank you very much
Thomas Chan (author) from Melbourne, Australia on December 17, 2014:
Dear Jay, thanks a lot for your feedback and i am glad it helps you! I have no plan in writing further on this topic so far but i am still trying to figure out the best way to perform a landing for beginners. I will keep this post updated from time to time hopefully, so perhaps you can bookmark the URL? If you are having trouble with the UI, feel free to ask them under the comment section and i will reply ASAP.
Jay M on December 14, 2014:
Thanks man this helped me out a lot. Will you be doing anymore? I'm still confused about what things are on the UI.