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Mango - The King of Fruits


The King of Fruits

The Mango, fruit of the mango tree, is a fleshy drupe, is about 6 in. (15.2 cm) long and has thick greenish to yellowish-red mottled skin, pale yellow to orange-red flesh, and a large seed which is edible when cooked.

This fruits are luscious, aromatic, and slightly acid. Comparable in importance to the apple of Europe and N America, they are a very important food source for millions of populace of the tropics.

The mangoes are round, oval or kidney-shaped, depending on the variety. These fruits are eaten fresh (green or mature), habitually as a dessert fruit, and are also cooked, dried, and canned. Its orange-yellow flesh is often mild-flavored like the peach, which has earned it the nickname "the peach of the tropics." Mangoes are used in chutneys, jellies, and jams.

Mango tree is raised by grafting and budding and to a lesser extent by seed. It is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Photo Credit: Flickr

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Photo Credit: Wikipedia

Mango is the national fruit in three countries: India, Pakistan, and the Philippines.

About Mangoes

The mango is originated from south Asia, mainly Eastern India and Burma. It spread initially in to Malaysia, eastern Asia and then to eastern Africa. Mangos were brought in to Santa Barbara (California) in the year1880. At present, the mango exists in two races, one from India and the other from the Philippines.

The Indian variety is intolerant of humidity, has flushes of bright red new growth that are subject to mildew, and yields monoembryonic fruit of high color and normal form. The Philippine variety tolerates extra moisture, has pale green or red new growth and avoids mildew. Its polyembryonic fruit is pale green and lengthened kidney-shaped.

Mango is now cultivated in frost-free tropical and warmer subtropical climates; approximately half of the world's mangoes are produced in India alone. Even if India is cultivating largest amount of mangoes, it accounts for less than one percent of the international mango trade, consuming the largest part of its own output.

Mango trees make attractive landscape specimens and shade trees. They are upright and fast growing with enough heat and the canopy can be broad and rounded, or more upright, with a fairly slender crown. It is eventually a large tree, to 65 ft., but commonly half that size in California.

The tree is long-lasting with some specimens known to be over 300 years old and still fruiting. In deep soil the taproot goes down to a depth of 20 ft, and the plentiful, wide-spreading feeder roots also send down many anchor roots which go in for several feet.

Mango is also being cultivated in Andalusia, Spain, which is one of the few places in mainland Europe that allows growth of tropical plants and fruit trees. Many mango cultivars are easily cultivated using grafted saplings, ranging from the "turpentine mango".

The leaves are dark green above and soft below, commonly red while young. The center rib is pale and noticeable and lots of horizontal veins distinct. Full-grown leaves may be 4 to 12-1/2 in. long and 3/4 to 2 in. wide, and are normally borne in clusters divided by a length of exposed stem bearing no buds.

These bare stems mark following flushes of growth. All flush of growth will harden off to a dark green color prior to the next flush of growth begins.

The flowers are formed in terminal panicles 3.9-16 in. long; each flower is very small and white with five petals 0.20-0.39 in long, with a soft and sweet aroma suggestive of lily of the valley. The fruit takes three to six months to mature.

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Nutritional Information - (Per 3.5 oz/100g)

water = 82%

protein = 0.5 g

fat = 0.3 g

Carbohydrates = 17 g

calories = 65

Good source = potassium.

Contains: copper

Sources = vitamin "A & C"

Properties: Mango is not quite ripe is said to be laxative. Mango skin can cause allergic cutaneous reactions and irritate the skin and the mouth (on some persons).

World Wide Mango Production

Country Rroduction (Millions of Tones)

India 13.6

People's Republic of China 4.2

Thailand 2.5

Indonesia 2.2

Mexico 1.9

Pakistan 1.8

Brazil 1.2

World total 34.9

Alphonso Mangoes

Alphonso Mangoes in Box

Alphonso Mangoes in Box

Photo Credit: Flickr Under Creative Commons License

The Alphonso mango grown in the Konkan region and in Devgad in India is the most costly and these are measured the best among Alphonsos.

The Alphonso mango, named after Afonso De Albuquerque, a Portuguese explorer and military strategist who led many Portuguese invasions in the 1600s is grown in parts of India and is considered to be one of the best mangoes in the world.

De Albuquerque carried it with him on his many travels to Goa in India and it was eventually transplanted there in Porthugal. In Goa, the people called this mango "Aphoos" and in Maharashtra it became "Hapoos".

The good quality Alphonso mango is grown in the south part of Ratnagiri, the south northern regions of Sindhudurg and Pune region in Maharashtra. The southern regions of Valsad amd Navsari in Gujarat, and in the Amalsad region of India are also famous for Alphonso mango cultivation.

The Alphonso mango weighs approximately 10 ounces and is yellow in color with a pinkish tint. It is about five to six inches long, and is said to have a very adorable aroma and taste. This mango is often grown organically which also allows it to demand a greater price.

A typical Alphonso mango orchard will give enough income from the fifth year. After that a good profit can be made, rising every year as the tree produces more and more mangos. A five-year-old tree may yield 70 - 80 fruits but by the time an Alphonso mango tree arrives at thirty years old, it could be producing 2500 mangos each season.

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Mango Pickles

Mango Pickle

Mango Pickle


Mango Pickle Recipe

Mango is often eaten plain or used in fruit salads, cereals, ice creams, yogurts and sorbets. It is made into jam, coulis, marmalade, juice, jelly or compote. In some places like Asia and the Caribbean, it is consumed as a vegetable, when still immature (raw or cooked).

It can be used in soups and sauces. Completely ripe mango is tasty with poultry, ham, duck, fish and legumes. In India, green mango is a fundamental ingredient in conventional chutneys and pickles Here below you can learn mango pickle making. This pickle can be used immediately or it can be preserved for 15 to 20 days.

Cook timeReady inYields

1 hour

1 hour

20 persons


  • 1 kg - Raw Mangoes
  • 2 tsp - Red chilly powder
  • 1 tsp - Asafoetida
  • 1 tsp - Turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp - Mustard
  • 1 tsp - Methi (fenugreek)
  • 5 tbsp - Oil
  • Salt to taste


  1. Heat the oil in a pan. Add mustard and wait for it splutters. Immediately add the mango cubes and turmeric powder. Cook for four to five minutes. Add chilly powder and stir well. Add asafoetida, methi (fenugreek) and salt. Stir well. Your pickle is ready.To Top ⇑

How to Cut a Mango - Vid


Photo Credit: Flickr Under Creative Commons License

After fully ripe, the mango may still be somewhat difficult to eat, as it is very juicy. Mango is best served either in long slices or in bite-sized cubes. They are still somewhat solid when ripe, and are also fibrous, self-possessed of many long thin fibers that simply get stuck in between the teeth.

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There is a clear taste difference between mangoes purchased in stores, in areas where they are not cultivated. Generally imported mangoes are picked unripe and allowed to ripen in transit. They do not reach the sugar levels, and that's why the sweetness is not up to the level, of a freshly picked mango. If you are visiting a country where mangoes grow, try them fresh, as they are far excellent to the supermarket mangoes.

Sweet and Sour Dry Mango Chutney - Vid


It is Poll Time

What You Think About Mangoes?

mamata bhandari on December 14, 2014:

I love mangoes. When I was in india I used to eat mangoes to much.Eating. to much of mangoes cause stomach paining. I will say to much mangoes is not good. But, also I love mangoes. !!!!!!!!!

Brian Stephens from France on July 26, 2014:

Everyone must love mangoes especially when they are ripe and sweet. But I love them in a chutney as well, there is no chutney better than mango. Nice lens.

Gloria Freeman from Alabama USA on July 12, 2014:

Each year I eat my share of mangos. Thanks for the recipes.

yayang0405 lm on July 02, 2014:

I love mangoes. Thanks for sharing this information.

Takkhis on May 26, 2014:

Indeed it is the king of fruit! Like it very much. Thank you.

Fay Favored from USA on March 15, 2014:

Haven't had too much experience with this fruit. I should try it more often. Appreciate the video and recipes.

suepogson on September 05, 2013:

You are so right about fresh mangoes flavour wise - the supermarkets can't compete. Even if they are sold by supermarkets in the country of origin they have still lost so much of their sweetness (which turns to starch) by the time you buy them. Lovely lens - makes me miss the sweetness - I have trees but it's not the season right now.

TanoCalvenoa on June 20, 2013:

@TanoCalvenoa: By the way, I appreciate the video about how to cut a mango. It's a better method than what I came up with.

TanoCalvenoa on June 14, 2013:

Mangoes are one of my top five favorite fruits, I buy them when I can.

Chocolatealchemy from London, United Kingdom on April 27, 2013:

love mangoes, especially in smoothies!

Lorna from USA on February 07, 2013:

I love mangoes! Yummy and sweet, I like eating them with my meal.

halloweenprops on February 01, 2013:

Now I am hungry for a mango and I don't have any right now.

VspaBotanicals on December 15, 2012:

Absolutely true. I love them when I eat them and when I apply them to my face for a wonderful skin treatment.

ggpalms lm on November 23, 2012:

Enjoyed reading your lens. Awesome video. I love mango chutney!

norma-holt on November 05, 2012:

Love this fruit and will have one now as you have made my mouth water and I have one in the fruit bowl. Featured on Blessed by Skiesgreen 2012-2. Hugs

anonymous on September 22, 2012:

I love and adore mangoes, there is no other fruit as delicious and sweet as a ripe mango. I call it the "King of fruits".

WriterJanis2 on September 15, 2012:

Never knew there were mango pickles.

LadiiWallk on September 10, 2012:

love mangoes!

anonymous on September 03, 2012:

I love mango.

Tara Wojtaszek on September 01, 2012:

I just love mangoes! Thanks for the great mango information, I'll have to try that mango pickle recipe.

Laurel Johnson from Washington KS on August 06, 2012:

I've never eaten a mango, but have drank it in fruit juices.Fascinating lens, very well done.

jarvim on July 21, 2012:

Mangoes are really good !

OrlandoTipster on July 19, 2012:

I just had some Mango Shorbut ice cream

digitaltree on July 17, 2012:

I like mango juice, great Lens.

FallenAngel 483 on July 01, 2012:

I love Mangoes. I wish I could grow them but it's too cold where I live. Great info on this lovely fruit, thanks.

sukkran trichy (author) from Trichy/Tamil Nadu on June 30, 2012:

@anonymous: dear jewel. this is a rare variety in our country it is familiar for a soft, pulpy flesh texture. these type of mangoes are widely used in food processing, usually unripe mangoes are used in pickles and chutneys. i think you can use your turpentine mangoes to make juices, smoothies, ice cream, etc. etc. thanks for writing.

anonymous on June 24, 2012:

I have a turpentine mango tree. Mangoes are falling approximately 20 a day from this tree. I have given several away. I want too know how to use these types of mangoes in recipes. I've looked on the Internet but they are specifying the other mangoes you can slice. You can't slice these! They are juicy and very good. Please give me suggestions on how I can keep them as long as possible.

DecoratingMom411 on June 23, 2012:

I absolutely love mangoes. I haven't heard of mango pickles though, I'll give it a try.

anonymous on June 22, 2012:

I see this mouth watering delight has the new wood theme which is perfect, it looks like the mangos are brought to you in a wooded crate. I was here over a year ago and remember learning so much, especially how to properly cut a mango...will have to put one on my grocery list!

justDawn1 on June 20, 2012:

WOW! I've never heard of Mango Pickles! May have to give it a try! Sounds intriguing !

Camden1 on June 15, 2012:

My kids love mangoes, but they've never had a fresh one off the tree.

mel-kav on June 09, 2012:

I love mangos! I've been spoiled by mangos fresh off the tree - I can't find nice fresh ripe ones in the grocery stores!

Chuck Nelson from California on June 06, 2012:

Mangos are my favorite fruit by far!

thingz1 on June 05, 2012:

There's nothing better than a sweet, ripe yellow mango.

natural_treatments_for_diabetes on June 05, 2012:

love mango

Adriana from New Market on June 05, 2012:

I LOVE mangoes! Wish I lived in a country where they grew naturally: I could love for weeks on just mango!

GabStar on June 05, 2012:

We love mangoes so much we have a tree!

AnimalHouse on May 25, 2012:

I love mangoes. They're sweet an refreshing fruits, perfect for summer.

Darla Dixon on April 16, 2012:

Thank you, the video has been really helpful. I bought 2 mangoes today and I didn't have any idea how to prepare them. Thank you.

srsddn lm on April 05, 2012:

Very well done lens. I enjoy eating mangoes specially in the seasons. The best part is that one gets many varieties one after the other for a number of months.

queenofduvetcover on March 03, 2012:

I love eating mango's! Very informative lens =)

Jethro from Philippines on February 11, 2012:

I love eating mangoes as dessert. Love this fruit very much! :)

Beverly Rodriguez from Albany New York on February 05, 2012:

I was introduced to mangos through my husband, and have enjoyed them ever since.Plus, I've been cutting my mango right!

BEDDING-SETS on January 14, 2012:

Mango is one of our favorites fruits, when we can get it.

anonymous on December 27, 2011:

I love mangoes. You have a great lens, looking for new recipes.

scss on December 24, 2011:

Well, mangoes and bananas are my favourite fruits... oh, and rock melon, and honeydew, .... and I like grapes, love mandarins... oh dear, I guess the mango will just have to be content with being one of my favorites! I'm lucky that in Australia I get to have an abundance of affordable luxury fruits like these

Miha Gasper from Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU on December 11, 2011:

You made great tribute to king of the fruits. But wait! That means banana a queen? Thumbs up!

gamecheathub on October 19, 2011:

Nothing beats a delicious Mango on a hot summer day. My favorite part of this lens is the country breakdown of who produces the most. Really informative lens!

hamshi5433 on September 30, 2011:

I love Sri-Lankan mangoes are so yummy and smells delicious as well. there's one called `vilat` or something that one is my most favourite mango type ever.

bames24 lm on August 13, 2011:

I love mangoes... in the Philippines while I was living there, I remember eating raw green mangoes sprinkled with salt and some of the native "bagoong"... I love ripe mangoes too :)

CruiseReady from East Central Florida on July 19, 2011:

I really like them! And I love for my overweight hubby to eat them because they are good for what ails him. (diabetes, for one thing)

elsiehui on June 15, 2011:

Mangos are good, but watermelon is better! :) Great Lens! Guess what? Watermelons are in season now!

miaponzo on June 14, 2011:

I never had a mango until I came to Kuwait, but I LOVE LOVE LOVE Them now!!!

Jen from Canada on May 21, 2011:

I hate to admit this I've never eaten a mango before unless in juice. I think I will have to pick some up next time at the grocery store.

anonymous on May 14, 2011:

I love mangoes but don't get them often enough because of the cost. I certainly learned a lot about cutting them properly and how easy! My mouth was watering all the way through the video! Nicely done! You will have the world wanting mangoes for sure.

anonymous on May 14, 2011:

Terrific lens! the first time I've tasted mango, its like heaven in my mouth! Thanks so much for sharing this lens!

Bercton1 on May 12, 2011:

It one of my favourite fruit..very creative lens

Harshitha LM on May 11, 2011:

King of fruits Mango is my favorite too..

akumar46 lm on May 11, 2011:

Mango is my favorite fruit.I love mango.Nice lens on mango.

sukkran trichy (author) from Trichy/Tamil Nadu on May 11, 2011:

@anonymous: thank you my friend. corrected the typo.

anonymous on May 11, 2011:

Awesome lens about mango.. my friend :) I love mango as my favorite fruit all the time. 5 stars for your hard work here. Have a wonderful time.. my friend :)PS: Feel you've to check out about the question of the poll.. Do You Love Monges?I think you mean .. Do You Love Mangoes?

masunyoananda on May 11, 2011:

I love mangoes....there's another recipe of green mangoes we make here in Mauritius...we call it 'kutcha'...same spices as pickles........great lens...thanks for sharing.............

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