Updated date:

Types of Farming in India

Farmers working in Agricultural Lands

Farmers working in Agricultural Lands

Agriculture in India

In India, there are two main agricultural seasons in a year. The Kharif season or the summer season; and The Rabi season or the Winter season.

The Kharif season starts in June when the South-West monsoon starts. Seeds are sown in June and July and crops are harvested in September and October. Crops which require large quantities of water are cultivated during the Kharif season. The main Kharif crops are rice, sugar-cane, jute, cotton, tobacco, maize etc. These crops cover 65% of total cultivated area.

The Rabi Season starts in the middle of October when the south-west monsoon retreats and the north-east Monsoon begins. Seeds are sown in October and crops are harvested in March and April. Generally, crops which require less water are grown during the rabi season. The main rabi crops are wheat, barley, gram, mustard, linseed etc. These crops require cooler conditions and less moisture Rabi crops account for 33% of cropped area.

Besides the above two groups of crops, there are certain crops which are grown throughout the year in all parts of the country under artificial irrigation, they are called zaid crops. The chief Zaid crops are rice, maize, melons, groundnut, water melons, cucumber, leafy and tuber vegetables etc.

types-of-farming-in-india

Dry Farming

Dry farming is a system under which farming is carried on in the regions where the rainfall is scanty i.e. less than 50 Cm annually and where irrigation facilities are either absent or very little. It is followed in Gujarat, Rajasthan, South Punjab, Northern Maharashtra; Generally, single-cropping is practised under this system. Under this system, only those crops which can withstand drought conditions, such as Jowar and Bajra are grown.

types-of-farming-in-india

Humid Farming

Humid Farming is a system of farming practised in regions where the rainfall is adequate i.e. between 100 Cm to 200 Cm without the help of irrigation. It is followed in the West Coast, West Bengal, Parts of Bihar, U.P and Assam. Under this system, generally, double cropping (i.e. growing of two crops in a year on the same land) is practised. Rice, Sugarcane, jute etc. are cultivated under this system.

types-of-farming-in-india

Irrigation Farming

Irrigation farming is a system of farming under which crops are grown with the help of irrigation i.e. supply of water from rivers, reservoirs, tanks, wells to land for cultivation in regions of seasonal or low rainfall. It is followed in Western U.P., Punjab, Haryana, parts of Bihar, Orissa, A.P., Tamil Nadu, Karnataka etc. Under this system, multiple or double cropping is practiced. A large variety of crops, such as rice, sugarcane, cotton, wheat, tobacco etc. are grown under this system.

types-of-farming-in-india

Shifting Cultivation

Shifting cultivation means the migratory subsistence farming. Under this system, a plot of land is cultivated for a few years and then, when the crop yield declines because of soil exhaustion and the effects of pests and weeds, is deserted for another area. Here the ground is again cleared by slash-and-burn methods, and the procedure is repeated. Shifting cultivation is predominant in the forest areas of Assam (Known as jhum), Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunchal Predesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh (Podu). Rainfed rice, Maize, buck wheat, small millets, root crops and vegetables are grown on the burnt over clearings.

types-of-farming-in-india

Plantation Farming

Plantation farming means the cultivation of a single cash crop in plantations or estates (large areas of land) on a large scale. The farming is carried on with the help of technically advanced methods of cultivation and tools. The tea plantations of Assam and West Bengal, coffee plantations of Karnataka, Kerala & Tamil Nadu and rubber plantations of Kerala are the examples of Plantation farming in India.


types-of-farming-in-india

Single, Double and Multiple Cropping

Single cropping also known as mono-cropping or mono-culture is a system of farming under which the cultivators grow one crop from the lands during the year. It is generally undertaken in those areas where soil and climatic conditions are most favourable for the production of a particular crop only. Example: Tea, Coffee, etc.

Double cropping is a system under which two crops are raised by the farmers from the same plot of land during the year. It is practiced in densely populated countries where soil and climatic conditions favor the cultivation of two crops during the year. Example: Rice.

Multiple cropping is a system under which the farmer grown more than two crops from the same plot of land during the year. It is a highly intensive system of farming. For the success of this system, the soils must be cultivated intensively by providing scientific fertilizers, better seeds and regular water supply through irrigation. Example: Cotton, tobacco, vegetables.

types-of-farming-in-india

Mixed Cropping

Mixed cropping means the cultivation of more than one crop simultaneously on the same piece of land. The two crops are sown together but harvested at different times because the growth period of the plants of the different crop varies. Early maturing crops are mixed with groundnut, cotton or pulses which mature late. The crops are so mixed that soil nutrients removed by some are replaced by others, at least partly.

Arable Farming

It is a system under which the farms are used only for the cultivation of crops i.e. food crops and cash crops. Mixed farming is a system under which the lands used not only for the cultivation of crops, but also for other purposes, such as stock-raising, poultry farming, sericulture, bee-keeping etc.

types-of-farming-in-india

Crop Rotation

The system of farming by which different crops are alternately grown on the same land in a specific order. Among the advantages of a rotation are the more effective control of weeds, pests & diseases and the more economical utilisation of soil fertility. For example, leguminous crops like pulses are grown alternately with wheat, barley or mustard.

types-of-farming-in-india
types-of-farming-in-india

Articles on Agriculture

  • Types of Agriculture
    Agriculture is one of the most widespread activities in the world, but its character is not uniform throughout. A number of scholars have attempted to identify various types of agriculture.
  • Types of Farming in India
    In India, different physical, climatic and soil conditons led to different types of agricultural practices. Humid Farming, Irrigation Farming, Dry Farming, etc...
  • Agriculture and Importance of Agriculture
    Agriculture is one of the most important primary activities of man and it is the basis of food supply of the entire population of the world. Agriculture is very closely related the environmental conditions prevailing in an area.
  • Effects of Agriculture
    Agriculture had set in motion a series of events that completely changed human culture and altered the natural environment.It supplied enough food to make it possible for larger groups of people to live in smaller areas.

Comments

maggie67 on January 06, 2019:

Very nice website ! I love it :)

Kajal mehta on July 14, 2018:

Wow! It is very useful for me and all students.

pratik sr on February 14, 2018:

this is very informative

now i can do my school project easily!!!

Rohan sharma on June 19, 2017:

Thanxxxxx it is very beneficial for me to complete my project

nitika on June 17, 2017:

good

Annanya on November 13, 2015:

thanks it is really helpful

rohini d zade on November 03, 2015:

very very good information

uday on October 20, 2015:

very useful to my younger brother

sumaiya on September 03, 2015:

very help full for me and to my sisters

archana bala on July 02, 2015:

very helpful for me

archana bala on July 02, 2015:

very helpful for me

darshan.v.gowda on June 16, 2015:

Very useful for all the kids or adults

vishal on June 06, 2015:

very very axcilent

akansha on May 24, 2015:

clear information

yashaswini on May 11, 2015:

good information

Green lover on April 21, 2015:

what I wanted to share is it help me to learn more and more on my studies plus helping me to direct even to other friends.who did not turn up on this page.

Shreeya on February 05, 2015:

A great help in doing my Geo project.Thank u.

pawan mehta on January 31, 2015:

Very useful...nice article.

nardeep on November 26, 2014:

excellent info

Rohan singh on October 04, 2014:

It helped me a lot its nice

Rupesh pawar on June 11, 2014:

Woo, this suit is very helpful to us. I spend my more time for searching an answer but I finally got my answer this situ.

srikanth on May 07, 2014:

thank you for your valuable information

Harsh on January 01, 2014:

Nice article and the information that helped me a lot......

prajwal rs on December 30, 2013:

superb!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! i got what i needed in this wonderful page

Anjana on December 01, 2013:

i got a help from this to do my social project!!.........

sachin on November 11, 2013:

nice page i am like most article of this page

sharmela on October 16, 2013:

it is very useful for us student

Abdul Malik on October 12, 2013:

superb

gth on September 28, 2013:

it was helpful in my school projject

Marco De Luca on September 06, 2013:

Found this website very useful

Pooja venkatesan on August 27, 2013:

Its good It helped me to do my geography project

vanishree on August 17, 2013:

it is very useful

Manu on July 26, 2013:

This is very nice. I got all the information what I need

lemon on July 23, 2013:

this article was really helpful

HARDIK on June 10, 2013:

NICE PAGE..

Aditya on May 21, 2013:

thanxxxx it was very helpful

prerna on May 19, 2013:

i like this page

prathiba on May 04, 2013:

this article was nice and very useful for my project

sara on May 03, 2013:

good info. thank u.......

Ankitha Kapur on February 20, 2013:

THANKS! I got the required information from this page for my SCIENCE project!

archana on February 16, 2013:

i like it too much . it is very helpful for students

SUNIT SEBASTIAN on February 11, 2013:

thank u vary much now i can cut copy past

Dilip Chandra (author) from India on January 18, 2013:

Thank you Peggy W for reading the hub and commenting.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on January 17, 2013:

It is interesting to know about the different types of farming in India. Similar things are done world wide all depending upon what resources are available (available water + conditions of soil) and climate together with available manpower and machinery in which to work the land. Voted up.

Rojin on December 30, 2012:

ya,It is very good

tanvi kulkarni on December 29, 2012:

very good information , it is helping me in studies

kritica on November 15, 2012:

very good info but not got that i want

sahana on November 13, 2012:

very nice, i got all the information what i need

yukta on November 11, 2012:

it is very good, and i got all the information what i need.

simran on November 01, 2012:

i like it very much because through this we can get information

carta on October 27, 2012:

nice !!!! BUT

India even practices intensive farming .

manisha puja on October 27, 2012:

very good

gara preethi sharon on October 25, 2012:

thankxx for the information

nakhash on October 25, 2012:

thankyou for the information ,for my science seminar

kritika on September 07, 2012:

i like it

anjana on August 21, 2012:

so goood i got all the information i need

priyanka salvi on August 19, 2012:

This is very nice i got all information from this site . amaziiiiiiiiiiiiig.

monika on July 30, 2012:

a wonderful site and sufficient information now i get the idea of cropping pattern

aashi on July 19, 2012:

thankyou for this wonderful site....

janvi on July 12, 2012:

i like this page

raj on July 09, 2012:

i am very lucky

ravindra on July 08, 2012:

this is sufficient information to get idea of cropping pattern in india.... thank u....

Abhinav (cps)chennai on July 07, 2012:

i got each and every thing from it

govind singh rathore on June 29, 2012:

This was the best article for my project i looking from so many days

MANSI on June 25, 2012:

great information ..... this is exactly what one needs ,the information is so clear and easy to read.

danya on June 20, 2012:

clearlyyyyyy & lovely infrmation!!!!!!!!!!!!! guuddddddd

xyz on June 07, 2012:

thanks man; I got what I wanted:

naveen kumar on May 28, 2012:

very useful to slow and new cultivators

yogesh on May 25, 2012:

nice

stuti on May 24, 2012:

so clearly verified !!!!!!!!!

nitish on May 17, 2012:

it is really nice

kartavya on May 15, 2012:

good info

sriprad on May 07, 2012:

this is the best page in indian agriculture

heenaparmar on May 02, 2012:

try to put some more but the rmaning is useful well done.

saloni tater on April 17, 2012:

wow,this site is so useful.i was trying for half an hour but now from this site i get my answer..now i can make my project

Aditi Singh on February 16, 2012:

ohhh i willl be soo gratefull to this site ... tommorow is my project and i got what i wanted soooo gratefull thanking u .......

vishakha on February 14, 2012:

this site has very great info

i got what i want

Yagini Malhotra on February 11, 2012:

This info was really helpful...... Never knew soo many different types of farms were grown in India...... Where did you get all this info from????...... Next time learn to site your sources!!!!!

Fitsum M. on February 01, 2012:

It was nice i got what i need.

teo on February 01, 2012:

this site is great very helps

malongding engti on December 21, 2011:

great.................i got what i need in this page....

sree on December 01, 2011:

it is good as a river and so clear as its water

anam on November 30, 2011:

its nice to see in india so much of agriculture in india

Mugdha Jain on November 29, 2011:

Thank You for the information.it helped me very much in my school project.

billips from Central Texas on November 23, 2011:

I enjoyed this article very much - it's always nice to learn something new - well written -B.

eeshan on September 28, 2011:

nice website