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Types Of Cakes

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A cake is often described as a sweet dish, often baked, that represents celebration and happiness. For centuries people have been making cakes on special occasions to represent their joys.

Today however cake is not only just a symbol of celebration but also a common dessert followed by a meal. As baking a cake today is simple and easy as compared to the past when there was no such thing as electric beaters, ovens etc.

A typical cake generally includes: sugar to give it a sweet taste, yeast or baking powder or bi carbonate of soda as the rising material, flour and eggs as binding materials and butter to make it moist.

As far as the types of cakes are concerned, there are nearly hundreds of different varieties of cakes today, each with a distinct taste, texture and flavor. But if we are to classify cakes into different types then cakes can be simply divided into two main types:

Pink Foam Cake

Pink Foam Cake

  • Foam Cakes

    These cakes are generally called the low fat cake as they include no or vey less amount of butter (fat) in them. These cakes are usually light, fluffy and slightly moist if some butter is used.

    They include a large quantity of eggs and in some varieties even the flour is not used. A liquid such as milk or a fruit juice or even melted jam is usually a component of these cakes.

    The foam cakes include sponge cakes, chiffon cakes, angel food cakes etc.
Butter Cake

Butter Cake

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  • Butter Cakes

    These cakes are also called the cream cakes. These cakes include a lot of butter and are very moist and firm. Eggs are also used but their quantity is less as compared to the foam cakes.

    The butter cakes are usually topped with thick icings or are heaped with whipped cream. There are many varieties of butter cakes but mostly the birthday cakes are the butter cakes. Examples include: devil’s food cake, marble cake, butter cake, chocolate mud cake etc.

The foam cakes and the butter cakes can be made into various delicious varieties some of which are given below:

The Sponge Cakes

Sponge cakes are light and fluffy cakes which are quite simple to make. They can be called as the foam cakes as a very less quantity of butter is used in their making. In fact in most of its recipes butter is not used at all and if used, is added in a very small quantity only to make the cake slightly moist.

A typical sponge cake simply includes eggs, self raising flour, milk and some cream or jam for frosting but no butter. 

Genoise sponge cake

Genoise sponge cake

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Angel food cake with strawberies

Angel food cake with strawberies

Chocolate peanut butter cake

Chocolate peanut butter cake

There are two types of sponge cakes:

  • The sponge cakes in which the eggs are separated, the whites are beaten separately and the yolks are beaten with sugar. The two are then combined together using a metal spoon.
  • The genoise sponge cakes in which the eggs are not separated but are beaten a whole with sugar. The geneoise sponge cakes include a little vegetable oil or butter, so are moist.
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The Angel Food Cakes

The Angel food cakes are totally fat less.

They do not include even a trace of butter in them hence they are the foam cakes. The angel food cakes are made of egg whites, sugar, cream and flour. The egg yolks are not used at all.

The sugar in this cake is added not only to make it sweet but also to stabilize the egg white proteins and to counterbalance the effect of flour and the whites.

The angel food cakes are very light and fluffy and cannot be stored for long and must be eaten fresh.

The Butter Cake

Butter cake is, as the name suggests, a simple variety of the type butter cakes.

This cake is very moist and includes a large quantity of butter.

A typical butter cake recipe includes caster sugar, 2-3 lightly beaten eggs, and a lot of butter (125-130gm), self raising flour and milk.

The butter cake is topped with a thick icing of butter cream made of butter and icing sugar.

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    The Asian cuisine is famous for its uniqueness and diversity. It consists of a variety of dishes each representing the different cultures of this colorful continent.
Strawberry Meringue Cake

Strawberry Meringue Cake

Meringue Cakes

These cakes are topped with self baked light meringues which are made of egg whites and sugar.

Typically a light foam cake, such as a simple fruit cake or a chiffon cake is topped with meringue.

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Nuvi on April 19, 2020:


talilotu on May 07, 2012:

this is the most looking good cake ever it looks so dilicious

Prince on April 20, 2012:

I like this an will want to know more . I am a chef an will want to work you.

shAnAiL:)) on March 06, 2012:


armida vesmanos on March 05, 2012:

u have a wonderful pictures of your masterpiece in the field of cake baking....tnx 4 the inspiration!!!

Abiodun tope samson on February 28, 2012:

What re d proper way of making cake.

rheylene on February 22, 2012:


nuella on February 20, 2012:

the cakes are colorful and nice

troy form philipines on February 15, 2012:

ilike because its sweet and delicius beautiful desing

remie basilio on February 14, 2012:

it is a very good you can understand what is the types of a cake

airene_christine on January 30, 2012:

thanks for the information!

Because of that, I have my assignment!

Thank u!

joyjoven on January 30, 2012:

wow!!!!yammy so delicios very yammy and sweet

cyrus on January 29, 2012:

like it

karen tan on January 20, 2012:

thanks a lot of the information....

Neha on January 13, 2012:

thx hub! for the knowledge

glorylyn on January 11, 2012:

tnx im disappointed of that but its joke.....................jejejejejejejejejejeejejeje

im hungry of that dessert can i be ur follower

ToT on January 06, 2012:

Nyc...... it help me a lot!!!

amoula on December 28, 2011:

thinks hassan for those cakes very delecieus

shantoya on December 07, 2011:

chocolate cake are di bes a love it!!!!!! on November 22, 2011:

what can I use for preservation of my cake, and how will it be use

elaine on November 19, 2011:

this pictures are so sweet,.,.,.,.,,.,.,.,.,,,.,.,.,.,.,.,this were very delicious

Koggala w on November 04, 2011:

very nise , send me some more recipes

usha on November 03, 2011:

i like it every much

magodis from Colombo, Sri Lanka on October 14, 2011:

nice hub. Wishes

ayesha on September 17, 2011:

it,s gud

ederale anyimiah on August 30, 2011:

delicious cakes.thanks for this hub

Jhoan on June 25, 2011:

.tnx. for this hub.

it sure helps me in doing my home work!!


aljun on June 07, 2011:

me to i like cakes

meVsim from istanbul on May 25, 2011:

i love cakes ! thanks for this hub.

NicoleSmith on May 13, 2011:

Very delicious photos!:D Thanks for sharing this hub. You make me even hungrier with cakes, Hassam.

hassam (author) from Pakistan on April 04, 2011:

Glad, that my hub made you smile. :) Thank you!

Simone Haruko Smith from San Francisco on April 04, 2011:

You just made me very, very happy. Thank you hassam. Thank you very much.

Kemzy... on March 29, 2011:

I love it...nice.

hassam (author) from Pakistan on March 19, 2011:

Thanks for reading! :)

Emma from Houston TX on March 19, 2011:

Great hub with colorful pics of different types of cake which I've seen before but don't know their names.Thanks for teaching me.

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