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Pineapple Cultivation Farming

Robert is an Agribusiness Consultant, who studied Agribusiness Management

Pineapple Cultivation

Pineapple Cultivation

Pineapple Cultivation

Pineapple cultivation is becoming more profitable business in different countries in the world because of it mult-use. It is a perennial plant that produces multi-fruits and it requires an optimal temperature of 15.6 °C to 32.2 °C to give optimal yield. Pineapple has Vitamin A and C, and has good flavour and taste. It grows to a height of a range of 50 to100 cm. The Pineapple performs well in different soils provided the soil has right moisture content, good drainage and aeration. The optimum soil pH for growing pineapple is known to be in a range of 5.0 to 6.0. This article will give in detail on how to grow Pineapple for optimal performance.


Pineapple Cultivars

Pineapple cultivars are vegetatively propagated and for this reason they are called "clone" and these clones are classified into 4 types which are; Pernambuco, Cayenne, Queen and Spanish. Large scale farmers who are in commercial business, most of them grow Cayenne.


Adaptability

Climatic requirements

Pineapple performs well in tropical and subtropical areas, and has an optimal temperature requirement of 21 °C to 27 °C with a relative humidity in a range of 70 to 80%.

Rainfall

Pineapples require well distributed annual rainfall in a range of 1200 to 1500mm and this is mostly the case in tropical and subtropical regions.

Soil

Pineapples do well in acidic soils having an optimal range of 5.0 to 6.5. They do well on clay sandy soil with good drainage and aeration. You can use soil management techniques to improve your soil to match the optimal requirement.


Cultural Practices

Soil preparation

Make sure the soil is well tilled in preparation for Pineapple planting. You can prepare the land manually using a hoe. After tillage, it is recommended to add manure to improve soil fertility for optimal performance. If the soil where you want to grow your Pineapple is prone to nematodes, make sure you fumigate the soil or treat the soil with nematicide. If the soil where you want to grow your Pineapple has poor drainage, make sure you prepare raised fieldbeds at least 20 cm in height.

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Planting

Make sure you use suckers and slips for planting to be able to harvest your Pineapple earlier since they produce flowers early than a crown. Each slip can be in the size range of 45 to 50 cm and each sucker can be in a range of 55 to 60 cm.

Plant population

The recommended plant population for Pineapples per hectare is 58,700 plants.

Mulching

In commercial Pineapple production, 90 centimeters wide black polyethylene mulch is used.

Fertilizer

For optimal performance, Pineapple requires application of fertilizers to supplement its nutrient requirements. You can apply fertilizer to supplement it with nitrogen (N), potassium (K), and iron (Fe), but make sure any application of fertilizer is done after soil analysis is conducted to know the right amount of fertilizer and quantity to apply. You can apply 75 kg of phosphorus fertilizer per hectare but Pineapple requires more nitrogen fertilizer than phosphorus. It is recommended to apply N-P-K fertilizer for optimal production.

Irrigation

Make sure your soil has right required moisture when growing your Pineapple. In case of low moisture content, make sure you supplement water through Irrigation. The recommended type of Irrigation method to use is drip system, however, you can also use any other type of Irrigation system provided the soil will reach the optimal moisture content. In the absence of rainfall, make sure you Irrigation 47,000 to 94,000 litters of water in one hectare per week. During Irrigation make sure that the soil does not turn into waterlogging.


Weed Control

Make sure your Pineapple field is free from weeds, you can control weeds manually or mechanically, however, in most larger scale production, weeds are commonly controlled by black plastic mulch. In case you want to use herbicides to control the weeds, make sure you follow all the written instructions.


Earthing up

Make sure you provide supportive material to your Pineapple plant so that it can not lodged in case of heavy wind since its roots is shallow and cannot support itself.


Harvesting

Make sure you harvest your Pineapples in 15 to 18 months after planting day. Pineapples flowing starts at 10 to 12 months. Harvesting is done with a sharp knife by cutting matured and ripe Pineapple.

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