Robert is an Agribusiness Consultant, who studied Agribusiness Management
Mushroom Production Farming
Mushroom growing is becoming one of the most profitable business nowadays due to the sophisticated horticultural technologies which are applied which makes the operation more efficient. The raw materials which are used for producing Mushroom, which among others, include stable bedding, wheat straw, stable poultry litter, has a little scientific technology, which needs to be looked at for better yield. Mushroom is a fungus and it's growing requires more technical knowledge. Nowadays a lot of people, both rural, semi-urban and urban homeowners, are interested in producing Mushroom both on a large scale and on medium or small scale basis at their home and are ready to learn the process in various online means. This article will provide in detail on how to grow Mushroom indoor and it provides the knowledge gap which you have on how to grow your Mushroom indoor. Mushroom has low fat and calories, but are rich in fibre.
Growing Mushroom indoors, take less time for them to be ready for home meal use or for marketing, unlike in outdoors, this is so because when you grow indoors, you can easily control some environmental conditions necessary for optimal results. To get started with Mushroom cultivation process, take note that the first step is to choose the type of Mushroom which you want to grow indoors and this is a most critical decision which you as a farmer now must make. To answer your question on the type of Mushroom which is easy and good to grow under indoor management, the following is easy to grow and commonly grown Mushroom under indoors; Oyster Mushrooms, Shitake and white Mushrooms.
Shitakes grow and give better yield on hardwood sawdust while Oyster Mushrooms need to be grown on straw or coffee to give the best results.The point which you must be aware is that all the three types of Mushroom Oyster Mushrooms, Shitake and white Mushrooms, can be grown on sawdust or in straw. Spawn is like plant seedlings that facilitates Mushroom growth.
1. Buy Mushroom Spawn
After choosing the type of Mushroom to grow based on your personal preferences, make sure you buy Mushroom spawn, this spawn is a type of sawdust which is permeated with Mushroom mycelia, which is the root structure of fungus. The spawn act like Mushroom plant seedlings that facilitates Mushroom growth. Some retailer sells spores, which need more time and effort to grow so make sure you buy spawn which is easy to grow.
2. Sterilize the Growing Substrate
Whether the Mushroom is grown in sawdust or straw at home, it is recommended to sterilize the mediums before inoculating it with the spawn. This process will involve killing any microorganisms that may compete with the mycelia. After buying the spawn, the next step is to sterilize the substrate and you can do this by using a microwave. Place it in a container and add a litle water, and this will make you have a sawdust or straw dump and put this in a microwave and heat it on high flame in a container. The heating can stop after the added water boil up and this could take two minutes or more and the purpose for doing this is to kill microorganisms and this will make it safe for the substrate to receive the mycelia.
3. Heat the Substrate
After sterilizing the substrate, the next step is to heat the substrate so the mycelia is able to spread. It is recommended for the mycelia to be thoroughly spread into the substrate before the Mushrooms are produced. A warm temperature is required to accelerate the growth. After this process, place the substrate which is suitable for Mushroom in a shallow pan which has large surface area which provide enough room for Mushroom to grow. After this, make sure you add the spawn into a substrate using a sterilized utensil and then place it in a heated pan having an ideal temperature of 21 °C as required for the growing Mushroom. After this, make sure you leave it there for three weeks and you can as well place it in any dark place which is warm and this will enable the mycelia to permeate into the substrate.
4. Put the Substrate in an Appropriate Environment
After 14 days, make sure you check the substrate to see if it has been colonized fully. It is recommended to cover substrate with a white fuzzy if it is grown at home and this can be done in 14 to 28 days. After this, make sure you move the pan into a dark and cool temperature environment if the substrate is already colonized.
5. Harvest the Mushrooms
After 3 weeks small Mushrooms become visible, still more a dark, cool temperature place should be maintained. The place should have a right moisture content as well. Mushroom can be plucked by using hand figures.