Skip to main content

Facts about Olive Trees and Olive Oil

Devika enjoys sharing her work with a friendly community. Writing opens the mind. I live in a foreign country learned a foreign language .

Oldest Olive tree is 1500 years old

Olive trees are scared and the leaves are a symbol of peace.

I call olive oil ''Liquid gold''. Olive oil is a natural product in the Mediterranean region. Comes from Olive trees and is grown widely in the region. Croatian producers produce olive oil in limited quantities.

Istria has its climate position in growing olive trees. The soil is favourable and has been for many centuries dating back to 50 AD. Ancient Greeks and Romans were pleased with Istrian olive oil.

Olive oil mills have expanded to more than twenty and produce at least 450 tons of olive oil in the region of Istria. This counts for ten per cent of Croatian olive oil production.

I learned Dalmatian olive oil was declared in the 19th century a better olive oil than the French and Italian olive oil.

The growing of olive trees began in Dalmatia, in the city of Split. In 1312, 6 olive trees were planted in the vineyard. In the 19th century, the tasting of wines began in Dalmatia and this was a superb start to competition in wine and olive oil.

Back then Croatia was part of the Austria-Hungary empire. The agriculture ministry allowed for the farming of olives to be developed in this region.

This was taken seriously to continue planting olive groves in the Dalmatian region. Olive trees planted and oiling grew for many centuries and quality was created and this is a special part about Croatia.

Croatia has since grown their success in growing olive trees and producing the best olive oil among other countries such as Spain, Portugal, and Greece. In this competition, Croatia had received 12 gold medals.

We have 140 olive trees and produce a few litres annually.

Other people mass-produce and have tons of oil annually. It is what one does for an income supported by Agricultural policies.

You would find the oldest olive trees in the world from the island of Pag.

The island is located on the northernmost part of a small village called Lun. An interesting fact about olive trees to have grown to over a thousand years old. There is one that would surprise you at 1,600 years old and standing among the others of thousand-year-old trees.

Olive groves inherited from forefathers are still growing and bearing fruit. From these old trees, you get one of the best olive oils in the world.

Every variety of olives have a different taste and colour, but I have overheard locals referring to olive oil as, ‘’liquid gold.’’

We have different varieties of olives. Picking olives is what I enjoy best. Olive picking begins in November and ends in January.

I have noticed that not everyone would start olive picking in November. Something has changed in that routine. Most start in October, this could be that olives are plentiful, the change in climate or before bad weather sets in.

Benefits of olive oil

  • I use olive oil to keep my hair looking silky and shiny.
  • Massage olive oil into your scalp and hair the day before you wash your hair.
  • You will see good results from this approach. Your hair and scalp would feel free of dryness.
  • Olive oil is used in salad dressings.
  • A teaspoon of oil each morning can result in a flat tummy.

I had not much of an idea about olive in the past. My knowledge improved after my move to Croatia. It is natural, extracted from healthy olives, and has fourteen per cent saturated fats.

Scroll to Continue

The monounsaturated oleic acid is the predominant fatty acid that is in the olive oil allowing for 73% of the exact total of its content.

A healthy choice of oil for cooking foods.

The extra virgin olive contains Vitamin E and K making it nutritious. It can reduce inflammation and keep other diseases at bay, such as cancer, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and Alzheimer. Also, Arthritis and metabolic syndrome. These diseases can be fought off if you include olive oil in your daily diet.

Olive oil has great value to your health. I massage a drop of olive on my face to prevent dry skin and works wonders for me.

You can cook with olive, but sparingly. I fry steaks with olive oil, but just a teaspoon of olive oil is required. Sometimes I have olive oil, vinegar, and salt mixed and eaten with bread. Is a tasty treat.

Olive oil is regarded as a symbol of peace, serenity, and tranquillity.

It is believed by the ancient Pompei Romans that olive oil is the massaging of hair. A statue has been declared with olive tree branches to worship the dead and to Hercules Olivarius.

A symbol of patience and a symbol of immortality. This sacred olive tree gives powers to kings and priests.

I don’t know if you have seen boughs of olive trees used to crown Olympic champions. It is a power given to all and for moments of peace. The olive tree is believed to be the power for your health.

These are accurate in seeing the longevity of the tree and of the simple and evergreen serrated leaves it has. A tree of hope, resistance and olive oil is an aphrodisiac to the Greeks.

The first oil milled for the year oil is used in the Greek tradition as an antidote to sterility. In most of the Mediterranean regions, olive oil is a source of income. The varieties of olives are in different sizes.


A variety of olives accounts for 60% of its variance along the Croatian coast. This type of olive is perfect for canning and sweet, soft, to eat in seafood cuisines.


  • The Lastovka olives are grown on the island of Korcula.
  • Round shaped trees and grown mostly on this island.
  • The fruit is medium-large in size and elongated.
  • High quality of oil, but has a bitter taste.


An ancient type of olive forms its growth mature trees. The trunk of the olive tree is high and the fruit is small and roundish. The oil of this type of olive has a spicy taste.


Grown on the island of Solta and is another olive type that is well-adapted to its region. The olive tree has a rounded crown bark and the branches are smooth. They call it the ‘’beauty’’ of olive groves. Medium to large fruit and elongated and curled upwards. The oil from this variety is sweet.


You would find Plominka on the island of Cres, Krk, and Istria.

The olive tree has drooping branches, thin and long. The olive is elliptical, making it a large fruit. Oil from this olive is good but has no flavour taste.


Mostly grown in Istria and the olive tree is large. The medium to the large variety in oval shape produces expressed sweetness oil and grows the upright tree.

Istarska Bjelica

This variety of olives is mostly grown in Istria and Kvarner. The branches of the olive tree are dense and grow long and hard unlike the other varieties the branches are softer and the leaves are smoother, also serrated edges on the leaves. The oil has a pungent taste and bitterness too.


The most popular variety in Croatia, a very large fruit, and formed on an umbrella-like tree branch. Everything about olives depends on the soil, climate and temperature factors. The fertilization, irrigation, pruning, diseases, and pests attack the olives in their early stages of growth.

I learned that spider mites can cause damage to olives.

The strength of the tree, the genetics, the variety, the rootstock age, also the lightning storms have a lot to do with how an olive tree survives each year of fruit-bearing.

The fruit ripens in late November and this depends on the pruned or unpruned tree grown in fertile, or infertile soil. Quantity plays an important role and the genus of the tree.

The olive leaf is different in all varieties and in all characteristics.

We had to combat the diseases and pests before fertilizing our ground to allow for the olive trees to start growth. Depending on all factors the olive tree can be the best harvest or none at all for the season.

Olive trees and olives


How to Prune Olive trees

Olive oil facts

Facts about olive oil and olive trees

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Devika Primić


Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 19, 2020:

DreamerMeg Thank you kindly for feedback. I appreciate a new supporter too.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 19, 2020:

Hi Liz thank you for feedback. Olive oil in Croatia is one of the best in Europe. I appreciate your time.

Liz Westwood from UK on November 18, 2020:

Olive oil has become very popular in the UK in recent years, as its health benefits have become more widely known. The imported olives we get in the UK vary a lot in size and quality. The best ones I have ever had were in Seville, Spain, several years ago. This is an excellent article. It includes a lot of interesting information.

DreamerMeg from Northern Ireland on November 18, 2020:

I like olive oil. Occasionally, I drink a teaspoonful of it but have not done for quite some time. Maybe I should start again, as it helps to stop feelings of hunger.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 18, 2020:

MG Singh emge Thank you very much for comment. Olive oil is natural and benefits are helpful for many ailments.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 18, 2020:

emge Thank you very much for comments. Olive oil is one of the best oils and the benefits from this natural oil is helpful for many ailments.

MG Singh emge from Singapore on November 18, 2020:

Nice article, olives have lot health benefits as well.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 18, 2020:

Ankita B Thank you very much and I am pleased you found my hub interesting and enjoyable.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 18, 2020:

Hi Peggy thank you kindly for sharing your feedback on olive oil. I enjoy the process and is fun.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 18, 2020:

Mary Norton Thank you. It is always interesting to know what one knows about olives and olive oil. I appreciate your times.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 18, 2020:

Adrienne Farricelli Thank you for sharing your feedback. I like olive oil in salads and for my hair.

Ankita B on November 17, 2020:

This was an interesting read. I thoroughly enjoyed reading about the olive trees and olive oil.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on November 17, 2020:

We use a lot of olive oil in our home for cooking, dressing salads, etc. I knew that olive trees could live a long time, but had no idea that some live over 1,000 years. You gave many details about the types of olives and their flavor. It must be fun to have your own olive trees and be able to make your own olive oil from them. Thanks for your informative post.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on November 17, 2020:

This is very interesting. I learned so much about the different kinds of olives and the history of its cultivation in Croatia.

Adrienne Farricelli on November 17, 2020:

I was raised in Italy as a child and grew up cooking with olive oil and eating olives. I was super happy when I was told that it is possible to grow olive trees in Arizona. I now look forward to harvest the olives and cure them every fall. Thanks for sharing all the great tips for the uses of olive oil.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 17, 2020:

Chitrangada Sharan Thank you for a kind comment and so interesting to know what you have on your mind. I appreciate your time and enjoy the rest of the week.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 17, 2020:

Raymond Philippe Thank you for sharing your feedback about olive oil. You should try TO visit this part of the world someday.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 17, 2020:

Pamela Oglesby Thank you very much for comments. I enjoy picking olives and is the best time of year. Autumn is a cooler season. I appreciate your time.

Devika Primić (author) from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 17, 2020:

manatita44 thank you for the feedback. I always appreciate your comment and time taken to stop by. Olives are healthy treats and tasty appetizers.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on November 16, 2020:

Great informative article about the olive trees and olive oil. I wasn’t familiar about many details, which you have mentioned in your article. I do use olive oil for cooking and skincare. And olives in a pizza are so delicious.

Thank you for sharing this interesting information.

Raymond Philippe from The Netherlands on November 16, 2020:

I use olive oil every day. In salads, in my yoghurt etcetera because of its health benefits. To be honest Devika, I didn’t know much about its history and benefits, and have never used it for other applications. And I certainly didn’t know you can find olive trees in Croatia.

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on November 16, 2020:

This is such an interesting article, Devika. I didn't know there were so many varieties of olives, and I also didn't know the interesting history. I like olives and we try to use a good quality of the oil in our cooking. I really did learn so much from this article.

manatita44 from london on November 16, 2020:

A wonderful write and the history is interesting. The olives are so enchanting, yet they remind me of grapes. A most beautiful Hub covering the nutritious benefits and virtues of olives. Peace.

Related Articles