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15 Different Types of Cake

Cakes find their place in every home. Some people may like them with a lot of cream; others may prefer them a little airier. Little differences in the recipe bring a lot of change in taste and quality of a cake. No matter one’s preferences, it is necessary to know about the different type of cakes.

Cakes are divided into two main types, butter (also called shortened cake) and foam. The primary difference between them is the amount of fat contained in it. Shortened cakes have butter or oil in them. Foam cakes are lighter with little fat content. Whipped eggs, which may be yolk, egg-white or both, are used to make foam cakes. These two types of cake have many varieties within it. Here is a list of 15 different cake varieties which are most commonly known.

Pound Cake: This cake is so named because a pound each of flour, butter and sugar are used to make it. The texture of this cake is very dense and it does not raise much when baked.


Yellow Butter Cake: This cake often involves creaming the butter and sugar together before adding all the other dry and wet ingredients. Also in a ‘dump’ version, all the ingredients are accumulated in a bowl and mixed together unlike the classic way.


Carrot Cake: This cake is made with oil rather than butter and both baking powder and baking soda is used to raise it. Grated carrots are added, as the name signifies, and this makes it extra moist. This cake is flavored with mellow spices and cream cheese frosting is used.


Red Velvet Cake: Made with either butter or oil, the red velvet cake gets its color from the mixing of buttermilk and cocoa powder. Nowadays, red food coloring is used to reflect the red color of this cake.


Chiffon Cake: This cake is a hybrid of both butter and foam cakes. The addition of butter or oil makes it similar to shortened cake and it is made light and airy by including baking powder and whipped eggs.


Sponge Cake: This cake does not use baking powder or baking soda and get its volume from whipped eggs solely. It can be soaked in flavored syrup with whipped cream and berries at the top. If baked up thin, this cake can be rolled in Buche de Noel.


Genoise Cake: In Italy and France, a sponge cake is also called as a Genoise. Egg whites, yolks and sugar are together mixed well and beaten until mousse-like. Next, either oil or butter and flour are folded in and that’s how this cake is made. This cake is more tender and moist then sponge cake.


Angel Food Cake: This cake is considered to be lightest where no added fats are included and only whipped eggs (whites) are used for leavening. It is baked in a special pan and cooled upside down. This is done so as to maintain the airy texture. Loads of sugars are mixed and this gives us a chewy and sponge-like texture.


Upside Down Cake: It is traditionally made with pineapple but many other fruits can also be used like peaches, plums, blueberries or pears. It is called an upside down cake since the toppings are spread on the bottom of the pan with butter and sugar and after that topped with cake batter. After cooking, the cake is turned and now we get the fruits facing at the top.

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Flourless Cake: This cake includes two versions, baked and unbaked. Baked flourless cakes include cheese cakes or flourless chocolate cake. The bottom of these cakes can get burned and thus they are baked in a special ‘water bath’. Unbaked includes unbaked cheesecakes or mousse.


Devil’s Food Cake: The addition of chocolate in the form of cocoa powder gives this cake a devilish look. The addition of extra baking soda gives rise to more air bubbles and thus the resulting light texture. This cake is frosted with buttercream or chocolate.


Opera Cake: The alternative layers of coffee-soaked almond cake and espresso- flavored butter cream gives this cake a bitter-sweet taste. This pastry looks as delicious as it is and is a showstopper.


Lady Baltimore Cake: The history of this cake is not known for sure but is considered to have originated in the southern region of the United States. This white fluffy cake is layered with nut and fruit filling and frosted with soft meringue.


Hummingbird Cake: This cake is flavored with banana, pineapple, warm spices, pecans etc and is an oil cake. First prepared in Jamaica, this cake was originally called ‘Doctor Bird Cake’.


Fruit Cake: Although this cake is most common and is often loathed, still one can hardly deny its delicious taste. It is full of dried and candied fruit, spices and nuts. The cake is next soaked in a spirit once it’s cooked.


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.


Ankita B (author) on October 09, 2020:

Thank you very much Lora for your lovely comments. Yes sponge cakes can be tricky to make. I am so happy that you enjoyed reading this article. I appreciate your comments.

Lora Hollings on October 09, 2020:

Wow! This article really put me in the mood for cake. You did a wonderful job at covering such a sweet topic, Ankita. I love both the lighter and heavier cakes. I used to make sponge cakes and they can be tricky. You have to get just the right consistency for the eggs so it will rise to the proper height. Another one of my favorites is the Genoise and the Lady Baltimore is heavenly with the fruit filling and meringue topping. But, my favorite is German Chocolate with it's frosting of pecans and coconut. I love your images too. I think today I will make a cake. Cheers!

Ankita B (author) on October 08, 2020:

I am delighted to know that you enjoyed reading this article, Rosina. Thank you so much for your lovely comments. Devil's Food Cake is my favourite too.

Rosina S Khan on October 08, 2020:

I like the varieties of cakes you have demonstrated in this article along with the beautiful illustrations. Devil Food Cake is my favorite because I love dark chocolate, which is in fact good for health. Thank you so much for the wonderful article about cake varieties, which brought water to my mouth, Ankita. LOL!

Ankita B (author) on October 04, 2020:

Thank you so much Nithya. I truly appreciate your lovely comments and your visit.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on October 03, 2020:

I enjoyed reading about the different cakes, the photos are awesome! Now I feel like eating cake.

Ankita B (author) on October 01, 2020:

Thank you Dora for your lovely comments. I truly appreciate your visit.

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on October 01, 2020:

It's great to be able to identify the cakes by their names. I know the carrot and red velvet cakes because they are my favorites but there is no cake that I don't like.

Ankita B (author) on September 05, 2020:

Thank you Devika for your lovely comments. Yes most of the cakes are delicious for me as well. I appreciate your comments.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on September 05, 2020:

Ankita B Thank you for following me. It is great to have new follower. I like all the cakes and it looks attractive. I had the velvet cake was delicious and the carrot is too. Most of the cakes are delicious for me.

Ankita B (author) on July 24, 2020:

Oh no I am not so good in that field but I think of trying it. Thank you so much Abby for your lovely comments and for the visit. I truly appreciate it.

Abby Slutsky from America on July 24, 2020:

Your pictures and descriptions were great. I am assuming you are a fellow baker. I have a bakery business and always enjoy seeing what others are doing with their desserts.

Liza from USA on July 15, 2020:

You're welcome, Ankita.

Ankita B (author) on July 14, 2020:

Thank you so much Liza for your lovely comments. Appreciated as always. Glad you enjoyed reading this article.

Ankita B (author) on July 14, 2020:

I appreciate your lovely comments Prithviraj. Thank you and keep coming to read my hubs.

Liza from USA on July 14, 2020:

I love cakes! I lost count how many times I have baked cakes but, I'm up for something new every time. From your list, my favorite is a sponge cake and fruit cake. Thanks for sharing the yummy list, Ankita.

Prithviraj Shirole from India on July 14, 2020:

Delicious information on all the cakes. I like chocolate and coffee cakes, hence i enjoyed reading Devil’s Food Cake and Opera Cake. After reading about Hummingbird cake, I am going to try it for its amazing ingredients. Thanks a lot for this amazing information on all the lovely cakes.

Ankita B (author) on July 13, 2020:

Thank you very much Bhavna.

Bhavna from India on July 13, 2020:

Wow loved it !

Ankita B (author) on July 13, 2020:

I really appreciate your lovely comments Chitrangada. Glad you enjoyed reading this article. Thank you for sharing your thoughts.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on July 13, 2020:

Great article to showcase the different types of cakes.

I love baking, and prefer fruit cakes, because they are naturally sweet, and I avoid adding too much of sugar.

Thank you for sharing this wonderful collection of cakes.

Ankita B (author) on July 12, 2020:

I appreciate your lovely comments Nishika. Thank you for coming to read my article.

Nishika Chhabra from India on July 12, 2020:

Being a fan of cakes, I am definitely going to try the Devil's Food and Chiffon cake. It was a delicious read.

Ankita B (author) on July 10, 2020:

Thank you so much Louise for your lovely comments. I am glad you enjoyed reading this article about cakes.

Louise Powles from Norfolk, England on July 10, 2020:

I must say, I love all these cakes you mentioned. But from the list you given, carrot cake is my favourite! :)

Ankita B (author) on July 09, 2020:

Thank you very much Anupam for your lovely comment. I appreciate as always.

Anupam Mitu from MUMBAI on July 09, 2020:

Oh my God! Not Just 1 15 types! Tempting

Ankita B (author) on July 08, 2020:

Thank you so much Ivana for your lovely comments. I am glad you enjoyed reading this article.

Ivana Divac from Serbia on July 08, 2020:

I love everything about this article. The writing-style, the cakes you chose to mention, even the photos! I can't wait to make some (or all) of these cakes.

Ankita B (author) on July 08, 2020:

Thank you very much Lorna for your lovely comments. I like chocolate cakes as well. I am glad you enjoyed reading this article.

Lorna Lamon on July 08, 2020:

I have baked a few of these Ankita, however, not always successfully. I do have a chocolate addiction and your chocolate cakes look divine. I enjoyed this heartwarming article.

Ankita B (author) on July 08, 2020:

Thank you so much Manuela for your lovely comments. I am glad you enjoyed reading this.

Manuela from Portugal on July 08, 2020:

Your article made me want to eat a cake. My favourite ones are the fruit cake and carrot cake.

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