Emmanuel loves researching Kenyan culture and history. He is also an artist and likes to share what he knows with others.
The daughters of Mumbi
Updated on 15 November 2011
According to the Myth of Origin, God made Gĩkũyũ and placed him near Mount Kenya at a place called Mũkũrwe wa Gathanga God saw that he was lonely and gave him a wife, Mũmbi. Gĩkũyũ and Mũmbi were blessed with nine daughters, but no sons. The daughters’ names, arranged from the eldest to the youngest were as follows:
Wanjirũ, Wambũi, Njeri, Wanjikũ, Nyambũra, Wairimũ, Waithĩra, Wangarĩ, and the last one was Wangũi. These are the founders of the nine clans of the Kikuyu. The nine clans are listed below besides the name of the founder:
Wambũi - Ambũi
Njeri - Aceera
Wanjikũ - Anjiku
Nyambura - Ambura or Ethaga
Wairimũ - Airimũ or Agathigia or Aicakamũyũ
Waithĩra - Athirandũ
Wangarĩ- Angarĩ or Aithe-Kahuno
Wangũi - Angũi or Aithiegeni
There was a tenth daughter who according to tradition was not counted due to an incestuous relationship. This tenth daughter is said to have been Wamũyũ and her clan is the Aicakamũyũ. The daughters were always said to be ‘nine and the fill’.
Women are collectively called 1. Aka, (this word is derived from the verb - gũaka - to build. 2. andu a nja (people from outside 3. Atumia (those who remain silent. It is interesting that the term Mũtumia (woman - literally the one who remains silent) is the title for a man among the closely related Kamba.
The first born daughter is given the name of her paternal Grandmother and the second Daughter after her Maternal Grandmother. Subsequent girls are named after their paternal and maternal aunties alternately. In case the couple has more children than can be named after relatives that had lived, a little investigation is done among the relatives to know whose turn it is even if he had lived several generations ago and somehow lost his lineage. No one really dies permanently among the Kikuyu since he or she is likely to be reincarnated in his grandchildren or brother's and sister's children.
Traditionally, the role of a woman was to produce food from her farming activities, feed the family and during the building of huts, get her age mates to help her with thatching the roof.
The Kikuyu were Matriarchal - power in the hands of women - before men finally overthrew them. Since the nine names are supposed to be perpetuated from Grandparents to grandchildren, the names should have remained NINE. But the Kikuyu absorbed other communities and nicknames also entered the mainstream. The other names are listed below.
1. Gakuhĩ - the short one
2. Kanyi ( a male name in Nyeri)
3. Mũkami – the one who milks the cows
5. Mũmbi - The potter and mother of the Kikuyu nation
6. Mũrĩnga - a wire. Kikuyu blacksmiths were able to draw wire using traditional forging tecniques
8. Mũrugi - the cook
9. Mũthoni - the in-law
10. Mwara - the clever one
11. Nduta -
12. Ng’endo - the one who is always on the move, traveling.
15. Njeri - the one who is always on the move, traveling.
16. Njoki – the one who resurrected (males are Mũchoki or Kariũki)
18. Nyagũra – the one who buys (trader)
19. Nyagũthiĩ - The one who is always on the move, traveling
20. Nyambugi - the one with bells as anklets (the bejeweled one).
21. Nyambura - of the rain
22. Nyawĩra - the hard working one
23. Nyokabi - the one from the Maasai
24. Waceke - the slim one
A recitation in Kikuyu by school girls
25. Wacũ - There is a tale that revolves around this name
There was a woman called Wacũ who was not loved by her husband. The man had several wives. One day there was a feast at her home. She knew she would not be welcome to the feasting so she chose to go and work on her farm. A crow overflew the Wacũ's homestead and stole a juicy piece of meat from her feasting relatives. As the crow overflew the farm, it accidentally dropped the juicy meat. Wacũ picked it up and feasted on it, hence the Kikuyu saying, ciakorire Wacũ mũgunda - the goodies found Wacũ on her farms. Humans cannot deny you what is rightfully yours. God will ensure it gets to you.
26. WaCuka – from the Cuka subgroup
27. Wacuka – the ‘cotton fabric’ one. The name probably gained currency when fabric was introduced. Ordinarily, Kikuyus wore leather garments. It should also be noted that Nairobi was initially called ‘Gĩcuka’ by Kikuyus. Perhaps a thoroughly urbanized girl was ‘Wacuka.’
28. WaGĩchugu – from the Gĩchugu subgroup
30. Wairimũ - of the ogre
31. Waitherero - of the 'down river', the direction of the flow
33. Wamaitha – variant for Nyokabi – meaning the girl from Maasai country
34. WaMbeere - From Mbeere subgroup
36. Wambũi - of the Zebra
37. WaMeru (WaMĩru) – from the meru subgroup
38. Wamũyũ -
39. WaNdia – from the Ndia subgroup
40. Wangarĩ - of the leopard
42. Wangũ - of the firewood
43. Wangũi - of the baby carrier, Ngoi
44. Wanja - the one from outside (the community ?)
46. Wanjĩra – of the road. In other communities, a child born by the roadside maybe associated with a road. Though Kikuyus name their children after a relative, this maybe the origin of the name.
47. Wanjirũ - of njirũ, the dark one
48. Wanyĩrĩ - likely to be 'of Nyeri’ One of the three major areas of the Kikuyus. The other two areas are Mũrang’a and Kiambu.
50. Warigia - the last one
52. Warũgũrũ- the one from the west
53. Wathira -
54. Wawĩra - the one that works
Sometimes a man married a woman from one of the neighbouring Mount Kenya communities. What started as a nickname was later inherited by grandchildren after which the name became just another common name. Below are a few examples:
Contributed by Ngureco in September 2011
Mukami – the milkmaid (the one who milks)
contributed by Malaika on 14th Nov 2011
Gacheri, Gathoni, Gathigia, Gathani, Gakenia, Gachanja, Gachaki, Haati, Kabura, Karimi, Kanini, Karunguri, Kirigo, Kibui, Mugure, Njuhi, Nyakinyua, Nyacomba, Nyakarura, Nyakiuru, Nyarua, Ruguru, Waigwe, Watiri, Waithiegeni, Wanjeri, Wanjugu, Wamucii, Wambuu, Wairu, Wahito, Warue, Wanene, Wakarima, Wacui, Wakabari, Wangithi, Wanjunu, Waruinge, Wamere
Contributed by Kamau on 27th April 2011
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2011 Emmanuel Kariuki
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on January 11, 2020:
Hi. The first daughter will be named for your own mother (father's mother). The Christian name can be any name of your choice, but some Kikuyus give the child both names of the person she is named after.
Benson Kamau on January 08, 2020:
Hello Mr. Kariuki,
Great to see such an informative piece.
Some information for the readers with very peculiar kikuyu names. Our forefathers were very fond of nick names (Peculiarities, good/bad habits basically anything could have become a name) Some of the names will not have any meaning in kikuyu except having been nick names.
For instance, in my inlaws family the great grandfather had a peculiar interest in aeroplanes so he was nicknamed Ndege, and so most of the sons named their sons (who are our fathers now) Ndege and its an official name now.
We also had a great grandfather who was Muiga (also a nickname for his grandfather who was a keeper) he was nicknamed Njogu for whatever reason and not all subsequent naming that are tied to him are either Muiga or Njogu
Demerara on December 16, 2019:
Hi mr. Kariuki.
I've a question about name giving of a girl. I'm from Germany and my girlfriend is from Kenya. In our culture the parents looking for a forename by them self followed by the surname. The surname could be the name from the father or frome the mother. Now my question. How should i name my daughter in the traditional way of the kikuyu? I hope you could help me. And sorry for my bad English.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 14, 2019:
HI. Sorry I do not know.
Mwihaki on November 28, 2019:
Hi Mr Kariuki,
Might you know the meaning of the name Ndukui?
Njeri wa Mbuthi on August 22, 2019:
Hello Mr. Kariuki,
The name Mbuthi means "he who makes good points?" Kúrùta Mbúthi
Muchiri, which means the judge?
Might you know what these names mean? Ngunguru, Kibuka, Ndugi, Waguthi, Nyagitha/Nyagetha?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on April 19, 2019:
Makena - from the verb Gũkena, to be happpy. It is a Kikuyu girl's name though not a very common one. She will definitely be identified as Kikuyu.
danmacharia on October 01, 2018:
Hello Mr. Kariuki,
I wanted to ask if Makena is a Kikuyu name and whether naming my daughter this will identify her as a Kikuyu in life.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on August 21, 2018:
Kang'ang'i, from my interpretation is from King'ang'i - a big crocodile. Kang'ang'i is therefore a small crocodile.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on August 21, 2018:
Furaha Njoroge, I understand you to mean that your Father was Njoroge wa Mwangi since your grandfater was Mwangi wa Njoroge.
You should name your son Njoroge wa (yourself). It would not be correct to call him Mwangi as that is his great Grandfather.
My understanding of Wangui is Wa Ngoi - of the baby carrier.
Andykangangi on August 18, 2018:
Whats the meaning and origin of the name Kang'ang'i and Machina from Mathira Karatina?
Furaha Njoroge on July 29, 2018:
Hello Mr. Kariuki,
Thank you for this! I have 2 questions.
First, my father's name from birth is Peter Njoroge Mwangi Njoroge (Mwangi Njoroge being the name of his father). As my dad went to school, he began writing it as just Peter Mwangi Njoroge. So Mwangi Njoroge is his last name, not just Njoroge. And Njoroge is his first name.
So, if I were to name my second son Mwangi, instead of my father's actual first name which is Njoroge, would that be correct? Or would that be naming my Guka?
I have also heard that Wangui means song leader. Is that also correct, or does it just mean "of the baby carrier"?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on July 16, 2018:
Hi Aleesha Wanjiku,
Thanks for compliments. Unfortunately I do not know the meaning of Warau. This is the first time I am hearing it.
Aleesha Wanjiku on July 02, 2018:
Hello Emmanuel, this is great work!! Thanks for posting it.
However I'm wondering, what does Warau mean? How did it come about?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on January 26, 2018:
A woman cannot keep naming her father with each new husband. When the turn of her family comes, she will name the next male in line ie. 1St Brother, 2nd brother etc.
If a woman had children "at her father's home," all children were named after her side of the family. The men, regardless of how many did not get the respect of a naming after their fathers or relatives.
Minneh Kane on October 10, 2017:
Thanks or all the very useful articles you have on this site. I have a question about the Kikuyu naming system. I see you wrote this article a long time ago, but I hope you still look at comments/questions and will find time to consider this one which my friends and I are debating. In the polygamous system, if a man has more than one wife, then the first born son of each wife is named after the man's father. What would be the situation if a woman had more than one husband (due to death for example). Suppose she was married and had two sons. She would name the first son after her husband's father and the second son after her own father. Suppose that her husband dies and she re-marries. Would she name her second son by the second husband after her own father again (thus having two sons with the same name)? Also, what if a woman has several children "at home" (or while being unmarried)? Would she keep naming the first son from each man after her father? Many thanks for your thoughts on this issue.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on July 10, 2014:
You are most welcome.
Your husband is right. My own sister had twins girls and they had to be named on her husbands side, so my mother missed out. It's a rule that is followed as it is believed that going against it is like separating the twins and that may not end well for them.
Just to add to your previous question, one of my cousin has a unique name in the family. Her mother had a problem like yours so she asked her mother-in-law what to call the girl. the mother-in-law replied "whatever you call me, even Ngina, I will accept." At the time, Kenyatta's wife, Ngina, was the most famous woman. And so the girl (a woman now) was called Ngina. Now the name has entered our family through a dilemma such as yours.
mercypeters on July 10, 2014:
Thanks Emmanuel for your response, that is very helpful.
I have another question. My husband says that according to Kikuyu culture, twins are named after relatives from 1 side. For example, if we are expecting our first child, and we happen to get twin boys, they are both supposed to be named from the paternal side, i.e. the boys should be named after my father-in-law and my brother-in-law.
How true is this?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on July 09, 2014:
Good question Mercy. I can see your dilemma, especially if they insist they do not have alternative names.
Now they may think that they do not have alternative names but they should ask if the persons they are named after had alternative names. Alternative names may be clan names, "age set names," or nick names. If you you find your self not getting any alternative names, create your own and then go to them and get approval. For example if one of them comes from a western direction, call the girl Waruguru. If there is a major river and one of them comes from downstream, call the girl Waitherero. Wawira for hardworking - Warigia for last born etc. The truth is, the person being named must accept at least a nickname and give their blessings. They may even suggest the nickname themselves even if it has never been used before. The child has to be named on the date of birth so get cracking with some names with all of them and make it fun.
Hope that helps.
mercypeters on July 08, 2014:
I have a question:
My name is Wangechi. My mother is called Wambui. My mother-in-law is also called Wangechi and my sister-in-law is called Wambui. I have only 1 sister-in-law.
If I happen to get 3 daughters (God Willing), following the Kikuyu culture, they are supposed to be named: Wangechi, Wambui and Wambui, yet I can't name both my daughters Wambui.
What should I name the 3 girls? Both my mother and mother-in-law said they don't own alternate names and supposing they did but I don't like their alternate names?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on July 02, 2014:
I believe your name is from the Meru variation of the word 'Mugo" to mean a traditional doctor.
Felix Mugwe on July 01, 2014:
wat does the name mugwe mean
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on February 06, 2014:
njambi muigai, thanks for your question but unfortunately most people I ask, even the elderly do not know the meanings of all the names. I can only guess that Muigai is related to Mungai and the word for God - Ngai, which are all derived from "kugaya" - to devide, share out.
The "mu" denotes human or object with spirit and my guess is that the person that was given the duty of apportioning land to migrants was the "Muigai, or Mungai." Ngai was the supreme giver and not human hence the missing prefix "Mu."
When I get an insight into the meaning of the other names, I will post it. Thanks for visiting this hub.
njambi muigai on January 23, 2014:
Thank you so much for doing this. I was wondering, would you happen to know the meanings and origins of the following names:
Njambi, Muigai, Chege, Ndung'u, Mburu, Thuku
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on January 01, 2014:
Among the Kikuyu, you cannot marry from a home where the memory of a distant forefather or mother related to you is still current. I doubt if any one alive will remember a 20th great grand pa. However if the 20th great grand pa started a MBARI (sub-clan) to which you both belong, then you cannot marry. Having the same clan name does not mean that you are related but being from the same MBARI makes you a brother and a sister no matter the distance. The best thing will be to visit each others homes and let the oldest members of both families determine the risk. This of course depends on how much you value your traditions.
Pius Muturi Riley from San Diego, California on December 30, 2013:
Somebody make me understand how are we related even if we come from the same clan and s/he is not a relative. When you follow the family tree you may meet in the 20th grate grand pa and this is not a close relative. Is the bible against it? Am concerned coz my fiancée we are of the same clan.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on February 01, 2013:
Thanks for your comment Maalim. It is very enlightening.
Mallim Isa Mbogo from Nakuru County on January 31, 2013:
May Muruungu Mweene Nyaga have mercy on us. No one will emancipate us from mental slavery except Him. You are all learned. Which race is scientifically older than the other, the Gikuyu or Israelis? Nyaga means light that is beyond that produced by the sun. Muruung is defined as the only owner of this light while the Holy Mountain is referred to as the place where this light is found. It is true, anyone who looks at the Holy Mountain is mesmerized by a strong light that is not easily definable. The Holy Qur'aan defines it better in 24:35; "Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp, the lamp is within glass, the glass as if it were a pearly [white] star lit from [the oil of] a blessed olive tree, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow even if untouched by fire. Light upon light. Allah guides to His light whom He wills. And Allah presents examples for the people, and Allah is Knowing of all things." No muhaananie gikuu na toro ni udu wa kwiinyarara na kwiiaaga?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on January 31, 2013:
Thanks for that detailed comment, Njeri Muiruri .
I also have my own theory which I have outlined in the article " Kikuyu People: Secrets of an ancient migration from Egypt to Mount Kenya." This is a controversial subject which needs more debate. Thanks for sharing your ideas.
Njeri Muiruri on January 30, 2013:
I learnt that "Mukurwe" means type of a tree and "Nyagathanga" is the Hinde's Babbler!
But there is one thing I am certain about-that the origin of the Bantus being west Africa/ Chad /Cameroon/ Congo forest is uncertain because this is the route Bantus migrating from North and in these places they found people who spoke in dialects similar to that of Bantus. The Bantus just like the other groups that migrated to Kenya, they have their origin in North, that is Egypt or Ethiopia.
Whereby they were fishermen, farmers and others livestock keepers. By interacting with the Israel in Egypt not less than 400 years, they interacted and learnt their various habits such as circumcision, Worshiping One True God, offering sacrifices to God, punishment of the thieves in the society and dowry.
I have always considered the way the Gikuyu built their hats and the doors faced Mt. Kenya "Kirinyaga", also they worshiped Ngai wa Gikuyu Whom they considered lived in Kirima Gia Kirinyaga and thus the name goes Ngai wa Kirinyaga. In the other hand, the Israelis built their tents in the wilderness and their doors faced Mt Sinai, and also they considered their God lived in Mt. Sinai because He Spoke to Moses and also one time to Israelis from there. there is a lot of similarities of the Gikuyu, and the Israelis, which is not found among the West African communities.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on November 18, 2012:
@ Lu-shiru , it is Okay for new names to come out of longer ones. That's the nature of language, always changing with times. The same thing happens with English names (indeed all languages) so no need to worry.
@ Wamai - Wamai is "of the water." Origin is not easy to tell as the reasons could be diverse; a child born during a river crossing; a child who survives from a drowning incidence etc. In any case, any person called Wamai is likely to have inherited the name several generations after the episode that caused the name to come into use.
wamai maina on November 17, 2012:
and what does wamai mean and were does it originate from.
Lu-shiru on August 25, 2012:
Thank-you Kariuki. This is very informative. Kikuyu parents have always been fond of shortening their baby girls names e.g Shiru for Wanjiru, Shiku for Wanjiku, Kabura for Nyabura etc. The strange thing is that these shortened names have started appearing in birth certificates, CVs and personal profiles. What's your take on this?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on May 29, 2012:
In effort to retain only nine clans, some Kikuyu groups assigned the tenth girl to Wairimu. I believe the clans were ten.
gakinya on May 28, 2012:
wamuyu was gikuyu's 10th daughter who never got married, making/founding the clan of aicakamuyu! They are distinct from the airimu!
Kamau on May 25, 2012:
The prof. who co-wrote a play with Ngugi wa Thiong'o has an interesting name: Micere. Her full names are Micere Githae Mugo.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on May 23, 2012:
Gaciku is a small Wanjiku, so that will be added as a derivative.
Thanks Kamau and continue to put me on my toes.
Kamau on May 22, 2012:
There's also Gaciku
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on May 03, 2012:
Thanks a great deal Kamau. Your corrections and contribution are indispensable. I will update Very soon.
Kamau on April 28, 2012:
It's Waithiegeni and not Waitiegeni
Kamau on April 28, 2012:
Nyakio, Wamweru, Wangai, Wangera, Wamuhu, Wamuiru, Wokabi. I'm not too sure about these ones: Mukondi and Murigo.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on April 27, 2012:
I have included your contribution to be apdated soon.
Kamau on April 27, 2012:
Gacheri, Gathoni, Gathigia, Gathani, Gakenia, Gachanja, Gachaki, Haati, Kabura, Karimi, Kanini, Karunguri, Kirigo, Kibui, Mugure, Njuhi, Nyakinyua, Nyacomba, Nyakarura, Nyakiuru, Nyarua, Ruguru, Waigwe, Watiri, Waitiegeni, Wanjeri, Wanjugu, Wamucii, Wabuu, Wairu, Wahito, Warue, Wanene, Wakarima, Wacui, Wakabari, Wangithi, Wanjunu, Waruinge, Wamere
Mallim Isa Mbogo from Nakuru County on February 14, 2012:
Brother, first and foremost please remember Mt Kiri Nyaga was shaped just as Kilima Njaro today before weathering gave it the current shaped. How long did that take? Many Ethnic groups in Kenya will give tales of where they came from as Nyuuba ya Muubi tell time and again they have been here ever since Muruungu Mweene Nyaga "molded" (please note the word and compare with common knowledge today) their parents. Scientific research, archaeological as well as genetic, proves them right. Some elders say "Mu Gikuyu" means "wise than Uyu", "Uyu" referring to a good spirit such as the visitors who visited Prophet Ibrarim (peace be on him) to announce the birth of his son and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. The Holy Qur'aan says the first man was wise than the Angels (2:31-33). He was placed in paradise (Gidhaka) flowing with rivers of pure clean water, milk, honey and wine (47:15), and ever since there is no way you will separate their descendants from acquiring a piece of gidhaka out of which all other goodness and riches will come. Their wine was made of honey, thus more medicinal than alcoholic, taken not by all. Gikuyu was black as he was molded out of black smelly clay (15:26-44). Satan became his arch-enemy due to his godliness, as well as the children of Cain, the whites, who will only use religion to serve their interests but not to worship God(5:27-31). The Aagikuyu know of the Adu Irimu ('Aad Iraam, 89:6-7), whose Prophet was Hud(peace be upon him)(11:50), a civilization that came after the floods of Prophet Nuh (peace be upon him)(11:89). Muruungu Mweene Nyaga gave them a holy land to which the monsoon winds used to blow Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him)'s fleet after he had subdued the kingdom of Saba (Sheba) in Yemen (21:81). The land was holy because on it stood the holy mountain, and the inhabitants worshiped the Only True God and kept His holy ways (Zephaniah 3:10-12, a prophecy on the Mau Mau rebellion and the ethnic clashes? Translators have not done justice to these verses as they are trying to hide something). Due to this the land was dished out to the Jews by the League of Nations after the First World War, but majority of the priests chose Palestine. It is not yet off the noose, this time destroying the natives through biological warfare as they laugh at the Palestinians. Do I sound fanatical? Please view the subject in a broader way, not as we have been programed by the enemies of the black man. What if it was we who took the message to them? Unfortunately God did not find us able (Qur'aan 20:115), but that does not justify all the injustices heaped on us. It is now our time to Shout to them, Gutiri Ngai tiga Muruungu Mweene Nyaga! Na ithui turi duungata shiaake kuna!
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on February 14, 2012:
Your comment makes startling suggetions. I have not yet done the comparisons you are alluding to. If your interpretation is correct, that would put our history much further (earlier) than I had theorised. See the Hub on 'Akhenaten and the Kikuyu.' I do not disagree that our history stretches further back than Akhenaten but that calls for more exploration into our our collective memmory to glean more of our history. Kindly give me the references in the Holy Quran. I have both an English and Swahili translation.
Mallim Isa Mbogo from Nakuru County on February 13, 2012:
Hallo. Am glad to have discovered you. Av been interested in the Kikuyu History that was grossly distorted by the colonialists and their cronies. Av been comparing the Kikuyu religion with the Old Testament of the Bible, but could not be proud of who I am till I studied the Holy Qur'aan. I can now authoritatively say Gikuyu was the first man (called Adam by the Arabs and the Jews due to his chocolate color), as also evidenced by scientific research that East Africa is the cradle for man, where Gikuyu was placed and has lived kuuma Demi na Madhaadhi. His wife was Muubi, Hawa according to the Arabs and the Jews, with the names having the same meaning. You may call the nine plus one daughters as clans, but with time and thorough study you may discover they are the world races, the blacks (Wa Jiru) having been the first race on Earth, giving birth to other races as black will give others but none can give black. Thus Wa Jiru was the first "girl". In the Holy Qur'aan we read that after human races were destroyed by rain at the time of Nuh (peace be upon him) there followed a human race that was like no other, the "Aad Iraam. The Kikuyu call them Adu Irimu (Marimu) and discribe them in the same way. Wa Irimu, a girl named after these people, is placed as the sixth daughter by some, most probably the 6th race to come up on earth from the first that was black. Am irritated when I hear people placing the Jews where they don't belong due to propaganda campaign in the Name of God. We must retrace and reclaim our position as there is no one like us, nor a land like ours. Ask those who have traveled on earth.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on February 10, 2012:
Thanks. I see the name Mwihaki as coming from 'Kuhaka' to paint. Mwi - is a prefix implying to 'on one-self.' The one who paints oneself (or applys a substance on oneself). Perhaps it came about as a nickname to a girl who would refuse to ba adorned by her friends and would insist on doing it hersef. This is conjecture and when I find another meaning I will get back to you.
ruguru on February 09, 2012:
Very informative,thanks. Would you know the meaning of the name Mwihaki,girl's name?
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on January 03, 2012:
Happy new Year Ngugi.
Unfortunately, or fortunately whatever the case, your father-in-law is still your father even if he is younger than you. The 60 year old will have to call the father of his wife 'father' regardless of age. It is like the situation where your mother has sisters younger than you. You will still have to respect them as 'tata' even if they are in nursery school.
Michael Ngugi on January 02, 2012:
Kimani was my great grandfather and his wife was called Wambui. My grandfather's name is Kiriga(Quite a rare name to indeed). I have an interesting question here, its off topic but withing Kikuyu culture. If a man aged 55 has a daughter aged 23.Our culture clearly states that any person who marries the daughter will automatically call the daughters father as 'Father'. What happens if the husband of the daughter is older than the father e.g aged 60. What will the to refer to each other.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 22, 2011:
Congratulations. Now do not stop there. Who was that Kimani? Who were his brothers? How far down the line from you is he?
I found out only last month that our Mbari is named after my great-great-Grandfather. Not too far back really. When descendants of a single identifiable man decide that that particular old man needs to be rewarded with a title they just start telling their children that they are of that old man's Mbari. Usually he will have been deemed to have contributed enourmously to their well being either as a great fighter, businessman, landowner, chief or even by laying a foundation for their education and prosperity. Often cousins start refering to themselves as Mbari of someone rather spontaneously. My cousins are already doing that.
Michael Ngugi on December 20, 2011:
After several non stop inquiries I have come to learn that I belong to the Ambui clan. My aging aunt told me that when she was a small girl, she used to hear people greeting them like,"Mureiga Ambui mbari ya Kimani" so I guess I will have to settle on this. Non of my grand parents are alive. Thank a lot I owe you one. So how does one know which sub clan he belongs i.e mbari
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 20, 2011:
If your Grandfather is alive, he should know. Your grandfather had brothers and cousins. Someone in that line knows. The oldest man or woman in your family should be a great asset. I belong to the Anjiru a mbari ya Thuku ( Anjiru of the house of Thuku)- Best of luck.
Michael Ngugi on December 19, 2011:
Wao, thanks a lot. Then am sad to say that I don't know which clan I belong to. I asked my father who said he is not aware as well. His brothers and sisters are also not aware. I will do research here and there hope to know this soon.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 19, 2011:
The clans are not determined like that. If Wanjiru's mother is Wangui, who is Wangui's husband. This man is the one whose clan we need to know. While clans are named after the nine daughters of Gikuyu and Mumbi, the descent is patrilineal - kinship, or derivation through the father and not the mother. If say the husband is Mr. Kamau from the Aceera (Njeri's) clan, all of Wangui's children will be Aceera . If Wanjiru later marries a man of the Ambui clan, the children from this marriage will be Ambui. So Wangui's children are Aceera, and her Grandchildren by Wanjiru are Ambui. The other daughters may marry into other clans. Wangui's sons are the only ones who will carry over the Aceera clan to their sons and grandsons and great-grandsons into perpetuity.
So the second question has been answered. There is no way of knowing ones clan from the given name. A girl called Wanjiru is not necessarily from the Anjiru clan. If it happens it is by coincidence. You can have a Njeeri who is of the Ambui; A Wanjiku who is of the Anjiru and so on...
Michael Ngugi on December 19, 2011:
Thanks a lot. Another question regarding the clan and I will put it in two scenarios. If wanjiru's mother is called wangui, to what clan do her 2 daughters belong and what will be the clans of wangui's grandchildren.
How do you identify the clan of a girl was name is Muthoni, Mukami i.e a name which doesn't belong to the original nine clans.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 17, 2011:
Mumbi was the name of Gikuyu's wife - the initiators of the tribe.
In Kikuyu customs, we name children after relatives that are living, have lived, or were expected such as what happens when a long dead relative was not named by an immediate relative due to barrenness or early death. Such a person would still be named among the children of her/his brothers and sisters in a certain order.
So now Ngugi,you must have a woman called Mumbi in your family in order to give your daughter that name. Let's say you love the name Mumbi and it's the turn of your auntie (lets call her Njeeri) to be named. You simply go to Njeeri and tell her, look. My daughter should be called Njeeri because it is your turn to be named in my family. Can I also call her Mumbi? Chances are that she will agree and your daughter will carry both names.She will obviously be known by the name you use most of the time.
I have a cousin who should have been called Wanjiru, but her mother wasn't sure if the the old lady whose turn it was would rather have Wanjiru or Wairimu, since she happened to own both names, maybe by the circumstance I have described above. The old lady (actually my grandmother) said jokingly - "you can call me anything even Ngina (the name of President Kenyatta's wife)." The child's mother rather liked Ngina, so today, the lady is both Wanjiru and Ngina. With permision from the person you are naming, you can call your child Mumbi or any other name.
It is not true that Mumbi is for first borns only. for instance if your Auntie is called Mumbi, but your own mother is Wangare, there is no way Mumbi can be named before Wangare in your own family so you get blessed with many girls, Wangare will be older than mumbi
Michael Ngugi on December 15, 2011:
Thanks a lot for the enlightening information especially about the originality of the name Muthoni. Now my question is, under which circumstance do you name a child Mumbi and which clan does she belong to. And is true the name Mumbi belong only to firstborns
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 11, 2011:
Hello Wangeci. The answer is in the previous comment. I was asked the same question by Malaika and could not find a specific meaning. Maybe we can work together in further research.
Wangeci Wanyiri on December 09, 2011:
wonder what my name Wangeci means.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on November 26, 2011:
Wangeci is an alternative name for Waithira, the initiator of the 'Aitherandu' clan. Beyond that, I have not found a specific meaning.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on November 15, 2011:
It is true that Thumbi was a sort of crown to show authority. I am unable to confirm about the Nyaga and the centre of power. Give me more pointers.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on November 15, 2011:
Muthoni means 'in-law'. Athoni is the plural. Uthoni is the 'state of being an Inlaw' or the place where the in-laws stay. The Kikuyu have a proverb that says - Uthoni ndurangarangagwo (Uthoni nduteremagwo). This means that one does not fool around with in-laws; one does not spend too much time with in-laws; in-laws should be given maximum respect. In other words, you should be shy when you are among your in-laws. If my mother-in-law is called Njeri, my second daughter should be called Njeri according to tradition. Now if I happen to live very near My mother-in-law, I will find it very difficult to shout 'NJERI' when I am calling my daughter. Should my Mother-in-law answer thinking that I was calling her only to find out that I was calling a child, that would be very mannerless on my part. In such a case, I would have named my daughter 'Muthoni', because of that poroximity with my Mother-in-law. In short, the name Muthoni is about shyness, but it really means in-law.
The names here are few but will grow as I add more.
You are right about Mukami. I will add the name Mukami and credit you. Please help with such reminders. I always welcome suggestions. Keep the comments coming.
I have sent word around my Kikuyu thinktanks for the meaning of Wangeci. Stay with me.
malaika on November 14, 2011:
Emmanuel, I have read here and elsewhere that Muthoni means an in-law but I have been told by native speakers of Kikuyu that it means "shy one." Thoughts?
Also, you could add Mukami to the list, meaning "one who milks" or something like that. (gu-kama=to milk)
Do you have any idea about the meaning of the name Wangeci? I really like that name. I wish there were more girls' names in Kikuyu...there are so many more boys' names!
ngureco on October 10, 2011:
Thank you for your answer.
We kikuyu people seem to have lost some of our history faster. I was just trying to look at the meaning of the word kidhumbiri from Giriama people (thumbi in kikuyu). Kidhumbiri in Giriama is a crown/head-dress of WHITE OSTRICH TAIL FEATHERS given to an elder chosen for wisdom and uprightness. The chosen elder to wear such a crown has to be the leader of the maximal age-set. It’s very possible the Kikuyu may also have retained a very similar meaning for a crown. I would therefore suggest the word ‘nyaga’ in this case is coming from that head-dress/crown made of white ostrich tail feathers and that it’s a blind folded code for the real centre of power for the Gikuyu people.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on October 10, 2011:
My theory of 'Thanga' is out of the box. It is related to Tanga (several towns at the coast by that name); Kutia-nanga (to dock, arrive at a port):Tanga tanga (roam about); Tanga-nyika (Roam in the wilderness); Tanga (to touch in Kikuyu); Tanga (to disturb in Kikuyu- those you find settled already); Gatunganga (a settlement where ancient Kikuyu pottery was found, probably the first point of 'touch down' on arrival); Mukuru wa Nya -gathanga (elder of the Tanga tanga people).
Note also that many places in Kikuyu country are called Gatanga.
ngureco on September 27, 2011:
They say Nyagathanga is a bird. ‘Nyaga’ is perhaps from a bird and ‘Thanga’ is perhaps from sand. I do not know that bird. Perhaps it could be a species of the Hinde’s Babblers of Mukurwe-ini, or any of the other birds with white head covering (thumbi) found in Muranga and Nyeri. Readers from Mukurweini should help us identify this bird.
I believe that root word ‘nyaga’ is the same as found in ‘kirima kiri nyaga’ and ‘ngai mwene nyaga’.
Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on September 27, 2011:
Thanks. I will add them to the main hub with credits to you later. Now about Nyagathanga - I heard the bible being quoted in Kikuyu and apparently there was a bird by that name. Any idea which one? It would be interesting to know why it would be called Nyagathanga.
ngureco on September 27, 2011:
You have said, “Kikuyu absorbed other communities and nicknames also entered the mainstream”. From the strength of that statement, I will suggest the following girls’ names:
And in passing, “Mukurwe wa Gathanga” is referred to as “Mukurwe wa Nyagathanga” by some people. It is from the name "Nyagathanga" that they extracts the Embu names of Nyaga and Nthanga.