A certified medical doctor and a medical writer in the UK. I love to write explicitly about health and wellbeing.
Many couples around the world are now facing more problems to conceive naturally than ever before. It is understandable how bad and frustrating it feels when people keep asking about when you have a baby. It gets more depressing when you keep hearing people getting pregnant around, and despite you are actively trying for a baby- you do not fall pregnant.
But here is good news for you, if you do not fall pregnant after one to two years of actively trying for a baby, you can take medical assistance to concieve.
This article is going to discuss and educate you on everything about IVF. Also, it will give you every possible knowledge about IVF fertility treatment that would help you considering IVF treatment for yourself or someone closer to you.
IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization, where in-vitro means a process outside the living organism's body, inside a lab(in a test tube), and fertilization means fusion of sperm and an egg to produce a baby.
It is a fertility procedure for those couples who are struggling to get pregnant naturally. Therefore, an egg from a female partner and sperm from a male partner is fertilized outside the female body in a specialized medical environment. Upon successful fertilization, the resultant product-that is an embryo-is planted back into the female's uterus for the embryo to nourish, grow and develop into a baby.
IVF is a hope to thousands not millions of couples worldwide struggling with infertility due to endometriosis,PCOS,male factor infertlitiy and unexplained infertility.Not only this,it is also a hope to a miracle baby for couples with recurrent miscarriages.
Process of IVF:
First of all, you will have a group of appointments with the IVF team, who will conduct multiple tests to examine whether you are compatible and adherent to the entire process. Then you will go through six main stages of IVF. Firstly, the natural menstrual cycle is controlled via medicine, and then ovaries are stimulated to produce more eggs. Next, eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilized by sperms, collected from the partner or donor, in the laboratory. Upon fertilization, good quality 1-2 embryos are chosen to be implanted back in the uterus.
Waiting Period Between Embryo Implantation & Pregnancy:
It is advised to wait for 14-15 days to take a pregnancy test to check if IVF has gone successful.
How Long Does one IVF Cycle Take?
A single IVF treatment cycle could take up to six weeks to yield results.
Implantation Rate by IVF:
An embryo is formed when the egg and sperm fuse together. Perhaps, the next crucial step is the successful attachment of the embryo inside the female partner's womb.
As per studies, a 40 years old female has a chance of up to 15% for successful embryo implantation through IVF, while a female of 30 years old has implantation chances by 40-50%. According to research, embryo implantation chances can be enhanced by genetically screening the embryo before transferring it to the female's womb.
Live Birth Rate After IVF:
According to a study in 2020, the chances of live birth after the IVF cycle is 33%.
Overall Chances of Conceiving with IVF Treatment:
Chances of successful pregnancy with IVF treatment depend on several factors such as the reason behind infertility, age, and embryo quality. Although there are bright chances, there is no 100% guarantee that every IVF treatments turn into a successful pregnancy, ending at a healthy and alive birth.
The favourable chances to conceive are nearly 30% in under 35 to 2% in women over 45 in age. These figures are for those couples who use their or partner's sperms and eggs for the IVF treatment.
Side Effects of IVF:
IVF treatment can cause the following side effects;
- Over-stimulation of ovaries
- Multiple pregnancies
- Ectopic pregnancy
- General symptoms such as headaches, nausea and hot flushes.
- Preterm delivery
Who can Opt For IVF Treatment?
There is a criterion for who can undergo this treatment procedure. For instance, in the UK, government-supported hospitals award IVF to those couples who didn't conceive for two years or those who have tried their luck with artificial insemination(10 times).
Artificial insemination is the process of injecting sperms in the woman's uterus to achieve pregnancy. It is usually done for those who can not perform sex(due to some reason) or in a same-sex relationship.
However, those who suffer from medical conditions such as endometriosis, fallopian tube defects, fibroids, genetic disorder, sperms abnormalities and unexplained fertility can opt for IVF treatment.
As it is a complicated,expensive and time-consuming process, it could cost up to £5000 in the UK for one cycle treatment, and it doesn't include the cost for additional workups during IVF procedures.
IVF is a modern fertility treatment to conceive a baby.IVF has held the ground in a very short time, helping millions of couples worldwide to become parents. There are still ongoing researches to make this process cheaper, successful and available to more couples who are willing to get pregnant with medical help.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2021 Dr Farah Naz