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Top 5 Spring-Related Female Names in Slovenia

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Ksenija is a geographer who loves a different kind of data, data visualization and statistics.

The Spring

Spring is a wonderful time of the year. The Sun, brighter and warmer days, birds singing, flowers and trees blooming. All that inspires us in so many ways. But how often does the spring give people a motivation to name a child? How often do the spring-related female names occur in Slovenia? How popular are they? And what are the most common female names associated with it?

Let's have a look.

A bird and blossoms

A bird and blossoms

1. Vesna

Of all women's name in Slovenia, VESNA is the 25 most frequent. A number of women named Vesna in Slovenia is 7.589 (or 0.73 % of all women).

Spring (Vesna)

Spring (Vesna)

Meaning of the Name Vesna

The name Vesna is of Slavic origin and comes from the word vésna in the sense of "spring." This word is an ancient Indo-European origin since it is still in use in India, but the Sanskrit form is "Vasantha". The etymological significance leads to the Indo-European root 'aues', which means light.

Some say that Vesna, who, by her name, embodies the spring, can not, in fact, be classified as a Slavic or Slovene goddess, but as the fairy-tale creature. Testimonies of 'vesnas' and memories of them were in some places alive after the end of the Second World War. Vesna is supposed to be a bridegroom of the Vesnik (a solar hero), both of whom are probably among the developmental young beings who are connected with various agricultural rituals.

Despite the fact that the name Vesna is of Slavic origin and in many Slavic languages means spring, including youth, spring joy, and lushness, Vesna is featured poetic term for spring in Slovenian language.

The name of this fabulous creature in the Slovene folk tradition is most often found in the society of various beings, which we call coprnice or witches. These females are supposed to live in beautiful palaces on the high mountains where they talk about harvest, the fate of people and other things.

Vesna is thus the goddess of life and bloom, portrayed as a beautiful young girl, dressed in bright colors with a wreath of spring flowers in her hair. In her hair, she had a big starlike white flower and a necklace around her neck. Her breasts were lush as they belong to the goddess who is in charge of a new life. On her abdomen, motifs of ritual dance with figures of girls and boys, and in the lower part of the large flower circle, were engraved. The goddess held a bouquet of flowers in her left hand and a swallow on her right hand. Also in other cultures, fertility goddesses are depicted with long hair and a lush body. In addition to the ecstatic beauty, Slavs are supposed to attribute to Vesna the management of solar heat, without which there would be no renewal of nature in green and flowering, nor would there be swarming and growth. The priests watched the fire as a symbol of solar heat and therefore ritualized it and blessed it. The believers took a fire, which also symbolized Vesna, home, and by doing so, they also brought happiness to the local fireplace.

Morana and Vesna

Morana and Vesna

Vesna was a fierce opponent of the goddess Morana, the mistress of winter and death. During the transition of winter to spring, the Slavs produced a puppet of the frowned Morana and burnt it at rituals, calling Vesna to come as soon as possible. On Vesna, they turned to prayer and magic to help them repel Morana out of the houses. The Slavs believed that Vesna raises health and restores the balance between heart and mind and brings people happiness and love.

How Common is the Name Vesna in Slovenia?

Data: © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Birth PeriodNumberShare (%)Rank

Before1940

17

0.02

294

1941-1950

148

0.14

103

1951-1960

980

0.68

33

1961-1970

1.803

1.21

15

1971-1980

2.351

1.60

11

1981-1990

1.618

1.25

17

1991-2000

421

0.43

59

2001-2010

151

0.16

102

2011-2017

100

0.14

116

Popularity of the Name Vesna © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Popularity of the Name Vesna © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

2. Lucija, Lučka

Of all women's names in Slovenia, LUCIJA is the 75 most frequent. A number of women named Lucija in Slovenia is 3.714 (or 0,36 % of all women).

Of all women's names in Slovenia, LUČKA is the 272 most frequent. A number of women named Lučka in Slovenia is 528 (or 0,05 % of all women).

Saint Lucy

Saint Lucy

Meaning of the name Lucija

The name derives from the Latin name Lucia, which is a female form of the name of Lucius. The name Lucius is interpreted from the Latin word lux, lucis in genitive, which means "light, shine, day, life". In that way, it can be a spring-related name because spring brings us light, longer days and it is the start of a new life. Otherwise, a number of traditions incorporate the symbolic meaning of St. Lucy as the bearer of light in the darkness of winter, her feast day being December 13.

Partly due to the described significance of her name, and even more so because of the legend, St. Lucia is the patron saint of vision and blind. The legend tells us that her pagan snub fell in love with her beautiful eyes, so she pulled them out and sent them to him, but the angel brought her another. Precisely because of this legend, fine art portrays St. Lucija with a tray with eyes.

She was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). It has been used in England since the 12th century, usually in the spellings Lucy or Luce.

Statue of Saint Lucy

Statue of Saint Lucy

The other known form of Lucija in Slovenia is Lučka. Lučka has many meanings; it is the diminutive of a word light and also the name for mature dandelion inflorescence (dandelion ripe fruits). Dandelion starts the first basal leaves in the early spring. The simple hollow stem has a circular shape in cross-section, with only one flower petal with yellow flowers. The flowering period is usually the second half of April and the beginning of May, and due to the warmer spring, it will sometimes take off at the end of March. The flower is transformed into a typical dandelion ripe fruits that is made up of numerous seeds.

Dandelion Flower

Dandelion Flower

How Common is the Name Lucija in Slovenia?

Data: © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Birth PeriodNumberShare (%)Rank

Before 1940

135

0,14

89

1941-1950

138

0,13

113

1951-1960

158

0,11

146

1961-1970

198

0,13

139

1971-1980

412

0,28

78

1981-1990

505

0,39

57

1991-2000

842

0,87

27

2001-2010

861

0,89

27

2011-2017

465

0,65

38

Popularity of the Name Lucija © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Popularity of the Name Lucija © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

3. Cvetka

Of all women's names in Slovenia CVETKA is the 78 most frequent. A number of women named Cvetka in Slovenia is 3.615 (or 0,35 % of all women).

A flower with a butterfly

A flower with a butterfly

Meaning of the name Cvetka

The name Cvetka comes from the noun flower or verb bloom. Derived from Slovene cvet meaning "blossom, flower". The proper Latin name is Flora. Flora is derived from Latin flos meaning "flower". Flora is a goddess of flowers and spring in Roman mythology. She is usually depicted as a young, beautiful girl with a bouquet of flowers in her hand. She was married to the god Favonius, the wind god also known as Zephyr, her companion was Hercules. As one of the fertility-related gods, it was a relatively marginal figure in the Roman pantheon, but it was of great importance at the beginning of the spring. The Romans held the Floralia annual festival, which began on April 28 and lasted for six days, marking the renewal of the cycle of life, drinking and flowers. Her Greek counterpart was Chlori, but she was not a goddess, but a nymph. Another related Slovene name to name Cvetka and Flora is Florijana or Florjana.

Statue od Godess Flora

Statue od Godess Flora

How Common is the Name Cvetka in Slovenia?

z - data not published because of statistical confidentiality.
Data: © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Birth PeriodNumberShare (%)Rank

Before 1940

256

0,26

59

1941-1950

522

0,50

43

1951-1960

1.636

1,13

18

1961-1970

924

0,62

40

1971-1980

221

0,15

111

1981-1990

42

0,03

278

1991-2000

z

z

z

2001-2010

z

z

z

2011-2017

z

z

z

Popularity of the Name Cvetka © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Popularity of the Name Cvetka © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

4. Živa

Of all women's names in Slovenia ŽIVA is the 117 most frequent. A number of women named Živa in Slovenia is 2,382 (or 0.23 % of all women).

Goddess Živa

Goddess Živa

Meaning of the name Živa

The name Živa is South Slavic. It is derived from the adjective žíva and initially means "alive, lively, bent, vital". Thus was called the goddess of fertility and life in northern (ie, the Polabian) Slavs. Some say she was also the goddess of spring, some associate her with the summer. From other languages, women's names that correspond to Slovene Živa are Bibiana, Eve, Vita and Zoja (Zoe). Historical sources mention her most often with the name Siwa, as well as the Sivve, Shiwa, Sieba, Syba, Siba or Dsiva.

The Slavic goddess Živa is usually depicted naked breasts with a class in the left hand and apple in the right. She usually had an ornament on the head that reminded of the rays of the sun, she was wearing a light coat, was naked chest and shoulders. Živa is supposed to be one of the oldest goddesses. As a concept of life, it is supposed to be present in people's representations already in the Afro-European period, that is, 2000 years before our count, when the matriarchate and pastoral society prevailed in the region of North Africa and Europe.

Among the Slavs, she was the goddess of water and life, fertility and love, and the protector of women and children, and in old records she always appears in connection with the harvest. The goddess Živa is symbolically embedded in a freshwater spring, which is the source of all life. Her character reflects a woman's image, youth, beauty, grace, and above all life and its formation. For our ancestors, the water was secred, and it was considered a home of deities, and, ghosts of nature, such as vodani (valley giants) and rusalke (In Slavic mythology, Rusálke were water fairies with pale skin that was as beautiful as a moon), were found in it. The name Živa is very likely to refer to live water.

Živa is mentioned in The Baptism on the Savica, an epic-lyric poem by the Slovene national poet France Prešeren.


Goddess Siwa (Živa), Westphalen's book print, 1740

Goddess Siwa (Živa), Westphalen's book print, 1740

How common is the Name Živa in Slovenia?

Data: © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Birth PeriodNumberShare (%)Rank

Before 1940

4

0.00

627

1941-1950

26

0.02

298

1951-1960

22

0.02

464

1961-1970

22

0.01

469

1971-1980

132

0.09

158

1981-1990

304

0.23

89

1991-2000

332

0.34

70

2001-2010

984

1.02

23

2011-2017

556

0.77

29

Popularity of the Name Živa © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Popularity of the Name Živa © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

5. Marjetka, Marjetica

Of all women's names in Slovenia MARJETKA is the 136 most frequent. Number of women named Marjetka in Slovenia is 1,871 (or 0.18 % of all women).

Of all women's names in Slovenia MARJETICA is the 345 most frequent. Number of women named Marjetica in Slovenia is 341 (or 0.03 % of all women).

Saint Margaret

Saint Margaret

Meaning of the name Marjetka

The name Marjetka is a version of the female name Marjeta. The name Marjeta was probably formed from the shape of Margeta, which is shortened from Margaret. It derives from the Latin name Margarita or the Greek Margarítês and is connected with the Greek word margarítês in the sense of "pearl". In the South Slavic languages, the name of Marjeta corresponds to the name Biserka. Saint Margaret, the patron of expectant mothers, was martyred at Antioch in the 4th century. Later legends told of her escape from a dragon, with which she was often depicted in medieval art.

The name Marjetka often refers to a flower - a daisy. Slovene name for the daisy is marjetica. We can found the name Marjetka in the Slovene folk song for childern:

Metuljček, cekinček, ti potepinček, kje si pa bil? “Pri
majceni cvetki, drobni marjetki medek sem pil.”

Po tem ko želodček, poln kakor sodček bil je nalit, sem
rekel marjetki, drobceni cvetki: “Zdaj sem pa sit!”
(A song about the butterfly drinking the nectar from the daisy).

Daisy and the Butterfly

Daisy and the Butterfly

So Marjetica means daisy, Bellis perennis (common daisy). In antiquity, the daisy was a symbol of spring, the awakening of nature and happiness, which returns to human hearts after a long winter. Traditionally, it was always a fragment of floral decoration of Flora, a Roman goddess of spring. The name bellis, which means beautiful, lovely, was brought to her by the famous Roman scholar, Gaius Plinius, who in his 37 books of Natural History collected all the natural science of the old age, including the daisy. Although it was already in Rome's poetry, it was only the medieval poetry that brought the true parable of young love to her. At that time, she became a symbol of love devotion and loyalty. Many traveling singers used for daisy the name margarita (margarita as a pearl) as a parable for the beauty of the charmed lady, and with the name, they hinted at its imprudence and excellence. The flower of the daisy reminiscent of the glowing sun, so it is not surprising that in the 13th century they named her 'the bride of the sun'. She also earned such a name because the flower opens only when the sun shines on it. Due to this connection with the sun, the famous English Renaissance poet Geoffrey Chaucer called it "the eye the day." Hence its current English name, daisy. It is an abbreviated form of "day's eye".

Daisies

Daisies

How Common is the Name Marjetka in Slovenia?

Data: © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Birth PeriodNumberShare (%)Rank

Before 1940

7

0.01

519

1941-1950

91

0.09

145

1951-1960

426

0.29

73

1961-1970

550

0.37

64

1971-1980

522

0.36

64

1981-1990

212

0.16

108

1991-2000

45

0.05

209

2001-2010

12

0.01

473

2011-2017

6

0.01

606

Popularity of the Name Marjetka © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Popularity of the Name Marjetka © Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

This is Not the End ...

Described are the only 5 top female names that are in some way or another connected with spring. 5 names that occur most frequently in Slovenia. Still, there are more. We can find also Iris, Zvonka, Jolanda, Vijolica, etc.

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