- Kingdom: Plantae
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Order: Caryophyllales
- Family: Nyctaginaceae
- Genus: Bougainvillea
Bougainvilleas are evergreen woody semi-vines with thorns, with masses of papery, petal-like bracts which surround tiny, tubular white flowers. They come in vibrant colours, ranging from bright red to crimson, magenta, purple, pink, orange, yellow, and cream, white, as well as pastels and blends.
In 1768, while visiting Brazil, South America, Admiral Louis de Bougainvillea, a French navigator discovered a plant and it was named after him. Bougainvilleas have colorful blooms, which are produced mostly in summer. It has a range of different colours. Around the flowers there are small tubes with three papery bracts around them. The flowers grow all over the canes and vines.
Bougainvilleas became an ornamental plant, although indigenous to tropical South America it can adapt to a wide range of climatic conditions. A favourite and very popular to countries with tropical climate.
The genus Bougainvillea contains several species. Many crosses among the various species of bougainvillea have produced new hybrid species . Popular hybrids are ‘Jamaica White,' ‘Scarlet O'Hara' and ‘Orange King.'
The latest addition is the dwarf and Bambino varieties which grow from two metres up to the largest varieties, which can grow to 30 to 40 metres up trees. They can even be shaped into a bonsai.
Bougainvilleas are vigorous and respond well to pruning and as a result they often are utilized as hedges in more tropical areas.
Although normally climbers, they can be trained to stay bushy as pot plants, hanging baskets, or as standard 3 or 4 feet high. Bougainvilleas make an ideal choice for warm climate gardens.
Pink-with Orange bracts Bougainvilleas
Bougainvilleas do not like having excess water around their roots, but likes free-draining soil. Bougainvilleas are easy to propagate. Cuttings strike easily and stems can be air-layered or pinned to the ground for several weeks, where they will develop roots.
Unless you have a lot of space to let the bougainvilleas to grow wild, bougainvillea will need periodic trimming. You should be careful when pruning your bougainvillea plants, they have thorns and they aren't easy to handle!
It is best recommended that pruning is done once it has finished flowering. They are a vigorous plant and can be cut back at any time. The more they are pruned the more new growth will be encouraged to shoot and it is from this new growth that the new flowers will develop.
More Pictures of Flowers
Frangipanis also known by their botanic name Plumeria . It has romantic fragrance and a choice of beautiful warm tropical colours.
- Pictures of Tulips
Tulips make a real impact when planted in large numbers.Here are some selected pictures of tulips from 2006 Floriade at Canberra's Commonwealth Park.
- Pictures of Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemums were grown for thousands of years in Asia, but they were not widely known in the rest of the world until early 19th century, when plants were imported and hybridised in the UK.
Rita on September 02, 2012:
Enjoyed looking at the beautiful flowers, love them. I also like the idea of planting them as hedge. Actually i moved all my bougainvilleas right against my wall after someone walked into my house, stole my cellphone and a little money from my handbag, also attempted to steal my husband's shoes, but left it outside the house. I was hoping they'll poke themselves everywhere from the bgnvillea thorns if they come again!
louromano on March 25, 2012:
These flowers are absolutely beautiful.
Flower Arragement on March 06, 2012:
These flower is very popular in asia. I like this because it has so many colors to choose from. And, this flowers are very good for arrangements.
nikki1 on January 21, 2012:
me love them
MM Del Rosario (author) from NSW, Australia on December 29, 2011:
thank you very much for visiting my photo gallery, i have been back to photography and will be adding more in the next few days.
ank on December 28, 2011:
i like pics!!they are very pretty....and the colours are so beautiful
smarty2pop on January 17, 2011:
Outstanding photos. These flowers are absolutely beautiful.
gerry collier on December 16, 2010:
Am looking for dwarf bouganvillia, preferably the color purple. Also, I do want to thank the author of this hub & do want to be notified on the next article.
Matt on April 20, 2010:
What is the most brilliant red ?
Ian on April 16, 2010:
My wife and I live on the island of Phuket in southern Thailand (8 deg N 99 deg East) where Bougainvilleas are used everywhere as "security fences/hedges".
We have just recently purchased another property (1 acre of dirt) in north eastern Thailand (Issan)and plan on using Bouganvilleas as a hedge/fence to surround the entire property. Using 1 meter high cement posts and barbed wire as the initial fence, the Bouganilleas will be planted along the base of the wire fence, eventually growing to conceal it. The bad guys can climb a cement wall no matter how high it is.........they can't climb over or through a wall of Bougainvillea.
lorna de vera on March 30, 2010:
do bougainvilleas have any herbal cure? The flowers that falls on summer time is tremendous that it can be a source of great cure for an ailments. Wish you can share any knowledge for this flower for curing or aiding health because the harvest is too much, it can be made helpful for health purposes.
nikki1 on October 27, 2009:
Wow.. beautiful flowers. LOVE'M
Tesa Adams from Austin, Texas on August 23, 2009:
I didn't know about Purple Bougainvilleas. They are a beautiful color. They would look great on my back fence, I hope I can find some to plant. Thank you for great hub and photos.
gwen pini Australia on May 10, 2009:
1flowerexpress on November 05, 2008:
And how many color available for Bougainvillea in the world?
1flowerexpress on November 05, 2008:
Do you know how many type of Bougainvillea in the world?
Sandilyn from Port Orange, FL on April 18, 2008:
I enjoyed your hub! I have been wanting to do some cuttings of these plants. I love the colors and the way they grow. I do well with cuttings as I grow orchids and multiply them this way. I appreciate the tips on the soil as I live in Florida and I was curious on the soil and the mixture to use. The pictures are fantastic!