The Indian film industry is well known for not only the films but also the songs of those films. In that case, most of the credit goes to the music composers of India. There is a lot of great music composers. But in this article, I am going to discuss three Bengali music composers who changed the History inThe Indian Film Industry.
Rahul Dev Burman
A legendary Indian music composer and singer, Rahul Dev Burman (well known as R.D.Burman) was born on 27th June 1939 in Kolkata. His father, Sachin Dev Burman was professionally a music director. Mira Dasgupta, mother of R.D.Burman was a songwriter. Burman's nickname was Pancham. Unlike the other composers, he had an extraordinary power to understand the music and compositions of any song. He composed the first song in his life at the age of 9 which was used by his father Sachin Dev Burman in the film Funtoosh. Burman learned sarod, a traditional north Indian musical instrument, from Ustad Ali Akbar Khan. He had well knowledge of playing tabla which he got from the famous tabla player, Samta Prasad. Burman worked his first as an independent composer in the film Chote Nawab (1961). He became famous for the film Teesri Manzil. He worked for a lot of Indian films. Those films are Aradhna, Hare Rama Hare Krishna. Burman's first wife was Rita Patel. They got married in 1966 but this relationship could not get successful at all. In 1971, they got separated. In 1980, R.D.Burman married a famous Indian singer, Asha Bhosle. Then, they made together a lot of masterpieces in films and got popularity. Burman used to make songs with Western, Latin and Indian music.
Burman was not only a music composer but also a good actor. He worked as an actor in the films, Bhoot Bangla, Pyar Ka Mausam etc. Burman worked as a music director in many films. They are Bombay to Goa, Parichay, Seeta or Geeta, Apna Desh, Yadon Ki Barat, Apki Kasam, Sholey, Kasme Vaade, Khubsoorat, Ghar, Golmal, Masoom etc. This legendary music composer breathed his last on 4th January 1994.
R.D.Burman got three Indian Filmfare awards for being the best music director and one for being the best male singer. Besides this, he got the award from B.F.J.A. (Bengal Film Journalists' Award) for being the best music director in 1971.
Sachin Dev Burman
Sachin Dev Burman who was called Dada Burman in the friend circle of himself was an Indian music composer. He was the father of R.D.Burman. Dada-Burman was born on 1st October, 1906 in the Comilla district of Bengal (now in Bangladesh). His father, Nabadwipchandra Dev Burman was the prince of the king of Tripura who used to be an Indian Dhrupad singer and sitarist. Burman's mother, Rajkumari Nirmala Devi was the daughter of the king of Manipur. He completed his schooling at Comilla and became graduated from the Calcutta University. Burman was passionate about folk music from his childhood which he converted into his profession. Though he started with folk music, he became famous mostly for the songs of Indian films. His father was his initial teacher of music. After, he learned music formally from K.C.Dey, Bhismadev Chattopadhyay, Ustad Badal Khan and Allauddin Khan. He started his musical career with the radio station of Kolkata. He worked there as a radio singer. His debut as a music composer was in the film Shikari but this film could not win the attraction of the audiences of this film. Then he worked in the film Mashal and became famous. Then the era of S.D.Burman started. Nau do Gyara, Taxi Driver, Kala Pani, Paying Guest, Pyasa, Abhiman were the films where S.D.Burman showed the magic of his music. Understanding all the situations of a particular film, S.D.Burman composed the songs of that film. So, he got a lot of praise from the listeners of his songs. His last work as a music director was in the film Mili. R.D.Burman was his appropriate successor who made music his profession and became popular.
S.D.Burman won the prestigious Padmasree Award from the Indian Government. He won two Indian Filmfare Awards and one National Film Award for being the best music director. Besides those awards, two Mirchi Music Awards and one Sangeet Natak Academic Award were achieved by this great music composer.
Salil Chowdhury was not only a music composer but also a poet and short story writer. This great person was born on 19th February, 1923 at the Sonarpur village in Bengal. His father, Gyanendra Chowdhury was a doctor in the tea estates in Assam. His mother was Bibhabati Devi. When studying at Bangobhasi College in Kolkata, he became interested in politics and attached himself to the Quit India Movement. After graduation, Salil Chowdhury became a member of I.P.T.A. (Indian People's Theatre Association). In this group, he worked as a flute player in the beginning. After that, he started writing songs and represented the common folks of India. In the film Do Bigha Zamin, Salil Chowdhury debuted as a music composer. He composed music for a lot of Hindi (around 75) and Bengali (around 45) movies. Besides this, he worked in some Malayalam (27), Tamil, Marathi and Kannada films. He worked as the music composer in Biraz Bahu, Naukri, Manohar, Amanat, Awaz, Parivar, Aparadhi Kaun, Madhumati, Heeramoti, Honeymoon, Parakh, Usne Kaha Tha, Annodata, Anokha Daan, Anand, Mitti Ka Dev, Mere Apne, Sangat, Udan Choo etc. Hindi films and a lot of films of other languages. He used to mix western music with Indian music to compose songs of films. This great Indian singer cum music composer died on 5th September in 1995.
Salil Chowdhury won one Indian Filmfare Awards for being the best music director. Besides this, he got the Sangeet Natak Academic Award in 1988.
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