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Stolen Moments: A Pictorial Essay of the Greatest Jazz Giants of our Times

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The Old Jazz Cats....

Monk at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1964.

Monk at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1964.

Monk wistfully waltzing around the studio. This picture of Monk listening to the playback was taken around 1962 or 1963.

Monk wistfully waltzing around the studio. This picture of Monk listening to the playback was taken around 1962 or 1963.

Monk at the Columbia Records' recording studio, New York, 1963.

Monk at the Columbia Records' recording studio, New York, 1963.

Monk photographed for a Saturday Evening Post Feature in 1963, and Monk is sitting next to his piano dressed in a silk robe.

Monk photographed for a Saturday Evening Post Feature in 1963, and Monk is sitting next to his piano dressed in a silk robe.

Arranger and Composer Gil Evans at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1966; Evans was warming up in a large rehearsal hall backstage.

Arranger and Composer Gil Evans at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1966; Evans was warming up in a large rehearsal hall backstage.

Bill Evans at a Riverside Records record session, New York,1963.

Bill Evans at a Riverside Records record session, New York,1963.

Miles Davis in his New York City apartment. 1963.

Miles Davis in his New York City apartment. 1963.

Miles Davis having a cigarette lit by Harry James on the backstage at the Monterey Jazz Festival 1963.

Miles Davis having a cigarette lit by Harry James on the backstage at the Monterey Jazz Festival 1963.

Al Cohn behind a club, New York City, 1963.

Al Cohn behind a club, New York City, 1963.

Chico Hamilton at a Rudy Van Gelder's studio recording session for Impulse!, New York City, 1963.

Chico Hamilton at a Rudy Van Gelder's studio recording session for Impulse!, New York City, 1963.

Monk, Dizzy Gillespie, and Gerald Wilspn backstage at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1963.

Monk, Dizzy Gillespie, and Gerald Wilspn backstage at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1963.

Oscar Peterson backstage at the Las Vegas Festival, 1962.

Oscar Peterson backstage at the Las Vegas Festival, 1962.

Miles Davis talking sh**t, probably about some chick, to Steve McQueen backstage at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1963.

Miles Davis talking sh**t, probably about some chick, to Steve McQueen backstage at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1963.

Hank Crawford backstage with a lady friend at the Oakland Coliseum, 1960.

Hank Crawford backstage with a lady friend at the Oakland Coliseum, 1960.

Percy Heath at the Coffee Gallery, San Francisco, 1960.

Percy Heath at the Coffee Gallery, San Francisco, 1960.

Chares Lloyd in a serene mood in his apartment, New York, 1964.

Chares Lloyd in a serene mood in his apartment, New York, 1964.

Ben Webster at the Five Spot on 8th Street in New York City, taken on a Sunday afternoon jam session in 1963.

Ben Webster at the Five Spot on 8th Street in New York City, taken on a Sunday afternoon jam session in 1963.

John Coltrane t Rudy Van Gelder's studio in New York, during the ABC Records' session for Impulse!, in 1963. He was listening to the playback of "Nancy with the Laughing Face."

John Coltrane t Rudy Van Gelder's studio in New York, during the ABC Records' session for Impulse!, in 1963. He was listening to the playback of "Nancy with the Laughing Face."

Rahsaan Roland Kirk and Pearl Bailey at the Las Vegas Jazz Festival.

Rahsaan Roland Kirk and Pearl Bailey at the Las Vegas Jazz Festival.

Dinah Washington at the Masonaic Auditorium, San Francisco, 1959.

Dinah Washington at the Masonaic Auditorium, San Francisco, 1959.

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Helen Humes at the Jazz Workshop, San Francisco, 1959 or 1960.

Helen Humes at the Jazz Workshop, San Francisco, 1959 or 1960.

Al gray at Russ Wilson's home, San Francisco, 1961.

Al gray at Russ Wilson's home, San Francisco, 1961.

Blue  Mitchell at the Black Hawk, San Francisco,1960.

Blue Mitchell at the Black Hawk, San Francisco,1960.

Doug Watkins the Bass player at the Jazz Workshop, San Francisco.

Doug Watkins the Bass player at the Jazz Workshop, San Francisco.

Johnny Hodges at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1960.

Johnny Hodges at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1960.

John Coltrane taken at the home of Ralph Gleason, the late Chronicle jazz critic in 1960.

John Coltrane taken at the home of Ralph Gleason, the late Chronicle jazz critic in 1960.

Sarah Vaughn at the Cow Palace, San Francisco, late 1980s.

Sarah Vaughn at the Cow Palace, San Francisco, late 1980s.

Frank Morgan at the UC Jazz Festival, Berkeley, 1980s, 1980s.

Frank Morgan at the UC Jazz Festival, Berkeley, 1980s, 1980s.

Woody Herman at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1966 or 1967.

Woody Herman at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1966 or 1967.

Sonny Rollins and Donald Byrd at the Great American Music Hall, San Francisco, early 1980s.

Sonny Rollins and Donald Byrd at the Great American Music Hall, San Francisco, early 1980s.

Michel Petruciani at Ken Schuberts house in the late 1980s. Michel was  dwarf and an incredible piano player. He accessed the pedals by placing blocks on them.

Michel Petruciani at Ken Schuberts house in the late 1980s. Michel was dwarf and an incredible piano player. He accessed the pedals by placing blocks on them.

Miles Davis at Newman's Gym on Leavenworth Street in San Francsco, 1970.

Miles Davis at Newman's Gym on Leavenworth Street in San Francsco, 1970.

Miriam Makeba at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1960 singing "Evolution of the Blues. She had just come from South Africa.

Miriam Makeba at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1960 singing "Evolution of the Blues. She had just come from South Africa.

Mingus at the UC Jazz Festival at the greek Theater, Berkeley, 1966.

Mingus at the UC Jazz Festival at the greek Theater, Berkeley, 1966.

Elvin Jones at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966.

Elvin Jones at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966.

Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway in 1972, in Berkeley.

Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway in 1972, in Berkeley.

Quincy Jones and Peggy Lipton backstage at the Duke Ellington tribute at CBS TV studios, Los Angeles, 1972

Quincy Jones and Peggy Lipton backstage at the Duke Ellington tribute at CBS TV studios, Los Angeles, 1972

Zoot Sims chatting with Stan Getz during the intermission in 1963.

Zoot Sims chatting with Stan Getz during the intermission in 1963.

King Curtis at an Aretha Franklin recording Session  in either New York or Los Angeles. He was killed by being stabbed whilst trying to stop a fight between two Puerto Rican men.                                                   .

King Curtis at an Aretha Franklin recording Session in either New York or Los Angeles. He was killed by being stabbed whilst trying to stop a fight between two Puerto Rican men. .

Vernon Alley at Steve Hathaway's studio in San Francisco, late 1990s.

Vernon Alley at Steve Hathaway's studio in San Francisco, late 1990s.

Cootie Williams, Count Basie, and Billy Eckstine, backstage at the Duke Ellington tribute, CBS TV studios, Los Angeles, 1972.

Cootie Williams, Count Basie, and Billy Eckstine, backstage at the Duke Ellington tribute, CBS TV studios, Los Angeles, 1972.

Jackie McLean at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966.

Jackie McLean at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966.

Mingus at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1964.

Mingus at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1964.

Sonny Rollins at the Great American Music Hall, San Francisco, early 1990s.

Sonny Rollins at the Great American Music Hall, San Francisco, early 1990s.

Stanley Turrentine at the Great American Hall, San Francisco, early 1980s.

Stanley Turrentine at the Great American Hall, San Francisco, early 1980s.

Teddy Edwards at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1964.

Teddy Edwards at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1964.

Anita O'Day, San Francisco, 1960.

Anita O'Day, San Francisco, 1960.

Carmen Mcrae in the dressing room, in the basement and was recording a live Album with Dizy Gillespie at the Great American Music Hall in San Fancisco, 1976.

Carmen Mcrae in the dressing room, in the basement and was recording a live Album with Dizy Gillespie at the Great American Music Hall in San Fancisco, 1976.

Sammy Davis Jr. backstage at the Duke Ellington tribute at CBS TV, Los Angeles, 1972.

Sammy Davis Jr. backstage at the Duke Ellington tribute at CBS TV, Los Angeles, 1972.

Sonny Payne at the Longshoremans Hall, San Francisco, 1960.

Sonny Payne at the Longshoremans Hall, San Francisco, 1960.

Miles Backstage at the Berkeley Community Theater, 1971.

Miles Backstage at the Berkeley Community Theater, 1971.

Joe Williams, San Francisco, 1961 or 1962.

Joe Williams, San Francisco, 1961 or 1962.

Chuck Isreal at the Village Gate, New York City, 1961.

Chuck Isreal at the Village Gate, New York City, 1961.

Duke Ellington at the  Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966.

Duke Ellington at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966.

McCoy Tyner at the Newport Jazz Festival, 1963.

McCoy Tyner at the Newport Jazz Festival, 1963.

Dave Brubeck backstage at the New Port Jazz Festival, 1963.

Dave Brubeck backstage at the New Port Jazz Festival, 1963.

Miles at Winterland, San francisco, 1971.

Miles at Winterland, San francisco, 1971.

Duke Ellington and Paul Gonsalves at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1960. The photo was taken during one of Paul's extended solos.

Duke Ellington and Paul Gonsalves at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1960. The photo was taken during one of Paul's extended solos.

Louie Bellson at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966

Louie Bellson at the Monterey Jazz Festival, 1966

Miles in the Ring at Newman's Gym in San Francisco in 1971. Miles used to box with guys and he would say, "Don't hit me in the mouth, I gotta play tonight."

Miles in the Ring at Newman's Gym in San Francisco in 1971. Miles used to box with guys and he would say, "Don't hit me in the mouth, I gotta play tonight."

Rashid Booker from New York, New York on December 21, 2014: The Great African-American Classical Art-Form

The Beginning of The Great Art-Form; Be –bop

The Rashid Project ~ Be-bop (1940-1955) — with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie in New York, New York Bop style of so-called jazz, was sometimes called bebop or rebop, but common usage shortened it to bop. One explanation for the name is that players sang the words bebop and rebop when vocalizing their new way of phrasing.

Developed between the early and mid-1940s - "bebop" expanded upon many of the improvisational elements of the swing era. Young musicians including Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, and Thelonious Monk, influenced by the innovative compositions of soloists of the swing era (e.g., Art Tatum, Coleman Hawkins and Lester Young) began exploring more advanced harmonies, altered chords, and chord substitutions.

Important Factors:

* A revolutionary style changed from swing era of so-called jazz.

* Inspired by the most advanced swing styles.

* A new vocabulary of musical phrases and methods of matching improvisation to chord progressions.

* Mastery of this style is considered the foundation for competence as a so-called jazz improviser to this day.

The Climate of Change

A combination of social and economic events helped to usher in bebop era. As World War II ultimately drafted many of the veteran musicians needed for the popular big bands of the swing era, many teenagers too young to be drafted were instead enlisted into the ranks of the touring road bands. Young musicians like Gillespie and Parker, as well as Stan Getz and Red Rodney, developed their craft at an early age by working with established swing masters.

There were hundreds of big bands and although a few played so-called jazz, such as Ellington, Basie and Goodman - others played none. This stimulated a need for the so-called jazz artist to find a new means, beyond the big band, for development. In New York City, many afterhours’ clubs became breeding grounds for small group explorations, especially in Harlem. Clubs like Minton's Playhouse witnessed the development of this new music by bebop innovators including guitarist Charlie Christian, bassist Jimmy Blanton, and pianist Thelonious Monk.

A different social climate existed for the Generation of African-American musicians born around 1920. The 1930's saw a growing consciousness among whites, especially on the political left that in a democracy African-Americans could not be treated as second-class citizens.