V Kumar has been writing on Bollywood movies and music for several years, highlighting perspectives that are often missed out or ignored.
Popular Bollywood Songs in Raag Yaman Kalyan
Hindustani Classical Ragas have been commonly used in Bollywood, not only for composing the so called 'classical songs', but also the mainstream popular musical stuff that is the staple diet of Bollywood. Many of these popular songs, which don't seem to have anything in common with classical music, are actually based on classical raagas with a lot of variations and adventures. Such creativity, which may not be endorsed by the purists is often lapped up by the masses, resulting in many popular numbers.
As one can see here, Raag Yaman Kalyan is a favourite for romantic love songs largely due to its inherent ability to bring calmness to everything that it expresses, including strong and even disturbing emotions. These very qualities also make a great medium for expressing detachment that underlines all human philosophy.
Here is a list of ten popular songs of Bollywood based on Raag Yaman Kalyan. A tribute to the raag as much as they are a tribute to the creative skills with the raag has been adapted for consumption of masses and their contemporary tastes.
movie: SAAGAR (1985)
Sagar kinare dil ye pukare ....
This number marked the return of legendary on-screen pair of Rishi Kapoor and Dimple after more than a decade. The number that became more famous because of the kisshing scene with which it begins, a Bollywood milestone of sorts, makes great use of Raag Yaman Kalyan to depict the strong emotions of love with an expression of lasting commitment that comes from the music. Sung by Kishore Kumar and Lata Mangeshkar, its music was composed by R D Burman and lyrics written by Javed Akhtar. It is one of the favourite songs based on classical music from the eighties.
movie: PREM GEET (1981)
Hothon se choo lo tum ....
This number has great poetic words that are fully complemented by its music creating strong synergie. This all time great ghazal, composed and sung by Jagjit Singh, arguably the greatest ghazal singer heard in Bollywood, makes great use of Raag Yaman Kalyan to communicate the unexpressed emotion of love and longing. The lyrics of Indeevar add a class to it.
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movie: Parasmani (1963)
Woh jab yaad aaye ....
This number comes from a soundtrack that marked the arrival of Laxmikant Payrelal as one of the great music composers of Bollywood, His career had a longevitythat is probably matched only by Naushad among music composers. Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammad Rafi, the two leading singers of all time have sung this number and the beautiful lyrics are written by Asad Bhopali. The movie, PARASMANI, has one of the best music of the times and Raag Yaman Kalyan helps in making this number a musical gem.
Movie: Deewana (1992)
Sochenge tumhe pyar .....
This number is a testimony to the surviving influence of classical music even in the nineties, though not with same effect as was there in the earlier decades and perhaps in a form that became too diluted to have the desired impact. This popular number that fuses many Western and modern music practices with Raag Yaman Kalyan was composed by Nadeem Shravan and sung by Kumar Shanu. Its lyrics were written by Sameer. In a way it also represents how the integrity of classical music gave way to the dominance of fusion.
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movie: 1942 A Love Story
Kuchh na kaho ...
One of the best musical compositions of the nineties, the songs of this movie were the last gems composed by R D Burman, the composer who can be credited with changing the musical era from that dominated by Rafi to that ruled by Kishore Kumar. This song is probably the zenith of what a combination of romance with Raag Yaman Kalyan can achieve. Sung by Kumar Shanu, with lyrics written by Javed Akhtar, this number is one of the sweetest numbers in the history of Bollywood, like a candy that melts spreading sweetness into your soul.
movie: BAZAAR (1981)
Karoge yaad to har baat yaad ayegi ...
This ghazal written by Bashar Nawaz is not just about dispair. it is also about love and longing, and that is perhaps why Raag Yaman Kalyan fits into its lyrics to create such a masterpiece - not the usual one that one would expect with Yaman Kalyan, but one which artistically blends the opposing emotions of disenchantment and love in a musical blend that is created by the composition. Sung to great effect by Bhupinder Singh, this exceptional and very popular number was composed by Khayyam.
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movie: Mere Mehboob (1963)
Aye husn zara jaag tujhe ....
Another popular romantic number based on Raag Yaman Kalyan from the movie, MERE MEHBOOB, a great Hindi musical of early sixties. This musical piece was sung by Mohammad Rafi and composed by Naushad, while its lyrics were written by Shakeel Badayuni. The early sixties was the time that popularised Yaman Kalyan for romantic songs and made Rafi its best ever exponent as a singer. In the process, it also contributed to the unparalleled legacy of Rafi as the best singer for romantic genre of Bollywood.
movie: PALKI (1967)
Dil-e-betaab ko seene se ...
One more romantic masterpiece from the team of Mohammad Rafi (male singer), Naushad (music composer) and Shakeel Badayuni (lyrics). They use Raag Yaman Kalyan to express love and romance in a beautiful manner. The addition in this number is Suman Kalyanpur (female singer) who proves her highly underestimated talents by matching Rafi almost word by word. This popular number was one of the later romantic masterpieces of the sixties in this raag, and one of the last ones too, as the music of the time went significant changes shortly after that.
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movie: BAHU BETI (1964)
Jiyo to aise jiyo ....
This popular number, based on Raag Yaman Kalyan, is again a fusion of philosophy and love, being expressed by a man who wishes to pull his love from despair, back to life. The underlying romance and love gets converted into a pillar of strength with inherent stability of the raag and inspiring words. The lyrics of Sahir Ludhianwi are apt. They have been given music composed by Ravi and sung by Mohammad Rafi making it a popular number of the times.
movie: HUM, TUM AUR WOH (1971)
Priye Praneshwari .....
This number, an uncommon and funny depiction of love, is an example of creatively blending Raag Yaman Kalyan, which was always very popular for romantic numbers, in a manner very different than the usual, but to similar effects. A lot of credit must go to the genius of Kishore Kumar, who has sung this number, composed by Kalyanji Anandji, while the lyrics were written by Varma Malik. With a lot of mixing, it is far from a purist's delight, but its creative output can cheer up any soul in the world. It is also a testimony that classical music can be the basis of something as un-classical as comedy music.
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© 2012 V Kumar