The History of Celebrity Photography
Still photographs were used as early as the 1890's by the Hollywood film studios to document the movies and promote their stars. The early Hollywood photographers were freelancers hired by the celebrities themselves. This gave the photographers a lot more freedom, resulting in very intimate and personal portraits of the stars.
The large format cameras of the day produced an 8x10 negative, making the print of the same size extremely clear and detailed. But composing the shot and focusing the camera could take a bit of time, so the celebrities were posed in easily held positions.
In 1911 the first fan magazine - Motion Picture, was published. It was soon followed by, Movie Life, Photoplay, Screen Stories and many more. The public demand for photos of the celebrities was exploding and these magazines helped to fill that need.
Hollywood Fan Magazines
The fan magazines provided a window for the adoring fans of the early 20th century. They gave a glimpse into the glamorous lifestyles of the Hollywood celebrities and reported "exclusive" insights into intimate details of their lives. Whether or not these accounts were true, was incidental.
Hollywood Studio Photographers
The popularity of the magazines led the studios to establish their own photography departments, giving them more control over style and content of the photographs. They even created their own magazines. In the studio magazines, however, the personal stories were made up by the studios to make the sometimes boring lives of celebrities more exciting and movie-like.
By 1930, every major studio had a full-time photographer in their publicity department. Their goal was to create idols adored by the public and add to the mystic behind the image portrayed on screen. Though most of the pictures were claimed to be natural, without makeup and not retouched, the studios had many more retouchers in their employ than photographers. Fixing minor flaws in the complextion was easy on the 8x10 negatives of the day.Lighting also played a big part in the perfection of the image. It was used with great technique and much planning to give the best possible results. These lighting techniques were kept secret by the photographers, allowing for individual artistry.
These early photographers left a legacy of timeless photographs for us, not only to enjoy, but to learn from. They are perfect examples of the use of artistic technique, light, setting and mood.
- American Experience | Mary Pickford | People & Events | PBS
- Images - Greta Garbo is Sad
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Anik Gypsy from 129, North Chashara, Narayangang, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1400 on January 07, 2013:
wow these phtos are amazing. I always knew photographers of the past were very talented. I still gasp when I look my grand mother's photo album cause They all look like they're vintage Vogue photos ...lol But I never though that they were so artistic. The photo graphers who knew how to fix flaws with their secret technique possibly created the idea of photo shop. or maybe their family member's built that software. who knows ? thanks you for your great Hub @lafenty. I appreciate it
jo jo on May 05, 2011:
Thanks for some wonderful photos
MarySmith1970 on March 30, 2011:
Great photo pics! I love the Silents.
Zoltan on March 20, 2011:
Hi! I have Hollywood actors old photos.
But i do not know who is on the pictures.
Can you help me to find out?
I yes i will send you the photos.
carlos on February 16, 2011:
i have a lot of pics from actress 1920s an 1940s
Alfreta Sailor from Southern California on September 03, 2009:
Beautiful hub. Loved the photos also.
The Bard from London, England & San Pablo City, Philippines on June 21, 2009:
I really enjoyed this. Excellent stuff!
Rochelle Frank from California Gold Country on June 02, 2009:
Pickford-- what a sweetheart, and Fairbanks-- what a hunk.
Leta S on June 02, 2009:
I love old black and whites from the the 1910-20's. Beautiful.
jjrubio on March 06, 2009:
Loved this hub!!! what grace and beauty the original actresses had.
Lgali on March 06, 2009:
very nice hub old photos looks nice